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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Nov 2015
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Aug 2015
Volume 17, Issue 2 - May 2015
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
Selecting the target year
A Study on Activation methods of Traditional Market in Jinju City -Focused on Joongang and Seobu Market-
Kang, Seok-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 1, 2015, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.1.1
The purpose of this study is to consider activation methods of traditional markets in Jinju city through questionnaire and field survey. Research framework is summarized into two categories: physical environment and operation program. The results are as follows: 1) the gross profit on sales has been decreased continuously and the main causes of that have been recognized as insufficiency of parking lots and convenient facilities and deterioration of environment in spite of facilities modernization project; 2) consumers visited a traditional market because of proper price and reliance on goods, etc. However, they were not satisfied with the physical environment such as parking lots and resting spaces and the operation program such as cultural event and performance. In conclusion it was thought that activation methods of traditional market would be related to the improvement plan in the physical aspect such as parking lots, walkway, convenient and crime prevention facilities and in the operation program aspect such as cultural event, marketing, management consulting, information infrastructure, and delivery system.
A basic study on the Eco-friendly elements evaluation of Hanok according to G-SEED -Focus on the Unjoru and Jinwondang-
Choi, Hyung-Seok ; Kim, Hark-Rae ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 1, 2015, Pages 9~18
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.1.9
The purpose of this study is to analyze the usage of eco-friendly elements in Korean traditional architecture to evaluate Hanok(Unjoru and Jinwondang) according to Green Building Certification Criteria(G-SEED). The results of this study were as follows; Unjoru and Jinwondang was not enough to obtain certification points. From Site usage and Traffic category, Jinwondang gets more points than Unjoru. It`s because Jinwondang is located in downtown Seoul, so it gets more points of traffic and neighborhood facility. From Energy and Environmental Pollution category, Jinwondang gets more points of energy performance than Unjoru, too. It`s because Jinwondang secured insulation performance of wall and windows using insulator and glass. From Resources category, Unjoru gets more points than Jinwondang. It shows that modern Hanok was limited using natural resources. From Ecological Environments category, Jinwondang is located urban area, it`s difficult to secure the open space, so Unjoru gets more points than Jinwondang. If Modern Honok installs a system that can getting point and secure insulation performance, it will be certificated according to G-SEED.
A Research Study on the Architectural Characteristics of old Samcheok Construction Company Housing in Donghae City -focused on A and No. 2·3 Houses as Registered Cultural Properties-
Kim, Tai-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 1, 2015, Pages 19~26
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.1.19
The old Samcheok construction company housing in Donghae City was built for employees of Nitrogenous lime factory with railway construction in 1939. The 31 company houses are arranged in a rows including a House A, two No. 2 and 3 Houses, a dormitory, 12 row houses of two households, and 15 row houses of four households. At present, they are preserved with prototype at that time of building as a private company. Researching the architectural characteristics from A and No.
detached houses of them, the results are as follows. The tea room, living room, and kitchen are centralized and connected with toilet, bathroom, and maid`s room by corridor. The exterior wall was finished with paintwork on cement mortar on stud wall framing plastered. The key exterior elements such as diamond shaped asbestos slate, large openings, corner bay window, lintel cornice are in accordance with drawings that they were first designed. The wooden roof structure is based on the structure that supports transverse load with a beam and beam plate instead of thrust. The kitchen and toilet are remodelled and only seem to be a mere shadow of their former self, but the position of sink and toilet bowl is the same as before.
A Study on the facilities layout of lower floor and space characteristic of newly established schools cases in Japan
Kang, Hye-Jin ; Jung, Jin-Ju ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 1, 2015, Pages 27~34
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.1.27
Our school management is changing by soft and self-regulating method from single educational system. Especially, 7th educational curriculum demands change of educational system and operation that correspond spontaneously on various needs of students. Like this, changing educational policy and curriculum accompany change of social awareness, curriculum, and school space should be changed corresponding hereupon. Such our change can say that is appearing fairly similarly, when compare in Japanese educational policy, curriculum, side of change of school space. Because it is resulting from partial accepting of educational curriculum, system, school architecture and space of Japan. In such background, I investigates Japanese schools cases that advanced than us, which is been opened within the latest 6 years. Through this analysis, I find space and function that can apply to our school. And I will propose some basic data needed for educational and architectural planning side.
