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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 4 - Nov 1997
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Aug 1997
Volume 11, Issue 2 - May 1997
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Feb 1997
Selecting the target year
Safety assessment of offshore structure system using the response surface approach
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 1~7
Structural reliability analysis of offshore structure at cold region
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 8~19
In this study an adequate type of offshore structure at the Sakhalin region as cold region is proposed and its structural design results are presented based on the reliability analysis. Structural safety assessment has been carried out for the proposed offshore structure at the Sakhalin area as designed by the reliability method. And a rational design procedure is presented based on the reliability analysis. Followings are drawn through the present study : - Four colum TLP structure is proposed as an adequate offshore structure type at the cold region like the Sakhalin region and the reliability-based structural design results are presented. It is seen that the proposed type is a more adequate and economic than the fixed type. - Safety assessment of the proposed structure applying the extended incremental load method is performed. - Referring the allowable safety level for offshore structures it has been found present TLP structure has sufficient structural safety at the system level as well as at the component level.
A fracture mechanics evaluation on the fatigue crack propagation at spot welded aluminum joint in passenger car body
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 20~28
The fatigue crack propagation properties and fatigue life of two kinds of Al body panel for automobile were examined experimentally by using the plate specimen and the single spot welding specimen. The fatigue limit of spot welding specimens was lower than that of a plate specimen. The fatigue limit was similar in two kinds of spot welding specimen. The shape and size of crack propagation were observed and measured on beach mark of fracture surface. The crack propagation of surface crack specimen showed almost same tendency to that of a thick plate as almost semi-elliptical. In spot welding specimen, the fatigue crack occurred in inside surface of nugget area was almost semi-elliptical. The crack growth rate can be explained using equation of stress intensity factors.
Acoustic emission during fatigue crack penetration behavior of surface cracked plate
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 29~38
Crack penetration behavior by fatigue crack propagation and measurements of AE before-and-after crack penetration were examined using SS41 steel plate. Experimental crack shape of SU type was in good agreement with calculated shape rather than S type. Crack propagation behavior on the front surface appears not to change markedly after penetration. However, crack growth on the back surface appears to accelerate as reported by author. As a crack propagates, AE occurred heavily just before penetration. Then, it decreases and crack is penetrating. A transition from plane strain to plane stress was observed by fractographic study. At this time, separation of fracture surface was shown which affects AE occurrence.
The characteristics of Near-thrshold fatigue crack propagation for welding zone in TMCP high strength steels
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 39~47
Recently developed TMCP steels, which were manufactured by controlled rolling followed by accelerated cooling process, were examined to study their characteristics and weldability. Accelerated cooling type TMCP steel's hardness test result exhibited high value on weld zone. On the contrary, base metal and HAZ exhibited comparatively the similar value. On this experiment result Softening of HAZ is not occurred. in the-heat affected zone, grain size repression be caused by chemical composition properties which a small quantity Al-Ti-B-N. Changing stress ratio near-threshold fatigue crack propagation experiments were carried out. According to this result, crack propagation velocity of the HAZ exhibited slower than the base metal and near-threshold value had increased at the HAZ. Finally accelerated cooling type TMCP steels were exhibited excellent mechanical properties in both strength and toughness.
Effect of Mo, Ti, Nb on the hot salt corrosion behavior of ferritic stainless steels for automotive exhaust system
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 48~55
The steel for automotive exhaust system needs a good corrosion resistance at the atmosphere of high temperature NaCl. Effect of the alloying elements Me, Ti, Nb on the NaCl induced hot corrosion behavior was investigated at the temperatures between 55
for 18Cr ferritic stainless steels. The weight loss by corrosion has increased linearly with corrosion cycle time, and the corrosion rate has accelerated at higher temperature. The alloying of Mo significantly improved corrosion resistance of the steel and the effect was more pronounced at higher temperature. The addition of alloying elements Ti, Nb have also shown improved corrosion resistance by formation of Ti(C,N) or Nb(C, N) precipitates.
