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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Institute of Rural Architecture
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Aug 2016
Volume 18, Issue 2 - May 2016
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Vernacular Characteristics of Contemporary Earth Architecture
Kim, Tae-Hoon ; Kim, Soon-Wung ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 1~9
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.2.1
Vernacular perspectives had been ignored in the movement of modern architecture. This study`s purpose was to review vernacular perspectives and to identify vernacular characteristics of earth architecture. Six representative contemporary earth architects were selected, and then their works were analyzed. Themes of vernacular architecture based of Frampton`s critical regionalism were emerged. Findings were as following: 1) constructed by considering the local climate and the region`s natural characteristics, 2) constructed with local materials seeking integration of structure and finishing work, 3) having tectonic form included regional characteristics, 4) creating space of various senses and expression of texture through earth modeling, 5) presenting homogeneity of sense of place between site and architecture, and 6) pursuing ecological and sustainable architecture. These characteristics of contemporary earth architecture reflect the vernacular architecture inherited continually in architectural history. Therefore, contemporary earth architecture has been in line with contemporary architecture aiming for sustainability.
A Study on the Development of Stress Tolerant Structural Systems in the Frame of Built-up Greenhouses
Han, Duckjeon ; Shim, Jongseok ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 11~18
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.2.11
The collapsing accidents of greenhouse frames have been increased yearly due to strong wind and heavy snow, but as it was, there were few studies about the structural safety of greenhouses. Therefore, this study was carried out to develop the stress tolerant structural frame systems in built-up greenhouses. The vertical loading experiment of developed scale models were implemented and the developed types of models were simulated by 3-D analysis program in this study. These types of models, which are existing type and honeycomb type, in arch and standard style frames were classified. As a result of this study, it was verified that the honeycomb type model of arch style frame is better than the existing type model of it in stress resistance against snow load and wind load.
A study on residents` awareness of functions and facilities of the rural centers - Myeon locations in Hwasun-gun, Jeollanam-do Province-
Park, Sung-Jin ; Kim, Jeong-Gyu ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 19~27
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.2.19
This study typified the rural centers with myeon locations in Hwasun-gun which showed comprehensive and various class types through settlement class structure analysis. It is also for establishing the awareness of strengthening functions and facilities of the centers and the directions of strengthening it. Subjects of the study could be classified into three types including base type (Neungju-myeon), general type (Nam-myeon) and decline type (Dongbok-myeon) through the analysis of settlement class structure. Neungju-myeon location as the base type could function as the myeon location by itself and tended to serve education, health and welfare functions through the strengthening of central living functions. Nam-myeon location as the general type required sports facilities management based on the vicinity and accessibility to the senior`s welfare functions. Dongbok-myeon location as the decline type required the accessibility to public health facilities and the security of vicinity to the facilities because of its high population of the aged.
A Contrastive Study on the Change of Rural Houses of the Han Chinese and Korean-Chinese in Yanbian Area of China
Heo, Seong-Geol ; Cho, Won-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 29~37
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.2.29
This study is aimed to suggesting a hypothesis about the process of improvement of houses of the Korean-Chinese, comparing how Han Chinese and Korean-Chinese houses changed in Yanbian Area of China. This draws the conclusion by analyzing the field survey about residence of the Han Chinese and the Korean-Chinese in Yanbian Area of China. First of all, the characteristic of residence style change and the plan of rural houses of the Han Chinese are in the following. The plan of houses has been changed from allocating rooms from side to side with the kitchen as the center to linking each functional spaces through the aisle. And the main bedroom of houses becomes the central space for family members instead of Kang (partial Ondol) by expanding the floor heating system under the whole floor in houses. Next, the feature of residence style changes of the Han Chinese and the Korean-Chinese is as follows. In 1970s barns disappeared from houses of the Korean Chinese, but houses of the Han Chinese were not much changed. From 1980s to 1990s, spaces linking each rooms with aisles had appeared for comfortableness of residence and respecting each individual`s privacy. On the other hand, The houses of the Korean-Chinese make a whole big space by getting rid of walls between the rooms. And after 2 thousand years later, Han Chinese houses have a bedroom with floor heating system. Both houses of the Korean-Chinese and the Han Chinese are changed to have a residence style which taking sedentary style and standing style.
