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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Wood Science Technology
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Mar 1976
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Study on chemical properties of Pinus koraiensis Sieb. et Zucc. resin
Kang, Ha-Young ; Hwang, Byung-Ho ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 4, issue 1, 1976, Pages 3~7
This is to reveal the chemical properties of resin of Pinus koraiensis Sieb. et Zvcc, and to give the basic data to resin chemistry and resin processing field. Its results are given; 1) Acid value was shown as 134.12 2) Saponification value was shown as 172.72 3) Iodine value was shown as 109.93 and therefore, it is considered as semi-boiled oil. 4) Ester value was shown as 41.60 5) Moisture content was shown as 11.28% 6) The impurities of resin was shown as 0.09% 7) The amount of turpentine oil was shown as 23.29% 8) Rosin content was shown as 76.74% 9) The amount of resin acid was shown as 72.33% 10) Unsaponification matter was shown as 4.41% 11) The refractive index of resin was shown as 1.5045 at
Study on the shrinkage properties of commercial hardwoods
Kim, Young-Suk ; Lee, Won-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 4, issue 1, 1976, Pages 8~14
The capacity of wood to shrinkage is very important as the basis data for wood industry but there is no such data available as yet in Korea. So this article, as a study on forest biological, were made to determine the shrinkage properties of commercial hardwoods in Korea. The results of this study were as follows; 1) There are much difference of hardwoods shrinkage, generally values of heavy wood's shrinkage were larger than that of light wood's shrinkage. 2) The arithmetic; mean values of hardwoods shrinkage were respectively 9.03% on tangential, 4.09% on radial and 0.37% on longitudinal direction and its ratio of at : ar : al was appeared to be 10 : 5.5 : 0.4 3) Average shrinkage per 1% of moisture content was different due to the direction and species. 4) According to the increase of specific gravity the values of shrinkage increased. 5) It was recognized that the shrinkage of hardwoods had a tendency to decrease as increase of annual ring width of wood. 6) The shrinkage of tangential direction was in propertion to the shrinkage of radial direction
Study on the check by static driving nail in softwood
Shim, Sang-Ro ; Kim, Su-Chang ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 4, issue 1, 1976, Pages 15~20
This is the abstract of the study on the check by static driving nail in Pinus koraiensis Sieb. et Zucc., Abies holophylla Maximowicz, and Larix leptolepis Gordon Pinet. which are commercial woods and main forestation species in Korea. The static driving resistance of nail is decresed straightly and the surface and back check's length and width were increased in proportion to increase of the moisture content, but the surface check length and width were over twice as large as the back check, also the check were happened in order of Pinus koraiensis Sieb. et Zucc., Abies holophylla Maximowicz., and Larix leptolepis Gordon Pinet. As the driving nail speed was increased, surface check length and width were increased and the back check was over twice as large as the surface check.
Effect of active alkali concentration on the delignification of Larch UKP
Won, Jong-Myoung ; Jo, Byoung-Muk ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 4, issue 1, 1976, Pages 21~27
This study was carried out in order to obtain the effect of active alkali concentration. Sulfidity 25%, maximum temperature 170
, cooking time 3hrs., liquor to wood ratio 5 : 1 in the kraft cooking conditions were maintained. Active alkali concentration were varied at intervals of 3% between 12% and 24%. The rates of de lignification increased with an increase in active alkali concentration and beatability, brightness, and strength of pulp also improved. The total pulp yield trand to decrease with an increase of active alkali concentration. The maximum screened pulp yield were obtained between 18% and 21% A.A.. Therefore, the optimum active alkali concentration was 18~21%.
A study on the extension of urea-formaldehyde resin plywood
Kim, Yong-Jae ; Kim, Eun-Seop ; Lee, Phil-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 4, issue 1, 1976, Pages 28~32
This study was carried out to know the adaptability of barley flour, potato flour and white ash as extender and filler of urea-formaldehyde resin for plywood as a substitute material of wheat flour. The extenders and filler used at this study were extended by several groups of percentages. Shear strength, moisture contents, and specific gravities were compared among tested groups. The results obtained are summarized as follows. 1) Wet and dry shear strength of plywoods extended by 10% barley flour, 30% potato flour, and wheat flours were shown better results than non extended plywoods. 2) There was no significant difference between plywoods extended until 50% barley flours and non extended plywoods. 3) Shear strength of plywoods extended by 50% potato and 100% barley flours were shown worse result than non extended. 4) Dry and wet shear strength of plywoods extended by white ash were shown worst result. 5) The plywoods extended by potato flours were shown not only better shear strength, but also considered more profitable cost for extending.
