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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Aug 2016
Volume 18, Issue 2 - May 2016
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
Selecting the target year
Review of Planning on the Congregate Nursing Homes Based on the Case Study for the Local Friendly Elderly Welfare Facilities in Japan
Park, Jung-a ; Kim, Sun-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 1, 2016, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.1.1
The purpose of this research is to explore the best examples from Japan to derive spatial and institutional characteristics. This study used the field survey method for 6 elderly welfare facilities in Japan. The characteristics of local friendly facility are as follows; First of all, since elderly care facilities in South Korea are separated from local community and facility plans are large-scaled and unified which are disconnected from local area, this research set aging in community, multi-function, diversity, and intergeneration into the concept that is necessary for local friendly facilities. Secondly, residential environment plan's basic directions are 1) plan that minimizes facilities-like atmosphere, 2) spatial plan that focuses on the elderly dignity and privacy, 3) comfortable and enjoyable communal living space plan, 4) local friendly and communicating plan, 5)plan that minimizes staff's care giving burden. Thirdly, the rooms necessary for local friendly facility model are composed of bedroom, dining room, kitchen, living room, garden, toilet, laundry room, bathroom, corridor, and office based on the legal installation standards.
Rural Residents And Return Farmer Subject to the Rural Rental Housing Comparison Analysis of Needs
Lee, Chang-Woo ; Park, Mi-Lan ; Lee, Kook-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 1, 2016, Pages 11~18
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.1.11
The purpose of this study is to analyze the characteristics for the needs of rural residents and return farmer on rural rental housing. Through these rural rental housing as it wants to improve the living environment of rural areas. Housing problems of rural areas is one of the important factors that determine the quality of life in rural areas. Despite many rural development program it has been deteriorating housing conditions in rural areas. The purpose of this study aims to find the required characteristics of the rural residents and return farmer for rental housing system introduced in rural areas. As research methods, the survey it was required to rent the properties rural residents and expectant return farmer. The main analysis results are summarized as follows. First, expectant return farmer than rural residents are more flavors of rental Residential high. Second, rural residents prefer ratio was higher this apartment, expectant return farmer appeared to prefer the house. Finally, rural residents may prefer concrete homes, expectant return farmer appeared to favor the wooden houses. The results of this study can be a basis for effective strategies for future rural rental housing. More sustainable in the future, including the analysis of various parameters in progress by being linked to policy measures that will be provided. This study aims to be the foundation of sustainability in rural rental housing policy.
A Study on Standard Hanok Design for Rural
Kim, Jae-Ung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 1, 2016, Pages 19~28
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.1.19
This research aimed to suggest a standard design that reflects Hanok design tendency, and present a selective design that can fulfill a building owner's intention beyond the simple function of building permit or report. In addition, this research attempted to become a standard by establishing a criterion in calculating the measurements of section design or primary framework members, in order to be a guideline for designing Hanok in different sizes and forms. The results are as follows. The building area of Hanok standard design was set to be below
, with a straight type of
and an L-shape of
. By dividing the plane into a straight type and L-shape, two straight types were suggested: 'general type' and 'large living room type.' The upper floor space, along with the main room and small room, was proposed as an option to be changed into a room where an underfloor heating is installed depending on the building owner's intention. In addition, a criterion for side design and calculation of framework measurements was suggested and applied, while a five-girder design without high pillars was suggested for material-assembling structure. Two types of pillars-circumference and square cylinder-were proposed for the building owner to choose from, and a pointed beam house and ikgong(orthogonally-projected bracket) house were suggested for pojak bracket structure so either of them could be chosen according to the building owner's taste and economic condition. Finally, the sectional size of main materials were divided according to the form of pojak bracket structure to be proposed.
