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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Wetlands Research
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Wetlands Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Nov 2015
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Aug 2015
Volume 17, Issue 2 - May 2015
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Elephant Hawk-Moth (Deilephila elpenor L.) as a Herbivore of the Bog-bean (Menyanthes trifoliata L.), an Endangered Plant Species
Kim, Jae Geun ;
Journal of Wetlands Research, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 113~117
DOI : 10.17663/JWR.2015.17.2.113
Even though many researches are conducted for the conservation and restoration of endangered species Menyanthes trifoliata, recently, there is no study on the threatening factors to this plant. This is the first time in Korea to study growth and feeding characteristics of Deilephila elpenor as a threatening factor to Menyanthes trifoliata through an experiment. Experiment was done with 6 Eephant hawk-moth larvae and change of body weight, food preference, and ingestion amount of Bog-bean were investigated. It took 27 days from larva to pupa and maximum body weight of lavae was in the range of 4-7.5g. The food preference sequence of the lavae was Menyanthes trifoliata, Impatiens balsamina, Ampelopsis brevipedunculata var. heterophylla, Parthenocissus tricuspidata. Ingestion model shows the total amount of ingestion by a larva is 11-30g and this amount can be acquired at
of Menyanthes trifoliata pure stand. This study showed Deilephila elpenor as a potential threatening factor and suggests that the conservation and restoration plan of endangered species Menyanthes trifoliata include the control plan of Deilephila elpenor, also.
Treatment of Hydrochloric acid from Regeneration and Scrubber system of Cold Rolling Mill Plant with Micro-bubble
Jung, Yong-Jun ; Jung, Jae-Ouk ; Kim, Ye-Jin ;
Journal of Wetlands Research, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 118~123
DOI : 10.17663/JWR.2015.17.2.118
This work has performed to examine the operation status of regeneration and scrubber system of cold rolling mill plant and established the DIWS(Dip Injection Wet Scrubber) system for the removal of hydrochloric acid with micro bubble. When the initial 22.3 ppm of HCl gas was injected into the system, the average exhaust HCl gas was 0.59 ppm with the removal efficiency of 97.3%. Hydrochloric acid was effectively removed by DIWS system. In the long term monitoring for 10 hours by 5 minutes through TMS(Tele Monitoring System), the average exhaust HCl gas was stably kept 0.69 ppm, which was also verified by manual measurement.
Studies on the Woody Vegetation in the Edge of Natural River for Ecological Restoration in Korea
Bang, Je-Yong ; Hu, Un-Bok ; Kim, Hyea-Ju ; You, Young-Han ;
Journal of Wetlands Research, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 124~129
DOI : 10.17663/JWR.2015.17.2.124
In order to get as ecological basic data for river restoration, vegetation investigation was conducted in natural river and analysed it synecological methods, such as ordination cluster. 29 plant communities units were identified and the major dominant plant communites were Quercus mongolica community, Pinus densiflora community, Populus davidiana community, Q. variabilis community and Prunus sargentii community. River vegetations were classified into ravine and gorge forest type and riverine softwood forest type. Ravine and gorge forest was dominanted by hardwood which located in steep slope and in high elevation, and riverine softwood forest by softwood, salix spp. Naturality was an important criterion for the selection of rivers, so many of the selected rivers are located in the upper stream and mid stream rather than the lower stream, where more human intervention is involved. Plant communities were consisted of hardwood forest(44 plots, 92%) and softwood forest(4 plot, 8%), respectively. PCA with total layer data showed 5 groups of communities: Q. mongolica community group, Prunus sargentii community group, Pinus densiflora community group, Prunus sargentii community - Pinus densiflora community group and the rest communities group. PCA with tree layer showed 3 groups: Q. mongolica community group, Prunus sargentii community group, and the rest community group. Cluster analysis also a showed a similar communities group to PCA ordination, but Magnolia sieboldii community and Prunus sargentii community were distinguished from the PCA result. From the result, it can be concluded that the plant communities of riparian be divided into hardwood and softwood forest by statistical techniques. It was appropriate to plant species such as Quercus mongolica, Pinus densiflora, Populus davidiana, Quercus variabilis and Prunus sargentii, at levee zone and high water level. And Sliax spp. were appropriate for planted plants at waterfront and low water level. The herb species to be planted on the floodplain were recommanded in the species composition co-occurred with the woody species.
