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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Wood Science Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 6 - Nov 2009
Volume 37, Issue 5 - Sep 2009
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Jul 2009
Volume 37, Issue 3 - May 2009
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Mar 2009
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Jan 2009
Selecting the target year
Development of Oriented Strand Board from Acacia Wood (Acacia mangium Willd): Effect of Pretreatment of Strand and Adhesive Content on the Physical and Mechanical Properties of OSB
Febrianto, Fauzi ; Royama, Lincah Ida ; Hidayat, Wahyu ; Bakar, Edi S. ; Kwon, Jin-Heon ; Kim, Nam-Hun ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 37, issue 2, 2009, Pages 121~127
Acacia wood (Acacia mangium Willd.) is the most popular fast growing tree species planted in timber estate in Indonesia and is considered to be very valuable raw materials for structural composite products. The objective of the research was to evaluate the properties of OSB prepared from A. Mangium wood with or without immersing the strands to hot water at 80
for 2 hours. MDI adhesive was used in 3 levels i.e., 3%, 5%, and 7%. The moisture content of strand was 7%. The results indicated that immersing strands in hot water for 2 hours at 80
prior to manufacture OSB improved significantly the mechanical peoperties (i.e., MOR and MOE) of OSB. The higher the adhesive content resulted in the better the dimensional stabilisation (i.e., water absorption and thickness swelling) and the mechanical properties (i.e., MOR, MOE and IB) of OSB. OSB prepared from hot-water immersed strands with 5% adhesive content has met all parameters requirement on the JIS A 5908 (2003) standard.
Characterization of Radial Stress in Curved Beams
Oh, Sei-Chang ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 37, issue 2, 2009, Pages 128~136
Curved glued laminated timber (glulam) is rapidly coming into the domestic modern timber frame buildings and predominant in building construction. The radial stress is frequently occurred in curved beams and is a critical design parameter in curved glulam. Three models, Wilson equation, Exact solution and Approximation equation were introduced to determine the radial stress of curved glulam under pure bending condition. It is obvious that radial stress distribution between small radius and large radius was different due to slight change of neutral plane location to center line. If the beam design with extremely small radius, it should be considered to determine the exact location of maximum radial stress. The current standard KSF 3021 was reviewed and would be considered some adjustment determining the optimum radius in curved glulam. Current design principle is that the stress factor is given by the curvature term only in constant depth of the beam, but like tapered or small radius of beams, the stress factor by Wilson equation was underestimated. So current design formula should be considered to improvement for characterizing the radial stress factor under pure bending condition.
Changes of Distribution Coefficients of Cu, Cr, and As in Different Soil Matrix in a Laboratory Scale
Kang, Sung-Mo ; Ra, Jong-Bum ; Kim, Suk-Kuwon ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 37, issue 2, 2009, Pages 137~140
Chromated copper arsenate (CCA), a long history of successful preservative, have raised environmental concerns. Adsorption characteristics of domestic soils for chromium, copper, and arsenic were assessed by measuring distribution coefficient (
) values of these metal components in a laboratory scale. The results revealed that
values were higher in chromium, followed by arsenic and copper in soil matrix. Different soil matrixes resulted in varying mobilities of CCA components. The values of
for all three metals increased with organic matter contents. The results suggest that the mobility of metal components may be very limited to the surface area adjacent to CCA-treated wood due to their fairly large distribution coefficient (
). However, the metal components would be persistent and accumulated in the soil, resulting in high chemical concentration in service area of treated wood.
A Study on the Distribution and Time Dependent Change of Wood Temperature by Solar Radiation
Xu, Hui-Lan ; Kang, Wook ; Chung, Woo-Yang ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 37, issue 2, 2009, Pages 141~147
The fluctuation of physical properties in wood or wood composites is an important subject when the materials in building and construction. Sorption and desorption occur in wood when exposed to the open air, and the temperature distribution in wood can fluctuate as a result of changes in environmental temperature, solar radiation, humidity, and wind velocity. In this study, the temperature difference and fluctuation caused by outdoor environment among different wood species were analyzed using a numerical method. The effect on the process of heat transfer in wood caused by environmental factors was investigated using 1-dimensional partial differential equation with real boundary and initial conditions. The experimental data have been used to check the accuracy of programming code. Through analysis, it was found out that density and moisture content have a negative effect on thermal diffusivity of wood.
Field Application of an Ultrasonic Testing for Reconstructing CT Images of Wooden Columns
Lee, Sang-Joon ; Park, Chun-Young ; Kim, Kwang-Mo ; Lee, Jun-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 37, issue 2, 2009, Pages 148~154
This research examined the applicability of using an ultrasonic test to reconstruct CT images of an ancient wooden building. Most of the columns in the building are severely deteriorated due to termite attacks or the effect of weathering. Ultrasonic CT images of the columns were used to create highly accurate digital reconstructions, despite a lack of the data caused by parts of the building walls being buried. Another semi-NDE technique, a drilling test based on resistography, was applied in order to verify the ultrasonic test results. The discrepancy in detection between two methods is believed to be due to the fundamental differences between two methods. The performance of the ultrasonic test was hindered by poor surface conditions and this technique tended to over-estimate the size of cavities produced by termites or other insects. Nevertheless, the deterioration detected was in many ways congruent with the drilling test results.
Thermal behavior of Flame Retardant Filled PLA-WF Bio-Composites
Choi, Seung-Woo ; Lee, Byoung-Ho ; Kim, Hyun-Joong ; Kim, Hee-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 37, issue 2, 2009, Pages 155~163
This study examined the thermal stability of PLA-WF bio-composites. Wood flour (WF)-filled PLA bio-composites were reinforced with the flame retardants, Melamine pyrophosphate (MPP), resorcinol bis (diphenyl phosphate) (RDP) and zinc borate (ZB). The flame retardant was compounded with PLA and natural biodegradable filler. The thermal properties of the biodegradable polymer and bio-composites reinforced with the flame retardant were measured and analyzed by DSC, DMA and TGA. The results showed that the flame retardant-reinforced biodegradable bio-composite exhibited improved thermal properties.
Phenolic Compounds from the Bark of Acer barbinerve Max
Kwon, Dong-Joo ; Bae, Young-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 37, issue 2, 2009, Pages 164~170
The bark of Acer barbinerve was extracted with 70% aqueous acetone and the organic extracts were concentrated to small volume using rotary evaporator and then fractionated successively with n-hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and water. The chromatographic separation of ethyl acetate soluble fraction led to the isolation of five phenolic compounds. By means of spectroscopic method, the structures of these compounds were identified to methyl gallate (1), methyl gallate-4-O-
-D-glucose (2), (+)-catechin (3), (-)-epicatechin (4) and (-)-epicatechin-3-O-gallate (5). These compounds (1-5) have not been reported in this plant yet.
Quercetin Glycosides from Bark of Maple (Acer komarovii Pojark.)
Kwon, Dong-Joo ; Bae, Young-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 37, issue 2, 2009, Pages 171~176
The chemical constituents of Acer komarovii Pojark. which belongs to Aceraceae has never been reported. The bark of A. komarovii was extracted with 70% aqueous acetone, and the concentrated extract was successively partitioned with n-hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and
. From the ethyl acetate soluble fraction, four compounds were isolated by the repeated Sephadex LH-20 and RP C-18 column chromatography. From the results of spectroscopic methods including FAB-MS, 1D and 2D NMR, the structures of the compounds were determined as quercetin (1), guaijaverin (2), hirsutrin (3) and hyperin (4). These compounds (1-4) have not been reported in this tree yet.