A Research on Change in Use of Outdoor Lavatory of Detached Housing in Rural Area
Byun, Kyeong-hwa ; Kang, Bong-Im ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 1, 2016, Pages 29~37
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.1.29
This research is studied changes of outdoor lavatories in use of detached houses in rural areas. Out of 40 houses studied in a 1995 survey, 23 houses were performed again in 2015. Number of lavatories installed in indoor and outdoor both in 1995 are more than in 2015. However, number of indoor lavatories in 2015 are more because outdoor lavatories were demolished. Among 23 houses, 15 outdoor lavatories have been installed in 13 houses. Out of these 15 lavatories, eight have been used continuously from 1995 through 2015. Currently four are used for other purposes, and five have demolished. Outdoor lavatories tend to be built in the rear of the housing site. Those located in rear tend to be demolished rather than in front side because of decreasing in use. In rural areas, outdoor lavatories not only serve as spaces to fulfill basic human needs, but are used to store agricultural tools. Changes of family composition and member also exert an influence. When family members were decreased, outdoor lavatories tended to be demolished. However, although family members were decreased, the reason that outdoor lavatories have been used continually is for exterior work or farming and temporarily increasing family members in holiday and family events. The more family members used, the more outdoor lavatories are managed well. The more houses where the aged reside in, the more outdoor lavatories are not improved.
A Study on the Characteristics of the Floor Plan of Skilled Nursing Facilities for the Elderly in Rural Areas
Yang, Kum-Suek ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 1, 2016, Pages 39~46
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.1.39
The purpose of this study is to clarify the actual conditions of the floor area of skilled nursing facilities in rural area. The thorough investigation and observation works were made from the viewpoints of floor area of the skilled nursing facilities. This article discusses about the basic condition and the floor area for daily living activities of the elderly in 3 skilled nursing facilities in west gyeongnam province. As the result, There is a wide gap between floor area ratio of skilled nursing facilities. The characteristics of the private establishment skilled nursing facilities in the west gyeongnam province were figured out through the analysis of spatial composition in skilled nursing facilities for the elderly. The skilled nursing facilities in west gyeongnam mainly focus on the living environment orientated toward the bedroom. The difficulty is to encourage the communication between the skilled nursing facility patients because the facilities are composed of small semi-public zone.
A Comparative Study the Quality of Life using the Life Environment Indicator - Focused on the Jeonnam Area -
Kim, Jai-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 1, 2016, Pages 47~56
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.1.47
Urban planning is the task to explore measures for bringing order to the change in urban space of future predicted in relation to the size and purpose of the land and a variety of facilities in cities in order to present the environment that can promote the qualitative improvement of activities of residents, ensure orderly urban space of future, and create appropriate urban environment which meets the desire of citizens by anticipating the urban development on the basis of overall activities such as politics, economics, culture, etc, so that the improvement in urban life can be accomplished ultimately. Therefore, this study attempted to examine current conditions information necessary for establishing policies pursuant to the national land development plan and regional development, as well as respond to the needs of urban residents who need the improvement of settlement environment including various amenities for the convenience of life, by shifting away form the macroscopic and one-size-fits top-down approach of development so far and aiming a balanced development of national land in quest for welfare society and by utilizing the urban index as the basic prior task necessary for seeking the shift ind the direction of policies and setting the direction for policies on the basis of the top-down development approach which suits the anticipation and hope of local residents as the subject of development, considering the growing interest in the shift in the policies for regional development in this era of localization. Techniques for urban planning need to be applied, such as the prior planning and the following development, along with the support at the policy level for achieving the improvement in the related sector, in order to induce continuos urban deelopment based on the establishment of healthy and sound settlement environment, and furthermore, the efforts must be drven forward to improve the urban settlement environment while the urban planning and policies are established.
