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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean GeoSynthetics Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
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A Comparison of Behavior of the Roadbeds of Ballasted & Concrete Track with the Cyclic Loading
Choi, Chan-Yong ; Lee, Sung-Heok ; Eum, Ki-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 1~8
The track systems installed in Korea railway consist of two types on ballasted track or ballastless track. In this study, it was compared with difference of the behaviors at roadbed with cyclic loading through full scale model test. From the results of model tests, loading distribution ratio of the concrete slab track become more widely distributed than ballasted track, and loading distribution ratio at concrete track was about 30:20:15. The concrete slab track is likely to behavior of the rigid plate, while ballasted track is such as flexible pavement. The vertical stresses of upper roadbed with traffic cyclic loading in concrete track were measured about 30 kPa or less. It was a scene very similar to the results of the field train running test. The vertical stress at concrete track was occurred approximately 4 times smaller than ballasted track. Also, the soil velocities with cyclic loading at the slab track were occurred about 0.3 cm/sec or less, its 8 times smaller than ballasted track.
Laboratory Model Tests on the Load Transfer in Geosynthetic-Reinforced and Pile-Supported Embankment System
Hong, Won-Pyo ; Lee, Jae-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 9~18
A series of model tests were performed to investigate the load transfer by soil arching in geosynthetic-reinforced and pile-supported(GRPS) embankment systems. In the model tests, model piles with isolated cap were inserted in the model container and geosynthetics was laid on the pile caps below sand fills. The settlement of soft ground was simulated by rubber form. The loads acting on pile caps and the tensile strain of geosynthetics were monitored by data logging system. At the given interval ratio of pile caps, the efficiency in GRPS embankment systems increased with increasing the height of embankment fills, then gradually converged at constant value. Also, at the given height of embankment fills, the efficiency decreased with increasing the pile spacing. The embankment loads transferred on pile cap by soil arching increased when the geosynthetics installed with piles. This illustrated that reinforcing with the geosynthetics have a good effect to restraint the movement of surrounding soft grounds. The load transfer in GRPS embankment systems was affected by the interval ratio, height of fills, properties of grounds and tensile stiffness and so on.
Estimation to Shear Strength of Basalt using Lade's Three-dimensional Failure Criterion
Nam, Jung-Man ; Yun, Jung-Mann ; Song, Young-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 19~27
In this study, a series of triaxial tests to Jeju basalt were carried out and then shear strength parameters of rock were estimated by the Lade's three-dimensional failure criterion. Also, the characteristics of shear strength parameters and failure plane which were estimated by the three-dimensional failure criterion were analyzed and this failure criterion was compared with the Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion. The variables of
and m are derived from the relationship between (
) and (
) during the failure period using the Lade's three-dimensional failure criterion. The failure plane size of Tracy-basalt has the largest plane and that of Scoria has the smallest plane among other octahedral planes which is the three-dimensional failure plane. Also, the failure plane of Tracy-basalt is formed as a triangle and that of Scoria is formed as a circle among other octahedral planes. As the result of comparison with the triaxial test results and the Lade's failure envelope and the Mohr-Coulomb failure envelope, the Lade's failure envelope matched up under higher stress, while the Mohr-Coulomb failure envelope matched up under lower stress. Also, the Lade's three-dimensional failure plane is larger than the Mohr-Coulomb three-dimensional failure plane. It means that the shear strength parameters estimated by the Lade's failure criterion is larger than that of the Mohr-Coulomb failure criterion.
Characteristics of Deformation and Shear Strength of a Sandy Soil Deposited on the SAEMANKEUM Sea
Lee, Kang-Il ; Ju, Jae-Woo ; Lee, Jin-Soo ; Choi, Jong-Pyo ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 29~37
This study aims at evaluating the engineering properties of very poor graded fine sands deposited on the sea. Using materials sampled at SAEMANKEUM area, a series of rowe cell consolidation tests and triaxial compression tests are conducted in order to evaluate the characteristics of deformation and shear strength by the relative density. Prior to those tests, a maximum and a minimum relative densities are obtained. As a result, it appears that the minimum void ratio is 0.88, and the maximum compactible relative density is about 71%. In addition, internal frictional angle appears to increase linearly with an increase of the relative density which is similar to that of the port KUNJANG.
Heat Transfer Equation and Finite Element Analysis Considering Frozen Ground Condition the Cyclic Loading
Kim, Young-Seok ; Kang, Jae-Mo ; Hong, Seung-Seo ; Kim, Kwang-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 39~45
When the ground temperature drops below
, wet soils expand due to the ice formation in their porous space. This results in frost heave which causes structural stability problems. Frost heave is attributed by several factors such as physical soil properties and heat transfer including pore water phase change. Due to the complex physical phenomena, reliable and verified multi-dimensional numerical models for frost heave problems are still in a research stage. This study presents an efficient and simple method of overcoming numerical problems associated with sudden jump of heat capacity due to the phase change from water to ice in the pore space. This paper proposes heat transfer equation and finite element method when the saturated soils or porous rocks are subjected to freezing. Numerical analyses using the proposed method agree well with the known closed form solution and the laboratory test results.
