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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Model Parametrization on the Mixing Behavior of Coastal Discharges
Kim, Jong-Kyu ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 1~7
A common feature in the three-dimensional numerical model experiments of coastal discharge with simplifed model and idealized external forcings is investigated. The velocity fields due to the buoyancy and flow flux, are spreaded radiately and the surface velocites are much greater than homegeneous discharges. The coastal dischargd due to the Coriolis force and flow flux are shaped a anticyclical gyre (clockwise) and determined the scale of the gyre in the coastal zone, respectively. The bottom topography restricts a outward extention of the coastal fronts and it accelerates a southward flow.
Development of Engineering Model for a Barge Moulted Seabed Sludge Treatment Plant
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 8~13
Soil, ground water, and sea bed are exposed to a continuous accumulation of polluted materials, causing serious environmental damage. It has been reported that such pollution causes a massive mortality of fish stock in rivers due to the resuspension of toxic chemicals, occurring during strong wind conditions. Therefore, it becomes apparent that there is an immediate demand for the restoration treatment of polluted river bed (or sea bed) sediment layers. Pollution levels of major rivers and ports, such as Paldang, Kyungan rivers, and Masan port, are becoming of great public concern, and are posing a serious environmental threat. In particular, the pollution of the Shi-hwa river has become a nation wide issue for the last few years. In spite of such public concern, the pollution levels of such rivers or ports are worsening everyday. In this study, an environmentally sound engineering package is introduced that helps to restore the polluted river bed or sea bed sediments. This engineering package consists of a suction facility, followed by a series of mechanical, chemical, and biological treatment units. The suction facility is designed to minimize secondary pollution that occurs from the resuspension of toxic materials during suction. The sea bed cleaning engineering package is designed to be installed on the top of a floating barge. Such a combination of environmental plant and shipbuilding technology provides a cost-effective solution, minimizing the transportation between suction and treatment facilities.
A Relationship Between Restraint Effect of Weldment and Crack Initiation Characteristics
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 14~20
In this paper, a practical design criteria for judgement of crack occurrence in weldments is presented as a function of typical welding parameters, such as diffusible hydrogen, restraint intensity, and preheating temperature. The elastic analyses using the finite element techniques are employed in order to quantify the restraint intensities, numerically. Systematic experiments are also conducted in order to investigate the propensity of crack to typical welding parameters. The results of numerical estimation using the proposed method for the experimental specimens show the usefulness as a practical tool in welding induced crack problems with extensive uncertainties. Systematic experiments are also conducted in order to investigate the propensity of crack to typical welding parameters. The results of numerical estimation using the proposed method for the experimental specimens show the usefulness as a practical tool in welding induced crack problems with extensive uncertainties.
Estimation of Plastic Bending Moment of Offshore Pipelines
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 21~26
The reel-lay method of submarine pipelines a continuous string of pipe coiled onto a reel. Assembly of this pipe that is string is accomplished onshore by welding, and nondestructive testing is carried out prior to coiling the pipe. The total length of pipes on the reel depends on the reel and pipe diameters. Pipeline installation is accomplished by uncoiling, straightening the pipe, and laying out the pipe string onto the seabed as the barge moves forward. Installation associated with coiling and uncoiling is related to the bending moment and strain relationship of the pipeline, A highgrade pipe material is required when the reel-lay method is used. This paper is concerned with the highly plastic bending moment of the pipeline, including the effect of ovality. Moment calculation in the pipe is accomplished by the numerical method, including the variable ovalities during the plastic bending of the pipe string. The new calculation method of the high plastic bending moment was applied to the reel-lay method.
Estimation of Displacements Using the Transformed Response in Time and frequency Domain
Jung, Beom-Seok ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 27~33
Fatigue Life Evaluation of Butt-Welded Tubular Joints
Kim, Dong-Su ; Nho, In-Sik ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 34~39
Recent deepwater offshore structures in the Gulf of Mexico utilize butt welded tubular joints. Application of a welded tubular joint includes tendons, production risers, and steel catenary risers. Fatigue life assessment of these joints becomes more critical, as the structures to which they are attached are allowed to undergo cyclic and sometimes large displacements around an anchored position. Estimation of the fatigue behavior of these tubular members in the design stage is generally condrcted by using S-N curves, as specified in the codeds and standards. Applying the stress concentration factor of the welded structure to the S-N approach often results in a very conservative assessment, because the stress field acting on the tubular has a non-uniform distribution through the thickness. Fatigue life analysis using fracture mechanics has been applied in the design of the catenary risers. This technology enables the engineer to establish proper requirements on weld quality and inspection acceptance criteria to assure satisfactory structural integrity during its design life. It also provides guidance on proper design curves and a methodology for accounting for the effects of non-uniform stress distribution through the wall thickness. Still, there is inconsistency when designing tubular joints using a conventional S-N approach and when specifying weld flaw acceptance criteria using fracture mechanics approach. This study developed fatigue curves that are consistent with both the S-N approach and the fracture mechanics approach. Accounting for non-uniform stress distribution and threshold stress intensity factor were key parameters in relating both approaches. A series of S-N curves, generated from the fracture mechanics approach, were compared to the existing S-N curves. For flat plate butt joint, the S-N curve generated from fracture mechanics matches with the IIW class 100 curve when initial crack depth was 0.5 mm (0.02 ). The new curves for tubular joint agree very well with the experimental results. The comparison also indicated the degree of conservatism built into the API X design curve.
