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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Nov 2013
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Aug 2013
Volume 15, Issue 2 - May 2013
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
A Suitability Analysis on the legal standards of the Rural Housing Standard Plans
Jeon, Young-Hoon ; Shin, Doo-Sik ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 1~8
The Rural Housing Standard Plans for improving the quality of life and housing stability in rural areas has been developed 87 types from 1994 to 2012. However, some types of Plans do not satisfy the current legal standard in accordance with social and legal changes. Standard plans has the same effect as a building permit, and replace it, so legal suitability of Plans is an important. Therefore, it is required the suitability analysis on the legal standards of Rural Housing Standard Plans. The Purpose of this study is to derive improper types and items of the Rural Housing Standard Plans on the legal standards. In this study, we analyzed its suitability on the legal standards(law on fire-fighting system installation and safety management, energy saving design criteria for buildings, structural checklist for small buildings, the types of drawing for building permit) in accordance with "rules for the operation of standard plans". And we analyzed the utilization of the Rural Housing Standard Plans through downloads from welchon portal.
Features of Children's Playground Space in Kindergarten According to Children's Behavior -Focused on Kindergarten of Cheongju, Chungbuk-
Jung, Eu-Gene ; Jung, Jin-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 9~16
The purpose of this study is presented playground space for early childhood facilities. Describes whether any development of children, and how to respond in accordance with each of the activities. The infants and toddlers life cycle is a continuation of play. Toddlers to play is the essence of life itself, through play, the world embracing and digestive, raising ideas and emotions expressed through play. It is time that paves the growth of infants age children. And equipped with personality, values, emotions, attitudes, play a very important role in this process. Play it delivers, it can not learning education. Sympathetic and experience through play, and be equipped to allow the personality, social, physical. So, we have an obligation required to provide adequate facilities and play so that children can grow properly. In this paper, from the limited play space and is listed on the importance alive to give the children a sense of space to get the sympathetic. And, analysis shown about affect for children each play, and space. In this paper, we performed a study is Performed a case studies of and domestic kindergarten and foreign kindergarten where the differences between the various lists and how to derive a plan for solving the problem by comparison and analysis were performed.
A Study on Characteristics of House Repairs for Weak Class in Rural
Chung, Kum-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 17~24
Rural community in Korea being changed to aging community, declining population and income loss by the industrialization and the urbanization. The weak class in rural is confronted with more poorly environment. So it is needed to check the quality of the weak class's house in rural. Basically proposes of this paper is to find ways about rural housing improving and the vitality of rural community. This paper contents rural housing problems through the paper review and house repair characteristics for the weak class. Data for statics analysis were obtained from house repair support program for the weak class in Jeonnam province from 2011 to 2012. The results of this paper are as follow: First, house repair items ranking for the weak class in rural was insulation & heating, toilet, structure, indoor environment, electricity, outside and kitchen & waterproof. This result was reflected that weak class's energy bills is high ratio compared with income. Second, health facilities were improved for the socially disadvantaged's convenience in considering that most of weak class is a senior. Last, most of houses for weak class in rural are old clay wall and block wall. So these houses are reinforced the wall for structural safety.
A Study on the Department System of Middle Schools in the Rural Area
Yang, Kum-Suek ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 25~34
The purpose of this study is to clarify the actual condition of the plan of middle schools in the rural area. Recently, many middle schools are remodeling the buildings and facilities based on the department system. This study, through analyzing on 3 remodeling cases of middle school in the rural area. This article discuses about the basic characteristics of the plan composition and the education programs of 3 middle schools. This study is showing the variation before and after remodeling and space organization types. The results of this study are summarized as follows; 1) Most of them take horizontal zoning system in the department classrooms. 2) Consideration is given to the space of homebas. 3) In the short term, if there is not enough classroom space utilization ratio should be adjusted in the classroom.
