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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Ocean and Polar Research
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Journal DOI :
Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
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Macroalgal Flora of Maxwell Bay, King George Island, Antarctica: I. Chlorophyta, Chrysophyta and Phaeophyta
Kim, Ji-Hee ; Chung, Ho-Sung ; Oh, Yoon-Sik ; Lee, In-Kyu ;
Ocean and Polar Research, volume 23, issue 3, 2001, Pages 209~221
Taxonomic composition of marine benthic algal flora was investigated in an Antarctic bay. Specimens of chlorophyte, chrysophyte and phaeophyte were collected and examined over the period from January 1988 to January 1995 from Maxwell Bay, King George Island. A total of 19 genera and 23 species (7 chlorophytes, 1 chrysophyte and 15 phaeophytes) were identified and described. A chlorophyte Lambia antarctica (Skottsberg) Delepine and a phaeophyte Alethocladus corymbosus (Dickie) Sauvageau were recorded in Maxwell Bay for the first time. Taxonomic keys for the chlorophytes and the phaeophytes were also provided.
A Model-generated Circulation in the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea: I. Depth-mean Flow Fields
Jung, Kyung-Tae ; Kang, Hyoun-Woo ; So, Jae-Kwi ; Lee, Ho-Jin ;
Ocean and Polar Research, volume 23, issue 3, 2001, Pages 223~242
This paper presents the depth-mean monthly variation in the circulation of the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea computed using a robust diagnostic model. The mixed three-dimensional finite-difference Galerkin function model developed by Lee et at. (2000, 2001) has been extended to take into account baroclinic effects and then used to calculate the depth-mean flow fields as part of the results. In addition to M2 tide and oceanic flows previously considered, the model has been driven by the monthly mean wind stresses from Na and Seo (1998), the density gradient calculated based on by GDEM data set released by US Navy. Model results are very encouraging in that many of observed features including Jeju Cyclonic Gyre and frontal eddies along the shelfside of the Kuroshio main stream and west of Kyushu, are satisfactorily reproduced and are expected to be of value in interpreting observations in various oceanograhic disciplines.
Seasonal Variation of Phytoplankton and Zooplankton Communities in the Coastal Waters off Tongyeong in Korea
Lee, Jin-Hwan ; Chae, Jin-Ho ; Kim, Won-Rok ; Jung, Seung-Won ; Kim, Jong-Man ;
Ocean and Polar Research, volume 23, issue 3, 2001, Pages 245~253
To investigate the community structures and the their seasonal variation of phytoplankton and zooplankton, a study was conducted at 6 selected stations during the period from April 1999 to October 2000 in the marine ranching ground off Tongyeong. One hundred ninety species of phytoplankton were identified, including 146 diatoms, 38 dinoflagellates, 4 silicoflagellates and 2 euglenophytes. Phytoplankton standing crops varied extensively by months and stations, ranging from
. The dominant species varied from the vertical distribution as well as seasonal changes. In April and July 1999, Skeletonema costatum and Ceratium fusus were predominant in both the surface and the bottom water columns. Leptocylindrus danicus was the dominant species in April and June 2000, and Thalassiosira spp. were also predominant in bottom waters in June 2000. Pseudonitzschia pungens and Chaetoceros spp. were the dominant species at both surface and near bottom waters in August and October 2000, respectively. Zooplankton abundance was comparatively high in April and July in 1999, and April, June, and October in 2000, but extremely low in November 1999. The density of dominant zooplankton was higher in 2000 than in 1999. Copepods were the most predominant group except for July 1999 when the bivalve larvae showed extremely high abundance. Acartia omorii and Oithona similis were the dominant or subdominant copepod species mainly in April 2000, and June/July, while O. davisae and O. plumifera had peaks in August and October 2000. Corycaeus affinis and Paracalanus sp. also showed higher peaks in April and June (or July), even though they occurred in all sampling time. Centropages abdominalis occurred abundantly only in April 1999. Oikopleura dioica, a gelatinous zooplankton, was another important zooplankton, showing high density in all samples except in July 1999.
Development of Benthic Community on an Artificial Reef Complex, Jeju Island, Korea
Yi, Soon-Kil ; Huh, Hyung-Tack ; Je, Jong-Geel ; Kim, Dae-Gwen ;
Ocean and Polar Research, volume 23, issue 3, 2001, Pages 255~264
Development process of benthic community on experimental substrata attached on a newly installed artificial reef complex in Jeju Island was observed for 27 months from 1992 to 1994. Among 34 species of algae and 64 species of zoobenthos obtained from the study, Ecklonia cava dominated with a maximum biomass of about
. It was able to smother the other animals, however it provided a new substrate for the new settlers. Opportunistic bryzoans such as Likenopora radiata and Dexiospira spirillum occurred during the early stage were substituted by poriferans, banacles and other bryzoans. Young barnacles were smothered by bryozoans, on the contrary, bryozoans were bulldozed by adult barnacles. No apparent differences have been observed between vertically and horizontally installed substrates in terms of species composition and biomass during the early stage of succession. Thereafter owing to the rapid growth of E. cava, the horizontal substrata carried on a higher biomass while the vertical showed a higher coverage. The benthic process on the experimental substrata can be classified into three stages: initial stage, build up stage and regulatory stage. Important mechanisms involved were canopying of E. cava, suffocation by bryozoans and poriferans, and bulldozing of adult barnacles.