The effect of reactive gases on the propertise of TiCN layer synthesized by Arc Ion plating process
Seo, Chang-Min ; Kim, Chang-Geun ; ; Yu, Im-Jun ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 56~68
This work was intended to study the effect of a partial pressure ratio and a total pressure of reactive gases on the properties of TiC
. coated layer. In this regard, various TiC
coatings were synthesized with C2112 and N2 Mixture gas of different compositions by Arc Ion Plating process which has been highlighted for an industrial purpose. It was revealed from colors and X-ray diffraction patterns that the concentration of carbon of a TiC
coating increases with a partial pressure ratio (PC
) as well as a total pressure Of
mixture gas. Accordingly, the hardness of TiC
coated layer increased but the adhesion to the substrate of SKH 51 was degraded. On the other hand, the deposition rate was independent of a partial pressure ratio and a total pressure of mixture gas. It was found that a uniform gas distribution is critical for an industrial application since the composition of a coating depends strongly on the location of a substrate inside of the furnace. As a result of milling tests with different TiC
coated end mills, the one which has a low carbon concentration was better than others studied in this work.d in this work.
A study on fatigue life of aluminum plate reinforced with FRP in aircraft structure
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 69~75
A A12024-T3 plate has been reinforced with AFRP to be a Hybrid-Composite, APAL. The fatigue life of the APAL has been investigated. The effects of bonding surface, numbers of AFRP bonded and AFRP orientation on fatigue life have been compared with A12024-T3 plate. Fatigue life of APAL has been remarkedly increased compared with that of A12024-T3 plate. The fatigue life has depended on bonding surface and AFRP orientation, but no relationship could be found with numbers of AFRP laminates
Influence of overload on the fatigue crack growth retardation and the statistical variation
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 76~88
Constant .DELTA.K fatigue crack growth rate experiments were performed by applying an intermediate single and multiple overload for structural steel, SM45C. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the influence of multiple overloads at various stress intensity factor ranges and the effect of statistical variability of crack retardation behavior. The normalized delayed load cycle, delayed crack length and the minimum crack growth rate are increased with increasing baseline stress intensity factor range when the overload ratio and the number of overload application were constant. The crack retardation under low baseline stress intensity factor range increases by increasing the number of overload application, but the minimum crack growth rate decreases by increasing the number of overload application. A strong linear correlation exists between the minimum crack growth rate and the number of overload applications. And, it was observed that the variability in the crack growth retardation behavior are presented, the probability distribution functions of delayed load cycle, delayed crack length and crack growth life are 2-parameter Weibull. The coefficient of variation of delayed load cycle and delayed crack length for the number of 10 overload applications data are 14.8 and 9.2%, respectively.
A study on the development of resistance and pitching improving device for high speed fishing vessel
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 89~94
In the design of high speed fishing vessel, its hull form has to be decided from a view point of resistance and propulsion performance without negelction of seakeeping characteristics. In spite of many efforts, the performance improvement by hull form itself has its limitations, specially for high speed craft. In this paper, the development of performance of resistance and seakeeping improving appendage for high speed planing hull on behalft of the hull form of fishing vessel has been introduced. The developed appendage verified its effectiveness in the full scale test.
A feasibility study on the application of turtle boat form to the incinerating vessel
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 95~99
In these days, the pollution of marine environment near island at Korean coastal zone caused by the trash human waste and livestocks excreata become intensified. One of the most economic and efficient way to prevent this pollution problem is to set up island circulating incineration system. In this paper, the result of feasibility study on the application of turtle boat hull form to the incinerating vessel has been summarized especially for the resistance and course keeping point of view.
A study on the appropriate shape and size of skeg for the incinerator mounted circular barge
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 100~106
Despite various devices have been developed and applied to stabilize the yaw motion, the superiority of twin skeg over other equi-functioned appendages has been recognized so far. In many cases, these skegs were installed with insufficient study and analysis for design, and this leads to the worse performance of their resistance and course keeping than required. Experimental studies on the effect of various kinds of anti-yawing skegs to the course keeping stability and on the additional resistance caused by them were carried out in the circulating water channel(CWC) at Chosun University(CU). Course keeping stability tests for four different size of skegs, resistance tests for three different shapes of skeg(including deformed skegs) were performed systematically. And the effect of angle of skegs on resistance was studied at the final stage.
Responses of a roll-pitch coupled nonlinear system to the primary resonance of the roll mode
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 107~115
A study on the motion characteristics of a high-speed catamaran
Oh, Il-Geun ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 116~123
Investigation on the recovery rate of adhesion-type oil skimmers
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 124~131
An experimental study on the recovery of diesel oil using a belt type skimmer
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 132~143
Removal of spilled oil over the sea and the river has become one of the urgent problem in these days. Removing oil using mechanical devices are recommended because chemical dispersion can cause the secondary contamination in the environment. In the present study a series of experiments were carried out to study the effect of working conditions of a belt type skimmer on the rate of recovery for the spilled oil. The oil chosen for the present experiment was diesel oil. Three different situations, namely, upward, downward, up-and-downward pickup have been investigated for various contact angles, belt speeds and oil thicknesses. The results show that the rate of oil recovery for the case of downward pickup with a contact angle of 45.deg. shows the highest among all the conditions. For the removal of spilled diesel oil the optimal belt speed can be found as the critical value to reach the saturated pickup rate for a given oil thickness. The recovery rate of bunker C oil shows 4-6 times higher than that for diesel oil. And the optimal belt speed for bunker C oil can be found less than that for diesel oil for the same slick thickness.
