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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Nov 2014
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Aug 2014
Volume 16, Issue 2 - May 2014
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
A Field Survey on the Operational Realities of Community Living Home for the Elders Living Alone in the Rural Village
Park, Chung-Shin ; Park, Heon-Choon ; Kim, Seung-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.4.1
The purpose of this study is to analyzes the administration actual situation of community living home in Korea. The results are as follows. First, community living home in Korea is distributed over the Jeonranam-do areas by approximately 67.7%, and distributed over 18 cities in the Jeonrabuk-do areas. Second, In a type of community living home, "Sharing residence type" accounts for approximately 97%. The reason of this is because it can save a budget by utilizing existing public accommodation. Third, the administration main constituent of community living home running in each city is a neighborhood association, but bears the administration expense in the local government. Fourth, as a result of having analyzed the representative example of the community living home, "Sharing residence type" knew that a per person necessary area was the insufficient. Finally, it is desirable for oneself of the neighborhood association to be in charge of the administration main constituent of the community living home basically.
A Study on the Pungsu of the Site and Space Layout of Vice Minister Lee`s House in Oeam Historic Village
Han, Jong-Koo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 9~15
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.4.9
Pungsu acts as a strong guideline for selecting a location of the village having a certain geographical condition. The attitude of choosing an auspicious site regarding the shape of mountains and water stream, is widely accepted by the intelligent class of Josen period. Therefore, the theory is one of the main factor influenced on the traditional village and house in Korea. Regarding the fact that a real effect of pungsu on the formation of traditional village and house, Study with a view of Pungsu theory could be a good method for deeply understanding the traditional architecture in Korea. In this context, the study analyzes the site and space lay out of an upper class house of vice minister Lee(Lee, Jung Ryul, 1868~1950) in Oeam historic village with Pungsu theory. The house is composed of Anchae(house for the women) and Sanrangchae(house for the men and receiving guests) and Hangrangchae(servants` quarters). Through the study, It finds out that the house is carefully selected and planned considering surrounding physical environment so called Jusan(back hill), Ansan(front hill), Choengyong(blue dragon) and Beckho(white tiger) of Pungsu theory.
A Study on the Architectural Features of Rural Landscape Houses to be based on the Authentication System for Landscape Housing Selection of Samcheok City
Choi, Jang-Soon ; Kim, Jin-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 17~24
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.4.17
To make the beautiful rural landscapes, the Samcheok city of provincial governments is implementing the authentication system about rural landscape housing as one of various landscape policies. This authentication system about the landscape housing is to select the better rural landscape houses to harmonize with surrounding ground plots, ground shapes, villages, mountains and natural environments of landscape houses submitted by house owner every year. This research aims to analyze the architectural features of the authenticated rural landscape houses and to propose the improvement directions by analyzing architectural features about the rural landscape houses selected by the municipal architecture committee of Samcheok city.
A Study on the Zero(0)Energy and Environment Construction of rual villages
Lee, Gwang-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 25~34
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.4.25
The 21century is the year of clean renewable alternative energy crisis, in this study the idea of construction of zero energy and environmentally friendly rural village is to be studied. So the purpose of this study is to verify the design guide-line of zero energy and sustainable design of rural village. The results of this study is to be follow: 1) the design elements and factors for construction of zero energy and environmentally friendly rural village is derived 2) also the guide-line for construction of zero energy and environmentally friendly rural village is derived.
A Study on Residents` Perception of the Rural Village Development Project - Focused on the Comprehensive Improvement of the Seats of Eup and Myeon in General Rural Area Development Projects -
Kim, Jeong-Gyu ; Kim, Yun-Hag ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 35~42
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.4.35
This study aimed to explore the methods to provide life service for hinterland villages, which is the biggest function of the seat of myeon in rural areas, and enhance central functions/roles. This study also aimed to provide basic information to establish a direction of the future projects of the seat of myeon through empirical study on the comprehensive improvement projects of the seats of eup and myeon and related demanders` perception for sustainable rural area. Based on the results, a variety of hardware manuals are correspondent with present rural situations in the comprehensive improvement projects of the seats of eup and myeon. Therefore, community-based welfare facilities should be expanded. Also, village infrastructure facilities and village landscape projects should be promoted to improve pedestrian environment. Finally, switching into an ecological environment project should be considered to improve village environment as well as supply energy saving facilities.
