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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Wood Science Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
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Structural Analysis of Water Soluble Lignin-Carbohydrate Complex(LCC) Isolated from Korean Camellia Mistletoe(Pseudixus japonicus Hayata)
Choi, Joon-Weon ; Ahn, Won-Yung ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 3, 1997, Pages 1~7
Effect of Acetylation on Ultrasonic Velocity of Bamboo
Kang, Ho-Yang ; Lee, Gwan-Young ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 3, 1997, Pages 8~15
The ultrasonic velocity and dynamic MOE of acetylated bamboos were investigated using PUNDIT, a transit time measuring device for longitudinal ultrasonic propagation. Bamboo specimens were boiled in acetic anhydride for 2, 4 and 6 hours, and the maximum average WPG (Weight Percentage Gain) of 19% was obtained at 6 hours. The volumes of acetylated bamboos increase with boiling time and WPG, while as WPG increases their oven-dry densities generally increase with a concave around 5% WPG. This oven-dry density pattern likely influences the trends of ultrasonic velocity and dynamic MOE. which generally decrease with a convex around 5% WPG. It is postulated that during boiling extractives in a bamboo move and aggregate at its surfaces transiently, resulting in the increase of ultrasonic velocity and dynamic MOE. To explain the fact that ultrasonic velocity varies with WPG a simple model was proposed and some ultrasonic properties of a transmitted wave were examined.
Adhesion Characteristics and Anatomic Scanning of Plywood Bonded by High Density Polyethylene
Han, Kie-Sun ; Lee, Hwa-Hyoung ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 3, 1997, Pages 16~23
This study was carried out to discuss feasibility of high density polyethylene(HDPE) as a new substitute for the conventional adhesives in plywood manufacture. Plywood was composed of radiata pine(Pinus radiata) and Malas(Homallium feotidium) veneers and bonded by HDPE. Adhesion characteristics and anatomical scanning has been examined through tensile-shear strength test and scanning electron microscopy(SEM). The results are as follows; 1. Optimum loading quantity was 15g/
, and tensile-shear strength increased with the increase of loading quantity. 2. Even at the hot pressing time of 1 minute, tensile-shear strength met the value of KS(over the 7.5kgf/
), and tensile-shear strength increased with the increase of hot pressing time. 3. Plywood composed of veneer at moisture content of 19.6% showed similar tensile-shear strength to that at air conditioned moisture content of 11.4%. 4. Under the same condition of hot pressing time, tensile-shear strength of plywood bonded by HDPE met the KS value of boil and wet test and proved the same group as phenol formaldehyde adhesive. 5. HDPE films showed mechanical adhesion through penetration into the lathe check and ray of veneer.
Studies on the Development of Traditional Korean Golden Varnish(Hwangchil)(I) - Anatomical Characterisitics and Chemical Composition of Wood and Exudates of Hwangchil-namu(Dendropanax morbifera)-
Lim, Kie-Pyo ; Kim, Yoon-Soo ; Chung, Woo-Yang ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 3, 1997, Pages 24~28
As a way to revive the traditional technology of Korean golden varnish(Hwangchill), the exudates of D. morbifera, this study was carried out at first to investigate the anatomical characteristics and the chemical composition of D. morbifera stems and their exudates. Trees of more than 20 years old were harvested at Wando and Jejudo islands in the southwestern part of Korean peninsula during different physiological seasons of winter, spring, and summer, The results obtained are as follows: 1. In the anatomical aspect of wood, Hwangchil woods is ring-porous wood, has alternate inter-vessel pittings and horizontal intercellular canal in xylem. 2. In the chemical aspect of wood and bark, the general compositions appeared hot to differ from those of other hardwoods, and ash and alcohol-benzene extractives showed little increase with the increase of atmospheric temperature of harvesting season. 3. In the solvent-sequential extraction of bark, wood and exudate, the exudates was extracted up to 80% by ether, but the bark and wood contained a very small amount of ether extractives, about 2% in the bark and 0.5% in the xylem.
Appearance of Laccase in Wood - Rotting Fungi and Its Inducibility
Leonowicz, A. ; Gianfreda, L. ; Rogalski, J. ; Jaszek, M. ; Luterek, J. ; Wasilewska, M.W. ; Malarczyk, E. ; Dawidowicz, A. ; Fink-Boots, M. ; Ginalska, G. ; Staszczak, M. ; Cho, Nam-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 3, 1997, Pages 29~36
The Effect of Law Pressure Steam Explosion Treatment on the Improvement of Permeability in the Softwood Disks
Lee, Nam-Ho ; Hayashi, Kazuo ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 3, 1997, Pages 37~42
This study was carried out to track the heated-air flows within the tree disk through measuring the distribution of wood temperatures during explosing the 7.5mm-thick Japanese cedar disk and to investigate the effects of the time for the first explosion cycle and the number of explosion cycles on the improvement of permeability of tree disk. If the tree disk are explosed when the temperatures of the shell and core of it are not equilibrium yet, all of the inflated airs in the shell after explosion don't flow out toward the autoclave and some of them flow into the core of which the air pressures are lower than those of the shell. It is very effective for the improvement of permeability of tree disk to make the first explosion cycle when the temperatures of the shell and the core equilibrate at the setting temperature of steam in the autoclave. The more tree disks were explosed under the same conditions of first explosion, the more their permeabilities were improved.