Development of Prediction Model of Frost Penetration Depth on Pavement in Korea
Hong, Seung-Seo ; Kim, Young-Seok ; Kim, Hak-Seung ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 47~56
Korea is known to have seasonal frozen ground during a winter season due to climatic and ground conditions. Temperatures below
cause pavement failure by frost heaving and thaw settlement. A frost protection layer has been constructed in pavements to avoid damage caused by frost action. Anti-frost design methods in Korea have been adopted, which is established in U.S. and Japan. However the characteristics of soils in Korea are different and there are no reasonable modifications to accommodate these characteristics. Therefore, adequate pavement design procedures including seasonal frost action, as well as construction and maintenance practices are required. In this paper, the frost penetration depths along national roads in Korea are presented based on field measurement over several years (1991~2010). The frost penetration depths are analyzed with respect to the Provinces of Korea and sunny/shaded areas.
Analysis of Time-Dependent Deformation of Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) Geofoam as a Flexible Pavement Subgrade Material
Park, Ki-Chul ; Ramaraj, Babu ; Chang, Yong-Chai ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 57~65
The main objective of this study is to investigate the time-dependent deformation of EPS blocks under repeated loading conditions which is the one of the flexible pavement structure. The study comprised of both the experimental work and analytical modeling in order to understand the behavior of EPS blocks under repeated loading. The analytical modeling included the selection of a suitable model for describing the deformation behavior observed under repeated loading conditions, investigating the relationship among the unit weight, deformation and applied stress, analyzing the effect of repeated load on deformation. The test results were compared with the Findley's theory and model analysis with the results of this research under repeated loading conditions. Both Modified Findley's model and the proposed model can be adopted to illustrate the deformation behavior of EPS blocks under repeated loads.
Characteristics of Biodegradable Plastic Drain Board
Kim, Ju-Hyong ; Cho, Sam-Deok ; Chai, Jong-Gil ; Sato, Hideyuki ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 67~75
The tensile strength, permeability and discharge capacity of biodegradable plastic drain boards made with poly lactic acid (PLA) have been tested and verified prior to their usage at field. Based on test results, the tensile strength of biodegradable plastic drain board made with PLA has relatively lower tensile strain and tensile strength than those of plastic drain board. Performance of PLA filter having good permeability and low opening size is proper for the filter of vertical drain board. In case of improving stiffness of PLA filter, biodegradable plastic drain board also satisfies required discharge capacity as use of vertical drain board too.
Landslide Analysis of River Bank Affected by Water Level Fluctuation I
Kim, You-Seong ; Wang, Yu-Mei ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 77~85
The change of water level in reservoirs is an important factor causing failure of bank slopes, i.e. landslide. The water level of Three Gorges reservoir in China fluctuate between 145 m and 175 m, as a matter of flood control. During its normal operational state, the rate of water level fluctuation is supposed to range from 0.67 m/d to 3.0 m/d. Majiagou slope is located on the left bank of Zhaxi River, 2.1 km up from the outlet. Zhaxi River is a tributary of the Yangtze River within the Three Gorges area, of which the water level changes with the reservoir. At the back of Majiagou slope, a 20 m long and 3~10 cm wide fissure developed just after the reservoir water level rose from 95 m to 135 m in 2003. This big fissure was a full suggestion of potential failure of this slope. In this study, unsaturated-saturated seepage analyses were carried out to simulate the change of pore-water pressures in the bank slope subjected to the reservoir water level change. The obtained pore-water pressures were then used to evaluate the change in factor of safety (FS) with reservoir water level. It was found that the phreatic line showed a delayed response with respect to the change of the reservoir water level, because the seepage through soil layer was generally slower than water flows itself. During the rising and drawdown process, the phreatic lines take the shapes of concave and convex, respectively. And the fluctuation of reservoir water level just affected the front part of the bank slope, but had little influence on the back of the slope.
Landslide Analysis of River Bank Affected by Water Level Fluctuation II
Kim, You-Seong ; Wang, Yu-Mei ; Choi, Jae-Seon ;
Journal of the Korean Geosynthetic Society, volume 9, issue 3, 2010, Pages 87~93
The change of water level in reservoirs is an important factor causing failure of bank slopes, i.e. landslide. The water level of Three Gorges reservoir in China fluctuate between 145 m and 175 m, as a matter of flood control. During its normal operational state, the rate of water level fluctuation is supposed to range from 0.67 m/d to 3.0 m/d. Majiagou slope is located on the left bank of Zhaxi River, 2.1 km up from the outlet. Zhaxi River is a tributary of the Yangtze River within the Three Gorges area, of which the water level changes with the reservoir. At the back of Majiagou slope, a 20 m long and 3~10 cm wide fissure developed just after the reservoir water level rose from 95 m to 135 m in 2003. This big fissure was a full suggestion of potential failure of this slope. In this study, the pore water pressure files obtained from seepage analysis were used to evaluate the change in factor of safety (FS) with reservoir water level. Slope stability analyses then were carried out, with fully specified slip surface and limit equilibrium method. In the limit equilibrium analysis, the contribution of negative pore water pressure to shear strength was considered by the use of Fredlund's shear strength equation for unsaturated soils. On the base of the analyses, the change of FS with reservoir water level was interpreted in detail. It was found that FS against bank slopes decreases with the rise of the reservoir water level and increases with the drawdown of the reservoir water level. The most dangerous state was when the reservoir water level stays at the highest for a long time.