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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Aug 1998
Volume 12, Issue 2 - May 1998
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Feb 1998
Volume 12, Issue 2 - 00 1998
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Diffusion of the Suspended Matter Caused by Dredging and the Effect of the Single Silt Protector
Kim, Kye-Young ; Chung, Jong-Yul ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1998, Pages 1~8
The purpose of this study is to determine the distribution of the suspended matter caused by dredging at the northeastern part of Kwangyang Bay and to determine the effect of the single silt protector for it. According to the direction of the tidal current, six sampling stations were chosen from the dredging site to the southeast. At the high tide, the high concentration of the suspended matter was observed below the mid-depth near the dredging site. As the tidal currents were stronger. its concentrations below the mid-depth at the inner stations of the single silt protector were rapidly increased, but those of the outer stations did not show any significant change. The concentrations at the inner stations of the silt protector at that time were from 20~140mg/l and those of the outer stations, which was only about 30 m apart from the inner station, were from 20~30mg/l. It suggests that the large amount of suspended matter caused by dredging were moved to the inner stations near the silt protector at the ebb tide and that the silt protector is very effective for the suspended matter.
Assessment of Safety and Load Carrying Capacity of Aged Jacket-Typed Dolphin by Ship-Impact Test
Jo, Byung-Wan ; Kwon, Oh-Hyuk ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1998, Pages 9~18
An improved evaluation method of load-carrying capacity for the large-scaled offshore structures, which subjected to the axial force and bending moments simultaneously at the piles, was suggested with reliability analysis and advanced working stress method. Reliability analysis requires the fracture probability and safety factor(
) for each of forces and the load-carrying capacity due to combined action of axial force and bending moments from
Curve. The combined equation due to those forces, which suggested by the Korean Specification for the marine structure, was derived for the advanced working stress method and applied to evaluate the load-carrying capacity of jacket-type dolphin piers.
Dynamic Analysis of Mooring Dolphin System Considering Soil Properties
Yi, Jin-Hak ; Oh, Se-Boong ; Yun, Chung-Bang ; Hong, Sup ; Kim, Jin-Ha ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1998, Pages 19~30
In this paper, the dynamic analysis of a dolphin system for mooring a floating structure such as barge mounted plant is studied. The characteristics of the soil-pile system are simplified by a set of equivalent spring elements at the mudline. To evaluate the equivalent spring constants, the finite difference method is used. Since the characteristics of the soil-pile system are nonlinear in case of soft foundation, the nonlinear dynamic analysis technique is needed. The Newmark
method incorporating the modified Newton-Raphson method(initial stiffness method) is used. A numerical analysis is performed on two mooring dolphin systems on soft foundation and rock foundation. In case of the rock foundation, the characteristics are found to be nearly linear, so the linear dynamic analysis may be sufficient to consider the foundation effect. But in case of soft foundation, the non-linearity of the foundation appears to be very signigicant, so the nonlinear dynamic analysis si needed.
Change of Interfacial properties by the Fiber Degradation in the Fiber Reinforced Composites
Moon, Chang-Kwon ; Kim, Young-Dae ; Roh, Tae-Young ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1998, Pages 31~41
Single fiber fragmentation technique was used to evaluate the change of interfacial properties by degradation of fiber tensile strength in the fiber reinforced composites. The influences of fiber tensile strength on the interfacial properties have been evaluated by the fragmentation specimens(weak fiber samples) of glass fiber/epoxy resin that was made using the pre-degraded glass fiber in distilled water at
for specified periods. The effects of the immersion time on the interfacial properties in the distilled water at
also have been evaluated by the fragmentation specimens(original fiber samples) of glass fiber/epoxy resin that was made using the received glass fiber. As the result, the tensile strength of glass fiber was decreased with the increasing of the treatment time in the distilled water at
and the interfacial shear strength was independent of the change of the glass fiber strength in the single fiber fragmentation test. But in the durability test using the single fiber fragmentation specimen, interfacial shear strength decreased with the increasing of the immersion time in distilled water ar
. And it turned out that the evaluating of interfacial shear strength using original fiber tensile strength was valuable in the durability test for the water environment by the single fiber fragmentation technique.
Cracking of S2 Ice by Spherical Indentation
Ko, Sang-Ryong ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1998, Pages 42~48
Damage Mechanism of Particle Impact in a
Plasma Coated Soda-lime Glass
Suh, Chang-Min ; Lee, Moon-Whan ; Kim, Sung-Ho ; Jang, Jong-Yun ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1998, Pages 49~59
The damage mechanism of
plasma coated soda-lime glass and uncoated glass by steel ball particle impact was analyzed in this study. And the shape variation of the cracks was investigated by stereo-microscope according to the impact velocity and steel ball diameter. In order to improve the damage reduction effect by
coating layer, crack size was measured and surface erosion state was observed for both of two kinds of specimen after impact experiment. And the results were compared with each other. The 4-point bending test was performed according to ASTM D790 testing method to evaluate the effect of coating layer for bending strength variation. As a result, it was found that the crack size of
coated specimen was smaller than that of uncoated one, because of the impact absorption by interior pores in the coating layer and the load dispersion by the structural characteristic of the coating layer. For the specimens subjected to the steel ball impact, the bending strength of coated specimen was higher than that of uncoated specimen.