Some Anatomical Characteristics in Tension and Opposite Woods of Quercus mongolica Fischer
Lee, Seung-Hwan ; Hwang, Won-Jung ; Kim, Nam-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 3, 1997, Pages 43~49
The lengths of fibers and vessel elements, vessel diameters, and ray spacings of tension and opposite woods in Quercus mongolica Fischer and their radial variations were examined. Crystallinity indices and crystallites orientations of tension, opposite and lateral woods were also investigated. The lengths of fibers and vessel elements, and ray spacings of tension wood were longer and denser than those of opposite wood, respectively. In the latewood, the vessels of tension wood had a little larger diameters than those of opposite wood. whereas the vessel diameters of earlywood were similar in both woods. With the exception of vessel diameters of earlywood, there were differences between tension and opposite woods in all anatomical characteristics examined. In the radial variation pattern, the fiber lengths of both woods increased markedly to about 15th annual ring and thereafter remained virtually constant. The vessel element lengths of earlywood in tension wood increased to certain annual ring and thereafter were stabilized, but opposite wood had a relatively constant trend from pith to bark. Those of late wood in both woods increased to certain annual ring and thereafter showed constant patterns. Vessel diameters appeared to show similar trend in both woods. Ray spacings decreased to about 15 annual ring and thereafter were stabilized in both woods. In the fine structures, tension wood had higher crystallinity index and better crystallites orientation than opposite and lateral woods.
Isolation and Identification of the Origins Causing the Slime Found in Pulp and Paper Making Processes
Oh, Jung-Soo ; Jo, Byoung-Muk ; Kim, Eun-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 3, 1997, Pages 50~57
The presence of slime in paper mills is practically universal. Many researches have been performed for many years to resolve the problem caused by the slime in pulp and paper mill. Many papers have been published to show the bacteria is a major cause of paper mill slime. Now that the recycling of the water has been increased and the regulations of a toxic chemical dosage have become more strengthen, the importance of the control of slime in pulp and paper mill recently has been more recognized. Therefore, to produce quality products at the lowest economic and environmental costs, a through study of the microbial ecology and the indentification of troublesome slime-forming bacteria is a quite necessary. The purpose of this paper is to indentify slime~forming bacteria isolated from the papermaking process. The samples were taken from four parts of making fine paper : machine chest, head box, wire part, white water tank. Machine chest showed the most numbers of bacteria, numbering
. The different colony types were taken from the 105 dilution plate. Nine bacteria were identified u sing the Biolog system and the vitek system: 6 gram-negative bacteria, 3 gram-positive bacteria. They are Pseudomonas paucimobilis B., Staphylococcus sp., Acinetobacter calcoaceticus., Pseudomonas cepacia, Actinobaci1lus capsulatus, Acidovorax sp., Flavobacterium sp., and Staphylococcus auricularis in addition to one unidentified sp., Among them. Pseudomonas paucimobillis was found in all places where the samples were taken. And, each parts had the different predominant bacteria in it : Pseudomonas paucimobilis B. in machine chest, Acinetobactor calcoaceticus. in Wire Part and Staphylococcus sp. in head box.
Wood Fiber-Thermoplastic Fiber Composites by Turbulent Air Mixing Process(II) - Effect of Process Variables on The Mechanical Properties of Composites -
Yoon, Hyoung-Un ; Lee, Phil-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 3, 1997, Pages 58~65
This research was carried out to evaluate the effect of process variables on mechanical properties of the wood fiber-thermoplastic fiber composites by turbulent air mixing method. The turbulent air mixer used in this experiment was specially designed in order to mix wood fiber and thermoplastic polypropylene or nylon 6 fiber, and was highly efficient in the mixing of relatively short plastic fiber and wood fiber in a short time without any trouble. The adequate hot - pressing temperature and time in our experimental condition were
and 9 minutes in 90% wood fiber - 10% polypropylene fiber composite and
and 9 minutes in 90% wood fiber 10% nylon 6 fiber composite. Both in the wood fiber - polypropylene fiber composite and wood fiber- nylon 6 fiber composite, the mechanical properties improved with the increase of density. Statistically, the density of composite appeared to function as the most significant factor in mechanical properties. Within the 5~15% composition ratios of polypropylene or nylon 6 fiber to wood fiber, the composition ratio showed no significant effect on the mechanical properties. Bending and tensile strength of composite, however, slightly increased with the increase of synthetic fiber content. The increase of mat moisture content showed no significant improvement of mechanical properties both in wood fiber - polypropylene fiber composite and wood fiber nylon 6 fiber composite. Wood fiber - nylon 6 fiber composite was superior in th mechanical strength to wood fiber-polypropylene fiber composite, which may be related to higher melt flow index of nylon 6 fiber(22g/10min) than of polypropylene fiber(4.3g/10min).
