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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Wood Science Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
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Studies on the Extractives of Abies koreana Wilson - Concerned with Lignans -
Kim, Yun-Geun ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 4, 1997, Pages 1~9
The Abies koreana Wilson has been unique species of Korea and has not been clearly investigated about lignans of extractives. This studies have been carried out from the isolation and determination of lignans from alcoholic extractives in its xylem. Six lignans were isolated and their structures were determined by spectroscopic methods. They were two new compounds, (+)-koreslactol and (-)koreanol and four known compounds, lariciresinol p-coumarate, (+)-todolactol C, (-)-
-intermedianol, and (+)-pinoresinol.
Studies on the Coating Structure and Printability of Coated Paper(II) - Effect of Ionic Groups of Latices on Coating Structure -
Lee, Yong-Kyu ; Park, Kyu-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 4, 1997, Pages 10~16
This study was carried out to improve coating structure by controlling the electrostatic interaction of coating components and by changing the coating structure of coated paper prepared with amphoteric and anionic latices. The results indicated that amphoteric latex copolymerized with carboxylic and amine groups had stronger interaction with other coating components than anionic latex with branched carboxylic group by controlling pH. These properties of amphoteric latex showed positive effects on viscosity rheology, and supernatant sediment of coating color. The coated paper using amphoteric latex had also produced more porous and smoother coverage of the coating layer than that using anionic latex. This porous and smooth coating layer showed better optical properties and printability than those of anionic latex such as opacity, porosity, ink set-off, and wet ink receptivity.
A Studies on Wallpaper Making Using Hanji(II) - Making and Properties of Hanji Wallpaper -
Yoon, Seung-Lak ; Jo, Hyun-Jin ; Park, Sang-Bum ; Kim, Jae-Kyeong ; Kim, Sa-Ick ; Kim, Hyo-Joo ; Lee, Moon-Hee ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 4, 1997, Pages 17~21
This study was carried out to develop the manufacturing technique of Korean paper(Hanji) and find out new uses of machine-made Hanji produced on a a large scale by paper machine. Six kinds of Hanji were made and laminated with backpaper by acryl-based or vinyl acetate ethylene-based adhesive. Six kinds of wallpapers were made such as WH 1, WH 2-1, WH 2-2, WH 3-1, WH 3-2 and WH 4. Physical properties and quality test on the wallpapers were examined. Physical strength of the wallpapers was better than each strength of the Hanji and backpaper. It might be a roll of adhesive. And so, Production cost of the Hanji could be brought down if the Hanji was made thin to get strength not enough to cut during lamination of two papers(Hanji and backpaper). Hanji wallpapers of WH 3-1 and WH 4 are lower than a standard in sunlight resistance and WH 1 is in properties of opacity. WH 2-1, WH 2-2 and WH 3-2 were better than Korean standard in some quality tests. WH 2-2 and WH 3-2 were superior to other wallpapers as a whole. About, twenty kinds of wallpapers with surface treatment, are now being produced on the basis of these two types of wallpapers.
The Characteristics of Far-infrared Radiation Drying of Decorative Veneer
Lee, Nam-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 4, 1997, Pages 22~28
This research was carried out to obtain the fundamental data for the development of the technology and practical use of far-infrared radiation(IR) drying of quarter-sliced decorative veneers of walnut and red oak. The average drying rates of IR drying were about one and half to four times those of kiln drying and this tendency was prominent in thin veneer. The end wavinesses of the IR-dried veneers were smaller than those of kiln-dried veneers. These were largely recovered by the cold treatments after drying. The consumed electric power for IR drying was about one-fifth to two-fifthes compared to that for kiln drying.
Studies on Wood-based Composite Panel with Waste Tire - Properties of Composite Boards in Relation to Hot Pressing Conditions -
Lee, Weon-Hee ; Park, Sang-Jin ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 4, 1997, Pages 29~38
The effect and control of wood property of reconstituted composite panels for improved board properties by wood-waste materials and development of combination method for heterogeneous materials have been of interest to the wood science researchers. The purpose of this study is to consider the properties in relation to hot pressing conditions and to develope the optimum hot pressing condition with waste wood and waste tire for the manufacturing of composite boards. The study of composite boards for recycling of wood and waste tire is nothing up to the present. Physical and mechanical properties such as specific gravity, moisture content, swelling coefficient, modulus of rupture and modulus of elasticity in bending test were studied. The condition of 3-stage press time for the lowest moisture content of composite board was
minutes. Specific gravity of composite panels was affected mainly by the amount of rubber chip. Because of the low rigidity and high elasticity in rubber chip, it is considered the composite panel was adequate material in the place of compression load, but not bending load. Therefore, it was concluded that a use of rubber-based wood composite panel is proper to the interior materials such as floor a room than exterior materials. From the test results, the most optimum hot pressing conditions were
minutes for 3-stage press time and
for 3-stage press pressure. The rubber-based wood composite panel was very excellent in elasticity by combination of rubber chip in comparison with existing other wood-based materials. Therefore, it was considered that rubber-based wood composites can be applicable to every interior materials such as floor a room and will be expected to effective reuse and recycle of waste tires and wood-waste materials, and will be contribute to protection of environment pollution in earth.