Corrosion Resistance of Super Duplex Stainless Steel
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 40~46
The corrosion resistance of super duplex stainless steel on both its fibrous and dispersed phase was investigated. These structures consist of various volume fraction and distribution of austenite structure, which were obtained by changing the heat treatment temperature and cycle. The fibrous phase had higher austenite volume fraction than that of the dispersed phase at the same temperature. Corrosion resistance of super duplex stainless steel was evaluated through an immersion test and an impingement test, using 35% HCI and sea water, respectively. Super duplex stainless steel was compared with STS316L and STS304. The corrosion resistance of super duplex stainless steel was superior to ST316L and STS304. The dispersed phase of super duplex stainless steel was more stabilized than the fibrous phase in corrosion. The magnitude of corrosion rate was in order STS304, STS316L, fibrous phase of super duplex stainless steel and dispersed phase of super duplex stainless steel.
A Study on the Effect of Shot Velocity by Shot Peening on fatigue Crack Growth Property for Marine Structural Steel
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 47~53
The development of new materials with light weight and high strength has become vital to the machinery, aircraft and auto industries. However, there are a lot of problems with developing such materials that require such expensive tools, as well as a great deal of time and effort. Therefore, the improvement of fatigue life through, the adoption of residual stress, is the main focus. The compressive residual stress was imposed on the surface according to each shot velocity(1800, 2200, 2600, 3000rpm) based on Shot-peening, which is the method of improving fatigue life and strength. By using the methose mentioned above, we arrived at the following conclusions; 1. The fatigue crack growth rate(da/dN) of the Shot-peened material was lower than that of the Un-peened material. In stage I,
, the threshold stress intensity factor, of the shot-peen processed material is high in critical parts, unlike the Un-peened material. Also m, fatigue crack growth exponent and number of cycle of the Shot-peened material was higher than of the Un-peened material. That is concluded from effect of da/dN. 2. Fatigue life shows more improvement in the Shot-peened material than in the Un-peened material. Compressive residual stress of the surface on the Shot-peen processed operate resistance force of fatigue crack propagation.
Characteristics of Parameters for the Distribution of fatigue Crack Growth Lives wider Constant Stress Intensity factor Control
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 54~59
The characteristics of the parameters for the probability distribution of fatigue crack growth life, using the non-Gaussian random process simulation method is investigated. In this paper, the material resistance to fatigue crack growth is treated as a spatial random process, which varies randomly on the crack surface. Using the previous experimental data, the crack length equals the number of cycle curves that are simulated. The results are obtained for constant stress intensity factor range conditions with stress ratios of R=0.2, three specimen thickness of 6, 12 and 18mm, and the four stress intensity level. The probability distribution function of fatigue crack growth life seems to follow the 3-parameter Wiubull,, showing a slight dependence on specimen thickness and stress intensity level. The shape parameter,
, does not show the dependency of thickness and stress intensity level, but the scale parameter,
, and location parameter,
, are decreased by increasing the specimen thickness and stress intensity level. The slope for the stress intensity level is larger than the specimen thickness.
An Experimental Study on the Rolling Motion Control of a Ship Based on LMI Approach
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 60~66
In this paper, an actively controlled anti-rolling system is considered, in order to reduce the rolling motion of a ship. In this control system, a small auxiliary mass is installed on the upper area of the ship, and an actuator is connected between the auxiliary mass and the ship. The actuator reacts the auxiliary mass, applying inertial control forces to the ship to reduce the rolling motion in the desired manner. In this paper, we introduce LMI based H
control approach to design the anti-rolling control system for the controlled ship. And the experimental results show that the desirable control performance can be achieved.
A Research on Ship Speed Performance
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 67~71
Using motions (Maruo) and wave reflection (the author), speed loss due to wind (van Berlekom) and ITTC standard spectrum, and various effects of weather(:such as weather intensity, ship type, ship size and draught) on ship speed performance at sea were investigated. Further, a comparison of the relative effects of weather and hull roughness on speed loss was also studied for a VLCC.
Development of float off Operation Design for Mdlti Semi-submersible Barges with Symmetrical Stability Casings
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 72~76
This paper presents the design concept and operation results of float-off for FSO (340,000 DWT Class, ELF AMENAM KPONO Project) built on the ground, without dry dock facilities. It was the first attempt to build FSO, completely, on the ground and launch it using DBU (Double Barge Unit, which was connected by rigid frame structure.) The major characteristics of FSO, which are similar to general VLCC type hull, including topside structure, weigh 51,000 metric ton. In order to have sufficient stability during the deck immersion of DBU, while passing through a minimum water plane area zone, proper trim control was completed with LMC (Load Master Computer). The major features of the monitoring system include calculation for transverse bending moment, shear force, local strength check of each connector, based on component stress, and deformation check during the load-out and float-off. Another major concern during the operation was to avoid damages at the bottom and sides of FSO, due to motion & movement after free-floating; therefore, adequate clearances between DBU and FSO were to be provided, and guide posts were installed to prevent side damage of the DBU casings. This paper also presents various measures that indecate the connector bending moment, damage stability analysis, and mooring of DBU during float off.
A Study on Optimal Selection System for the Engine Horsepower of fishing Vessels Longer than 24m
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 77~84
The excessive cost of building ships causes the instability of payability, which manage poorly fishing vessels longer than 24m. As a result, an officer evades embarkation and a vicious circle is repeated. In this study, the optimal engine horsepower system for fishing vessels longer than 24m was invented to develop the most efficient engine horsepower, and also a database program for the most efficient engine horsepower has been developed based on the type of and their size.