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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Nov 2014
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Aug 2014
Volume 16, Issue 2 - May 2014
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Characteristics of the Establishment of a Small Town Landscape Guideline - Focused on Local Governments in Jeollanam-do Establishing the Basic Landscape Plan -
Kim, Yun-Hag ; Park, Sung-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.1.1
This study investigated the characteristics of the establishment of an architectural guideline which is an important element of a urbanscape plan in basic landscape plans established by four local governments(a county level) in Jeollanam-do since the enactment of the landscape law. The results were as follows. The guideline for landscape plan elements was closely associated with shapes, materials, harmony, and coherence. For the detailed guideline for landscape plan elements, an architectural guideline on the arrangement, height, facade, and roof shapes of buildings, which is one of important elements related to urbanscape, was similar in local governments, showing a standard and uniform tendency. It indicates the limitation of forming urbanscape to enhance local identity and unique features and complementary contents are needed. The color guideline was classified into base color, sub color, and accent color in consideration of local features. In particular, natural material color was commonly used for base and sub color in all local governments. Therefore, it is necessary to develop unique material color and distinctive local color for each region.
Features on the Water Mill and Water Millhouse at Sinri, Samcheok as Important Folklore Material
Choi, Jang Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 9~16
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.1.9
It is very hard to find out water mill and water mill house installed nearby a streamlet to use water to polish cereals by pounding like a visage of its old days. It plays an important part in folkloric, hydrographical and architectural aspects as important folklore material in Korea. The purpose of this study is to analyse the folkloric, hydrographical and architectural features of water-mill and water-mill house itself so that to find the way how to build and fabricate the materials and frame members. Therefore this study has been focused on the composition principle and fabrication method of water mill and water millhouse on the side of architecture.
A Study on the POE(Post Occupancy Evaluation) of Rural Han-ok
Lee, Chang-Jae ; Choi, Il ; Park, Sung-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 17~26
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.1.17
This study examined the trend of floor space characteristics, size characteristics and modeling characteristics so as to evaluate the satisfactory level of subjects living in Hanok. By doing so, the type of Hanok was classified into 5 groups. The satisfactory level was evaluated after the subjects resided in Hanok based on each type of housing. In the satisfactory level investigation, which was conducted after the residence, the overall satisfactory level on Hanok showed to be high. In the evaluation on the residence scale, positive results were generally achieved regarding 'full size of residence', 'number of rooms compared to residence size', 'size of living room', etc. The indoor environment of residence evaluation mainly showed positive results regarding 'ventilation', but most subjects were unsatisfied in regard to 'heating', 'noise', 'lighting', etc. In the behavioral factor evaluation of residents, positive results were gained regarding 'health', but comparatively negative results showed based on items of 'construction expense', 'burden of maintenance expense', 'investment value', etc. After analyzing the influential factors on the overall satisfactory level, results showed that 'dust inflow' of the physical site environment evaluation, 'size of living room' of the residence size evaluation, 'heating' of the residence indoor environment evaluation, and 'burden of maintenance expense' in the behavioral factor evaluation significantly influences the overall satisfactory level.
Barrier Free Design on Senior Welfare Center
Lee, Ji-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 27~34
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.1.27
This study is to understand fallible point on the step of design, construction and management, and suggest an improvement measure for the convenience of elderly through the field survey. The field survey on convenience facilities for the disabled of Senior Welfare Center in Chung-Buk Area was performed on approach to main entrance, parking lot, main entrance area, entrance door, passage, stair, elevator and toilet. It was discussed that barrier free design should be considered of main user's group and use pattern. Consequently, important points requiring circumspection at the step of design and construction was suggested.