Return Farmer and Expectant Return Farmer of Rural House Residential Satisfaction Comparative Study
Lee, Chang-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 39~46
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.2.39
The purpose of this study was to analyze the preferences for the physical features of return farmer housing. Housing problems of rural areas is one of the important factors that determine the quality of life in rural areas. Through these return farmer housing as it wants to improve the living environment of rural areas. The purpose of this study aims to find the required characteristics of the return farmer for rural activation. The survey was conducted to target the return farmer households living in housing and expectant return farmer living in the rural. The results of this study were as follows. First, expectant return farmer than return farmer are more importance to house outside(environmental) factors. Showed that environmental conditions are more important than housing conditions, expectant return farmer of residential satisfaction. Second, return farmer prefer ratio was higher House prices and sizes, expectant return farmer among the external factors such as environmental conditions is the distance to the workplace were very important. The results of this study can be a basis for effective strategies for future rural activation. More sustainable in the future, including the analysis of various parameters in progress by being linked to policy measures that will be provided. This study aims to be the foundation of sustainable housing policies for return farmer households.
The Principle and Method for the Spatial System Modification of Cultural Property Villages for the Compatibility of Habitation and Tourism - Based on the Analysis of Tourists` Behavior in Asan Oeam-maeul -
Han, Pil-won ; Hong, Jeong-A ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 47~54
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.2.47
The objective of this study is to propose the principle and method of the spatial system modification for the compatibility of habitability and tourism convenience in cultural property villages. Based on the field survey on tourists` routes, activities and their durations in Oeam-maeul, the problems of conflict, between habitability/residents and tourism/tourists, and their causes are analyzed. And the modification principle and method of spatial system is proposed as follows; The basic principle of the spatial system modification is to respect the traditional hierarchy in village roads, between the main road and sub-roads, and the territoriality of settlement space that is typically differentiated as the social, individual, and ceremonial domains, from the front to rear part of settlement. With this principle, it is recommended to restrict the tour route to one that is composed of the main road and the periphery road of housing area, and some connecting sub-roads. based on the surveyed tourists`s routes. And it is suggested that the tourist facilities, whether they are existing houses or newly built buildings, and the tourist programs are necessary for experience tourism to cultural property villages, and they are proposed to be placed along the restricted tour route.
A Study on Local Landscape Image of Barn Architecture
Chong, Geon Chai ; Kim, Gapdeug ;
Journal of the Korean Institute of Rural Architecture, volume 18, issue 2, 2016, Pages 55~62
DOI : 10.14577/kirua.2016.18.2.55
The goal of this study is to recreate the identification of landscape image through the Agricultural Architecture in rural area. Most of them are not kept with houses in traditional village and the other structures in garden area of Korea, because they are located in the isolated field or placed near along the local street, are designed as a very heavily designed building, and are covered by different materials and color against village architecture. I researched cattle barns in both Korea and Germany of what they have had images in a distance-view points of local area, so that I might find a suitable image of Barn Architecture with topography of rural areas. I surveyed rural agricultural buildings with different point of views on landscape structure, architectural form and materials, and conditions animal welfare. There are three results from this paper as follows: First, the placement of animal barn in garden area is isolated to village so that it may keep a clean environment of village, which it makes non appropriate to land using and village view. Second, the architectural form makes a different image to the village building, because it has an oversize against houses in village or has no rhythm and dividing form of simple gable barm. Third, the barn architecture is better to consider of eco-friendly materials with animal welfare concept design, when it starts to design the barn in the field.