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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 16, Issue 5 - Oct 2002
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
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Numerical Analysis of Wave Transformation of Permeable Breakwater Permitting Wave Overtopping
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 1~5
In the past, ports have been mainly developed in natural harbors but nowadays ports are built wherever they can be economically justified. Therefore, construction of breakwater in area that establishment of structure is disadvantageous is risen according to the change of conditions to the location for ports. In case of building gravity breakwater in such point, need that plane shapes of more reasonable section permitting wave overtopping is necessary. One of the earliest methods for solving unsteady incompressible flow including free surfaces is the MAC(Marker And Cell) method by Harlow and Welch (1965). Recently. VOF(Volume Of Fluid) method to improve several drawbacks of MAC method is suggested by Hirt and Nichols(1981) and utilized extensively in fields of hydrodynamics. Wave overtopping phenomenon is simulated including wave breaking for permeable breakwater by numerical analysis and investigated features of wave overtopping behind structure using VOF method.
Long-term Monthly Variations of Tide in Pusan Harbour
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 6~9
The long-term monthly variations of tide with tidal harmonic analysis in Pusan Harbour are investigated. The present spring tidal range decreased 1.4 cm and the variation of phase lag increased than 1974. The high and low water level of yearly mean sea level is show during the February to March and August to September, respectively. It is important to note that the larger lunar elliptic N2 is large in comparison with lunisolar diurnal K1 and principal lunar diurnal O1. The ratios (Correction Factors) of monthly mean sea level and the main 4 tidal constituents are evaluated to correct the shortly (monthly) observed tide for the design of harbour facilities.
Wave Boundary Layer: Parameterization Technique and Its Proof
Belevich, M. ; Safray, A. ; Lee, Kwi-Joo ; Kim, Kyoung-Hwa ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 10~20
Evaluation of the Harbor Operation Rate Considering Long Period Waves
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 21~26
In this study, the characteristics of long period waves are analyzed by field observation at Sokcho harbor on the eastern coast of Korea. firstly. the pressure data obtained from field observation are transformed into water surface elevations and the wave by wave analysis is applied to the observed wave data. also, we select long period waves by setting up the range 30-200sec, and suggest the relationship between ordinary waves and long period waves using the concept of the significant wave height. and, we examine the effects oft he long period waves on the rate of the harbor operation. The observation results demonstrate that the long period waves with heights of 1.2-14.6cm and periods of 35.8-162sec exist at Sokcho harbor. also, we found the rates of harbor operation based on long period waves are 61.8%-99.5% lower than the usual rates of 93.8%-100%.
Field Observation and Numerical Modeling for Secondary Undulation
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 27~31
The purpose of this study is to investigate the variation of resonance that is possible caused by construction of new port in a practical sea area between the existing port and the new one. The research of amplification that of the sea area was accomplished for the variation of resonance. In this study, long period wave that is observed continuously in the practical sea area was analyzed, and then secondary undulation was reproduced by numerical analysis. As a result of numerical analysis, the first mode resonant periods in the existing port is 640sec, and in the new one is 500sec. On the other hand, we know there is long period wave of 500sec from analyzation of field datas. Because that period this period is the resonant period in the new port. There is also the possibility of secondary undulation cause of resonant.
Hydroelastic Responses of Nonerctangular Floating Airports Considering the Shape of Control Tower
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 32~37
Very Large Floating Structures have been planned for effective utilization of ocean space in recent years. The nonerctangular VLFS usually has a control tower to guide airplane securely. This paper presents an effective method for calculating the wave induced hydroelastic responses of VLFS considering the effect of control tower-shapes. The source and dipole distribution method is used to calculate the plate. The rigidity matrix for VLFS is formulated by finite element method using a plate theory. The calculated results for nonerctangular VLFS with a control tower are compared with those for VLFS without a control tower.
Deformation Characteristics of Compound Curved Plate Bending by Asymmetric Rollers
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 38~43
Die-less forming is a cold forming process which is to bend thick flat plates into compound curved plates using two asymmetric rollers. This forming method has several advantages compared with line heating which is widely used to fabricate compound curved pieces in shipyards. The die-less forming, however, has scarcely been studied. Even the deformation mechanism in this forming process has not been understood clearly. So, in this paper, the deformation characteristics of die-less forming is investigated analytically and numerically. for the analytic investigation, slab method based on equilibrium equation is applied. And the mechanism of curvature generation is derived for the asymmetry in roller applied. And three dimensional numerical analyses are performed with realistic modeling of interactions between the rollers and work-piece using finite element program, ABAQUS. It is shown that curvature generation is mainly due to the difference of normal positive strain distribution between the top and bottom surface of the work-piece. And a convex-type curved plate is formed if the center region of the work-piece is rolled with asymmetric rollers of which the lower is larger than the upper in diameter.
