Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 17, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Numerical Wave Tank Technology for Multipurpose Simulation in Marine Environmental Engineering
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 2003, Pages 1~7
A virtual reality technology for multipurpose numerical simulation is developed to reproduce and investigate a variety of ocean environmental problems in a 3D Numerical Wave Tank(NWT). The governing equations for solving incompressible fluid motion are Navier-Stokes equation and continuity equation. The Marker-Density function technique is adopted to implement the fully nonlinear freesurface kinematic condition. The marine environmental situations, i.e., waves, currents, etc., are reproduced by use of multi-segmented wavemakers on the basis of the so-called ″snake-principle″. In this paper, some numerical reproduction techniques for regular, and irregular waves, multi-directional waves, Bull's-eye wave. wave-current, and solitary wave are presented, and a model test in motion with large amplitude of roll angle is conducted in the developed 3D-NWT, using a overlaid grid system.
Nonlinear Motion Responses of a Moored Ship beside Quay
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 2003, Pages 8~15
When a typoon sets into harbour, a moored ship shows erratic motions and even mooring line failure may occur. such troubles may be caused by harbour resonance phenomena, resulting in large motion amplitudes at low frequency, which is close ti the natural frequency of th moored ship. The nonlinear motions of a ship moored to quay are simulated under external forces due to wave, current including mooring forces in time domain. The forces due to waves are obtained from source and dipole distribution method in the frequency domain. The current forces are calculated by using slow motion maneuvering equation in the horizontal plane. The wind forces are calculated from the empirical formula of ABS and the mooring forces of ropes and fenders are modeled as linear spring.
An Experimental Study on Recycled Aggregate Concrete for Artificial Fishing Reefs
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 2003, Pages 16~22
The mechanical characteristics of newly recycled aggregate concrete on the basis of the proposed mix design model have been studied to develop the precast artificial fishing reefs. In the first task, the experimental test for the recycled aggregates taken from Jeju Island has been carried out to verify the material properties in terms of specific gravity, percentage of solids, absorption and abrasion of coarse aggregates. In the second task, the experimental parameters of newly recycled aggregate concrete are investigated to meet with the requirements of guidelines with respect to slump, unit weight, pH, ultrasonic velocity, void ratio, and compressive strength which are made of sea-shore sand ad slag cement. The natural aggregate and polypropylene fiber are added to newly recycled aggregate concrete to improve the compressive strength and quality. The optimal mix proportions for compressive strength are W/C=30％, S/a=15％, NA/G=50％ in porous concrete case, W/C=40％, S/a=45％ in plain concrete case, and W/C=40％, S/a-45％, PF=1.0kg/㎥ in fiber reinforced concrete case.
Spatial and Temporal Variation Characteristics between Water Quality and Pollutant Loads of Yeong-il Bau(I) - Seasonal Variation of River Discharge and Inflowing Pollutant Loads -
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 2003, Pages 23~30
This study investigates the seasonal variation and spatial distribution characteristics of pollutant load, as executing the quality valuation of pollutant load inflowing into Yeong-il Bay from on-land including the Hyeong-san River. Annual total pollutant generating rate from Yeong-il Bay region are 202ton-BOD/day, 620ton-SS/day, 42ton-TN/day, and 16ton-TP/day, respectively. Particularly, the generating ration of the pollutant loads from the Hyeong-san River is greater than that of any other watershed of the Yeong-il Bay, of which BOd is about 78.2％, SS 88.5％, T-N 62.5％, T-P 73.1％, As calculating Tank model with input value of daily precipitation and evaporation of 2001 year in drainage basin of the Hyeong-san River, the estimated result of the annual river discharge effluence from this river is 830106㎥, As a result to estimating annual effluence rate outflowing at the rivers from each drainage basin. annual inflow pollutant rates are 10,633ton-BOD/year, 19,302ton-SS/year, 15,369ton-TN/year, 305ton-TP/year, respectively. The population congestion region of the Pohang-city is a greater source of pollutant loads than the Neang-Chun region with wide drainage area. Therefore, the quantity of TN inflowing into Yeong-il Bay is much more than T-P. The accumulation of pollutant load effluenced from on-land will happen at the inner coast region of Yeon-il Bay. Finally, We would make a prediction that the water quality will take a bad turn.
Sensitivity Appraisal for Lamellar Tearing of Box-Column of Ultra Thick Plate
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 2003, Pages 31~36
In case of this thick rolling-steel for a multistory building, a large oil-drilling structure, a large vessel, a bridge and so on, Lamella Tearing around the welded joint zone is the most serious problems. In order to prevent Lamella Tearing, not only is choice of material important, but also the comprehensive investigation for the structural design and the construction. The Lamella Tearing that is a staircase-shape occurs due to the contraction stress to the thickness direction of the plate and has the character that the cracks progress along the elongated inclusion by rolling. In general, because cracks occur at the heat affected zone and around HAZ, it is necessary to establish the safety and the confidence of the welded structure to restrain the welding defect such as Lamella Tearing. The mechanical approaches are the easier and more economical than the approaches of the material and the construction method. In addition, the appropriate welding profile and the optimum welding condition contribute toward the improvement of the productivity and influence on the standardization of the manufacturing technology.