A study on improvement Plan of the Rural village Remodelling -Focused on Korean and German Rural Villages -
Do, Hyun-Hak ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 1, 2015, Pages 35~44
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.1.35
This study is regarding Rural village renovation project that improve the poor residential environment of backward rural district in Korea and the quality of life of the rural area residents. Especially, by comparing the Kyungbuk, Yeungju, Juchi village`s case which was progressed by MAFRA (Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs) in 2014 for the demonstration project with the successful case MELAP(Model project on the Effective Utilization of Rural Land through the activation of internal potential element) which is one of the Rural area Development Program in German Federal Ministry of Baden-
, this essay attempts to suggest the improvement Plan of Rural village renovation project which will be developed forward.
A Study on the Type classification of Urban Architectural Assets - Focused on the Modern Architecture in Daegu Seosungro -
Do, Hyun-Hak ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 1, 2015, Pages 45~54
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.1.45
This study is about the Type classification of architectural assets in Seosungro (one of the 4 Roads of Rampart in Junggu, Daegu), the main stronghold of Urban Regeneration projects according to the recent Urban Regeneration law. The purpose of this study is to suggest the basic data about Operation management method of Original Downtown modern buildings and valuable hanok, and Conservational Regeneration of Architectural property of Urban Environmental Improvement and Architectural assets. By researching, analysing the feature and classifying the type of the buildings in Seosungro, The type classified Conservation plan can be suggested. The Types of the Architectural assets will be the basic data of the application plan of modern buildings which is for the urban regeneration, and this can predict the quantity and the demand of the building for effective urban regeneration, and also can be an effective Urban regeneration policy data.
A Study on the Historic and Cultural Resources for Landscape Planning - A Case of Cheongju City -
Park, Jae-Pyeong ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 1, 2015, Pages 55~64
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.1.55
The purpose of this study is to find out the application plan for the landscape planning after grasping the current situation of the historical and cultural resources in Cheongju city and closely examining their conservation and use state. Concerning the method of the study, I considered the resources related concepts and came up with the characteristics of the historical and cultural resources and the application planning as landscape factors after the research on the actual condition and their present situation. Regarding the study or research, I studied the cultural assets, historical and cultural resources, historical and cultural planning, and further examined the historical and cultural resources by dividing them diversely and further, studied the current situation of their system and the related law. For the current situation of the historical and cultural landscape resource in Cheongju city I conducted the assessment of the landscape resources by areas, types, locations. On the basis of this study I came up with the basic direction for the application plan and the solution to the management of the landscape and think that these plans or suggestions will make a contribution to the establishment of their identity by regions.
A Study on the Analysis of Architectural Environments in Medium and Small Scale Elderly Care Facilities
Kim, Heung-Gee ; Kim, Yong-Gee ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 1, 2015, Pages 65~72
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.1.65
Recently the concerns of aging & care according to the aged Society were on the increase about Home for the elderly facility. In order to moment, the purpose of this study is to analyze planning direction and Architectural Environments in medium and small scale Elderly Care Facilities. This survey are used to investigate with latest building data, which is Long-term Care Insurance Code for the Elderly was started on July 2008 in Korea. The results of this paper are as follows. First, various type of home for the elderly and the elderly group homes are spread out, attached to day care center type, nursing home type, city region type, countryside rural type, near the university and remodeling type. Secondly, per capita room area-
are sufficient in regal comparison with
. Thirdly, Sunlight environments is inappropriate condition as south direction proportion-41.95%. According to the present situation various facility type and model for our baby boomers generation should be more developed with preemptive systems of senior welfare concept.
