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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Nov 2013
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Aug 2013
Volume 15, Issue 2 - May 2013
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Analysis on the Characteristics of Traditional Markets in an Old Town Center - focusing Gongju Sanseong market and middle eastern shopping district -
Park, Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~11
The Gongju Sanseong Traditional Market, the subject of this study, was formed in the early 1900's, and along with the development of Gongju, it has been constantly changed and expanded up until now. The Sanseong Traditional Market located in Gongju, the Korea's representative historic city, exhibits merits in the aspects as a city based on the symbolic significance of the city where it is located and historical characteristics; however, it also presents some problems as well in consideration of user convenience and accessibility. Thereupon, this study conducted literature review on traditional markets, field research with a field trip, and a survey in order to analyze the spatial characteristics of the market environment and grope for the methods of activation. The conclusion suggested through this is as written below: First, the changes of types regarding spatial use according to the modernization project of traditional markets are essential, so about the spatial use according to the spatial changes, it is needed to distribute it balancedly considering the central space of the market. Second, with the understanding of the spatial types of traditional markets, it is needed to build a plan for alternation in the types of physical space based on that. Third, it is necessary to suggest the methods of integrated spatial use among standing markets and 5-day markets. In particular, through the approaches from the aspects of architectural and urban design and through reasonable spatial planning, a systematic approach considering the convenience of the users and merchants using it as their living space should be prioritized. And lastly, it is needed to reorganize the space according to the physical and non-physical methods in order to figure out the methods of activating traditional markets in agricultural areas and minor cities. With the complex approaches above, we can grope for the methods of activating traditional markets.
Study on Design Considerations to Prevent Bird Collisions with Glass
Lee, Hyung-Sook ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 13~20
Bird collisions with glass are a substantial source of human-caused avian mortality. It has been estimated that between 100 million and 1 billion birds die in collisions with windows every year, and bird-window collisions can have a particularly serious impact on populations because glass is dangerous for strong, healthy, breeding adults. The purpose of this study are to address the bird-window collision issue and to provide suggestions for bird-safe development by reviewing precedent studies on bird collision and analyzing bird-friendly design guidelines. Typically reflections of the sky, clouds or trees on glass, green plants in lobbies, and lights attract and confuse both migrating and resident birds. Therefore birds fatally fly into the glass because they do not recognize that reflections are false and that glass is a barrier. Many cities such as Toronto, Chicago and New York have made efforts on reducing the bird collision by encouraging the creation of environmentally conscious and bird-safe buildings. The USGBC also introduced a bird-safety credit as part of its environmental certification process, called LEED. The results of the study presented that architects and builders can help reduce or prevent bird from collisions in both new construction and existing structures with creative use of design elements. The measures to reduce bird collisions include using glass with an embedded pattern, opaque or translucent films, decals, dot patterns, awnings, louvers, and grilles. Turning off lights after midnight during the spring and fall migrations can be part of the solution as well. In order to reduce bird mortality, the most important thing is to generate awareness of the issue among designers, builders, as well as the public. Also local governments need to develop bird-friendly design guidelines and planning mechanisms to encourage bird-safe development and building operation.
Research on the Direction of Forming Rural and Fishing Village Type Community Living Home through Regeneration - With Focus on Community Living Home in Wolmunli, Cheongcheon-myeon, Goesan-gun, Chungbuk -
Kim, Seung-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 21~28
Problems of housing, healthcare, social exchanges, and lonely feelings of vulnerable social groups such as the elderly living alone in rural and fishing villages should be resolved by guaranteeing minimum residential rights and levels to restore the sense of self-esteem and social stability and to maintain the rural communities and these should be the object of social interest and support. The housing problems of rural and fishing villages should be resolved not through supply to meet demand but by beginning with providing the ways to attain mutual interaction through the program that recognizes housing as merit goods to maintain the regional communities This research examines more minutely the problems caused by poor housing conditions of rural and fishing villages and attempts to present rural and fishing village type community living home as an alternative through regeneration. The results of this research are as follows. First, the administrative support system should be built to support the community living home in its beginning, process, completion, and even post management. Second, education for reinforcing capabilities to help understand the community living home should continually conducted on the occupants, villagers, and related organizations. Third, in order to expand the community living home, research and development should be made so that the zero-energy house, the alternative energy utilizing house, etc. can be widely used. In building community living home for vulnerable social groups in rural and fishing villages, practical alternatives suitable to the regional realities should be presented and practiced so that the community living home can be built to the satisfaction of all the villagers and the occupants, and the improvement measures should be presented through constant interest and monitoring.