Development of Hydrological Safety Evaluation Model for Agricultural Reservoir
Park, Jong Seok ; Rhee, Kyoung Hoon ; Lee, Jae Ju ; Shim, Choon Seok ; Jin, Wan Gyu ; Hu, Shin Young ;
Journal of Wetlands Research, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 130~138
DOI : 10.17663/JWR.2015.17.2.130
According to the "Safety Evaluation Detailed Instructions (Dam)", a precise safety inspection is carried out for dams that exceed a certain scale. However, as the Hydrological Safety Evaluation from various evaluation standards is designed to evaluate the safety of existing dams considering PMF(Probable Maximum Flood), the evaluation is much less applicable for most agricultural reservoirs. Therefore, the Hydrological Safety Guidelines for agricultural reservoirs are expected to be re-evaluated considering the diverse risk factors with the coefficient model and AHP(Analytic Hierarchy Process) in this study. The coefficient model has been developed by selecting the hydrological safety superordinate subordinate evaluation factors to reflect diverse risk factors of agricultural reservoirs. This study indicated that in the short term, improving the safety check condition evaluation grade will be useful to improve the hydrological safety of the agricultural reservoir because it can be performed immediately.
Phylogenetic Relationship of Araliaceae in Korea by Seed Morphological Characteristics
Kim, Geon-Rae ; Kim, Hae-Ran ; Choi, Hyung-Soon ; Han, Jin-Gyu ; Kim, Soo-Young ; Kim, Chan-Soo ;
Journal of Wetlands Research, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 139~145
DOI : 10.17663/JWR.2015.17.2.139
The purpose of this study is to describe and compare the morphological characteristics of seeds of 12 taxa of Araliaceae, and to evaluate their possible use for taxonomic considerations. For light microscope observations and measurements, the seeds were observed using Image Analyzing System. The observations were made on twenty randomly selected seeds of each species. Obtained data were statistically processed using analysis of variance. Principal Components Analysis indicated four groups of characters, the genera Aralia, Eleutherococcus, Panax and the others, which explained 65.47% of the total variation. As a results of Cluster Analysis using the eleven variables, 12 species of Araliaceae were also discriminated into four groups. Eleutherococcus senticosus and E. gracilistylus were closely related, which is well supported by the results from recent molecular studies. Also, the genera Dendropanax and Eleutherococcus were closely related in terms of seed characters.
A study on the adsorption characteristic and safety assessment of railway subsoil material
Paek, Seoungbong ; Gil, Kyungik ;
Journal of Wetlands Research, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 146~154
DOI : 10.17663/JWR.2015.17.2.146
Domestic railway industry has grown in numbers, scale of railway ndustrial and operation because was focused on an environmentally sustainable transportation. However, it is not enough to treat and prevent heavy metals which occur as the railway operation increases. The heavy metals occurred when the operating railway and it will be flow into water system with rainfall effluent during rainfall. will flow out along with the rainfall effluent when rainfall comes. In case of a railway bridge, In particular, heavy metals were flow into the water system without any treatment from railway bridges where located nearby rivers and lakes. So, rainfall effluent from railway facilities was occurred pollution of water system. For the prevent of heavy metal runoff during rainfall, the adsorptivity of material in railway roadbed is important.In this study, adsorptivity of gravel which is main gravel and blast-furnace slag were conducted adsorption test and deducted Freundlich's and Langmuir's isothermal adsorption equations. Safety as railway subbase course material was evaluated using modeling. As a result, absorption amount of slag, Cd and Cu, was shown higher than gravel and Pb along with Zn showed higher absorption amount of gravel. However, absorption amount of slag was shown higher than gravel used as railway subbase course material as time passes by. Absorption features had more suitable determination coefficient of heavy metals in warm absorption type such as Langnmuir compared to warm absorption type like Freundlich. To add, they showed less transformation by about 10% compared to gravel in safety evaluation through modeling. This is a railway subbase course material that prevents water outflow of heavy metal thus we can know slag is needed to be used.