The Tentative Plans of Adaptive Reuse of Korean Traditional Houses (Han ok) in Urban Area : Focusing on the Elderly Housing in Seoun-dong, Cheongju
Kim, Tai Young ; Kim, Eun Jeong ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 1, 2016, Pages 57~65
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.1.57
When the castle of the city was destructed from 1911 through 1915 in Cheongju, the city's spatial structure was reorganized and "Han-ok Housing", a dwelling site filled with Korean traditional houses, was newly formed around the former castle site. These days, the Han-ok housing in Seoun-dong, Cheongju in which elderly couples and senior citizens live is enclosed by modernized roads and three or four-story buildings, leaving the housing as an isolated island in the city block. Nonetheless, the Han-ok housing not only plays an important role in sustaining the historic and local identity of the city, but also offers environmental benefits in terms of daylighting and ventilation. The purpose of this study is to reorganize the housing suitable for those who currently live and recreate it by adding new functionality. Consequently, three strategies are established; the conservation of existing building through the improvement of existing facilities; the conversion of vacant buildings into a new use; and the creation of the urban mid-rise Han-ok housing at street sides. The first strategy has a significance in that the traditional building's single wing plan, small room sizes and lack of storages now cause great inconvenience for current life style. The second strategy also promotes the practical use of abandoned buildings through alterations and additions. Finally, the creation of the urban mid-rise Han-ok housing that is accomplished by the combination of reinforced concrete and wooden structure interacts with or respond to the city's development. As a result, this study for the adaptive reuse of Han-ok housing proves how the traditional properties can be maintained in a careful manner and how its creative reuse can be achieved.
A Study on the Renewal Plan and Practical Use Way according to Architectural Features of Jungam Temple
Choi, Jang-Soon ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 1, 2016, Pages 67~74
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.1.67
Establishing a renewal plan and practical use of Jungam temple, which exists natural monuments, including national treasures and Gangwondo cultural materials, at Jungseon is as important as anything else. To discuss the renewal plan and the practical use of Jungam temple, this thesis is composed with the next series of processes. First, this thesis presents examining a relationship between Jajang, who was a buddhist monk and caused a departure point of foundation of the temple, and Jungam temple is necessary; thus, the relationship of his architectural consciousness and Jungam temple was showed in this thesis. Second, this thesis demonstrates present conditions for extant facilities and features of the space structure for Jungam temple to look into architectural characteristics of Jungam temple. Third, this thesis shows preservation of Jungam temple because this temple is the historic cultural resource; in addition, this thesis explains restoring of lost elements for points, repairing shipments regarding the whole area of preservation targets, expansion of the area nearby historic cultural resources to make plans for maintaining Jungam temple. Finally, this thesis concludes the final result of Jungam temple to work towards becoming the contemporarily historic cultural resource by designating Jungam temple as the historic site and suggesting energization by public participation and experience programs to continuously manage Jungam temple.
A Study on Community Landscape Design of Suburban City, Midlothian, in America
Chong, Geon-Chai ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 1, 2016, Pages 75~82
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.1.75
The goal of this study is to identify the new Architectural type of house and Landscape design pattern of the collective housing area in American garden city, Midlothian near Richmond of Virginia. I had been surveyed old houses of the Virginia and new single family houses and landscape design style of Mariners village to find a different style of houses and lots. The Richmond, capital city of Virginia, is surrounded by five suburban areas and counties. One of them is the Chesterfield where it has main street of Midlothian garden city. The city of Midlothian has a function of residence area both to stay in the forest garden and to go to downtown office of Richmond. There are a lot of collective housing area out of the capital city. I surveyed house form, lots, and site design pattern of the Mariners village in Midlothian. The community of Mariners shows a particular characteristics and harmonious pattern of suburban residence area in a view point of new project. There are three results of this study as follows: First, the types of house in suburban garden city, Midlothian, are focused on vernacular Colonial style with country house, traditional house, and front gable house form which are an unique new American single home. Second, the landscape design of this collective housing area, the Mariners village, has a unity view of residence community, harmony between house and lots, and a sensitive cul-de-sac pattern and loops type with rational land using based on the forest topology. Third, the Mariners village shows that the design concept of landscape architecture has to consider of traditionalism, naturalism, and living condition of residents.