Analysis of the Thermal Environment Characteristics of Thatched Roof for Eco-friendly Rural Housing Development -Focused on the Neolithic Thatched Roof Dugout Hut-
Song, Heon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 35~42
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.1.35
Due to the development of civilization, the humans is privileged the rich of technologies for housing thermal environment. But, this kind of technological development caused enough trouble of energy excessive consumption. For solve this problem, many researchers strive to exploit the low energy sustainable techniques. For such a reason, the eco-friendly techniques of vernacular house are resurfacing. These traditional techniques are applied to a development of eco-friendly modern housing. They are no longer recognized as outdated products. On this context, this study proposes an scientific analysis on the thermal environment characteristics of Neolithic thatched-roof dugout hut(Um house). So far the several studies have been carried out in viewpoint of the history and structural compositions of the Um house which has been used as the normal housing for about 1000 years in the Neolithic era, however the thermal characteristics analysis of the Um house has never been studied. Um house is not a housing which has been composed by the scientific analysis or architectural design technology, but evolved empirically over a long period. This study on the thermal environment characteristics of Um house would provide basic information for the development of korean eco-friendly rural housing by korean climate characteristics. In this study, the thermal environmental characteristics of the Um house in the Neolithic era was analysed experimentally. The results of this study could be summarized as follows: 1. When the solar insolation and the ambient temperature in the daytime were
respectively, the surface temperature of the Um house roof covered with the rice straw was
and that in the roof
, and in the conditions above the air temperature in the room was
. 2. When the ambient relative humidity was 40%, that in the room of the Um house 50%, and at the ambient relative humidity of 90~100%, that in the room was 60%. 3. Through the experimental analysis, it was verified that the enthalpy and relative humidity is in an inverse relationship. 4. In general the comfort degree in the living space is changed with the seasonal climate, also in this study, the comfort degree in the room of the Um house in October and November was higher than that in May and June.
A Study on the Actual Conditions of Special Classes for the Large-scale Elementary schools in jeju
Lee, Eun-Gyung ; Park, Chung-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 43~52
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.1.43
Education is about sharing knowledge and using techniques and skills that can person's ability. the goal is to educate and develop people as a whole. In order to achieve this educational purpose efficiently, our society has many educational courses. The educational facility which can be used in a variety of educational methods should be made flexible. It should provide an environment in which ever student can grow. Being creative, using a variety of methods should help to develop character in people. In order to achieve this, the school's facilities should be future-oriented. It is necessary to research systemically about its changes and feed back according to the social demand, the educational purpose, and the changes of educational courses. This study is intended to present basic material which will be need from now on for the facility of the special classes in jeju city. Elementary schools should consider having a reasonable scale and arrangement pattern. The facility for special classes has to find a way to operate flexibly according to the changes of the class number.
A Study of Analysis of Present Condition and Users' Behavior on Waterfront in Local City -focusing on Nam river, Taewha river, Gumho river-
Kang, Seok-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 53~61
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.1.53
The purpose of this study is to analyze present condition and users' behavior on waterfront in local city. To analyze the current physical statues and behavioral issues, 3 cities including Jinju city(Nam river), Ulsan city(Taewha river), and Dae-gu city(Gumho river) has chosen as research areas, the questionnaire and field survey were conducted in research areas focusing on post occupancy evaluation. In this study, it was found that main behaviors of waterfront were rest and exercise and overall satisfactions of waterfront were related to the decision-making for revisitation. However, unsatisfactory physical factors of waterfront were the position and number of facilities related to the behaviors such as rest, exercise, and bicycle riding. Especially, most unsatisfactory factor was the inadequate lighting in respect of intensity of illumination and position although much people had been used each waterfronts at nighttime. In conclusion it was thought that it was necessary to reinforce the program related to culture and leisure such as public performance and to establish infrastructure related to life-time sport and various outdoor exercise for waterfront activation.
The Representation of Seong-An Streetscape in the 1960s' Cheongju
Kim, Tai-Young ; Kim, Se Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 63~70
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.1.63
This study is aimed to represent the streetscape in 1960s' focused on Seong-An street of Cheong-ju through the existing business types and buildings, literature, photo details, and interview of the longest-term householders. Results of this study are as follows : Firstly, the types of 1st-floor shops were diverse with general merchandise, apparel, medical, bank, restaurant, and etc in 1960s'. The present shops of them are 'Dong-kwang lasa', 'Jung-geum dang', 'Cheong-ju pharmacy' including the existing 'the Korea development', 'Korea first', and 'Woori' bank. Secondly, the streetscape around post office looks just as it did in the old 1960s'. In the other section the present typical buildings are 'Namseon pharmacy ', 'Kukje department', 'Samyang shop', 'Daeyang shop', 'Park shop', and etc. These old 3-4story buildings are reinforced concrete in contrasted with the former wooden and masonry in structure, and converted in use and appearance. Thirdly, the streetscape of Seong-An is ultimately represented by presuming the other buildings and equipments through aerial and street photograph in the old 1960s'.