A Study on the Distortion of Radiata Pine Plywood
Oh, Seung-Won ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 4, 1997, Pages 39~44
Conversion of Woody Biomass for Utilization(II) - Preparation of Dissolving Pulp by Solvolysis from Woody Biomass -
Yang, Jae-Kyung ; Lim, Bu-Kug ; Chang, Jun-Pok ; Lee, Jong-Yoon ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 4, 1997, Pages 45~50
This research was studied for dissolving pulp preparation as the raw material of viscose rayon from woody biomass by solvolysis pretreatment. In the change of pulp characteristic after solvolysis pretreatment, the following results were obtained. In the case of solvolysis pretreatment, we have obtained pulp that high purity cellulose, and degree of polymerization was inclined to decrease less than 440 on the phosphoric acid as catalyst. Comparing phosphoric acid and formic acid as catalyst in the solvolysis pretreatment, using on formic acid catalyst is superior to phosphoric acid catalyst for making dissolving pulp.
The Characteristics of Vacuum Drying Heated by Hot Plates for the Thinned Logs and Pillars of Korean Pine
Jung, Hee-Suk ; Lee, Nam-Ho ; Park, Jung-Hwan ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 4, 1997, Pages 51~60
We investigated the characteristics of air-and vacuum-drying heated by hot plates for 8~14cm-diameter logs or 6~12cm-thick pillars of Pinus koraiensis. And we evaluated the effects of longitudinal kerf and vacuum drying heated by hot plates. The vacuum drying times from green to 10.9~18.6% MC were 15 days, and these times were one-fifth compared to the air-drying times. The longitudinal kerfing had no significant, effect on drying rates during both air-drying and vacuum drying. But drying defects such as surface checks and V-shaped cracks were effectively prevented during air-drying and vacuum drying by longitudinal kerfing. The vacuum drying was more advantageous than air-drying for preventing of surface checks, end checks and V-shaped cracks, and especially, the vacuum dried pillars with longitudinal kerf were almost free from drying defects. In accelerated weathering conditions the resin did not exude for all specimens.
Improvement of Bending Performances by Sloped Finger-Joint Method in Pinus densiflora S. et Z. (I)
Byeon, Hee-Seop ; Park, Han-Min ; Kim, Jong-Man ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 4, 1997, Pages 61~67
The bending performances of sloped finger-joints in Pinus densiflora S. et Z. were tested in order to improve the strength properties of finger-joint Sloped finger-cut pieces were jointed with four kinds of adhesives(resorcinol-phenol, oilic urethane, polyvinyl acetate, and polyvinyl-acryl acetate resin). The slope ratios of finger joints were 0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0. The MOE, MOR and defletion to maximum load in bending of sloped finger-joints and solid wood specimen were measured. The results were: 1. The efficiencies of MOE to finger and sloped finger-joints were 82% or greater in every kind of adhesives except polyvinyl-acryl acetate resin adhesive and there were some effect of slope on the MOE in a sloped finger-joint for polyvinyl-acryl acetate and oilic urethane resin adhesives. 2. The effects of slope on the MOR to sloped finger-joints were showed in every kind of adhesive, because the efficiencies of MOR increased with increasing slope ratio in sloped finger-joints. The efficiencies of MOR to slope ratios of 0 and 2.0 ranged 43~65% and 76~82%, respectively. There was almost no effect of the kinds of adhesives on the MOR to the slope ratio of 2.0. 3. It was found impossible to estimate the bending strength of sloped finger-jointed Pinus densiflora S. et Z. by using MOE. The correlation coefficient(0.124) between MOE and MOR was very low and not significant at 5% level.