Measurement of Longitudinal Liquid Permeability Using Pressure Bomb Method
Hur, Jong-Yun ; Kang, Ho-Yang ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 3, 1997, Pages 66~74
Liquid permeabilities of red oak and several softwoods were measured by the pressure bomb method and a modified liquid permeability method in order to investigate their efficacy. The effect of preboiling and prefreezing on wood permeability were also examined for both green and resaturated specimens. Regardless of some disadvantages these two methods were revealed as a handy tool for quick evaluation of the permeability of an unknown species. The permeabilities of the resaturated specimens increased when preboiled. but decreased when prefrozen. For green specimens, however, pre freezing increased permeability. The discrepancy of the pre freezing effect on two specimens partially attributes to their difference of initial permeabilities. For all species except radiata pine heartwood, the radii of the effective capillary pores, derived from the water potential equation, distribute from
. Those of radiata pine heartwood are below
A study on the Coating Structure and Printability of Coated Paper (I) - Effect of Ionic Monomer on Paper-coating Latex Properties -
Lee, Yong-Kyu ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 3, 1997, Pages 75~82
To improve the quality of coated paper, the continuous research to the coating components and development of alternative latices is required. Recently, amphoteric latex is getting a great concern due to their changable properties of surface charge through controlling pH and some methods have been tried to prepare amphoteric latices. This study was carried out to synthesize amphoteric latex using seeding polymerization method with low concentration emulsifier. Styrene was used as a main monomer in addition to acrylonitrile for a hydrophilic comonomer. acrylic acid for a anionic comonomer and N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate for a cationic comonomer. Particle size and viscosity of latex were greatly affected by addition of acrylic acid and ammonium persulfate as an initiator. Negative charge of latex in alkali condition was changed to zero to positive charge in around pH 4.
Degradation Characteristics of Wood Cellulose by Ruminal Cellulolytic Anaerobic Bacterium Ruminococcus albus F-40
Kim, Yoon-Soo ; Wi, Seung-Gon ; Myung, Kyu-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 3, 1997, Pages 83~95
The degradation mode of lignocellulose by anaerobic ruminal cellulolytic bacterium Ruminococcus albus F-40 was investigated. Birchwood holocellulose and filter paper were incubated as the sole carbohydrate sources with using the Hungate techniques. After 2 or 4 days of incubation, samples were employed for chemical and electron microscopic evaluations. The degradation rate of cellulosic substrates and the adhesion rate of bacteria to the substrates increased proportionally with the decrease of relative crystallinity of cellulose, indicating the preferential breakdown of amorphous cellulose, by this bacterium. X-ray diffraction analyses and polarized light microscopy showed, however, that crystalline cellulose was also degraded by R. albus. FT-IR spectra indicated that not only cellulose but hemicellulose was also degraded by this bacterium. Electron microscopic investigations showed the protuberant structures on the surface of R. albus. These structures were much more significant when bacterial cells were grown in the media containing insoluble substrates, such as cellulose, indicating clearly that bacterial protuberant structures were induced by the substrates. Protuberant structures extended from the bacterial cells adhered tightly to the substrates and numerous vesicles covered the surface of cellulosic substrates affected. Cellulosome-like structures were distributed on the cellulose matrix. Electron microscopic works showed that diverse surface organells of R. albus were involved in the degradation of cellulosic materials. SEM examinations showed the breakdown of cellulose by R. albus was proceeded by severeal routes : short fiber formation, defibrillation and destrafication of cellulose microfibril.
A Development of Manufacturing Process of Wooden Footpath Block to Reuse of Wood Waste
Park, Hee-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 3, 1997, Pages 96~104
The objective of this research project was to develop the wooden footpath block to reuse of wood waste. Some physical and mechanical properties of the wooden block such as water absorption, thickness swelling, modulus of rupture, internal bond, density profile and impact resistance were studied. Water absorption and thickness swelling of the wooden block were greatly reduced when the wooden block was pressed inside the forming device than by conventional hot pressing. Also, Modulus of rupture and internal bond of the wooden block were increased greatly when the pressing was completed inside the forming device. The density profile of the wooden block was improved up to 93.5%, minimum to average density ratio. The wooden block manufactured in this study have excellent physical and mechanical prperties in comparison with existing wood based materials. So, these wooden blocks are applicable to footpth block or other exterior members.