Study on the applicability of the ozone / AOP and activated carbon process for the removal of trace organic contaminants and taste odor causing substances
Ha, Jeongtae ; Im, Jiyeol ; Gil, Kyungik ;
Journal of Wetlands Research, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 155~162
DOI : 10.17663/JWR.2015.17.2.155
This study was conducted to assess the removal characteristics of taste and odor causing compounds(2-MIB and geosmin) and micro organic matters. GAC and BAC process consisting of Ozone/AOP and activated carbon was applied. As a result, the influent concentration of 2-MIB 159 ng/L and geosmin 371 ng/L were removed 42% and 86% by ozone 1.0 mg/L, and 58%, 90% by AOP(ozone 1.0 mg/L +
0.5 mg/L). Also it showed less than 2 ng/L effluent in GAC process and 99.8% removal efficiency in BAC process. Therefore, BAC process combining ozone/AOP and GAC is effective for persistent removal of micro organic matters, taste and odor. It is needed for optimization of Ozone/AOP process according to influent concentrations.
Review on Soil Erosion and Loss Management System of the Calgary City Government, Albert, Canada
Kim, Youngchul ; Kim, Lee-Hyung ; Hwang, Sung Woo ;
Journal of Wetlands Research, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 163~175
DOI : 10.17663/JWR.2015.17.2.163
In this paper, soil erosion and soil loss management system (SMS) of the City of Calgary in Albert, Canada was reviewed. Regulatory basis supporting this soil management system, permit process and conditions, guidelines and principles for the SMS, and monitoring and repair duties, inspection were discussed. Permit process in the City of Calgary is handled mainly by Urban Development Division, in which special task force called CPAG (Coorporative Planning Application Group) (if necessary circulated through related subdivisions). Inspects all the permit conditions and decides permit or refusal, and LUM (Land Use and Mobility) advertises the approval, if there is no appeals, permit is released to developers. If permit is rejected, applicant can appeals Development Appeal Board, it can approve or reject. In addition to permit, the city has manual for soil management plan, which includes BMP selection, design, monitoring, maintenance, and inspection activities. Perfect SMS policy does not necessarily guarantee relieving the soil-particle related pollution problem, but in Korea, we have to recognize that construction works during development is potentially the most destructive stage of environmental pollution. The central and local governments must make preparations for the effective and tight regulations and ordinance which is appropriate for regional social-economic conditions.
Evaluation of Trail Facility and Operation-Management for Walking Tour Revitalization - focus on Ganghwa Nadeul-gil -
Shin, Sunmi ; Byun, Byungseol ;
Journal of Wetlands Research, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 176~183
DOI : 10.17663/JWR.2015.17.2.176
This study is aimed at deducting the evaluation standard of the walking tour trail and evaluating the real condition of trail facilities and operation & management. On the basis of the research on the walking tour, this study deducted the evaluation index of the trail facilities and administrative control, and divided it into visit resources, visit facilities and trail operation-management. This study selected the course of high use satisfaction among the Ganghwa Nadeul-gil section, and evaluated the real condition of Ganghwa Nadeul-gil trail by classifying the route as nature-oriented trail and culture-oriented trail. In case of nature-oriented trail, it's necessary to discover living culture resources of the village linked with the trail, and to develop amenities using bus stations and supermarket. In case of culture-oriented trail, it's required that economic regeneration plan should be arranged using the declining facilities.
