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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Nov 2015
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Aug 2015
Volume 17, Issue 2 - May 2015
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Jan 2015
Selecting the target year
The Changes of the Elderly's Residential Environment and Life Satisfaction in Rural Area
Jeong, Jae-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 4, 2015, Pages 1~8
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.4.1
This study is designed to identify the changes of the elderly's residential environment and life satisfaction in rural area during the past 20 years. Data from the survey of Ministry of Health and Welfare conducted in 1994, 1998, 2004, 2008, and 2014 were used for the analysis. The subjects of the study included a sample of 11,019 respondents who represent aged 65 and older in Korea rural area. The result of analysis indicated that; First, the average age of the rural elderly continuously increased and the rural elderly that hope to live with their grown-up children gradually declined. It means that the social responsibility of supporting the elderly is steadily expanding. Second, the ratio of rural elderly living with their children is decreased from 43% in 1994 to 11% in 2014, whereas the single elderly household who are living alone or living with spouse increased. And more elderly live with married children in order to help their children rather than receiving help from them. Third, the frequency of intercourse with their children tended to decline gradually, in contrast with communication frequency with them mounted steadily during the past few decades. Finally, the factors influencing the life satisfaction of rural elderly was health status, economic level, child relationship with them, and residential environment.
A Study on the Inhabitant's Satisfaction of Community Facilities Demonstration Project for Rural Elderly
Kim, Jin-Hwan ; Park, Chung-Shin ; Song, Seo-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 4, 2015, Pages 9~16
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.4.9
This study examined the current conditions of the community facilities constructed by demonstration project for rural elderly that were promoted for the last two years by the ministry of agriculture, food and rural affairs. The type of community facilities are community living home, community food service facility and small bath house. And it was accomplished satisfaction survey for analyzing the effects of demonstration project focused on inhabitants and users of community facilities constructed by demonstration project. The results are as follows. First, The satisfaction index of community facilities was evaluated high level in generally. Second, Inhabitants and users of facilities were presented high level satisfaction in humanity sector, especially. Third, It should be to establish maintenance and management plan such as supporting of linkage program and operation cost for secure the sustainability. Consequently, the implementation of community facilities demonstration project to improve the living conditions of rural elderly is entirely appropriate. The results of this study were considered to promoting demonstration project for improving quality of the facilities and securing effectiveness of the project.
A Study on the Efficient Improvement and Use of Rural Vacant Houses
Park, Heon-Choon ; Song, Jun-Sook ; Kim, Seung-Geun ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 4, 2015, Pages 17~24
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.4.17
Vacant houses are increasing across the country, but the appropriate measures have not been set up yet. Accordingly, vacant houses are left unattended for a long time, and become deserted to degrade the residential environment. They are often used as the space for the deviation of youth or even for crimes, threatening the safety of rural society. Vacant houses are not only personal properties but also public assets that form the residential environment of a town. Therefore, the problem should be better taken care of with appropriate policies. In this study, the present situation of vacant houses in Korea, the causes of the vacant house and the limits and lessons of the improvement projects were reviewed, along with the vacant house improvement systems in the UK and Japan. The most significant difference between the cases in Korea and other countries are the method of vacant house improvement. In terms of policies and support, Korea focuses on demolition, whereas other countries focus on reuse. In addition, the vacant house improvement projects in Korea are performed mostly by government agencies, whereas local governments and private organizations in other countries cooperate to improve vacant houses and go beyond mere residential environment improvement towards the local revitalization. Based on the study results, the following are proposed to efficiently improve and use the rural vacant houses. First, the Rearrangement of Agricultural and Fishing Villages Act, which allows the vacant houses to be left unattended and not improved, should be revised. Second, the intermediate support organizations that connect the demand and supply should be fostered and supported so that the use of vacant houses can be vitalized and privately led. Third, the best practices of using the vacant houses should be found and promoted, and the vacant house remodeling technique should be developed and propagated. Fourth, a special law should be enacted to comprehensively plan, support and execute the vacant house improvement, as in Japan. Finally, the value of the vacant houses as public properties should be shared in public so that all citizens can participate in addressing the vacant house issue to derive the detailed plans to solve the problem.