The Study on Pullout Resistance Characteristics of the Compression Anchor by Pullout Tests on the Field
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 44~52
The mechanism of pullout resistance of compression anchor is analysed. This anchor is developed through the field pullout tests and the laboratory element test. The compression anchor is characterized by decrease of progressive failure, simple site work, economy and durability compared with tension anchor. The characteristics of compression anchor, compared with tension anchor. mainly are summarized as follows ; (1) The plastic displacement of anchor body is very small during pullout of anchor. (2) Total anchor length decreases by the shortening of free length; (3) The progressive failure is decreased.; (4) The safety factor for pullout resistance increases with time after construction of anchor.
A Study on Bead Height Control of GMAW by Short Circuit Time Ratio
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 53~59
This paper shows the experimental results controlling the height of surface and back bead in GMAW by analyzing the unexpected gaps between base metals produced in welding and by controlling welding velocity due to the variation of the gap between base metals in thin-plate welding. The back bead behavior and burn-through in I-type butt joint
welding of thin mild steel are analyzed in the views of short circuit time ratio and short circuit frequency. It is shown through experimental consideration that the short circuit time ratio method is more reasonable than the short circuit frequency method in analyzing the formulation of back bead under changing the gap between base metals. Based on the these results, welding manipulator is designed so as to satisfy the bead height control in real time by measuring the short circuit time ratio. To show the effectiveness of the developed bead formulation control system, the experiment is implemented under two welding conditions such as increasing gap from 0mm to 0.8mm and gradually increasing gap from 0mm to 1.2mm. The experimental results show that the bead formulation can be controlled uniformly in spite of the variation of the gap between base metals.
Application of Coating Technique for Measurement of Elevated Temperature Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 60~66
The remote measurement system(RMS) as a new experimental method is limited in its application to crack measurement at elevated temperatures because of the oxide layer on the specimen surface. Since TiAIN and Cr coating layers have a high resistance to oxidation and wear, this paper proposed a TiAIN and Cr coating technique for specimens to facilitate the measurement of crack growth behavior using RMS. To investigate the effects of the coating layer, tension and fatigue tests were carried out at room temperature and at
. The test material was 1Cr-1Mo-0.25V steel which is widely used as a turbine rotor material. From the experimental results, it was found that the mechanical properties of the TiAIN and Cr coated specimens were similar to those of the substrate. Accordingly, the TiAIN and Cr coated layer had hardly any influence on the fatigue crack propagation.
AE Signals Characteristics from Fracture by Type of CFRP Stacking Structure
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 67~71
Damage process of CFRP laminates was characterized by Acoustic Emission (AE). The main objective of this study is to determine if the sources of AE in CERP laminates could be identified from the characteristics of the waveform signals recorded during monotonic tensile test. The time history and power spectrum of each individual wave signal recorded during test were examined and classified according to their special characteristics. The wave from and frequency of AE signal from a specimens is an aid to the determination of the extent of the different fracture mechanism such as matrix crack, debonding, fiber pull-out and fiber fracture as load is increased. Four distinct types of signals were observed regardless of specimen condition. The result showed that the AE method could be effectively used for analysis of fracture mechanism in CFRP laminates.
Effect of the Groove Shape of Ultra Thick Box-Column with Center Segregation under High Heat Input for Corner Welding
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 72~79
In this study, time-dependent distributions of temperature and stresses, in the box-column welded from ultra thick plates with center segregation, has been analyzed by the commercial finite element package SYSWELD+, for several types and angles of groove. The major points of investigation are the optimum type and angle of groove that minimize weld stress specially at the center segregation, as well as temperature distribution, residual stresses and changes in the mechanical properties. The results can be summarized as follows; 1) Generally the thermal cycle at the root of groove exhibits relatively rapid cooling pattern, however, most of the other part weldment have a slow cooling pattern in all groove types. 2) Most of the micro-structures of weldment are composed of ferrite and pearlite, meanwhile we could find martensite and bainite locally a the root of the groove. 3) Optimum groove type for high heat input welding of box-column corner is a double groove type, and the optimum angle for the groove is 30~
that minimize deformation and weld stress at the center segregation.