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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 4 - Nov 1996
Volume 10, Issue 3 - Aug 1996
Volume 10, Issue 2 - May 1996
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Feb 1996
Selecting the target year
A Review on Fatigue Analysis of Offshore Structures and Development of a Computer Program
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 1996, Pages 13~19
For fatigue analsis of offshore structures, existing methods have been reviewed and a computer code has been developed on PC. As methods to estimate the probabillity distribution of the fatigue stress, three methods(the deterministic method, the stochastic method, and the simplified method) are used in this code, to choose the appropriate method according to the situations. This code estimates damage ratios, fatigue lives, and probabilities of fatigue failure considering scatterness of SN-data, based on linear damage rule and SN-curves. Also, allowable stress for the design extreme wave can calculated by the simplified method.
Level Ice Loads on Various Arctic Structures
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 1996, Pages 20~27
Ice loads can determined by many factors like ice properies and dimension, velocity and type of structures. The magnitude of ice load varies with the failure mode which can be predicted by failure maps if the aspect ratio and strain rate are known. To reduce the ice force, various types of structure have been investigated and it is now known that the identor shape plays an important role in reducing ice load on Arctic offshoe structures. The conical and wedge structures are good applied examples in the Arctic region. In this study, ice forces on single wedge indentors are investigated for crushing failure mode. The ice loads on wedged indentors are compared with those on cylindrical structures. Also the concept of "ice annual"is introduced to verify the ice loads to multi and single wedge structures.tructures.
Oil spill analysis caused by offshore pipeline damage
Jo, Chul H. ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 1996, Pages 28~34
A Study of Edgewise Compression and Flatwise Shear Test to Sandwich Structure
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 1996, Pages 35~41
This paper is aimed to solve local buckling problem that can frequently occur when the high speed ship's hull of sandwich structural type is crushed by rarbour and cargo. Experiment is performed on 36 specimens cut of 4-plates that made of sandwich type(Kevlar-Epoxy, Klegecell foam) and 16-Edgewise compressive test specimen, 16-Flatwise test specimen were tested by A.S.T.M. test method. The result of this study is analyzed and compared in test method and test jig to perorm Edgewise compressive test and Flatwise test.
The investigation of plastic spin behavior of body centered polycrystal with simplified accommodatio model
Nam, Y. Y. ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 1996, Pages 42~52
A Study on the Plastic Spin of Body Centered Crystal
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 1996, Pages 53~60
Many studies on the plastic spin have been done, but it is still an opened subject. It is essential for the modelling of plastic spin to understand its origin and governing parameters. For the task, it is helpful to know the hehavior of sigle crystal. This study gives the interpretations for the plastic spin of a B.C.C(body centered cubic crystal) by numerical simulation. It is discussed that the different levels of shear stresses induced on each slip pair in crystallographic slip systems and the nonlinear relationship between shear stress and slip velocity are the fundamental mechanisms of plastic spins. Finally some comments are provided on the plastic spin of polycrystal.
A Probabilistic Analysis on Fracture Strength of Ceramics
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 1996, Pages 61~68
Weibull distribution function is applied very successfully to the strength of brittle materials such as ceramics and the weakest link model is applied to explain the ovents. This paper deals with the effect of specimen size on the strength of ceramics. The values of tensile strength were calculated by the Monte-Calro simuation. The tensile strength obtained was plotted on Weibull probabillity papers and represented by the 3-parameter Weibull distribution. The strength distribution function was compared with the theoretical weibull distribution. As a result, it was found that the Weibull shape parameter was changed due to the size and there was a possibility of a false indication as if the weakest link model holds good. We should be very careful when we apply the Weibull statistics to estimate the strength of products.
Optimization on Bar-to-Bar Similar Friction Welding of Hydraulic Valve Spool Steels and the Weld Strength Properties and its AE Evaluation
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 1996, Pages 69~76
In-process quality control and high reliability of the weld are the major concerns in applying friction welding to the economical and qualified mass-production. Experimental examinations and quantitative analysis were performed for the optimiaztion of similar friction welding of hydraulic valve spool steels(SNCM220, SCM435, SACM645, SCM415,
24). The quantitative correlations were found between the initial cumulative counts of acoustic emission(AE) occurring during plastic deformation periods of the welding and the fatigue life as well as weld strength and welding conditions. A real-time evaluation system was developed for the friction weld quality by AE.
