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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society
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Journal DOI :
Korean GeoSynthetics Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Dec 2011
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Sep 2011
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Jun 2011
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
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Characteristics of Shear Behavior According to State of Particle Bonding and Crushing
Jeong, Sun-Ah ; Kim, Eun-Kyung ; Lee, Seok-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 1~12
In order to analyze the influence of particle bonding and crushing on the characteristics of shear behavior, especially residual shear behavior of granular soil, ring shear test was simulated by using DEM(Discrete Element Method)-based software program PFC(Particle Flow Code). Total four models including two non-crushing models and two crushing models were created in this study by using clump or cluster model built in PFC. The applicability of Lobo-crushing model proposed by Lobo-Guerrero and Vallejo(2005) was investigated. In addition, the results of ring shear test were analyzed and compared with those of direct shear test. The results showed that the modelling of ring shear test should be conducted to investigate the residual shear behavior. The Lobo-crushing model cannot be applied to investigate the residual shear strength. Finally, it can be concluded that the numerical models excluding Lobo-crushing model suggested in this study can be used extensively for other studies concerning the residual shear behavior of granular soil including soil crushing.
A Case Study of PC-Culvert Construction with Foundation Plate
You, Jun ; Choi, Chang-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 13~19
Precast culvert system is generally constructed with a series of process such as excavation, ground mitigation, placement of culverts, anti-leakage packing between adjacent culverts, post-tensioning for PS strands and backfilling. In this process inappropriate ground mitigation often causes differential settlement and, correspondingly, makes water-leakage to be occurred between adjacent boxes. This study was performed to understand the behavioral characteristics of recently proposed precast foundation plate to support precast culvert system through on-site pilot construction. The gap between two adjacent culverts, increment of earth pressure at the bottom of culvert, vertical settlement of top of the culverts were monitored using various sensors. The monitoring results showed that the proposed foundation plate provides better culvert system in the points of less gap development, earth pressure and settlement at the adjacent of two culverts.
Calculation of Damping Ratio Using Non-Linear Soil Models and Comparison between Measured and Predicted Data
Lee, Hyoung-Kyu ; Bae, Yoon-Shin ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 21~28
Several theoretical soil nonlinear models to predict damping ratio, which is one of the typical dynamic properties of soils, it is impractical to predict damping ratio. The resonant column and torsional shear test(RC-TS) is used to represent the dynamic behavior of soils from intermediate to medium shear strains. A limitation of RC-TS is measure precise shear strain in large strains and the modified equivalent radius(
) was obtained using both modified hyperbolic model and Ramberg-Osgood model. Bonneville clays were tested using RC-TS test to obtain rotation and torque. The measured rotation and torque were then compared with calculated rotation and torque using curve-fitting method. Then, the nonlinear soil model parameters were obtained and the equivalent radius was calculated using the model parameters.
Experimental Study on Freezing Soil Barrier Wall for Contaminant Transfer Interception
Shin, Eun-Chul ; Kim, Jin-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 29~34
The purpose of this study was to prevent spreading of contaminants from movement of underground water by creating a barrier using artificial freezing method on a soil contaminated by oils and various DNAPLs. Specimens with 80% and 90% degrees of saturation were prepared to form freezing barrier using artificial freezing method. As the results of freezing specimen within soil bin with artificial ground freezing system, artificial contaminated soil cut off wall formed the thinnest wall after 12 hours. It is judged that this cut off wall will control the second soil pollution by intercepting expansion and movement of pollutants and DNAPLs within artificial contaminated soil cut off wall by underground water, intercepting inflow or outflow of underground water. Cut off walls formed by artificial ground freezing system had each other freezing speed according to degree of saturation.
Column Tests for the Design of PRB System using CFW
Han, Jung-Geun ; Yoon, Won-Il ; Jung, Dong-Ho ; Kim, Yong-Soo ; Lee, Jong-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 35~43
Permeable Reactive Barriers (PRB) method is an economical method that does not require any other methods to be operated once it is installed as it controls of groundwater flow in the barrier, which is inserted a reactive material on the way of pollutant. The major dominant element of PRB is a reactive material in the reactive wall, and such factors as purification efficiency and used time based on the chemical and physical features in between the reactant and pollutant. High purification efficiency can be expected when a rational design that is synthetically considered in features of packing density, operation period, and adsorption reactant of pollutant. A column test was conducted for an application test using CFW as its adsorption reactant in order to remove copper(
) in the PRB system. The CFW was used for the reactant and selected inflow speed, density and thickness of PRB as its necessary factors for design of PRB. As a result of the experiment, the removal efficiency decreased as operating time of PRB increased and the efficiency linearly increased upon the length. Therefore, it is confirmed that the thickness of reactive materials in PRB system can be designed using the proposed formula considering purification time and density of CFW.
Bulging of Reinforced Retaining Walls
Ju, Jae-Woo ; Park, Jong-Beom ; Na, Hyun-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 45~53
Recently reinforced retaining walls secure their position as a stabilized method of construction replacing concrete retaining walls gradually. However, in the event of using extensible reinforcement, a bulging phenomenon can be happened in the front of reinforced retaining walls. Bulging of reinforced retaining walls means a phenomenon that, in the height of an arbitrary block, the upper part and the lower part of the block don't secure a relative position in design. Therefore, it is judged that it has the necessity to be examined in design since reinforcement needs metamorphosis to some degree to display tensile force. Therefore, the study examined about how extensibility of reinforcement had an effect on movement of reinforced retaining walls through a small-scale model test with aluminum rods. The study used Changhoji(traditional korean paper made from mulberry bark) as inextensible reinforcement and membrane as extensible reinforcement. As the result of the test, rigidity of reinforcement had a lot of effects on displacement of reinforced retaining walls and generally occurrence point of the maximum horizontal displacement had a tendency transferring to the upper part of walls according to rigidity of reinforcement was increased.