A study on the Space type of Homebase in Schools that Operate Departmentalized Classrooms
Yoon, Mi-Youn ; Jung, Jin-Ju ; Oh, Byeong-Uk ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 43~50
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.4.43
Since the introduction of the Departmentalized Classroom System in 2009, schools that operate the system experienced many changes in terms of school management, educational courses, and school environment. In particular, class-based classrooms changed into departmentalized classrooms and staff rooms became teachers` support centers and research rooms to create an environment that is apt for the management of departmentalized classrooms. Students have also come to move from departmentalized classrooms to departmentalized classrooms in which homebases were prepared as a space for students to rest and enjoy a stable school life. As such, homebases as a space for students to enjoy school life are indispensable and are becoming more important for the management of the Departmentalized Classroom System. Thus, it is necessary to investigate in detail the state of the establishment of homebases in schools that operate the system. In line with this, this paper sampled 59 schools that have managed the system as an advanced system for over 2 years and conducted school visits and held interviews to investigate and analyze the placement, function, and scale of homebases as well as to provide basic material on homebases.
A Study on the Characteristic of Space Recomposition and the Change of Operation Method of high schools in the Rural Area
Yang, Kum-Suek ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 51~58
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.4.51
This study is to clarify the actual condition of the plan of high schools in the rural area. Recently, many high schools are remodeling the buildings and facilities based on departmental system. This study, through analyzing on 5 remodeling cases of high school in gyeongnam area. This article discuses about the basic characteristics of the plan composition and the education program of 5 high schools. This study is showing the variation before and after remodeling and space organization types. The results of this study are summarized as follows; We studied 5 high schools in 2012~2013 of them, which located in the rural area. We studied the location of department classrooms, teachers` labs and home bases of them. 1) Most of them take horizontal zoning system in the department classrooms. 2) The number of teachers` labs were increased in most of floors. On the other hand, most of Labs` area were decreased. Every department classroom zone has one teachers` lab. 3) Sample schools took much more spaces of home-base and media-space than before.
Rural areas, Vibration Stability Analysis of Wall and Retaining Wall of Low-rise Masonry Buildings
Lee, Deog-Yong ; Kim, Il-Jung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 59~66
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.4.59
This paper deals with vibration of plates with concentrated mass on elastic foundation. The object of investigating natural frequencies of tapered thick plate on pasternak foundation by means of finite element method and providing kinetic design data for mat of building structures. Free vibration analysis that tapered thick plate in this paper. Finite element analysis of rectangular plate is done by use of rectangular finite element with 8-nodes. In order to analysis plate which is supported on pasternak foundation. The Winkler parameter is varied with 10,
and the shear foundation parameter is 5, 10. This paper is analyzed varying thickness by taper ratio. The taper ratio is applied as 0.0, 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1.0. And the Concentrated Mass is applied as P1, Pc, P2 respectively.
A Study on the Space Composition and Distribution of Departmentalized Classroom System in Middle School in Gangwon-Do
Kim, Hak Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 67~74
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.4.67
Departmentalized Classroom System is new school operating system to apply social needs. Recent social needs are characterized as learning environment and self-learning system. The purpose of this study is to provide basic data for equal learning environment condition in middle school applying departmentalized classroom system. This study has progressed through analyzing on 11 remodelling case of middle school in Gangwon-Do. The method of this study is visiting middle schools that operate the system, grasping the condition for environment composition, and investigating and analyzing practical use of the environment. The results of this study are summarized as follows: 1) The space compositions for departmentalized classroom system are generally desirable, but some schools take irrational space composition, especially on home base-teacher laboratory, classroom-teacher laboratory. 2) The space area distributions are different in every school. This result is based on not taking standard criterion on space area distribution.