The Geographical Language and Location Characteristics of Rural Settlements focused on Miwon Myeon in the Integrated Cheongju City
Kim, Tai-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 4, 2015, Pages 25~32
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.4.25
This paper is to research the geographical language and location characteristics of 126 rural settlements focused on Miwon Myeon in the Integrated Cheongju City. The main results are as follows : Firstly, the geographical languages of 126 settlements are classified and categorized in the order of nature (91units, 72.22%), manmade and location related(35 Units, 27.78%). The geographical languages of nature, quite much in comparison with the others, are also classified into 39 'mountain', 46 'valley', and 6 'stream' units in location characteristics. Secondly, the geographical languages of nature have 46 'valley' units, much in comparison with the others. The open circular valleys are extended from Miwon Ri of town center to Gubang Ri along route 19. The closed valleys are placed in the west and north band of town center with a background of mountain range. The 46 'valley' units are distributed widely throughout these places. Thirdly, The geographical languages of 39 'valley' units except original 7 'valley' units are categorized with the secondary 'mountain'(rock and topography related), 'stream', 'manmade', and 'location related'. And so in considering the location characteristics of rural settlements, we will have to grasp the another meaning of the geographical language.
Study on the Japanese local Medical Facility Function Improvement Direction - Focused on the regional medical care plans of local governments -
Park, Tae-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 4, 2015, Pages 33~40
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.4.33
This study is aimed at exploring the direction and characteristics of Japanese medical facility improvement in each area, a move to strengthen local medical services. Also, this study is intended to establish implications for Korea, which has similar social conditions as Japan's. Based on the findings, Japanese medical facility improvement has the following characteristics. First, as for medical service supply system, the linkage between facilities was being strengthened. The purpose is to share the functions and roles of limited medical facilities. It allows patients to receive complete medical services in one area. Second, local public health facilities were consolidated to boost their management efficiency and to improvement their original functions. Third, local medical facility roles were divided into different levels. The purpose is to treat patients more efficiently depending on their diseases. In other words, the cooperative medical system was strengthened by dividing the roles of medical facilities. It is aimed at treating each patient more systematically depending on their conditions in line with the treatment stage. The findings suggest the following for Korea. In order to supply and maintain stable medical services regionally in line with social changes, functional issues of medical facilities should be tackled consistently and systematically.
A Comparative Study on the Perception between Subjects for the Improvements of Rural Landscape Management
Lee, Yoo-Jick ; Jeong, Jae-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 4, 2015, Pages 41~48
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.4.41
The purpose of this study is to examine the Perception of local government officials, who are in charge of The Rural Village Development Project, and planners of local planning firms and Rural Research Institute participating the rural development planning and landscape planning, regarding the problems and improvements for rural landscape management. The results of this research can be summarized as follows. First, the majority of the subject were negative of creating rural landscape and its management. Both groups thought the living landscape was the most problematic. Second, the satisfaction about the rural landscape planning conducted through the Rural Village Development Project was very low. Nevertheless, it is considered that the rural landscape planning will be needed further. Third, the experience of conducting the rural landscape plans is not sufficient enough, which will cause tremendous confusion in the rural landscape administration in the future. Fourth, both groups believed that the rural landscape project will be most effective, while the landscape agreement is least effective. Finally, both groups agreed that strengthening the support for the landscape activities of residents is the most important way improving the further rural landscape management.
A Study on the Plan Type of National Rental Housing during the 1978-'80s - Focused on the R.C Structure depending on an access method to stairs -
Kim, Hong-Bae ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 4, 2015, Pages 49~56
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.4.49
This study aims to identify variables (dependent and independent variables) by plane type and area, focusing on the R.C structure planes which were applied to the National Rental Housing Complexes during the 1970-80s; and to investigate differences in residential space compositions depending on the interrelationship between the variables. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: First, an independent variable which had the most influence on the residential space composition was found to be stairs. As dependent variables, bedroom, livingroom, and kitchen showed difference in spatial arrangements. Second, in the case of the front entry type, one-sided arrangements were the most common for the 3L+D.K composition, because livingroom was arranged near the stairs, Disadvantages were: (1) the spatial division of each room was not efficient; and (2) the use of room space was low due to long access to each room. Third, in the case of the rear entry type, no problem was found in arranging bedrooms on the front side. By arranging livingroom as a common space area, the distance of approachability to each room was found to be short and the use of space was excellent. However, disadvantages were: (1) stability was lacking; and (2) privacy was low. Fourth, depending on the location of the stairs, an interaction between bedrooms and the connectivity between livingroom and kitchen were found. Accordingly, there were differences in the size and arrangement of space by plane type.