Conversion of Woody Biomass for Utilization(III) - The Preparation of Dissolving Pulp by Oxygen·Alkali Method from Exploded Wood -
Lim, Bu-Kug ; Yang, Jae-Kyung ; Lee, Jong-Yoon ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 4, 1997, Pages 68~74
This research was studied dissolving pulp for rayon production, which is not KP, SP methods but steam explosion and oxygen alkali treatment. The variation of characterization in wood cellulose after steam explosion and oxygen alkali treatment this follows. In the oxygen alkali treatment of exploded pine wood, yield of dissolving pulp was lower than steam-exploded oak wood, and we have obtained dissolving pulp that high purity cellulose, but degree of polymerization was inclined to decrease less than 200. In the case of steam-exploded oak wood, degree of polymerization was higher than steam-exploded pine wood but purity of cellulose was lower than its.
Effects of Laser Parameters and Workpiece Conditions on Cutting Characteristics of Solid Wood and Wood-based Panel(I) - Cutting Depths and Kerf Widths -
Sim, Jae-Hyeon ; Jung, Hee-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 4, 1997, Pages 75~91
Laser cutting tests were conducted to investigate the laser cutting characteristics of solid woods such as 25mm-thick white oak(Quercus acutissima) and maple(Acer mono), and wood-based panels such as 15mm-thick medium density fiberboard and particleboard. Test variables were laser power, cutting speed, grain direction, and moisture content. Cutting depths, kerf widths and the maximum cutting speed were measured. Cutting depths were increased as focus of laser beam was moving from above the workpiece to on the surface of workpiece, and also to below the workpiece. Kerf widths were decreased as focus of laser beam was moving from above the workpiece to on the surface of workpiece, but were increased as focus of laser beam was moving from on the surface of workpiece to below the workpiece. Minimum kerf widths were obtained when focus of laser beam was positioned on the surface of workpiece. Cutting depths and kerf widths were decreased with increase in moisture content, and cutting depths and kerf widths of more dense white oak were smaller than those of maple. And also cutting depths and kerf widths of particleboard were smaller than those of medium density fiberboard.
Studies on Utilization of Chitosan for Fixation of Copper Compound in Wood Preservative Treatment
Lee, Jong-Shin ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 4, 1997, Pages 92~98
To make good use of chitosan forming complex with heavy metals in wood preservative treatment, woods impregnated with chitosan and copper sulfate were prepared. Amounts of leached copper, decay resistance, anti-mold efficacy, iron corrosion rates, moisture regain rates and degradation pattern in chitosan pre-treated and untreated wood were compared. After leaching test, amounts of leached copper from chitosan pre-treated wood had a much smaller than chitosan untreated wood, and good decay resistance was retained even after leaching test. From these results, it was proved that chitosan-copper complex formed in wood played and important role for decay durability. In chitosan pre-treated wood, damage values by test molds became remarkably smaller, but the growth of test molds was not perfectly inhibited. Distinct differences in iron corrosion rates between chitosan pre-treated and untreated woods was not recognized but chitosan pre-treated wood showed the lower moisture regain rates than chitosan untreated wood because of water insoluble chitosan membrane formed in wood. After leaching test, the tracheid walls in the wood treated with 2.0% copper sulfate only were eroded by the fungal attacks, but those in the wood pre-treated with chitosan remained almost intact.
Effects of Drying Temperature on Internal Temperature, Drying Rate and Drying Defects for Japanese Larch in High-Temperature Drying
Lee, June-Ho ; Jung, Hee-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 25, issue 4, 1997, Pages 99~107
This study was executed to test the possibility of replacement for domestic Japanese larch(Larix leptolepis) for hardwoods and to acquire the information about the effects of drying temperature on internal temperature, moisture content and drying defects. In high-temperature drying, internal temperature increased rapidly to boiling point, immediately after that point the internal temperature rising rate was reduced. In the case of drying at temperature of
, internal temperature could reach at boiling point in a very short time. Moisture content in high-temperature drying showed constant drying rate period and first period of falling rate drying together in 4 hours since experiment begun. There was no strong correlation between initial moisture content and final moisture content. Average drying rate at
was 1.42%/hr, 1.88%/hr and 2.02%/hr, respectively; the case of drying temperature of
showed most rapid drying rate. Drying rate of
was so rapid that it showed more severe shrinkage, bow, collapse, end check, and internal check development than in other drying conditions. The result of this study showed the strong possibility of high-temperature drying for Japanese larch, and to dry Japanese larch optimally, dry bulb temperature should not exceed