Study on Adhesive Properties by Hot-air Welding of Polyvinyl Chloride Waterproof Sheet Using used vinyl & used cable in Rural Area
Ko, Jin-Soo ; Kim, Byung-Yun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 75~81
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.4.75
In this study, we have intended to provide the related construction manuals with technical materials and to reduce the defects in the on-site construction, with reviewing the adhesive properties of joint parts according to change of temperature and speed of hot-air sealer for the products that have been made of polyvinyl chloride(PVC) materials in the single waterproof sheet. The result from the experiment is shown as following. 1) Bond strength was shown as high as the welding speed became slower. For the hot-air welding velocity with 3~6m/min, a stable bond strength has been shown in the range of the hot-air welding temperature with
, while it has been shown in the range of the hot-air welding temperature with
, when the hot-air welding velocity is between 9~12m/min. 2) If the hot-air welding temperature is lower, the adhesive strength has been shown as higher in the section where the hot-air welding velocity is low, while the adhesive strength has been also shown as higher in the section where the velocity is fast as the hot-air welding temperature becomes higher. The highest bond strength has been shown in the velocity with 3m/min for the hot-air welding temperature with
, which is rather low. At
, a high bond strength has been shown in the velocity with 3~6m/min, while the high bond strength has been shown in the velocity with 6~9m/min at
A Study on Community Landscape Design Ways of Garden City in America - Focused on City of Logan, Cache Valley in Utah -
Chong, Geon-Chai ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 83~90
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.4.83
The aim of this study is to find out the ways of community landscape design in American garden city, Logan in Northern Utah. I had been surveyed historic homes and single units to take a dig how to keep and develope a good community landscape of the city in both the Historic District and residential area, researching of documents. City of Logan surveyed contains a remarkable landscape views of various historical house styles and contemporary single units based on traditional house styles out of central street. For they have been controled by Center Street National Historic District Design Standards and Logan Land Development Code with Logan General Plan. Logan community shows today a particular identity and harmonious landscape of residential area in a view point of old and new buildings. There are three results of the study as follows: First, the types of homes in Historic District are focused on Victorian style with Prairie homes which are unique American style, the Craftman that is revised as American home style, and vernacular style. Second, the historical houses have been controled by HPC since 1978 in order to keep the original buildings and landscape architecture, and the general single units by building code of the city in General Plan. Third, it must be citizen participation design to build up a beautiful landscape that Logan has maintained a safety garden city people hope to live in.
A Research Study on the Level of Satisfaction with the Farming and Fishing Village Housing Improvement Projects
Park, Heon-Choon ; Kim, Seung-Keun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 16, issue 4, 2014, Pages 91~98
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2014.16.4.91
In this study, the current conditions of the farming and fishing village housing improvement projects that were promoted for the last five years were examined, the results of the survey conducted among the promoters of the farming and fishing village housing improvement projects with regard to their level of satisfaction were analyzed, and the outcomes of the housing improvement projects and the improvement needs were derived for utilization as basic data for preparing an improvement plan for "the farming and fishing village housing improvement projects". Below are the results of this study and the proposals based on such. In view of the reality that the recipients of the farming and fishing village housing improvement projects are limited to the rural residents who are able to repay their loans, ways of actualizing the current loan limit of 60 million won should be prepared, taking into account the actual construction cost. Moreover, as the rural residents do not live on monthly salaries, the repayment periods of their loans should be adjusted to make them payable on a quarterly or a semi-annual basis, reflecting the reality of the farming villages, where loan repayment is based on the residents` yearly income. Further, policies guaranteeing the residential rights of those belonging to the low-income bracket who are unable to repay their loans must be established at the soonest possible time. In view of the realities in the farming villages, where there are 640,000 houses that are over 31 years old, the supply of 10,000 houses as part of the housing improvement projects is grossly inadequate. Of course, it cannot be said that all the residents who are living in worn-out houses have the necessary conditions for receiving support from the housing improvement fund. Therefore, policies supporting the speedy improvement of worn-out houses and guaranteeing the residential rights of those belonging to the low-income bracket are urgently needed.