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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Nov 2001
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Aug 2001
Volume 15, Issue 2 - May 2001
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Feb 2001
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Wave Control by Two-Rowed Fixed Floating Breakwaters near the Water Surface
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 1~7
Mainly, Floating Breakwaters (FBs) have been constructed in many coastal regions due to the advantages of the coastal environment and construction cost. In general, the FB becomes fixed or its width broadened because the movement of the FB comes to be large and its the wave control function lower for the long period incident waves. This study discusses the wave control function of two-rowed Fixed Floating Breakwater (FFBs) that have narrower width than that of the one-rowed FFB by using numerical approach. Boundary Element Method (BEM) based on the Green formula and Eigenfunction Expansion Method (EEM) are applied to evaluate the three-dimensional wave transformation near the wave fields of two-rowed FFBs. The validity of the present study is confirmed by comparing it with the results of Ijima et al. (1974) and Yoshida et al. (1992) for the one-rowed Fixed Floating Structure. It is revealed that the wave control function of two-rowed FFBs is more effective than that of the one-rowed FFB.
Wave Force Acting on Cylinders in Transient Waves
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 8~13
It is important to estimate exactly wave forces acting on various types of offshore structures under the severe environmental conditions in the ocean site. This paper presents an easy experimental method which deals with transient waves. The proposed scheme made it possible to generate breaking waves at any position in the wave tank by changing the maximum slope of the component waves. The theoretical and experimental methods were investigated by generating concentrated waves which acted on a single and multiple cylinders. The waves forces increased rapidly when the models encountered breaking waves. The theoretical results underestimates the forces due to breaking waves. Therefore, the effects due to breaking waves should be considered carefully in the design process of a structure under the influence of breaking waves.
A Study of Wave and Current Forces on Cylinders
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 14~19
In this paper, the wave and current forces acting on cylinders are investigated by theoretical and experimental methods. The models used are one-cylinder, four-cylinder and semi-submersible types. The theoretical investigations are carried out by the Morison equation and three dimensional source distribution method to calculate exciting forces in waves with and without currents. The experimental investigations are carried out in the wave tank which can generate currents in both directions. In these tests, the models have been exposed to the regular waves with and without currents. It is shown that the exciting forces acting on the one-cylinder or four-cylinders can be approximately estimated by the Morison equation and also by the diffraction theory. However, the Morison equation seems to be not appropriate to estimate the exciting forces on the present type of semi-submersible.
Nonlinear Uplift Wave Pressure Distribution Acting on the Caisson of Composite Breakwater
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 20~27
Recently numerical approaches for wave loads acting on the vertical caisson of breakwater, and resulting wave reflection and transmission coefficients have been performed. Although the numerical studies by Sulisz's(1997) and Kim et al.(2000) are suggested representatively, theoretical formulation for nonlinear wave pressure is not developed yet. And experimental results of Sulisz(1997) revealed that nonlinear uplift pressure on the caisson may be produced largely on the case of caisson founded on the high rubble mound. From the results of this study, the nonlinear theory for the uplift wave pressure acting on the caisson by applying boundary integral method of Green theorem is formulated, and also the characteristics of nonlinear uplift pressure and run-up height on the caisson are evaluated numerically, according to the variations of hydraulic properties of the rubble mound.
Study on Current and Water Quality Characteristics in Yongil Bay
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 28~37
The water quality in Yongil Bay is getting worse due to the sewage and the waste water from the surrounding industrial complex. The study aims to simulate the current system that is necessary to build ecosystem model for the optium water quality control and clarify the correlation of current system characteristics with water quality in Yongil Bay. To clarify the characteristics of coastal water movement system and verify the applicability of the 3-D model, the current system was simulated using 3-D model baroclinic model which considers tidal current and density effects. As the results of numerical experiments, it is proved the 3-D model is the most applicable on appearing the current system of the stratificated Yongil Bay difference of density. Form the results of simulation considered tidal current only, it can be clarified that the water body flows in the inner bay through the bottom layer and flows out the outer bay through the surface layer in Yongil Bay. And the fresh water from the Hyongsan river and the thermal discharge form POSCO have a little effect on the current system in Yongil Bay, but the diffusion of heat and salt has an important effect upon the formation of the density stratification of the water quality distribution is closely related with the current structure characteristics as well as the tidal residual current system in Yongil Bay.
Dynamics of Estuarine Circulation in Semi-closed Inner Bay
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 34~45
In the persent study, we conducted numerical experiments using a three-dimensional baroclinic equation model and a Lagrangian method for clarifying the hydrodynamics in Osaka Bay under the yearly mean discharge and visualizing the behaviour of particles of different settling velocity discharged from Yodo River and sedimentation pattern on the sea bottom. Particles are transported from the Yodo River to the south direction by the residual circulation of the bay head at the first stage, and after most of suspended solids particles are settled down at any layer and returned in the south-east coastal area through bottom layers by an estuarine circulation. The results show that estuarine circulation plays an important part of suspended solids transportation in the Osaka Bay.