Approach Characteristics and Status of Exhibition-culture Facilities in Gangneung
Byun, Kyeonghwa ; Cho, Won-Seok ; Kwon, Young-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 1, 2015, Pages 73~81
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.1.73
The purpose of this study is to analyze the approach characteristics, relation to other facilities, and current status focusing on 28 total of exhibition-culture facilities in Gangneung. The results are following as. First, 19 facilities are located in urban area and nine are located in country side. With locational characteristics of Gangneung which is mountains in west and sea to east, three are located in high hill side and four are in sea shore among nine facilities. Facilities in urban area converge to Gungpodae and Ojukhuk which are symbol space in Gangneung. Those facilities started to have been increased from 1990s and rapidly increased from 2000s. The reason is that people have been interested in culture and art in society in general. In building structure, buildings related with traditional contents were constructed with wooden structure while buildings have been mainly constructed with modern ways such as steel and reinforced concrete structure. Second, the 28 facilities are classified into three types by function of other space or facilities within same a site or a building. The three types are themselves usage only, multi-function, and park type. The multi-function type is re-classified into two; public type and commercial type. Those functions have changed according to changes of society and times. Finally, for approaching to the exhibition-culture facilities with general transportation, the mean distance from the closest bus stop to those facilities each is 280m and 27 facilities are located within 670m from the closest bus stop. For approaching way using by car creates movement along road-building site-parking space-main entrance of building. When based on main entrance by the movement, parking space located in front side of main entrance is the largest, next is in the side, and the least is in back side. Various factors such as approaching form from road to parking space and space size between main entrance and parking space influence to approaching ways of exhibition-culture facilities in Gangneung.
Study on Design Strategy of Complex with Modern Function through Realization of Traditionality
Park, Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 1, 2015, Pages 83~94
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.1.83
The area of domestic urban design and architecture has established its original characteristics as various programs and functions were created in the drastically changing society. Such features have been presented in a certain type of patterns or unique formations, which demand a gradual development of designs in harmony with the functions and roles of the city and thus designers are forced to continue thinking deeply on this matter in their own perspectives. In particular, such demands are outstandingly high in reality in historical cities such as Andong, which this study works on. As the design contest winner is based on the geographical characteristics and locality, Confucianism and seonbi(Korean classical scholar) spirit, which are regarded as a philosophy of value, how the traditional concepts could be reflected in the plan was the focus of the discussion. The conclusions deduced from such a background include the following. First, it is necessary to make an approach on the basis of the concept in traditional architecture at the complex planning level based on the ideology in the implementation plan that requires traditionality for a complex design with contemporary functions. Second, it is important to approach this as an exploration of a solution to globalize Confucian culture in the future based on the cultural characteristics of the region and the environmental characteristics of the surroundings. Third, beginning from a concept that explains the complex to a concept that explains individual buildings, it is necessary to reflect characteristics in which the realization of a traditional space is planned in three dimensions.
An Empirical Comparative Research between Rural Landscape Plan and Urban Landscape Plan with Gaerangyi Rural Landscape Plan in Soonchon City
Park, Jang-Soon ; Yang, Seung-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 1, 2015, Pages 95~104
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.1.95
This paper aims to make an empirical comparison between the rural landscape planning and the urban landscape planning. The research method is a contents analysis about Jeollannamdo-province Landscape Base Plan and Suncheon-city Urban Landscape Plans, and Gaerangyi Village Rural Landscape Plan out of total 111 cases of Rural Landscape Plans. The findings are as followings: firstly, the only 14 villages out of 45 villages had the province-unit landscape base plan, the city/gun-unit urban landscape plan, and the rural landscape plan in sequence periods. Secondly, it was found that the Gaerangyi Village Rural Landscape Plan was relatively coordinated with the Jeollanam Province`s Landscape Base Plan, but the former was not relatively coordinated with the Suncheon City Urban Landscape Plan. Thirdly, three hierarchical discordance may drive from the difference of applicable acts and authorities concerned. However, in Suncheon City, a rural-urban integrating city, both an urban landscape plan excluding rural regions and a rural landscape plan excessively emphasizing a rural village`s unique characteristics, while its administrative district is unclear are hard to be seen as a good plan fully containing Suncheon-city`s full identity.