Investigation on Failure Mechanism of Back-to-Back Geosynthethic Reinforced Wall Using Discrete Element Analysis
Yoo, Chung-Sik ; Woo, Seung-Je ; Jeon, Hun-Min ; Shin, Bu-Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 55~66
This paper presents the results of an investigation on the failure mechanism of geosynthetic reinforced soil walls in back-to-back configuration using 1-g reduced-scale model tests as well as discrete element method-based numerical investigation. In the 1-g reduced scale model tests, 1/10 scale back-to-back walls were constructed so that the wall can be brought to failure by its own weight and the effect of reinforcement length on the failure mechanism was investigated. In addition, a validated discrete element method-based numerical model was used to further investigate the failure mechanism of back-to-back walls with different boundary conditions. The results were then compared with the failure mechanisms defined in the FHWA design guideline.
Evaluation of Field Applicability with Coal Mine Drainage Sludge (CMDS) as a Liner: Part I: Physico-Chemical Characteristics of CMDS and a Mixed Liner
Lee, Jai-Young ; Bae, Sun-Young ; Woo, Seung-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 67~72
CMDS (Coal Mine Drainage Sludge) is mainly generated from acid mine drainage during physicochemical treatment or electrical purification. CMDS is well worth considering on recycling possibilities in various areas. This research applies the liner and cover materials using waste disposal landfill generally to treat acid mine drainage sludge. In this Part I of the two parts paper, physico-chemical characteristics of CMDS, bentonite and cement to prepare the liner have been identified using XRD, XRF, FESEM. In addition, combining their physicochemical characteristics, the optimum mixing ratio has been determined to be 1: 0.5: 0.3 for CMDS: bentonite: cement by the batch tests. Initial permeability of CMDS was
. Through the leaching test, it was confirmed that its mixture was environmentally safe. In the Part 2, a large-scale Lysimeter was used to simulate the effects of the layer on the freeze/thaw for evaluation on field applicability and stability.
Evaluation of Field Applicability with Coal Mine Drainage Sludge as a Liner: Part II: Effect of Freezing/Thawing in CMDS Mixed Liner
Lee, Jai-Young ; Bae, Sun-Young ; Park, Kyoung-Joo ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 73~79
Based on the results of Part 1 of our two-parts paper, the possibility on field applicability of CMDS(Coal Mine Drainage Sludge) mixed with bentonite and cement as a liner in landfill sites was investigated. The optimum moisture content that met the landfill liner condition was obtained when the ratio of CMDS: bentonite: cement was 1: 0.5: 0.3 in a lab-scale. The relative compaction was measured in 90.1%, which results for construction field have been generally acceptable. In this study, a large-scale Lysimeter(
) was used to simulate the effects of the layer on the freeze/thaw by -20 average temperature. The mixture after freezing/thawing showed compressive strength more than
, which was satisfied with EPA standards. Initial permeability of CMDS was
and permeability its mixture after freezing/thawing was increased to
. The change of temperature in the layers rises and falls with linear and temperature gradient keep maintain the present state. Moisture contents in the layers have not been radically changed. Through the leaching test determined by KSLT method, it was found that heavy metals excluding Zn and Ni were not leached out or leached out less than the standards during 7 cycles of freezing/thawing process. Since it shows the increased permeability about 1.5 times and slight change in moisture content, but it was satisfied with EPA standar through 7 cycles of freezing/thawing process, this mixture can be applied as a liner in landfill final cover system.
Internal Stability of Timber Framed Earth Retaining Wall
Lee, Kwang-Wu ; Kim, Ju-Hyong ; Cho, Sam-Deok ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 81~89
This paper introduces a recently developed thinning-out timber framed earth retaining wall system. Timber framed retaining walls are usually designed by using design code of gravity type retaining wall but internal stability of timber framed earth retaining walls is often neglected. In this study, it is recommended to use the design code for segmental retaining walls by National Concrete Masonry Association (NCMA, 1997) to check internal stability of timber framed earth retaining wall. Based on the several shear test results for 3 types of timber frames, a simple design chart including internal stability is suggested.
Liquifaction Evaluation of Saemangeum Area and the Considerations of Liquifaction Effect to the Foundations of Structures in Near Future (I)
Kim, You-Seong ; Ko, Hyoung-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 10, issue 2, 2011, Pages 91~100
This study presents the estimation for the possibility of liquefaction according to the liquefaction evaluation methods in Saemangeum reclamation area for tide embankment, Jeollabuk-do, Korea. Liquefaction estimation is performed by cyclic triaxial tests and seismic response analysis using earthquake records of the long- and short-term. This area appears to have greatly potential of liquefaction from the grain-size distribution curve of the dredged and reclaimed soil in the area. Because the liquefaction can occur in this area if the foundations or buried structures are built at a depth within 10m below ground surface, the meticulous care is required in the design of them in the future.