A Study on the Architectural of Jae-sil in Jeonalbukdo
Lee, Sang-Sun ; Shin, Woong-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 35~42
The study aims to investigate general characteristics of Jae-sil from an architectural perspective by grasping location, deployment, structure, and plan composition based on existing inhabited conditions in Jeollabukdo. Results derived from the study are as follows. First, the location of Jae-sil is classified into mountainous and village types, and the two types showed a similar distribution. The village type showed the most distribution in the foot of a mountain in the rear of village, while the mountainous type is close to graveyard. The Jae-sil were mostly exposed to south, southeast, and southeast, which was not significantly different from residence. For deployment of the Jae-sil, a "二" shaped house, where main quarter and gated building are parallel located, can be common, indicating that additional attached building is less required. Second, for the platform out of structural components, coursed masonry was conducted by using natural rocks, and placed were a prop on the platform, first line on processed foot stone, and others on natural foot stone. For pillar, front line round columns, while others square columns. The binding type of the upper part of pillar is dominated by jangyeosujang and sorosujang. For wooden frame structure, 5ryangs were the most distributed, and out of these, 1goju 5ryang was the most generally used. For a roof part, it was composed with gambrel roof with single eave, and the roof was constructed by placing traditional Korean tile roof on the top. Third, for a size of Jae-sil out of plan composition, although the facade and the side of it were presented in a diverse manner, 4 facade rooms and 1.5 side rooms were the most frequently presented, and all Jae-sil were equipped with front ceremonial space. For spatial composition of Jae-sil, main floored hall is placed at the center, and each room is placed on the left and right side to secure space for ancestral rite for participants of it, and for a house with 5 rooms or more, it shows that main floored hall and rooms are weighted from side to side.
The Characteristics and its Change of Community Space in the Old Settlements of Cheongju City
Kim, Tai-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 43~50
This study is to clarify the characteristics and its change of spatial elements for community focused on the existing 22 old settlements in urban area of Cheongju. These community spaces are mainly divided into three parts, that is central space, inner road, and blind alley(cul-de-sac). The transitional characteristics of them are as follows. Firstly, the characteristics of central spaces is lasting, but the function is influenced by changing times. The function of central spaces located at the entrance to the village had been reduced to adjustments to modern lifestyle, and currently changed into senior citizen community center, supermarket, and public area. Secondly, as the width of the existing inner roads passed through old settlements had been extended, they are changed into pedestrian and traffic road, but the shape and function of them have been maintained. When new roads passed through old settlements had been established, the shape of old inner roads is disappeared, and the function of them is changed into byway and alley. Thirdly, cul-de-sacs of old settlements have tended to create a sense of community, but new cul-de-sacs formed by lot division have been only changed to passage. When new roads are established and cul-de-sacs are changed into alleys, the community between individual households is lost.
A Study on Structural reinforcement suggestions for improvement of Seismic Performance of Masonry Buildings in rural areas
Lee, Deog-Yong ; Kim, Il-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 51~58
This study Masonry Buildings in rural areas, due to the lateral load resistance for seismic reinforcement method is proposed. Some of the proposed methods for reinforcement directly through finite element analysis to evaluate the change in frequency. The results for the following: This paper has the object of investigating natural frequencies of opening thick plates on Pasternak foundation by means of finite element method and providing Kinematic design data for mat of building structures. In this paper, vibration analysis of rectangular opening thick plate is done by use of Serendipity finite element with 8 nodes by considering shearing strain of plate. It is shown that natrural frequencies depend on not only Winkler foundation parameter but also shear foundation parameter, opening position.
A Research on Management and Layout of Gimnyeong Beach, Jejudo
Byun, Kyeong-Hwa ; Lee, Jeong-Lim ; Cho, Won-Seok ; Kim, Kyu-Han ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 59~68
This study aims to propose the future plan and research management of a beach and the relation between spatial structure of a village and layout of the beach focusing on Gimnyeong beach among the 12 general beaches in Jejudo. The results are as followings: First, Gimnyeong beach had the relation to primary industries of residents in the village in times past and was the space for everyday lives of residents. However, at present it has the relation to tertiary industries and is more important in community activities. Second, the entry part and the sandy beach of Gimnyeong beach were crucial in location and function in times past but total size of the beach has expanded for campground nowadays. Therefore, it is necessary to change the location of entry part to center part of the beach. In addition, convenient and safe facilities are need to be built more to corresponding to expanding area of the beach. Finally, in order to maintain clean sea, residents in the Gimnyeong have agreed to not make sea farms in the vicinity of Gimnyeong Beach which pollute the sea. Their roles have influenced on positive effect to community of the village, management of the beach, and maintenance of clean sea.
Characteristics of Directional Orientation in Houses and Site Design of Chilsan Village in Riverside Location, Buyeo County
Lee, Hyun-Byung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 69~78
The location of villages differs by position, and the method to form the conditions of location varies greatly. This study has comprehensively investigated village layout in the riverside and directional relations in houses. With changes in riverside landscape and transition to an agriculture-oriented village, there have been changes in road and the size, shape and direction of houses as well. In terms of the direction of houses situated along the river, a house facing the river accounts for more than half of all houses in the village. As traditional houses are transformed into modern houses over time, houses have become bigger, and the number of the houses facing south or southeast has been on the rise. As described above, riverside landscape and preference for the house facing south have an effect on determination of the facing direction of houses. However, the direction of geographical features of the village was first followed, and other conditions have been reflected, and the characteristics for the facing direction of houses have been observed.