An Analysis of Characteristics of Literature on the Residential Environments of Korean-Chinese People Residing in China
Heo, Seong-Geol ; Cho, Won-Seok ; Byun, Kyeonghwa ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 1, 2015, Pages 105~112
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.1.105
The purpose of this study is to analyze characteristics of literature on the residential environments of Korean-Chinese people residing in China. The number of such studies on residential environment is a total of 123, of which 86 (69.9%) are Korean studies and 37 (30.1%) are Chinese studies. Research has been conducted in China since the 1980s, but from 1990s onward, research was conducted in Korea following the establishment of diplomatic ties between the two nations. More studies related to history, society, and tradition have been conducted in China than Korea because China is a multiracial nation and Korean-Chinese people comprise an ethnic minority. In terms of residential environment, the majority of studies are related to architecture and space and are typically focused on villages and housing. Studies on traditional housing of the Korean-Chinese focus on general characteristics of traditional housing, targeting China`s three northeast provinces and the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture of China. Studies on modern housing of the Korean-Chinese have mainly been conducted in Yanji City in China. The reason for this is that 41% of Yanji City`s population is Korean-Chinese, a distinct difference can be seen between Yanji City and other areas regarding changes of modern housing, and ondol (the traditional Korean floor heating system) is commonly found in modern housing there.
A Study on Current Situation of Rural Community Facilities Applied Universal Design
Lee, Eul-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 1, 2015, Pages 113~120
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.1.113
In recent years, the population composition of rural area is changing due to the decreasing population growth of the aged with disability and people returning to farming. Since 1970`s the rural community facilities have been spreaded out across most rural villages. Although the rural community facilities are the most widely used facilities, the existing facilities are need to be new built or remodeled according to demographic changes, usage of facilities, and environmental condition. Given this reality, the rural community facilities such as village assembly hall and nursing home for senior citizen are not only used for daily life place but also used like co-residence having meals and sleeping together. Therefore the rural community facilities have the potential to become welfare service space for rural elderly people. This research focuses on the current situation of universal design applied community facilities. According to the research, most of the village community facilities were built in the 1990s and 82% of the buildings were more than 15 years old. Furthermore, 45% of the village community facilities more than 15 years old most have a ground floor in masonry structure. The area of the building is 65% less than
. The width of the access entrance, the height of the sink, gas safety valve and so forth were relatively well designed. However, the handrail of the entrance, space in front of the toilet bowl, the height difference between the entrance and floor, the installation of the width of the ramp and stair handrail was relatively incomplete. Village community facilities to be built in the future should be universal design fundamentally.
A Policy of Senior Community Center in Rural Area - Focused on Pilot Project of Senior Community Center -
Nam, Yun-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 1, 2015, Pages 121~128
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.1.121
The elderly rate in South Korea in 2013 is over 12%. Especially, the elderly rate in rural area is 36%, i.e., in rural area, one of three is people aged 65 and over. Senior community project in rural that is being promoted by the government. This project is to improve the quality of life health and welfare services for the elderly in rural Area. This paper investigates cases used as living space by interview and remodeling senior centers (village community center) for the elders living alone in rural areas. In Gimje two the nation`s first senior centers were remodeled in 2006 (for both the village community center) and were begun to use these as group homes. Evaluation was a success. Since then, these were increased by approximately 20 centers per year by year and are currently 108 centers at the end of 2011. In Chungcheongnam-do, a pilot project has been begun for communal living by remodeling the senior center (for both the village community center) and elderly housing. Municipalities are similar in their business (is mostly). Senior community center projects can proceed smoothly in the direction of some of the following tips and suggestions to promote. Senior community center should be expanded for `private room type`. Government must support the operating costs. It will increase employment in rural areas. Senior community center should be `Home Atmosphere`.