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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Wood Science Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 1984
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 1984
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 1984
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 1984
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The Application of Rule of Mixtures to Fiber-Reinforced Composites(3) - Determination of Constant "a" and "b" for Modified Rule of Mixtures Applied to Fiber-Reinforced, Sulfur-Based Composites -
Lee, Byung-G. ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1984, Pages 3~8
It is shown that Paul and Jones' Rule of Mixtures modified by Smith and Cox's theory can be used for the fiber-reinforced, sulfur-based composites, when the constant for the linear regression equation is given. The computation results, programmed by Hewlett Packard 75C (HP 75C) using math rom pack for the linear regression form, expressed as
, turn out to be a=3.27-3.54 b=-2.47~-2.80. This results indicate that the factors such as density of fiber mat and the amount of matrix used have nothing for affecting the numerical value of the constants a and b of the linear regression form. Conclusively this results also show that the Paul and Jones' Rule of Mixtures which has been used for the composites made by randomly-oriented long fiber can also be used for the composites made by short fiber with the same fiber orientation such as wood and lignocellulosic fibers.
Study on the Removal of Heavy Metal Ion by Bark
Choi, Byoung-Dong ; Jun, Yang ; Lee, Hwa-Hyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1984, Pages 9~14
The removal and readsorption effects of pine and oak bark grown in Korea on water pollution caused by heavy metal ions have been investigated. Bark saturated with heavy metal ions is refleshed with 0.1 N ammonium acetate and then its readsorption has been done. The results obtained are as follows: 1. Adsorption effect of pine bark is similiar to that of oak bark, and 20-40 meshed bark gives the best results. 2. 0.1 N amonium acetate of pH 7 shows more elutriative than the others such as pH 3 hydrochloric acid, pH 10 ammonium hydroxide and pH 7 water. 3 Pine bark refleshed with 0.1 N ammonium acetate gets two times as effective in adsorption as raw bark, and shows more effective than oak bark.
Studies on the Residual Bending Strength of burned Douglas-fir and Western Hemlock soaked with Fire Retardant Chemicals
Lee, Phil-Woo ; Park, Heon ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1984, Pages 15~24
sized specimens of Douglas-fir(Pseudotsuga menziesii) and western hemlock(Tsuga heterophylla) in this study were soaked in four fire-retardant solutions of ammonium sulfate, monoammonium phosphate, diammonium phosphate, and aluminium chloride for 1, 24, 72, 168, and 336 hours. Subsequently they were air-dried and burned at high temperature of ca.
and for short time of 5 minutes. This study estimated the relationship between the adsorbed chemicals and the residual weight ratio or residual bending strength of these partly burned lumbers. The results were as follows; 1) In average amount of chemical adsorption, diammonium phosphate showed the largest and aluminium chloride the smallest regardless of species but monoammonium phosphate was larger in Douglas-fir than that of western hemlock. 2) The amount of chemical adsorption was larger in western hemlock than Douglas-fir on the whole. 3) The amount of chemical adsorption was increased with the increase of soaking time but the rate of increase began to decrease at 200hrs. 4) Residual weight ratios showed no difference between species but showed differences among the chemicals treated i.e. monoammonium phosphate, diammonium phosphate, ammonium sulfate and aluminium chloride in turn from the largest to the smallest. 5) MOR values showed linear increase with the increase of residual weight ratios but showed no difference in species and chemicals respectively. 6) In the relationship between amount of chemical adsorption and MOR, only diammonium phosphate showed the curve of secondary degree with significance in Douglas-fir. 7) The MOE value of burned Douglas-fir lumber increased and showed significance of 99% as the adsorbed chemical amount increased, but among the chemicals only monoammonium phosphate showed significance. The MOE value of burned western hemlock lumber didn't show significance. 8) In only Douglas-fir, the correlation between adsorbed chemical amount and work to proportional limit showed significance in only monoammonium phosphate. And in both Douglas-fir and western hemlock, the correlation between adsorbed chemicals and work to maximum load showed significance in monoammonium phosphate.
Effect of Monosaccharides Extracted by Saturated Portland Cement Solution on the Setting of the Lignocellulosic-Cement Composited
Choi, Don-Ha ; Shin, Dong-So ; Ahn, Won-Yung ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1984, Pages 25~34
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of monosaccharides extracted by saturated portland cement solution on the cement setting in comparision with the inhibitory index (I) of each lignocellulosic-cement system. The wood species which have been widely reforested in Korea, Populus alba-grandulosa, Larix leptolepis, Abies holophylla, Pinus koraiensis, Pinus rigida, Pinus densiflora and agricultural wastes of rice husk and rice stalk were used at this study. The wood meal, 0.50g on dry weight basis, through 0.83 mm(20 mesh) and retained on 0.35mm (40 mesh) screen was extracted by 25 ml saturated portland cement solution and the pH of saturated portland cement solution Was 12.7. To eliminate cation exsisting in the extracted solution, the cation exchange column was used (Fig. 4). Afterwards the extracted monosaccharides were reduced into alditols with sodium borohydride and analyzed by the gas-liquid chromatography for xylan, mannan, arabinan, galactan, gluean. The heat of cement hydration for lignocellulosic-cement system was measured in Dewar flask (Fig. 2). And then the inhibitory indices were calculated from maximum hydration temperature, time and maximum slops of hydration curve of ligno cellulosic-cement systems. The results obtained were as follows; (1) The inhibitory index of pines-Pinus rigida (I=29.33) and Pinus densiflora (I=35.76), were lower than that of poplar-Populus alba-glandulosa (I=41.48), and the index of Larix ieptoiepis (I=73.00) was the highest among eight lignocellulosic-cement systems, and accordingly both Pinus rigida and Pinus des(flora were seemed to be good wood species for wood-cement composite manufacture. (2) In case of Pinus rigida, the inhibitory index was 29.33 and the ratio of the hexoses to the pemoses was 6.04 and in case of Larix leptolepis, the index and the ratio were 73.00 and 35.19, respectively. Therefore the inhibitory index increased with increasing the ratios of the hexoses to the pentoses. (3) The richer amount of xylose and mannose in species caused decreasing the slops of the hydration curve of the lignocellulosic-cement system, prohahly due to the chemical adsorption of the acetyl groups in the hemicellulose on the surface of cement grains. (4) The amoun of xylose and mannose were significant to the inhibitory index of each lignocellulosic-cement system but any specific relation between the amount of glucose and inhibitory index was not found.
On the UV Spectra of AcBr Lignins from Softwoods grown in Mt. Jiri
Jo, Jong-Soo ; Moon, Chang-Kuck ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1984, Pages 35~40
The ultraviolet absorption spectra of AcBr lignin (Acetyl Bromide lignin) from 10 species grown in Mt. Jiri were determined. There were 3 peak positions, at 249nm (max peak), at 267-268 nm (shallow min. peak) and at 280 nm (lower max. peak). The Bjorkman lignin and lignin sulfonic acid spectra had shoulders, but the AcBr lignin had not them. Average absorbances and absorptivities of the AcBr lignins at peak positions were
, at 249 nm,
, at 267-268 nm and
at 280 nm, respectively.
Research Purpose and Direction of Forest Exp. Stations and Forest Products Lab. Under the U. S. Government
Lee, Phil-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1984, Pages 41~45