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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Wood Science Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 1989
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 1989
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 1989
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 1989
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Utilization of Ligno-cellulosic Biomass(II) - Saccharification of Exploded Wood by Acid Hydrolysis -
Yang, Jae-Kyung ; Lee, Jong-Yoon ; Chang, Jun-Pok ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 3, 1989, Pages 1~7
This study was performed to obtain the optimal condition that hydrolyzed exploded pine(Pinus densiflora), oak(Quercus serrata) and birch wood(Betula platyphylla var. japonica) by using sulfuric acid. The results obtained were summarized as follows: In hydrolysis of wood meal with sulfuric acid. maximum yield of sugar appeared that pine was 12 hours. oak and birch were 24 hours with 65% sulfuric acid. Futhermore, when wood meal and exploded woods were hydrolyzed with 65% sulfuric acid at
for 6 hours(primary hydrolysis), diluted to 3% and hydrolyzed again at
for 2 hours(secondary hydrolysis), the maximum sugar yield of wood meals were 6 hours. those of higher steam exploded pine wood was 3 hours. of lower steam exploded oak and birch woods were 6 hours. The sugar analyses of exploded wood showed that the amount of arabinose and xylose residue rapidly decreased. content of nemicelluose decreased with increase of steaming time and pressure.
Development of Compound Laminated Wood and Analysis of Bending Processing Properties with Major Softwoods Grown in Korea (I) - Solid wood-bending of Pinus densiflora, Pinus rigida and Larix leptolepis by steaming -
So, Won-Tek ; Lim, Kie-Pyo ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 3, 1989, Pages 8~19
The proportion of imported wood has been now over 80% of raw materials needed in the wood industry, and therefore, many of studies on the substitution of domestic wood for imported wood and on the increasing the utilization rate of domestic species have been attempted and considered as very important projects to solve. But these trials were practically restricted by several disadvantages of domestic species. such as a small diameter, variety of species, and irregularity of wood physical or chemical characteristics, etc. From a this point of view, this study was carried out to investigate solid wood bending properties of sample trees and then to develop their end uses. The species of sample trees were Pinus densiflora S. et Z., Pinus rigida Mill., and Larix leptolepis Gord. which have large growing stocks but Pinus rigida and Larix leptolepis have not been used well because of their poor qualities. The results obtained were as follows: 1. The optimum conditions for solid wood bending processing of Pinus densiflora, Pinus rigida, and Larix leptolepis are showed in Table 6. 2. The minimum solid-bending radii of Pinus densifjora, Pinus rigida, and Larix ieptolepls were 260mm, 240mm, and 300mm, respectively in steaming treatment.
Structure of Opposite Wood in Angiosperms(II) - Structure of Opposite Woods in the Horizontal-growing Stems of Immature Woods -
Park, Sang-Jin ; Park, Byung-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 3, 1989, Pages 20~27
This experiment was made to find the peripheral variations of annualring widths, the cell dimensions, microfibril angles and bulk densities within each annual-ring of horizontal-growing young tree of beech(Betul a platyphylla var. japonica) and Oak (Quercus variabilis) from the tension to the opposite side. Also a comparision between the features of the obnormal annual ring for horizontal-growing year and normal annual ring for the straight-growing years was made. The dimension of propotion of the element, the microfibril angles and the bulk density decreased or increased continuously toward opposite side which showed minimum or maximum value. The dimension of elements the microfibril angles and the bulk density decreased or increased continuously towards opposite side which showed minimum or maximum value. The dimension of elements. the microfibril angles and the bulk density in the normal annual rings were similar to those in the lateral woods. whereas were significantly more different in the tension wood than in the opposite wood. The features of typical opposite wood in the hardwoods were influenced by the locations within the inclined stems than effects of the decrease in the annual ring width. The oppostie woods in hardwoods did not conform to the tension wood and lateral wood. The abnormal annual ring included the opposite wood, lateral wood similar to normal wood and tension wood having specialized structure even in the same annual ring.
Synthesis of Lignin Model Compounds -β-O-4 Linkage Compounds
Lee, Hyun-Jong ; Hwang, Byung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 3, 1989, Pages 28~44
This experiment was carried out to contribute to the synthetic methods of ligin model compounds. The ligin model compounds of arylglycerol-
-arylether structure were synthesized in high yield through three or four reaction steps. The starting compound was commercial 3, 4, 5-trimethoxyace tophenone and the final compounds were 1-(2-methoxyphenoxy)-2 - (3, 4, 5 - trimethoxyphenyl)-ethanol(IV), 1-(3, 4, 5-trimethoxyphenyl)-2-(2-methoxy-phenoxy)-propandiol-1,3 (VI), 1-(2, 6-dimethoxyphenoxy)-2-(3, 4, 5-trimethoxyphenyl)-ethanol (VIII), and 1-(3, 4, 5-trimethoxyphenyl)-2-(2, 6-dimethoxyphenoxy)-propandiol-1, 3 (X). The structures of synthetic compounds were identified by IR,
-NMR spectroscopy and Mass spectrometry.