Evaluation of J-R Curve and Tmat of SA 508C-3 Steel at Elevated Temperature
Lim, Man-Bae ; Cha, Gee-Jun ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1998, Pages 60~67
In this study, the J-Resistance Curve and material tearing modulus of SA508-C3 steel, which is one of the used nuclear pressure vessel steel, are measured ar room temperature,
according to load ratio analysis and ASTM E813, ASTM E1152, respectively. It is observed that J-R curve and Tmat value decrease as the temperature level increase. Applicability of
proposed by Paris et al as instability parameter for ductile material is investigated. It is concluded that results are the
parameter may be used as a crack instability parameter.
The Analysis of Chloride Ion Penetration into a Concrete Structure in Marine Environment
Cho, Sun-Kyu ; Jeon, Gui ; Shin, Chee-Burm ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1998, Pages 68~74
An increase of concrete construction in marine environments as well as an increasing use of marine aggregate at the mixing stage of concrete has provoked an important problem. A high concentration of chloride ion in the vicinity of steel bars in concrete is the principal cause of premature reinforcement corrosion in concrete structures. In this study, the behavior of chloride ions introduced into concrete from concrete surface by marine evironment was analysed. A mathematical model including the diffusion of chloride ion in aqueous phase of pores, the adsorption and desorption of chloride ions to and from the surface of solid phase of concrete and the chemical reactions of chloride ions with solid phase was presented. Finite element method was employed to carry out numerical analysis. The results of this study may be used to predict the onset of reinforcement corrosion and to identify the maximum limit of chloride ions contained in concrete admixtures.
A Study on the Numerical Models of Wave induced Currents
Lee, Jung-Maan ; Kim, Jae-Joong ; Park, Jung-Chul ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1998, Pages 75~85
A finite difference model for predicting time-dependent, wave-induced nearshore current is studied. The model includes wave refraction, wave-current interaction, bottom friction and wind effect. This model iteratively solved the linear the linear set of conservation of both mass and momentum, which were time averaged (over one wave period) and depth integrated, for mean velocities and free surface displacement. Numerical simulations of nearshore current under oblique wave attack, and for wave and wind induced current on a longshore periodic beach are carried out. Longshore velocities tend to zero in some distances outside the breaker line. And the peak velocity is shifted shoreward at the breaker line. The results represent the general characteristics of the nearshore current induced by wave.
A Study on the Support System for Midship Structural Analysis
Shin, Hyun-Kyoung ; Son, Ho-Cheol ; Kwon, Myung-Joon ; Song, Jae-Young ; Kim, Jong-Hyun ; Lee, Jeong-Ryul ; Kang, Ho-Seung ; Yeon, Kyu-Jin ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1998, Pages 86~95
CAD/CAM program developers have made substantial progress in enabling engineers to design, analyze, visualize, visualize, and simulate the performance of structures and systems. Many researchers, however, agree that there is still a way to go before the existing commercial computer software can be used in ship structural analysis to their full potential as solvers which can identify opportunities to reduce man-hours and cut costs. CAD systems used for these works in ship yards are general-purposed and not custom-tailored for ship structures, which force end-users to do tiresome and routine works. The new preprocessor "MeshGen" announced in this study can load several ship types and user-friendly generate their FE meshes employing the object-oriented approach based on the parametric and top-down design. Also "MeshGen" reduces dramatically the time required to prepare CAD models under window-based environments on desktop personal computers and makes it much easier and faster for end-users to change topology and material properties.
Generation of Sectional Area Curve using an ANFIS and a B-spline Curve
Kim, Soo-Young ; Kim, Hyun-Cheol ; Ryeu, Kyung-Hyun ; Kim, Min-Jeong ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1998, Pages 96~102
This paper presents to create a SAC(Sectional Area Curve) using an ANFIS(Adaptive-Network-based Fuzzy Inference System). First, it defines SACs of parent ships by using a B-spline approximation and a genetic algorithm and accumulates a database about SAC's control points. Second, it learns an ANFIS from parent ship data, which are related with principal dimensions and SAC's control points. This process is to model an ANFIS for SAC inferreice. When an ANFIS modeling is completed, we can determine a SAC through an ANFIS inferring.
The Determination of Initial Main Particulars and a Hull Form generation Using a Neurofuzzy Modeling
Kim, Soo-Young ; Kim, Hyun-Cheol ; Lee, Choong-Ryeol ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 12, issue 3, 1998, Pages 103~111
This paper describes the initial hull form design process which generate a hull form using a neurofuzzy modeling. Neurofuzzy system is to combine the merits of fuzzy inference system and neural networks. Therefore it has structured knowledge representations as well as adaptive capacities. Initial hull form design stage is the process which generate an adoptable hull form from the limited design information and multi-decidions condidering correlations with design factors. It can be assidted efficiently by neurofuzzy system. This paper suggests two methods of an initial hull form generation using the neurofuzzy modeling and B-spline theory. and examines the usefulness of suggested method through its application examples.