Investigation of Defects and Damage on External Wall in Brick Structures of Modern Architectural Properties - Focused on "Naju Noahn Catholic Church" -
Woo, Nam-Sic ; Kim, Tai-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 29~36
This study is to diagnose causes of damage and defects on external walls of brick structures, focused on "Naju Noahn" Catholic Church of Modern Architectural Properties. The causes of crack and deflection are overloading, shortage strength of arch. Among those, main cause is cauesd by shortage strength of arch because center of arch is dislocated and skew back of arch is small angle. The causes of damage and elimination are weathering, plants of friction, freezing and thawing, durability decrement of material and attach defection. This defects and damage is caused by high-moisture that occurs in soil. The causes of discoloration are change of soil moisture and flimsy brickwork. These defects and damage are mainly occurred in coping of cornice, weathering of window sill.
Building Layout and Exterior Space of Folk Housing in Nak-An Village
Kim, Si-Ye ; Cheon, Deuk-Youm ; Yoo, Uoo-Sang ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 39~46
There have been numerous researches on Nak-An village in Jeollanamdo, one of the most representative traditional castle village in Korea. Most of them have dealt with general and physical architectural scale and features separately. Therefore this study aims to understand the compositional characteristics of building layout and exterior space and the relations between street system and dwelling unit of folk houses in Nak-An village. The study examined houses of ordinary people in Nak-An village constructed before the village was not affected by foreign influences. 36 folk houses in Nak-An built from nineteenth century to early twentieth century and believed to have few physical changes from the original floor plans and architectural forms were the subjects to be analyzed. The most popular types in building layout are "Open L"and "Open U". The most typical orientation of main building is Southwest. The favorable entry into the dwelling lot is from the side. The street system in the village consists of main streets of South-North, resulting in dwelling lots with North-South axis most general. This site condition forces the entry into the lot from North main street and the side access to the main building. From these findings, the building layout and the entry into the dwelling lot of folk houses in Nak-An are strongly related with street system and conditions of dwelling lot.
A Case Study on Design Characteristics of Museums in Jeju - Focused on Landscape Management Guideline of Jeju Special Self-governing Province -
Park, Chung-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 47~56
As architecture has a role of vessel that contains human life, architecture of museums in a region must be a vessel that contains identity of the region. Jeju Province possesses excellent natural landscape acknowledged by the world. As such, architectural design of museums in Jeju region, differentiated in terms of natural, humanistic and cultural characteristics from other regions, must include identity of Jeju. Jeju has established and is operating so many museums with different themes that it is referred to as the heaven of museums. In addition, museums as cultural facilities must be the measure of cultural level representing regional identity and perform the role of advance guard that leads architectural culture of the region. Also, such excellent architectural asset is an important landscape element that increases value of the region. Based on Landscape Management Guideline established in 2009 by Jeju Special Self-governing Province under such critical mind, this study will support design problems and improvements of museums through case study and analysis on design characteristics of national and private museums in Jeju. Accordingly, the purpose of this study is to provide basic data to be pursued by future museums that contain identity of Jeju, based upon the results of analysis described above.
A Study For Farmhouse feature in Middle Eastern China -Focused on the Chuzhou city Anhui province-
Liu, Yi-Ran ; Lee, Dong-Suk ; Youn, Chung-Yeul ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 55~62
This study is to solve this problem, as the center of China in the east started the investigation. In eastern China : rapid economic growth, Population is concentrated, Migration of rural population to large cities. So I chose this as the survey area. Including central and eastern China : Shandong Province, Jiangsu Province, Zhejiang Province, Fujian Province, Anhui Province, Jiangxi Province and Shanghai. Research studies as a whole is divided into three main parts: The first is the basic situation of rural housing survey. Including : housing age, wall materials, roof form, house equipment, housing composition, etc. Then home for further investigation of these houses exist in the main room on the device and the joint space problems. Finally, to address these issues, the survey specifically classified as a pure compound the family home and two cases. Through interviews, to understand the survey requirements for housing improvement. Finally, comparison summary, conclusion.
A Study on Status of Use and Facilities importance level evaluation of Neighborhood Park in Industry Complex on the rural - With Special Reference on 4 Local Industry Complex of Cheonan City
Yun, Yo-Sun ; Ryu, Soo-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 65~72
Neighborhood park has the multiple functions toward quantitative and qualitative improvement of quality of citizen's life. This study is about neighborhood park in 4 Local Industry Complex of Cheonan City. Through this study has intended to analyze the status of use and the importance level of facilities. To reach this goal, this study has analyzed the general information, use and importance level of users through such statistical methods as frequency analysis, regression analysis and reliability analysis. As a result, users has the speciality in the neighborhood park in industry complex. Break area or facilities for the workers should be installed. Not end once installed, but continually improved and more efficient management of park facilities will be made. Also, importance of facilities analysis has the higher in normal or importance. Management and cleanliness is especially higher in importance. Importance for the overall facility was affecting in order the facility design, management, safety, installation number.