Autohydrolysis and Enzymatic Saccharification of Lignocellulosic Materials(III) - Recycling and Reutilization of Cellulase Enzyme -
Cho, Nam-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 3, 1989, Pages 45~51
A major problem in the enzymatic hydrolysis of lignocellulosic substrates is the very strong bonding of cellulase to lignin and even cellulose in the hydrolysis residues. This phenomenon inhibits recycle of the cellulase which is a major expense of the enzymatic hydrolysis process. In this paper, autohydrolyzed wood was delignified by two-stage with a 0.3% Na OH extraction and oxygen-alkali bleaching and was subjected to enzymatic hydrolysis with cellulase. Also, an improved almost quantitative recycle process of cellulase enzyme was discussed. In enzyme recovery by affinity method. the first recycling showed relatively high hydrolysis rate of 97.4%. Even at the third recycle. hydrolysis rate was 86.7 percents. In the case of cellulase recovery by ultrafiltration method, first 2 recycling treatments resulted very high hydrolysis rate(97.0-97.7%). Even the third recycling showed about 94.2%. Authoydrolysis of oak wood followed by 2-stage delignification with alkali and oxygen-alkali produced a substrate for enzymatic hydrolysis that allowed almost quantitative recycle of cellulase.
Autohydrolysis and Enzymatic Saccharification of Lignocellulosic Materials (IV) - Simultaneous Utilization of Laccase and Cellulase -
Cho, Nam-Seok ; Lim, Chang-Suk ; Lee, Jae-Sung ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 3, 1989, Pages 52~60
This study was carried out to know the possibility of simultaneous utilization of laccase from white-rot fungus with cellulase on enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulosic substrate from autohydrolyzed oak wood. Laccases from 3 white-rot fungi, Pleurotus ostreatus. Ganoderma lucidum, and Phanerochaete chrysosporium, were isolated, purified and measured their activities. The highest activity was shown in Pleurotus ostreatus and the lowest in Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Laccase from Pleurotus ostreatus has optimum pH of 5.94, Km value of 3.209 mM and appeared to be stable at relatively wide pH range, 4.7-8.72. Temperature stability showed that 60% activity was preserved after 40 minutes at
. Laccase from Ganoderma lucidum reached to the maximum activity during 15-20 day incubation. This enzyme has optimum pH of 6.45, Km value of 6.71 mM and pH range of 5.0-9.0 for stabilization. 95% activity was preserved at
and 58% activity at
. Concerned to the enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulosic substrate with both enzymes, cellulase and laccase, simultaneously, mixed culture filtrates and mycellium extracts were shown higher hydrolysis rates than those of Trichoderma viride. There were no significant differences in the extent of hydrolysis among various mixed culture filtrates and mycellium extracts.
Changes of Catalase and Peroxidase Activities with Indole Acetic Acid in the Dormant Bark of Populus euramericana cv. gelrica
Ahn, Young-Hee ; Yoo, Won-Hyung ; Lee, Kee-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 3, 1989, Pages 61~66
Studies on Predicting the Kiln Drying Time and Moisture Content of Board and Dimension Lumber of Pinus densiflora using an Internal Moisture Diffusion Model of Softwood
Lee, Sang-Bong ; Jung, Hee-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 17, issue 3, 1989, Pages 67~81
This experiment was carried out to know the mothod of changing the step of moisture content schedule with time in conventional kiln drying. For the purpose of this object. we made drying model by applying the moisture diffusion model by J.FSiau(1984) to average moisture content equation by J.Crank(1956) derived it from Fick's second law. And to verify this method of drying model. 2.5cm-thick boards and 5.0cm-thick dimension lumbers of Pinus densiflora were kiln-dried with the schedule of T11-C3 and T10-C4, respectively. And then the drying rates were investigated and compared with those calculated from drying model. The results obtained were as follows 1. Average drying rate and total drying time of board to dry to 6.5% moisture content were 0.64%/hr and 109hr., and those of dimension lumber to dry to 8.3% moisture content were 0.4%/hr. and 162hr., respectively. 2. The moisture content of shell and core decreased by equalizing treatment and increased by conditioning treatment both on board and dimension lumber. But the moisture gradient was lower after conditioning than after equalizing. 3. As the drying was proceeded, the transverse bound water diffusion coefficient all but linearly decreased, the water vapor diffusion coefficient abruptly curvilinearly increased, while the transverse diffusion coefficient curvilinearly decreased both on board and dimension lumber. But each of diffusion coefficients on board was larger than that on dimension lumber. 4. Compared to experimential drying rate of board. theoretical drying rate was larger at 30.0%-21.8% moisture content range and was similiar at 21.8%-5.4% moisture content. And in case of dimension lumber, the drying rate was similiar at 30.0%-16.1% moisture content range but theoretical drying rate was much lower at 16.1%-8.3% moisture content range. 5. The possibility of adapting this drying model to changing the moisture content schedule step with time was in the range of 21.8%-5.4% moisture content on board. And in the case of dimension lumber that was in the range of 30.0%-16.1% moisture content.