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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Nov 1996
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Aug 1996
Volume 10, Issue 2 - May 1996
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 1996
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A study on the nonlinear normal modes of rotors
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 1, 1996, Pages 17~24
In the present paper nonlinear normal modes of a rotor system is studied. The methodology to obtain the nonlinear normal modes is based on center manifold reduction technique. It also provides a way of nonlinear coordinate transform from the physical cordinates to the modal coordinates and an idea of individual nonlinear modal dynamics. In order to apply the present method to a rotor dynamics a single mass rotor system on nonlinear elastic supports is employed and the nonlinear normal modes of the system are obtained.
A dynamic response Analysis of Tension Leg Platforms in Waves (II)
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 1, 1996, Pages 25~35
A numerical procedure is described for predicting the motion and structural responses of tension leg platforms(TLPs) in waves. The developed numerical approach is based on a combination of a three dimensional source distribution method and the dynamic response analysis method, in which the superstructure of TLPs is assumed to be flexible instead of rigid. Restoring forces by hydrostatic pressure on the submerged surface of a TLP have been accurately calculated by excluding the assumption of the slender body theory. The hydrodynamic interactions among TLP members, such as columns and pontoons, and the structural damping are included in the motion and structural analysis. The equations of motion of a whole structure are formulated using element-fixed coordinate systems which have the orgin at the nodes of the each hull element and move parallel to a space-fixed coordinate system. Numerical results are compared with the experimental and numerical ones, which are obtained in the literature, concerning the motion and structural responses of a TLP in waves. The results of comparison confirmed the validity of the proposed approach.
Friction Welding of Sintered Hard Tool Materials to Metals and Its Quality Evaluation by AE
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 1, 1996, Pages 36~46
This paper deals with determinig the proper friction welding condition and analyzing various mechanical properties of friction welded joints of sintered carbide tool materials(K20, P25, and SKDX5 for the blade part of drill or press punch) to alloy steel (SKH4, SCM440 for the shank part of drill or press punch), the alloy steel to aluminum(A6061 for the interlayer material between the blade part and the shank) and sintered carbide tool materials to alumminum. And also acoustic emission test will be carried out during fiction welding to evaluate the weld quality.
Improvement of long-time creep life prediction of steam turbine rotor steel
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 1, 1996, Pages 47~52
This paper deals with a study on improvement of long-time creep life prediction of steam turbine rotor steels by using initial strain method as a new approach at high temperatures of 500 to 70
. The main result shows that the inital strain method could be reliably utilized to predict and evaluate the long-time creep life as creep rupture strength and that the predicting equation for long-time creep life under a certain creep stress at a certain high temperature could be empirically derived out from each initial instantaneous strain measured.
A study on the growth behaviors of surface fatigue crack initiated from a small-surface defect of 2024-T3 and brass
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 1, 1996, Pages 53~64
In this paper, rotating bending fatigue tests have been carried out to investigate the growth behabiors of surface fatigue crack initiated from a small artificial surface defect, that might exist in real structures, on 2024-T3 and 6:4 brass. The test results are analysed in the viewpoints of both strength of materials and fracture mechanics, it can be concluded as follows. The effect of a small artificial surface defect upon the fatigue strength is very large. The sensitivity of 2024-T3 on the defect is higher than that of 6:4 brass. The growth behavior of the surface fatigue crack of 2024-T3 is different from that of 6:4 brass. The growth rate of the surface fatigue crack of 2024-T3 is considerably rapid in the early stage of the fatigue life and apt to decrease in the later stage. It was impossible to establish a unifying approach in the analysis of crack growth begabior of 2024-T3 and 6:4 brass using the maximum stress intensity factor because of their dependence on stress level. But if the elastic strain and cyclic total strain intensity factor range were applied to obtain the growth rate of surface fatigue cracks of the materials, the data were found to be nearly coincided.
A study on fatigue crack growth modelling by back propagation neural networks
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 1, 1996, Pages 65~74
Up to now, the existing crack growth modelling has used a mathematical approximation but an assumed function have a great influence on this method. Especially, crack growth behavior that shows very strong nonlinearity needed complicated function which has difficulty in setting parameter of it. The main characteristics of neural network modelling to engineering field are simple calculations and absence of assumed function. In this paper, after discussing learning and generalization of neural networks, we performed crack growth modelling on the basis of above learning algorithms. J'-da/dt relation predicted by neural networks shows that test condition with unlearned data is simulated well within estimated mean error(5%).