Fatigue Strength in Aged Turbine Rotor Steel
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 1996, Pages 77~87
The estimation of the remaining life for the aged components in power plant as well as chemical and peroleum plants has been recently coberned. The raw materials used in this syudy are the 1Cr-1Mo-0.25V rotor steel which intensified P and S compositions along with the nominal compositions of ASTM A470 standard. Five kinds of specimens with the different degradation levels were prepared by isothermal aging teat treatment at
The mechanical properties and fatigue strength of virgin and aged 1Cr-1Mo-0.25V rotor steel have been inbestigated through the hardness, tensile, fatigue test, SEM fractograph and EDS analysis at room temperature. Thus, the data of aged specimens were compared with those of virgin specimen to evaluate the aging effects. The main results obtained in this study are as follows; The decrease of the hardness due to degradation was distinguished until 50, 000hrs simulated service time. And is was confirmed that the considerable amount of P, Mn, Cr and S was precipitated at the grain boundary of aged material through the SEM and EDS analysis. The fatigue strength of 25, 000, 50, 000, 75, 000 and 100, 000hrs aged material was decreased 29.5%, 24.4%, 28.6%, 35.7% than that of virgin material at
cycles of room temperature. The major cracks of virgin and aged materials initiated at the inclusions including Si, P and Mn compositions which were located at the outer periphery of the specimen.
A Study on the Mechanical Properties and Residual Stresses of the Thermally Sprayed Alumina Ceramic Coating Layer
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 1996, Pages 88~97
The pupose of this study is to improve the mechanical properies and to evaluate the residual stresses of flame-sprayed Alumina ceramic coating layer. The first work in this study is to investigate the effects of strengthening heat treatments on the mechanical properties of coating layer. Strengthening heat treatments for sprayed specimens were carried out in vaccum furnace. The mechanical properties such as microhardness, thermal shock resistance, adhesive strength and erosion resistance were tested for the sprayed specimens after strengthening heat treatments. And it was clear that the mechanical properties of coating layer were much improved by strengthening heat treatments. The second work in this study is to evalute the residual stresses in coating lsyer by numerical analysis. FDM and FEM were used to analyze temperature distribution and residul stresses in coating layer. It was proved that are tensile stresses in coating layer and that residual stresses can be controlled by the appropriate selection of the spraying parameters such as preheat temperature, coating thickness and bond coat thickness.
Evaluation on elastic-plastic fracture resistance curve of SA508C-3 and aluminum alloy steels by load-ratio method
Yoon, H. K. ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 1996, Pages 98~105
A method is proposed to evaluate the elastic-plastic fracture resistance curve only with load displacement records without the crack length measurement in CT specimen. This method is based on the idea that the effect of plastic deformation and the crack growth can be measured only by using a load-displacement record. If we know the reference-load curve representing the hardening of specimen, then the crack extension can be calculated by the elastic compliance determined from the load ratio. The results of this proposed method were compared to those of the elastic-plastic fracture resistance curve for the ASTM standard unloading compliance method. The experimental results for two kinds of ductile materials showed that the proposed method well simulates the material J-R curves. This method is currently applied for CT specimens. but it can be extended to the other specimen geometries.
Stress distribution of near the interface on high temperature fatigue in ceramic/metal bonded joints
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 1996, Pages 106~119
The ceramic has various high mechanical properties such as heat, abrasion, corrosion resistance and high temperature strength compared with metal. It also has low speciffic weight, low thermal expansibillity, low thermal conductivity. However, it could not be used as structural material since it is brittle and difficult for the machining. Therefore, there have been many researches to attempt to join ceramic with metal which is full of ductillity in order to compensate the weakness of ceramic.The problem is that residual stress develops around the joint area while the ceramic/metal joint material is cooled from high joining temperature to room temperature due to remarkable difference of thermal expansion coefficients between ceramic and metal. Especially, the residual stress at both edges of the specimen reduces the strngth of joint to a large amount by forming a singular stress field. In this study, two dimensional finite element method is attempted for the thermal elastic analysis. The joint residual stress of ceramic/metal developed in the cooling process is investigated and the change of joint residual stress resulted from the repetitive heat cycle is also examined. In addition, it is attempted to clarify the joint stress distribution of the case of tensile load and of the case of superposition of residual stress and actual loading stress.
The characteristics and structures of thermal front and warm eddy observed in the southeastern part of the east sea in 1995
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 1996, Pages 120~135
The characteristics and fluctuations of structures and spatial distributions of thermal fronts and warm eddy in the Southeastern part of the East sea are discussed based on the data collected by the Naval Academy, Korea during Feb. 6-9, May 9-19 and Oct. 12-18, 1995. The thermal fronts existed very often at the sea off the Pohang-Ulsan, The generation of the thermal front is related with the development of the North Korea Cold Current. The warm eddy is located in the central part of the Ulleung basin where the local depth exceeds 1500m. This warm eddy is a major contributor to mass transport in the northern part of the East Sea. It is evident that knowledge of warm eddy is important in understanding the circulation in the western part of the East Sea.
A Study for Fixed Type Wave Energy Conversion Device with Oscillating Water Column
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 10, issue 2, 1996, Pages 136~145
The theory is based on two thermodynamic equations for the air mass in the air column and bydrodynamic equation for the relation between the response of the air in the water column and the incident wave. The numerical model is experimented in a two dimensional water tank and the caisson model with sloped front wall is tested in the large towing tank.