A Case Study on the Plan Composition for the Department System of Middle Schools in the Rural Area -Focused on middle schools in korea and japan-
Yang, Kum-Suek ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 71~78
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.1.71
The purpose of this study is to clarify the actual condition of the plan of middle schools in the rural area. Recently, many middle schools are remodeling the buildings and facilities based on the department system. This study, through analyzing on 3 cases of middle school in korea and japan. This article discuses about the basic characteristics of the plan composition and the education programs of 3 middle schools. The results of this study are summarized as follows; Home room and home base should be more faithfully. Various common space is needed to comfortable school life of students. In case of side corridor type plane, moving path is much needed. Most of them take horizontal zoning system in the department system of middle schools. Media space is very important to enhance the characteristics of each subject zone.
A Study on the Research for the Planning of in Environmental friendly Village -Focused on Yeochan-ri and Unjeong-dong, Gangneung City-
Byun, Kyeong-Hwa ; Kim, Heung-Gee ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 79~86
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.1.79
As the seeking of environmental condition, the environmental friendly village has became important to planning and designing with neighbor communities. Our village was inferior to new order and identity is weakened, environmental maintenance. According to the situation the purpose of this paper is derived the plan point of environmental elements to be good for living in urban countryside villages. The primary research was to be planning directions and improvements through the present situation investigation. The results of this study are as follows. Through the two case study-village ; Yeochan-ri, Unjeong-dong in Gangwon province, environmental elements are classified such as superior 5parts and 17points in order to happiness of neighbor community. There are summarized a historical & traditional part, building, street/park/furniture, living and vision of village. Specially residents appealed to inconvenience by infringement of a large building in a small dwelling village. The data of this paper is effective in specialists carry out the planning and evaluation indicators regarding rural village. Finally regional experts by a rural field and local residents are necessary collaboration at the planning and maintenance of residential settlement through the pleasant participation.
A Study on the Commercial Streetscape Design Guideline of the Historic and Cultural Environmental Districts in Ancient Capital Gyeongju
Hyun, Taek-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 87~94
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.1.87
The objective of this study is to provide a townscape design guideline that harmonized with a historic landscape via condition investigation and landscape analysis of the cultural /commercial environment district where an improvement is a necessity. The followings are the conclusions: 1.To enhance the identity of Gyeongju, should pursue diversity in unity by making the image of architectural landscape a similar peculiarity. 2.The central commercial district where the tradition is valued and contemporary figures meet the tradition needs a landscape formation by CONTEXT. 3.Since a characteristic of the target area is a regional commercial center, to reduce its congestion, reforming the area to simple environment is required. 4.Induce buildings located on the streets with cultural properties to have Korean traditional tiled roof in order to fit in with their surroundings. 5.Make it a rule to partition a wall into tripartition, the wall surface exposed should be the same finishing materials. 6.Consider the visual aspect of pedestrians and a building's width, the recommendable height of the facade should be 3~3.6m. 7.For the design archetype of cornice, four traditional types based on Korean traditional eaves are suggested. 8.The design of signboards should break existing square-shapes, and seek a design to take advantage of icons that historicity and traditionalist of the city are expressed.
Measures to Reduce Industrial Accidents by Investigating them at Small Scale Construction Sites in Rural Area
Kim, Byung-Yun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 95~102
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.1.95
The number of industrial accident victims in the construction industry accounts for 1/3 of those in the entire industries and about 30% of the total compensation costs are spent in the construction industry. As such, the construction industry is a typical industry causing numerous safety accidents. This study analyzes the status of industrial accidents in small scale construction sites to build maximum five-story buildings by examining statistical data for the past five years, investigating those construction sites and conducting interviews with the workers. This study also seeks the causes of and measures for industrial accidents in the small scale construction industry through comparison with relevant systems. The findings are as follows: (1) To reduce hazard rate, shaping the working environment and safety measures that take into account the physically weak classes of the middle aged and the aging are urgently required, because 62.9% of the industrial accidents in the construction industry occurred to those who are 50 years of age or older. (2) The hazard rate at small scale construction sites with less than 10 construction workers accounts for 55% of that of the entire industries. The government, in this context, needs to support finance or technology and improve system by selecting the small scale construction sites, where industrial accidents occur frequently. (3) Because the hazard rate of unskilled workers with less than 6 months of work experience accounts for 90.95% of the total, safety education needs to be concentrated on those unskilled workers. (4) The relevant standards need to be segmented and revised and bolstered, given that 64.79% of death disaster in the construction industry occurs in the temporary structures including scaffolds and ladders.