A Study on the Water Quality Management of Modular Revetment Structure installed Low-Maintenance Constructed Wetland
Ham, Eun Kyung ; Choi, Yun Eui ; Kim, Min ; Chon, Jinhyung ;
Journal of Wetlands Research, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 184~192
DOI : 10.17663/JWR.2015.17.2.184
This study is a basic research for low maintenance constructed wetlands which can prevent water quality deterioration due to wetland soils. The purpose of this study is to analyze water quality control mechanisms of constructed wetland on the artificial ground which installed the modular revetment structure(MRS), a device that separates water and soil. This study was then conducted with two different wetland mesocosms (a treatment plot and a control). These mesocosms were monitored to analyze effects of water quality control of the MRS. A treatment plot was built, and separated into soil and water, by filling the MRS with the decomposed granite soil in the mesocosm made of rubber material. A control plot was built where the decomposed granite soils were exposed to water by leaving the soil on the bottom of the mesocosm made of rubber material. Water quality was then analyzed by using Kolmogorov-Smirnov Z examination which then showed that pH, BOD, SS, Chl-a, T-P, T-N had statistically valid difference between a container with the MRS and one without it. According to the analysis of the water quality, the temperature and the EC level came out similarly and both mesocosm showed same level on pH and DO. A treatment plot had higher levels of BOD, SS Chl-a, and T-P. A control plot's T-N value was little lower than that of the treatment plot. This study suggests method of constructed wetlands using the MRS prevents problems occurring in wetland soils: aridity of wetlands by soil erosion, eutrophication, and algal blooms due to nutrients released from wetland soil. These functions of constructed wetland with the MRS increase aesthetic, ecologic, social, and economic value of the wetland. Outcomes of this research will later enable more proficient way of stabilizing water quality and provide data for planning low maintenance constructed wetlands.
A Study on the Calculation of Nonpoint Source EMCs using SWMM in Transportation Area
Kwon, Heongak ; Im, Toehyo ; Lee, Jaewoon ; Jeong, Hyungi ; Lee, Chunsik ; Cheon, Seuk ;
Journal of Wetlands Research, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 193~202
DOI : 10.17663/JWR.2015.17.2.193
In this study, a long term monitering of nonpoint source pollution runoff is conducted at the area of transportation related and EMCs(Event Mean Concentrations) in terms of water quality items, such as BOD,
, SS, T-N and T-P are determined for each not only runoff event and but also observation site. On the other hands, SWMM(Storm Water Management Model) model is constructed using the data collected in the transportation areas selected. Model calibration and verification of SWMM is carried out based on the data collected. And simulated EMCs was compared with observed EMCs by monitoring and prior studies. SWMM applicability estimation was Using the compared result. The results of simulation showed that BOD 5.787 ~ 14.475 mg/L,
12.946 ~ 59.611 mg/L, SS 13.742 ~ 46.208 mg/L, T-N 2.037 ~ 5.213 mg/L, T-P 0.117 ~ 0.415 mg/L. And a differential between simulated EMCs and observed EMCs is too low so comparing result show high fit(BOD 4.27 %,
4.87%, SS 2.31%, T-N 5.78%, T-P 14.45%). A results of compared with the prior studies, BOD and T-P are included range of prior studies,
and SS are lower than range of prior studies, T-N is higher than range of prior studies. Differential between simulated EMCs and prior studies EMCs was showing for survey seasonal and changing land-use, so from now on, EMCs of using the internal representatives value will be calculated by more monitoring toward various precipitation events.
Effects of fallen blossoms of Prunus spp. on nutrient dynamics in an artificial pond ecosystem
Lee, Bo Eun ; Jeon, Young Joon ; Jang, You Lim ; Kim, Jae Geun ;
Journal of Wetlands Research, volume 17, issue 2, 2015, Pages 203~208
DOI : 10.17663/JWR.2015.17.2.203
To identify the effect of fallen cherry blossom on the artificial pond ecosystem, microcosm experiment was conducted into the aquatic decomposition of Prunus species petals. Petals were put in
mesh nylon litter bags. For treatment group, one flower litter bag was placed into each pot microcosm (
) filled with influent water from the artificial pond, whereas control group microcosm contained pond water only. Decomposition time were set differently (4, 8, 12, 16 days) among treatment groups. At the end of experiment, most petals were decomposed and only 32.3% of initial dry weight remained with the decay rate (k) of
concentration of microcosm water decreased sharply from 1.90 mg/L at first to 0.02 mg/L, whereas
concentration increased from 0.03 mg/L to 2.85 mg/L continually.
concentration was 0.03 mg/L at first and increased to 2.39 mg/L by decomposition. Therefore, available phosphorus seems to have leached with higher rate than nitrogen from the petals litter. Increase about 0.02 mg/L in
concentration could be estimated in artificial pond from the calculation on the total quantity of fallen blossoms. This result suggests that available phosphorus from the decomposed Prunus petals could cause eutrophication in the artificial pond.