A study on the impact wave forces for design of offshore structures
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 1, 1996, Pages 75~80
The importance of the impact force on the vertical offshore circular structure member in the surf zone due to the breaking wave has been recognized recently. In this paper characteristics of breaking wave forces and the corresponding estimation procedures for them are investigated. For the characterization of the wave forces, three parts, drag force, inertia force, impact force are categorized and identified, respectively. Among them the impact force is maimly studied and the concise form of the force is proposed with the application scheme for the design of offshore circular structure member. The resulting form porposed here for impact force is well coincided with former research results by other people. Except the impact force, so called Morison equation can be employed for the common offshore structure design. The drag force and inertia force are represented as convertionally for the profile except the breaking part. In the numerical example, for thpical sea condition and the member size, the proposed procedures for the breaking wave forces calculation are demonstrated. It is found that the impact force is the most deminant one comparing with inertia and drag forces in the surf zone.
Numerical study on wavemaking phenomena generated by a planning flat plate
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 1, 1996, Pages 81~91
Numerical study is carried out to make clear the wavemaking phenomena for a planning flat plate. Through the mumerical computations, some schematic wave patterns are compared with experimental results, for example, such as the bow divergent waves, triangle waves, stern divergent saves, stern cross waves. The characteristic distance of waves is found to be more inconsistent as the incidence angle increases. The comparison was mode between computations and experiments for incidence angles of 5, 10 and 15 degrees. However, a numerical difficulty is found around and behined the trailing edges for more than 20 degree.
A Study on Offshore Longline Type Aquaculture Facilites, Part 1 : 3-D Nonlinear Static Analyisis of Cable-Buoy-Weight Mooring System
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 1, 1996, Pages 92~99
Longline type aquaculture facilities are being used for scallpop culture in 30 m of water 2.5 km off the coast of Joomoonjin, Kangwon-do. In this paper, the facilities are modeled by the cabele-buoy-weight system, subject to the nonlinear behaviors of the mooring lines and the effects of current. Its static configuration is shown as a solution of 3-D nonlinear static equation and Runge-Kutta
method is employed.
Experimental study on the fluid flow and material transport around a harbor driven by the tidal effect
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 1, 1996, Pages 100~107
In this paper, we report the results of the experimental study on the flow and the mass transport around a square harbor driven by a tidal effect. The model harbor is composed of a uniform water-depth with a straight breakwater. The harbor is connected to the outer ocean by an entrance region having the same shape as the harbor. We investigated two cases, one having another breakwater in the place between the entrance region and the outer ocean, and the other without it, The surface and bottom flow patterns of the model container are visualized by using light particles and dye, respectively. It was shown that the inner harbor and the entrance region have well-organized, large vortical residual flows, and the material transport between the entrance and outer region is however significantly different for two cases; when the breakwater is built between the two regions, the transport is far better than that without it, which is clearly contrary to our common sense that the breakwater would block the dispersion of the materials between the harbor and the outer ocean.
Automatic reentry of deepsea riser by adaptive control
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 1, 1996, Pages 108~118
This paper presents automatic reentry of a deepsea reser by adaptive control. Reentry is one of the major pro blems regarding a deepsea riser. In the reentry operation, the lower end of riser must be accurately positioned over the tarket point on the seabed. But the deepsea riser shows complex elastic response due to flexibility and nonlinearity of the riser dynamics and the required positioning accuracy is high. Moreover, elastic deformation must by controlled for securing structural integrity. In adaptive control, uncertainly known parameters like added mass and drag coefficient in the riser dynamics are identified and control forces at the floating body and the riser are calculated simultaneously. An Adaptive algorithm for MIMO linear discrete time system without requiring a persistent excitation is adopted in this study. The effectiveness of adaptive control logic is tested by numerical simulation and model experiment. The designed control system shows good overall performances, so that the present study can be applied to the control of the deepsea riser.