The Sociopolitical Economics of Marine Ranching Program in Korea
Park, Seong-Kwae ;
Ocean and Polar Research, volume 23, issue 3, 2001, Pages 265~277
This paper aims at overviewing Korean fisheries profile with a view on why Korean fisheries need marine ranching program as a new fisheries paradigm - a community-based co-management approach and drawing some policy implications from the advanced experience in fisheries. The aims of community-based co-management approach as a planned approach can be set out under the planning objectives of efficiency and equity. In this context Tongyeong marine ranching program is an important government-sponsored pilot enterprise. Experiences in the advanced fisheries such as Canadian Snow-Crab case suggest that in order to be successful for marine ranching be successful it is necessary that (i) there should be high-value species, (ii) property right should be established, (iii) there should be the reasonable number of participants involved, (iv) the participants and the government should be able to share resource enhancement/management/utilization responsibilities and associated fisheries management expenses. Among these, management cost sharing based on the practical partnership between fishing communities and government is of particular importance because the government must have a full responsibility for all ranching program expenditure unless revenues sufficient to guarantee reasonable income and to share management cost are generated from the ranching business.
A Preliminary Study on the Growth and Feeding of Rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli, in Illuminated Sea Cages
Park, Chul-Won ; Kim, Min-Suk ; Park, Yong-Joo ; Kim, Jong-Man ;
Ocean and Polar Research, volume 23, issue 3, 2001, Pages 279~284
The natural high productivity of temperate coastal waters in Korea can be used in advantage to reduce the feed costs for the cage-cultured marine carnivorous fish species. By using the night-lights methods an alternative of supplementary feeding strategy can be offered to the cage farmers and maintain sound environmental conditions that could enhance maximum sustainable yields. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of night-lights which shown positive results on feeding and growth in sea cage cultured rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli. The study showed that for the water around overhead illuminated sea cage, higher zooplankton density was observed at night than during the daytime. Increased amounts of for-age, evidenced by stomach content analyses were observed in the early evening, but decreased amounts were observed in the morning and afternoon. That is, feeding activities of the fish were most intensive from midnight to dawn. In a three month feeding experiment, the results showed that night-lighted groups were superior to groups with the highest feeding efficient. This study suggested that the evidence that night-lights superimposed on only day-lights enhance growth of rockfish in sea cages during summer and winter, with timing of exposure affecting growth of juvenile fish. The capability to control the feeding behavior of marine life via manipulation and external stimuli could considerably benefit the advancement of sea cage aquaculture in coastal areas.
Anaesthetic Tolerance of Juvenile Black Rockfish Sebastess schlegeli, Produced for Wild Stock Enhancement
Son, Maeng-Hyun ; Park, Min-Woo ; Myeong, Jeong-In ; Kim, Dae-Jung ; Kim, Byoung-Hak ; Jo, Q-Tae ; Jeon, Im-Gi ;
Ocean and Polar Research, volume 23, issue 3, 2001, Pages 285~290
The strength of juvenile black rockfish, Sebastes schlegeli, raised in different hatcheries for wild stock enhancement was evaluated in terms of resistance to an anesthetizing agent, tricaine methane-sulfonate (MS-222), and exposure to drying. The working dosage of MS-222 varied significantly with fish size and hatchery population. Smaller fish were less resistant to the chemical than larger ones. MS-222 effects also differed with fish growth history. The fish cultured in embanked populations showed stronger resistance, earlier recovery, and lower mortality, compared to those cultured in land-based tanks or collected from wild stocks. Similar results were seen in juveniles challenged to dry exposure. These results suggest that an embanked population of black rockfish is more resistant to anesthetic stress, expressed as anesthesia recovery and mortality, and that this population is healthier than others.
Monitoring of Floating Fish Reef Installed in Koje Coastal Waters
Kim, Chang-Gil ; Kim, Ho-Sang ; Kim, Tae-Ho ; Baik, Chul-In ;
Ocean and Polar Research, volume 23, issue 3, 2001, Pages 305~310
This paper describes a floating fish reef technology for enhancement of fisheries productivity in the muddy areas. The floating fish reef was composed of main fish cage, anchor rope and concrete anchor blocks. Main fish cage was made up of 12 steel buoys measuring 0.37m in diameter and 1.5m long, polyethylene (PE) netting and circular steel rings. Each steel buoy had buoyancy of 110kgf. The size of main fish cage was 1.96 m in diameter and 3.75m in length. Monitoring on its durability was made for eight months after installation. The steel buoys fixed on main fish cage and nettings were observed to be kept safely. The wet weight of fouling organisms per unit area
was 26.6kgf after eight months. Reduction in the cross-section of steel buoys and circular steel rings of main fish cage were not found. In addition, any cracks on the concrete anchor blocks were not observed.
Monthly Changes of Fish Fauna at Experimental Artificial Reef in Tongyeong Marine Ranching Area, Korea
Myoung, Jung-Goo ; Park, Yong-Joo ;
Ocean and Polar Research, volume 23, issue 3, 2001, Pages 311~313
Eighteen species of fish were identified by SCUBA diving observations around experimental artificial reefs at Tongyeong marine ranching area between November 1998 and November 1999. The highest species number of 14 was observed in September while the lowest number of 2 was observed in November. Fishes showed three typical behavioral patterns against the experimental artificial reef.