A study on the effects of the sawdust addition on the quality of particle board
Park, Soo-Kyong ; Seo, Moon-Bae ; Lee, Phil-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 4, issue 1, 1976, Pages 33~37
This experiment was carried out to study the effects affecting to particle board quality by the mixed use of sawdust abandoning as the sawmill residues. The obtained results at this study are summarized as follows: 1) There was no significance in bending strength between 5% sawdust addition and non mixed particleboard. 2) The water absorption was increased as accordance with adding more sawdust. When the boards were mixed with sawdust until 20% the differences were shown among the test boards. 3) There was no differences between the moisture contents and also specific gravities between the comparated boards. There was no difference between the boards mixed with 5% sawdust and non mixed boards.
A study on the properties of plywoods constructed by sycamore. poplar and lauan veneers
Yoo, Hae-Guan ; Yim, Won-Soon ; Lee, Phil-Woo ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 4, issue 1, 1976, Pages 38~47
This study was carried out to exploit and utilize American sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) and poplar grown in Korea as veneer species for plywood manufacture. At this study to save the imported lauan logs and dollars, the effects affecting to the properties of plywood constructed by sycamore, poplar and lauan veneers were studied. Important items dealt with this study were dry and wet shear strength, moisture content, and specific gravities By the results and discussion it may be summarized as followings. 1) Sycamore core lauan plywood (A-II type) was shown best dry shear strength, and the next were all lauan veneer plywood (A-I type), poplar core lauan plywood (B-I type), lauan core sycamore plywood (A-III type) in order. There are no differences between dry shear strength of A-II type and A-I type, A-II type and B-I type plywood. 2) Wet shear strength showed the same order with dry shear strength. A-II type plywood showed best wet shear strength and it showed more difference than other plwoods. A-I type, B-I type and A-III type plywood were all very good without significant difference in wet shear strength. 3) B-I type plywood showed highest moisture content of all type plywood and the next were all sycamore(A-IV type) all poplar plywood (B-III type), A-III type, B-II type, A-II type pllywood in order. Generally high moisture content showed when two or three veneers were same species in the three layer plywood. 4) A-III type plywood showed highest specific gravity of all and the next was A-IV type plywood without a difference to A-I type plywood on the whole. plywoods constructed by lauan and sycamore were shown high specific gravities and the next was lauan, sycamore and poplar, lauan and poplar. It seemed to be that connected wi th the specific gravity of veneer itself in different species. 5) The plywood manufactured by extension of potato flour is not only superior but also profitable in the price aspect than the plywood manufactured by extension of wheat flour.
Study on the course of air-drying of red pine and Italian poplar boards
An, Soo-Gu ; Lim, Hyuk-Dong ; Jung, Hee-Suk ;
Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology, volume 4, issue 1, 1976, Pages 48~53
This Study was carried out to investigate the course of air-drying and drying defects of red pine (Pinus densiflora S. et Z.) and Italian poplar (Populus eurameriana I-476) boards 1,2 and 3cm thick in the flat pile. The results are as follows. 1. Air-drying curves for red pine and Italian poplar boards were same as figure 1 and 2. These moisture contents were lower in July and August during seasoning periods. 2. Air drying time of red pine board required to dry 15 percent moisture content in one week for 1 cm board, five weeks for 2 cm board and six weeks for 3cm board respectively. In case of Italian poplar boards, in one week for 1 cm board, four weeks for 2 cm and five weeks for 3 cm board. The thickness of board influenced the time for air drying. 3. Drying defects such as checking, warping and staining happened badly in pine than in Italian poplar boards. Especially, checking was severe in thicker board and warping in thinner board.