On the prediction of global first-year ice loads
Rim, Chae-Whan ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 144~152
Tide, swash infiltration and groundwater behavior
Kang, Hong-Yoon ; Kobayashi, Nobuhisa ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 153~162
Realtime active target signal simulation
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 163~169
The simulation of target-scattered echo with the moving sonar platform and target in 3-dimensional ocean environment is essential to validate and evaluate the performance of a sonar system. This paper presents the improved target signal simulation on the basis of the highlight(HL) model and its realtime algorithm. In order to simulate the scattering highlight, the highlight is represented as a directional scatterer. The realtime generation algorithm of the target signal is realized by use of DSP chip, TMS320C40, where the 40 channels are equally separated to form a parallel processing task in 4 processors. The presented realtime-version of target signal simulation can be used as a target signal simulator in the development of ACM(Acoustic Counter Measure) and advanced sonar signal processing techniques.
A hybrid navigation system of underwater vehicles using fuzzy inferrence algorithm
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 170~179
This paper presents a hybrid navigation system for AUV to locate its position precisely in rough sea. The tracking system is composed of various sensors such as an inclinometer, a tri-axis magnetometer, a flow meter, and a super short baseline(SSBL) acoustic position tracking system. Due to the inaccuracy of the attitude sensors, the heading sensor and the flowmeter, the predicted position slowly drifts and the estimation error of position becomes larger. On the other hand, the measured position is liable to change abruptly due to the corrupted data of the SSBL system in the case of low signal to noise ratio or large ship motions. By introducing a sensor fusion technique with the position data of the SSBL system and those of the attitude heading flowmeter reference system (AHFRS), the hybrid navigation system updates the three-dimensional position robustly. A Kalman filter algorithm is derived on the basis of the error models for the flowmeter dynamics with the use of the external measurement from the SSBL. A failure detection algorithm decides the confidence degree of external measurement signals by using a fuzzy inference. Simulation is included to demonstrate the validity of the hybrid navigation system.
Robust autopilot design for submarine vehicles
You, Sam-Sang ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 180~190
A study on the piece creation of hull-structure with PC-CADRA
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 191~199
This paper develops the piece creation of Hull-structure using PC(Personal Computer) which is from CADRA of graphic program. Large-sized shipbuilding yard was carried out on the development of CNC(Computer Numerical Control) auto cutting system used in super S/W such as AUTODEF, TRIBON. But this system needs lots of expenses and high technician, and only used in large-sized shipbuilding yard, not medium-sized and small-sized shipbuilding yard. To bring up the small and medium-sized ship building yard lacking a little competitive power. Small and medium-sized shipbuilding yard need the piece creation of Hull Structure S/W which is joined with the CADRA. Therefore the piece creation of Hull-Structure S/W is developed to joined with the CADRA of graphic S/W to create the piece to be needed on as auto cutting process using PC.
A study on the integrated data modeling for the plant design management system and the plant design system using relational database
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 11, issue 3, 1997, Pages 200~211
Most recently, offshore Engineering & Construction field is concerned about integration management technology such as CIM(Computer Integrated Manufacturing), PDM(Product Data Management) and Enterprise Information Engineering in order to cope with the rapid change of engineering and manufacturer specification as per owner's requirement during construction stage of the project. System integration and integrated data modeling with relational database in integration management technology improve the quality of product and reduce the period of the construction project by reason of owing design information jointly. This paper represents the design methodology of system integration using Business Process Reengineering by the case study. The case study is about the offshore plant material information process from front end engineering design to detail engineering for the construction and the basis of monitoring system by integrating and sharing the design information between the 2D intelligent P&ID and 3D plant modeling using relational database. As a result of the integrated data modeling and system integration, it is possible to maintain the consistency of design process in point of view of the material balancing and reduce the design assumption/duration. Near future, this system will be expanded and connected with the MRP(Material Requirement Planing) and the POR (Purchase Order Requisition) system.