A Study on The analysis of Characteristic and Improvement Measures for The Suburban Housing Complexes -Focused on Hwa-soon Jam Jeong Haesal district
Han, Seok-Jong ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 79~86
Demand of new suburban residential development and a variety of new types for housing have intensified by urban Citizens overused of poor urban residential environment. Income growth and improvement of living standards for the quality of the living environment are increasing demands of creating a more comfortable living environment. Thus, according to changes in social conditions, the development of urban area while accommodating additional development pressure adequately, particularly residential development in order to promote the efficient development of suburban areas are planned for the rational development direction. This study suggests the following improvement measures by analyzing the characteristics of the Suburban Housing Complexes built recently. In order to create a more pleasant Suburban Housing Complexes First, the accessibility of the traffic conditions, education and public facilities is good Second, the construction plans reflected needs of the consumers should be made Third, necessary facilities for activation of the urban-rural exchanges must be equipped.
A Study on the Characteristics of Space for Complex type Rural Community Center -Focused on the Rural New Town Project District-
Lee, Jae-Yoon ; Chai, Hee-Jai ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 87~94
This study aims to research the characteristics of space composition and location for the rural community center. The phenomenon of urban areas from rural areas by the dismantlement of the community is being increasingly deepened. The current village welfare center in the rural villages of the dismantlement phenomenon of the community in rural areas can not be solved alone. The location of the Community Center in rural villages for the interaction of existing local inhabitants and should be located where possible near existing villages. This thesis studies and analyzes the characteristics of rural villages in the rural new town project districts. The basic function of the community center space analysis model is the Public service space, the Communication space, the Health space, the Amenity space, the Education space(including the childcare). This study analyze the local characterristics, the location type and the floor plan characteristics about the Community Center in rural villages by the rural new town example project.
A Study on Small-scale Multi-functional Welfare Facilities for Elderly, Japan - Focusing on the Takurosyo Renovated Existing Houses-
Lee, Seung-Eun ; Kim, Sung-Ryong ; Lee, Eul-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 95~102
Recently (2010), South Korea's aging rate is 11%. and expected to be 32.3% in 2040, and Japan's aging rate in 2010 is 23%, and in 2040 is expected to be 34.5%. As aging progresses, it is increasing with the elderly person with dementia. However, elderly welfare facilities are insufficient. To take care stability of elderly people with mental and physical disabilities, we need to prepare a lot of welfare facilities for the elderly. Whenever physical conditions and service needs change of the disability elderly, Elderly are forced to move to the other facility. They move from familiar places, beloved local base to unfamiliar places. They are under a lot of stress in order to adapt to new environment. This research is to check out the possibility of the systems and the effectiveness of various services and the flexibility of management in Japan. Takurosyo is responsible for a variety function of elderly medical welfare facilities. Within a short time, our country, has entered into a super-aged society, elderly health and welfare facilities are needed. However, because it requires enormous financial, it is difficult to build a new building in reality, However, if remodeling existing buildings, We can build many low-cost small-scale multi-functional welfare facilities such as the takurosyo. Such that facility would be available to us.
A Study on the Landscape Elements and Preference of Rural Village - Focused on Daewon-Ri Sanoe-Myun Boeun-Gun, Chungbuk
Park, Chung-Shin ; Kim, Seung-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 15, issue 4, 2013, Pages 103~110
This study aims to draw the basis documents for rural landscape management of Daewon-Ri through frequency analysis of landscape elements and preference analysis of rural landscape. The results are as follows. First, according to the frequency analysis of the landscape elements, a distant view is few effect characteristics in rural village landscape planning. It is acted as the landscape elements that degree of integration and skyline of the building to see more nearby than it are the most important. In addition, in the case of the establishment of the landscape management planning, the landscape elements in the close view is the most important. Second, It is thought that the scenery which natural environments and residential quarter match is the most desirable for the par of the landscape preference in the rural village. On the other hand, about the scenery of an old historic building, the residents of a city considers it as an affirmative factor of the rural village landscape, but rural village inhabitants are negative. Finally, it is thought that the excessive public designs by government sponsored enterprise are undesirable for the scene of the village.