Visual Modelling of the Overtopping using SMAC Method
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 46~52
SMAC method, one of the numerical simulation techniques, is modified from the original MAC method for the time-dependent variation of fluid flows. The Navier-Stokes equations for incompressible time-dependent viscous flow are applied, and Also marker particles which present the visualization of fluid flows are used. In this study, two-dimensional numerical simulations of the overtopping are carried out by SMAC method, and the simulation results are visualized, In addition to, motion pictures are made for efficient visualization of the simulation results. This numerical simulation could also be applied to the design of coastal structures as dike and revetment.
Prediction of Seasonal Variations on Primary Production Efficiency in a Eutrophicated Bay
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 53~59
The Primary Production of phytoplanktons produces organic matter in high concentration in eutrophicated Hakata Bay, Japan, even during the winter season in spite of low water temperature. Phytoplanktons are considered to have any biological capabilities to keep activities of photosynthesis under the unfavorable conditions, and this affects water quality of the bay. In this study, seasonal variations in primary production efficiency were predicted by using a simple box-type ecosystem model, which introduced the concept of efficiency for absorption of solar radiation energy in relation to growth of phytoplanktons under the low solar radiation intensity. According to the simulation result of primary production, it was organic pollution comes from dissolved organic carbon (DOC) throughout the year, DOC of which is originated from the primary production of phytoplanktons on biological response of the seasonal variation of ambient conditions.
Tensile Analysis of Plasma Spray Coating Material by Classification of AE Signals
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 60~65
Thermal spray coating is formed by a process in which melted particles flying with high speed towards substrate, then crash and spread on the substrate surface cooled and solidified in a very short time, Stacking of the particles makes coating. In this study, the exfoliation of
and Ni-4.5wt.%Al thermally sprayed coating which were deposited by an atmospheric plasma spray apparatus are investigated using an AE method. A tensile test is conducted on notch specimens in a stress range below the elastic limit of substrate. The wave forms of AE generated from the three coating specimens can be classified by FFT analysis into two types which low frequency(type I waveform is considered to corresponds exfoliation of coating layers and type II waveform corresponds the plastic deformation of notch tip or the resultant fracture of coating. The fracture of the coating layers can estimate by AE event and amplitude, because AE features increase when the deformation generates.
Effect of Shot Peening on Fatigue Strength of JISG4081SUP7-DIN50CrV4 Steel
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 66~72
Recently the steel parts used at automobiles are required to be used under high stress more than ever before in need of the weight down. To achieve this requirement of a high strength steel, it must be necessary to decrease inclusion content and surface defect as like decarburization, surface roughness etc.. In this study, the surface conditions are measured to know the influence on fatigue properties by two cases of shot peening of two-stage shot peening and single-stage shot peening. And for this study, two kinds of spring steel (JISG4081SUP7, DIN 50CrV4) are used. This study shows the outstanding improvement of fatigue properties at the case of two-stage shot peening in the rotary bending fatigue test and this is assumed to be from on low stress condition, the 1st stage shot peening is not affected by nonmetallic inclusion under metal. it is possible that the 2nd stage shot peening increases the fatigue life and the high stress but that is affected by nonmetallic inclusion under metal. so far beeasily DIN50CrV4 have made high stress. But, results also show fatigue failures originated at inclusion near surface, and this inclusion type is turned out to be a alumina of high hardness.
An Experimental Study on the Arc Stability Improvement of Underwater Wet Welding with Flux Ingredients
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 73~79
Underwater wet bead-on-plate welds were experimentally performed on 11mm thick SS400 steel plate as base metal by using six different types of flux coated electrodes of 3.2mm diameter. Two kinds of different flux coated wet arc electrodes (UW-1, UW-2) were individually designed flux materials, three kinds of the electrodes (E4301, E4311, E4313) were terrestrial electrodes and the another one (TN20) was an imported underwater wet welding electrode. As results, the individually designed flux coated underwater electrode, UW-2 and TN20 had a good starting and the excellent arc stability compared with other electrodes. No significant difference of bead appearance could be detected, but the slag detachability of TN20 electrodes was relatively undesirable. By rapid cooling rate, the hardness value and the portion of martensite of HAZ were increased, but it was considerably maintain stable for TN20 and UW-2 electrodes. The individually designed flux coated electrode, UW-2 could be used in practice for underwater bead welds.
A Study on the Internet Based Cooperation-Design system for Ship Design
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 80~85
The early construction of the internet based ship basic planning supporting system based on the concurrent engineering and the internet technology is essential as a means for the improvement of technology and design productivity our ship building industry is facing currently. Further more, technological base construction for the construction for the construction of the cooperation system on the level of ship building industry is necessary for the technological base security to maintain and develop ship building industry continuosly in the 21st century of the information industry environment and for the technological improvement of the middle and small shipyard falling behind relatively and finally for the breaking through our ship building industry environment in which inter-enterprise competition is deeping. In this study, we designed the frame-system of the ship design supporting system and presented the development scenario based on core element technology.