Changes in Use and Functions of Second Doors in Detached Houses of Rural Area
Byun, Kyeonghwa ; Lee, Yunjeong ; Kwon, Young-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 4, 2015, Pages 57~65
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.4.57
In contrast to apartments, detached houses offer the possibility of more than one entrance connecting interior and exterior spaces. This study examines the location, function, and use of second doors in detached houses in rural areas. The study employs survey and interviews conducted in 2015, focusing on 18 detached houses among 40 houses previously surveyed in 1995. In 1995, 21 second doors were found, while in 2015, 19 were found. The study led to the following conclusions. First, most houses did have second doors installed by 1995 or 2015. Second doors tended to be installed in kitchen and utility rooms. The function of second doors was most closely connected to the kitchen because utility rooms were placed adjacent to kitchens. Secondly, changes in the use and number of second doors were changes in family life cycle and composition, the need for new equipment facilities, the use of new architectural materials, and the installation of new second doors for extension of space. Finally, exterior spaces accessed by second doors tend to be a meeting of semi-interior or semi-exterior space and exterior space only. Those spaces tended to be designed for kitchen fixtures or to support kitchen activities.
Space Efficiency Improvement for Open Access Library -Focused on Book-storage Space of Academic Libraries in Province Area-
Ahn, Joon Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 4, 2015, Pages 67~74
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.4.67
Due to an inability to accommodate for the rapidly increasing number of printed materials, Korean academic libraries are facing serious space shortage problems. Very few academic institutions have the funds to expand existing libraries or construct new facilities in order to accommodate the influx of printed materials. Despite not having the luxury to create new space, many establishments continue to implement the open access system. Seeing that such a system is only user friendly when used in a spacious facility, the maintenance of the open access system is unreasonable. Only few libraries consider the space efficient closed access system which helps to resolve storage space shortage. In the current state of the problem, improving the efficiency to which books are stored in existing storage areas within a library facility is the only appropriate solution. Enacting methods to improve physical space utilization within a fixed volume library facility will undoubtedly diminish the space shortage issue at hand. In this article, several space efficiency improvement approaches are discussed. Methods of book storage plan re-layout (floor, plan, ceiling, height, bookshelf design), book arrangement possibilities, and the reduction of the physical volume of reserved materials are each examined.
Design Planning of Group-Home for the elderly in Rural Area
Nam, Yun-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 4, 2015, Pages 75~82
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.4.75
The elderly rate in South Korea in 2015 is over 13.1%. Especially, the elderly rate in rural area is high. Senior community project in rural that is being promoted by the government. This study's purpose is to provide the reserch group-home for the elderly in Japan rural area. And this paper provided planning of group-home for the elderly in Korea rural area. For this study, respective 5senior housing of Korea and Japan were chosen as respresenting two nations, and every manager was interviewed on housing pattern. This study suggests the planning material as following. First, the effectiveness of the group-home are big. Especially, the elderly was far healthier. Design point is public space(living room, small living room, etc). Maybe, healthy group-home concept is that would be design by Korean traditional housing. Also important public space design is that would be inner courtyard-house, wood floor, Deachong, etc. Two group-homes will construct elderly welfare facilities in between. Otherwise that is need layout of a big public space. In the case of vacant house can used by considering of scale, structure, site condition. Closed school can used through so easy remodeling too. More often than not complex type(hospital, community heath center) was appeared in Japan rural area. In the case of Korea, recommend complex type in community health center and public building. In this case, considering communication, access, contact, group-home keeps on ground floor. In this paper, we hope to take a lesson from group-home planning source for the elderly in Korea rural area.
A Study on the Educational Environment Composition for High School Equalization Policy - Focused on the Space Composition and Distribution of Departmentalized Classroom System in High School in Kangwon-Do based on rural village -
Kim, Hak Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 17, issue 4, 2015, Pages 83~90
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2015.17.4.83
The equalization policy needs various factors-standardization of educational environment, standardization of learning method, standardization of teacher ability, etc. Especially the standardization of educational environment is the base of various factors. But the recent educational environment condition of high school is not equal. The purpose of this study is to provide basic data for equal learning environment condition in high school applying departmentalized classroom system. This study has progressed through analyzing on 9 remodelling case of high school in Gangwon-Do. The method of this study is visiting high schools that operate the system, grasping the condition for environment composition, and investigating and analyzing practical use of the environment. The results of this study are summarized as follows: 1) The space compositions for departmentalized classroom system are generally desirable, but some schools take irrational space composition, especially on home base-teacher laboratory, classroom-teacher laboratory. 2) The space area distributions are different in every school. This result is based on not taking standard criterion on space area distribution.