Rural Environmental Coloring Plan Reflecting the Regional Characteristics -Focused on the Tae-an of Byutgari and eumpo catchment area-
Lee, Jin-Sook ; Ryu, Ji-Seon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 71~78
According to the rapid change in the era of Korea, there have been significant changes in the buildings and facilities in the rural area of the country, and thus in the landscape of the agricultural and fishing villages due to the painting of colors that are not in harmony with the surrounding natural environment. Recently, the value recognition on the rural landscape has greatly changed and studies are actively performed on rural colors. To keep up with this trend this study is intended to propose coloring plan of Byutgari and Eumpo area for their entire landscape including the facilities to harmonize with their natural and cultural characteristics and surrounding environments. This plan was related to the establishment of the landscape planning of the region in Taean-gun, Chungcheongnam-do, based on the already prepared rural environmental coloring guideline. This study has its significance in that it provided a coloring process that can be applied to the targeted are as well as other area, continuing the context of the precedent studies. It is greatly expected that the regional characteristics will be strengthened owing to the establishment of coloring guidelines.
A Research on features of rural Hanok in Jeollanam-do by housing scale -Centered around area of the room depending on shape of the plan-
Choi, Il ; Lee, Chang-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 81~88
The recently built rural Hanoks have shown changes in appearances regarding its shape, space and size in the traditional floor plan. This is probably the transformation process to suit the needs of modern residence as new spaces and other factors are considered these days. The purpose of the research is to provide basic data for the innovation and construction of future Hankoks by analyzing the size features of the Hanoks in the rural areas of Jeeollanam-do and changing trends. They were divided into 5 types depending on the shape and the spacing of the living room and kitchen. Then size features per each type were analyzed. From this, it was revealed that there needs to be reasonable development of types in the standard design of Hanok because the size of the rooms is actually bigger than the standard design of Hanok in Jeollanam-do. The composition of the utility rooms should be classified as either domestic space or agricultural workspace considering that this area is rural but there are not enough storage spaces for agricultural machines and materials in most houses as they did not install external storage spaces. Therefore, it was analyzed that the size varies with the changes in the composition of space because of Hankok's similarities in the area of the rooms with typical apartments.
Transformation of Urban Spatial Structure around the Old Castle in Cheong-ju City
Kim, Se Jin ; Kim, Tai-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 89~96
This study aims to clarify the transformation of urban spatial structure around old castle in cheong-ju city. The urban spatial structure is composed with road system, block division, and lot system with original cadastral map in 1913 and 2011 GIS. Transformation of road system is classified into control of road line, construction and extension of road. Construction of arterial road was divided into Nam-juro and Mang-sunro with 2 blocks and lot system was destoyed. Transformation of block has not been developed except 4 blocks. The 4 blocks were divided into east-west or north-south direction and became 8 blocks. Transformation of lot system is classified into maintained, subdivided, and destroyed lots in shape and size of lots. Maintained lots were found in large lot in size for public office and park. Subdivided lots were mainly represented with the existing main road, an active alleys, and so on. Destroyed lots by road construction and extension were showed in Nam-juro. Although all these transformations are used to enhance urban spatial structure. The old systems have remained around old castle in cheong-ju city.
A General Plan for the Preservation and Practical Use of Junkyung and Youngkyung Tombs at Samcheok
Choi, Jang-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 97~105
This research aims to make the general plan for the preservation and practical use about Junkyung and Youngkyung tombs at Samcheok. The general plan is classified according to three large territories. First, it is necessary for these two tombs to preserve territories and strengthen the historical identity in order to restore the spoiled building such as Subokbang and Surabang by verification and excavation. Second, to preserve the nature and environment of territories surrounding the two tombs is essential for the extension of the essence about these cultural heritage to improve the familiarity and effective utilization by trial programs, which are related to the historical background of the tombs and so forth. Third, supporting and making convenient facilities in the neighborhood near cultural assets is required to install public parks and parking lots for visitors. Additionally, it is needed to advertise successively about these two tombs as the beginning of Chosun Dynasty tombs Also, it is necessary to consider implementing programs because Junkyung and Youngkyung tombs along with Chosun royal tombs in the north of Korea might be designated as World Culture Heritage if Korea should be a unified nation.
A Study on the usage of attached facilities of the Church for the Community Services -Focus on the Churches of Daejeon.Chungnam Province-
Kim, Hark-Rae ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 1, 2013, Pages 107~113
The purpose of this study is to analyze the usage of the attached facilities of the church for the community services according to the church size. For the questionnaire 50 pasters who are in charge of the church that has over 300 church members were selected in Daejeon Chungnam Province. The results of this study were as follows; the kinds of attached facilities of the church do not increase by the church size, but in case of the middle size and the big size churches, the pressure of opening the attached facilities of the churches is stronger than that of small size churches. Almost all the pasters want to open the attached facilities of the churches for the community services, but the expectation of the result were different by the church size. Most of the pasters of the small size and big size churches think that the attached facilities of the church were very important for the growth of the church. Otherwise most of the pasters of the middle size churches do not agree with it.