Lateral Force Acting on H-piles in Plastically Deforming Ground
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 86~91
In lateral ground flow, slope stability, and land slide problems, H-piles have been often used for a horizontally deforming ground to prevent the failure of mass of soil in a downward and outward movement of a slope. Here, Theoretical equations are derived to estimate the lateral force, assuming that the Mohr-coulomb's Plastic states occures in the ground just around H-piles. In this study, the mechanism of lateral force acting on passive pile that is in a row, situated in the ground undergoing plastic deformation was discussed, and its theoretical analysis was carried out considering the interval between H-piles. The solution of the theoretical equation derived from here showed resonable characteristic for constants of soil as well as for the interval, widths, and heights of H-pile.
A Study on the Measuring about the Coefficient of Earth Pressure at Rest 1
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 92~100
It is very important to determine the coefficient of earth pressure at rest accurately in order to estimate the behavior of soil structure. For estimation of K/sub 0/-value depending upon the stress history of dry sand, a new type of K/sub 0/-oedeometer apparatus is devised, and the horizontal earth pressure is accurately measured. For this study, 2 types of one-cyclic K/sub 0/-Loading/unloading models have been studied experimentally using four relative densities of the sand. The results obtained in this test are as follows : K/sub on'/ the coefficient of earth pressure at - rest for virgin loading is a function of the angle of internal friction Φ' of the sand and is determined as K/sub on/=1 - 0.914 sin Φ', K/sub ou'/ the coefficient of earth pressure at rest for virgin unloading is a function of K/sub on/ and over consolidation ratio(OCR), and is determined as K/sub ou/=K/sub on/(OCR)K/sup a/. The exponent α, increases as the relative density increases. K/sub or'/ the coefficient of earth pressure at rest for virgin reloading decreases in hyperbola type as the vertical stress, σ/sub v/’, increases. And, the stress path at virgin reloading leads to the maximum prestress point, independent upon the value of the minimum unloading stress. The gradient of this curve, m/sub r/ increases as OCR increases.
Fault Diagnosis Using T-invariance of Petri Net
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 101~107
This paper describes a fault diagnosis method by a T-invariance of Petri Net (PN). First, a complicated fault system with some failure is modeled into a PN graphic expressions. Next, the PN model is analyzed by using the backward chaining of T-invariance to find out causes of the faults. In this step, an inter-node search technique which is suggested in this paper is applied for reducing searching area in the fault system. Also, a novel idea to compose incidence matrices which have different dimension each other in PN model is proposed. As the new knowledges which is discovered newly about faults can be added easily to conventional systems, the diagnosis system will be very flexible. Finally, the proposed method is applied to the automobile fault diagnosis system to confirm the validity of the method.
Design for Sequential Control System Using Petri Nets with Hierarchical Expression (II) -composition of Sub Petri nets by Bottom up Oriented Method-
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 108~114
Petri nets have been introduced as a powerful analyzing and design tool for the discrete systems such as sequential control systems. However, one of the important problems in its applications is that the model can be analyzed hardly when we deal with large scale systems because of increase of the number of Petri net components. To overcome this problem, some methods for dividing or reducing of Petri net have been suggested. In this paper, an approach for hierarchical expression of Petri net based on Sequential function Chart(SFC) and Bottom Up oriented Mehodology(BUM) is proposed. Especially, some definitions and rules are defined in order to divide and compose sub Petri nets. A measuring tank system will be described as a typical kind of discrete systems and modeled by some sub Petri nets based on the SFC and BUM by the proposed method in this paper.
Analyses on the Behaviour of Ocean Structure Due to Ship Collision
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 115~119
The simulation of motion responses of a dolphin-moored ocean structure in shallow water when it cllides with a ship, has been carried out. The equation of motion in the time domain according to Cummin's theory is employed, and solved by making use of the Newmark-
method. The added mass and damping coefficients involved in the equations are abtained from a three-dimensional panel method in the frequency domain. The impact forces due to ship collision are calculated using both the elastic and non-elastic modelings. The mooring forces for dolphin systems of ocean structure are regarded as linear spring forces.
An Experimental Study on the Setting of Antiwashout Underwater concrete Using Fly Ash
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 15, issue 4, 2001, Pages 120~125
This paper describes the effect of fly ash replacement on the setting time of antiwashout underwater concrete, where cement was replaced by 0% to 50%. Experimental work was performed on the condition of sea water and in air to find out the characteristics of setting time between the concretes that were cast in air and cast in 15
of sea water. The experimental results show that the setting time of underwater concrete with 50% replacement was delayed about 10 hours than normal concrete. And it can be concluded that, at the case of underseawater concrete addicted with fly ash, the delayed final setting times are shown as the function Tf=0.069F+7.69, where Tf is the delayed final setting time and F is quantity of fly ash, respectively. These results confirm that the setting time underseawater concrete could be prolonged.