A Study on the Number of Public Facilities and Total Floor Area of Public Facilities of provincial cities
Lee, Seung-Eun ; Lee, Sang-Hyun ; Lee, Eul-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 103~110
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.1.103
The urban development, resulting from the economic growth that initiated in the 1960s, focused on outward expansion until the 1980s. However, beginning in the early 1990s, there has been a steady increase in the attention paid to the qualitative aspects of life. With increased income and awareness of quality life, citizens today demand for various good quality services. For them, urban public facilities are an important part of community life because the facilities have effect on their psychological comfort or satisfaction with residential area. Nevertheless, in reality, due to the lack of society's awareness of the importance and necessity of public facilities, not enough investment is being made in public facilities, failing to meet the growing demand for the facilities. This study examined the public facilities of provincial cities with focus on the number and total area size of the facilities, then compared and analyzed the facilities in terms of number and total area size. It is hoped that the findings from the study will encourage policy makers to increase support for public facilities, contributing to achieving the sustainable growth of cities.
A Study on Spatial Composition and Elements of Ger Architecture in Mongolia
Chong, Geon Chai ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 111~117
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.1.111
The aim of this study is to find out the pattern of Ger form, inner spatial composition of Mongolian Ger house, and to take a dig at the structural or symbolic elements of nomadic architecture of Ger. To the point of view of corresponding to living and space of housing, remarkable characteristics of Ger Architecture is able to pull down and recombine the structures of nomadic house. Even though urbanization of Mongolia has spreading rapidly in a whole nation, most of people preserves traditional housing pattern within Ger. The ways of survey are to study of traditional home of Mongolia, and then field work at residence or mountain area in Ulan Bator and Gorkhi Terelj National Park area. This survey contains the form, size, structure, spatial composition of living space, structure, and materials. There are three results as follows: First, the form of Ger house is like a pyramidal or crown roof style to approximate to the round shape of it. Usually they had lived in nomadic way of life, so the Ger had a movable and flexible structure. Second, the Ger is easy to build up and deconstruct to move or find a new pasture. Third, the Mongolian Ger structure is composed by mainly five elements that are Khana, Khaalga, Toono, Bagana, and Uni. It has a hierarchy of internal spaces which are classified to gender, orientation, and property.
A Study on the Preservation Method of Modern Registered Architectural Cultural Properties
Shin, Woong-Ju ; Lee, Sang-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 1, 2014, Pages 119~127
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.1.119
This study suggests institutional and methodological approaches for preservation of South Korea's registered cultural properties of modern architecture. The suggested approaches are as follows. First, in order to improve the current registration and preservation system for cultural properties, we need to employ both structure-based classification and style-based classification. Registration criteria for modern architecture properties need to include more detailed classification in terms of their structure: brick structure, steel concrete structure and post lintel structure. In terms of construction style, the properties need to be further classified into the western style, the traditional style and the Korean-western eclectic style. In addition, protection of registered cultural properties need to be achieved through legislation of a protection system. Second, while the current system sets out six methods for preservation of registered cultural properties of modern architecture, more specific preservation methods types and plans need to be continuously introduced. In particular, as for the method of partial preservation, the method needs to be further classified based on the usage of the relevant structure so as to allow for more diverse options. First, the 'Preservation by Interior Alteration' needs to be added to the category, where the exterior is preserved as it is and the interior is preserved through alteration. Also needs to be added the preservation method where the interior space is preserved as it is and the exterior space is altered, in case the finishing materials of the exterior has deteriorated. Third, if the records on registered cultural properties of modern architecture are to provide the functions of legal evidences regarding management of architectural cultural properties, sources of knowledge required for policy making and implementation and past management record for the future, each phase needs to be closely connected in an organic manner, and we need to establish a management system and plan that go beyond the relevant organizations. Fourth, in order to preserve South Korea's registered cultural properties of modern architecture in its original state, it is imperative to prepare separate criteria for registration of technicians with expertise on modern architecture, and train experts and technicians on modern architecture, which is distinguished from the traditional architecture.