A Study on the Deformation Characteristics of a High-Pressure Hose with respect to the Swaging Strokes
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 2003, Pages 37~42
The mechanical components with high-pressure hoses are generally produced by the swaging process. The hoses are composed of the rubber materials and the reinforced braids to support tensile forces. In case they are subjected to high mechanical and thermal loads under severe operating conditions, the oil in hoses can leak at the parts of small clamping forces. In this paper, the deformation characteristics of a fiber-reinforced hose are analyzed with respect to the jaw strokes using the finite element method. The manufacturing process is modeled with a contact problem in consideration of a real situation, and the material properties based on the experimental results are used in the analysis. Examinations of the relationship between the swaging strokes and the deformation behaviors of the hose were made on the basis of the stress and strain values of the hose components. The relations between clamping forces and separating forces are also proposed, in order to estimate clamping forces corresponding to separating forces for the given model.
Pullout Behavior of Typical friction Anchors and Development of Design Method
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 2003, Pages 43~51
The resistance mechanism of anchor changes according to the types of anchor. Friction anchors are classified into tension and compression types. In this study, the characteristics and mechanism of pullout are analysed, and the design method of anchor and computer program for design are developed through compression test results of anchor body grout. The characteristics of compression anchor, compared with tension anchor, are summarized mainly as follows: (1) The effect of progressive failure of compression anchor body are much smaller than those of tension anchor during pullout of anchor: (2) The skin friction resistance is increased by Possion effect of grout (anchor body) during pullout of compression anchor.
A Study on the Development of Underwater Wet Welding Electrodes
Kim, Min-Nam ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 2003, Pages 52~58
Underwater wet arc welds were experimentally performed on the KR-RA steel plate as base metal by using four different types of flux coated electrodes: KT33, UWEE, UWCS, and TN20, UWEE, the individually designed flux coated underwater electrode, had good operability when compared with other domestic terrestrial electrodes, and imported goods. The hardness value and the portion of martensite of HAZ were increased, by using a rapid cooling rate, Mechanical properties were also examined experimentally with a multi-pass butt-welding specimen test. The individually designed flux coated electrode UWEE could be used in practice for underwater wet welds.
Combined Optimal Design of Flexible Beam with Sliding Mode Control System
Park, Jung-Hyen ; Kim, Soon-Ho ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 2003, Pages 59~65
In order to achieve the desired lightweight and robust design of a structure, it is preferable to design a structure and its control system, simultaneously, which is termed the combined optimal design. A constant-cross-sectional area cantilever beam was chosen as the optimum design method, An initial load and a time-varying disturbance were applied at the free end of the beam. Sliding mode control was selected, due to its insensitivity to the disturbance, compared with other modes. It is known that the sliding mode control is robust to the disturbance and is uncertain, only if a matching condition is met, after giving a switching hyper plane. In this study, the optimum method was used for the design of the switching hyper plane, and the objective function of the optimum switching hyper plane was assumed to be the objective of the control system. The total weight of the structure was treated as a constraint, and the cross sectional areas of the beam were considered as design variables, the result being a nonlinear programming problem. To solve it, the sequential linear programming method was applied. As a result of the optimum design, the effect of attenuating vibrations has been substantially improved. Moreover, the lightweight design of the structure became possible as a result of the relationship of the weight of the structure to the control objective function.
Structure-Control Combined Optimal Design of 3-D Truss Structure Considering Intial State and Feedback Gain
Park, Jung-Hyen ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 2003, Pages 66~72
This paper proposes an optimum, problematic design for structural and control systems, taking a 3-D truss structure as an example. The structure is subjected to initial static loads and time-varying disturbances. The structure is controlled by a state feedback H
controller which suppress the effects of disturbances. The design variables are the cross sectional areas of truss members. The structural objective function is the structural weight. For the control objective, we consider two types of performance indices, The first function represents the effect of the initial loads. The second function is the norm of the feedback gain, These objective functions are in conflict with each other but are transformed into one control objective by the weighting method. The structural objectives is treated as the constraint, By introducing the second control objective which considers the magnitude of the feedback gain, we can create a design to model errors.
Rotating Arm Test for Assessment of an Underwater Hybrid Navigation System for a Semi-Autonomous Underwater Vehicle
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 2003, Pages 73~80
This paper presents considerations on the results of the rotating arm test, which was carried out for assessment of an hybrid navigation system for a semi-autonomous underwater vehicle. The navigation system consists of an inertial measurement unit(IMU), an ultra-short baseline(USBL) acoustic navigation sensor and a doppler velocity log(DVL) accompanying a magnetic compass. A navigational systemmodel is derived to include the scale effect and bias errors of the DVL, of which the state equation composed of the navigation states and sensor parameters are 25 in the order. The extended Kalman filter was used to propagate the error covariance, The rotating arm tests were carried out in the Ocean Engineering Basin of KRISO, to generate circular motion. The hybrid underwater navigation system shows good tracking performance against the circular planar motion. Additionally this paper checked the effects of the sampling ratio of the navigation system and the possibility of the dead reckoning with the DVL and the magnetic compass to estimate the position of the vehicle
The State-of-the-Art Review on the Information Technologies for Manufacturing Toward Digital Shipbuilding
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 17, issue 4, 2003, Pages 81~85
The industry has undergone a significant change over the last decade: digital business has become a strategy to survive; the extended enterprise is being implemented; parts are made where conditions are most favourable; non-core activities are out-sourced; advanced manufacturing systems and information technologies are introduced to improve manufacturing performance. Suppliers and distributors become part of the supply chain and they all comprise an integrated international co-operative network to provide manufactured goods and support services for a world market just in time, at low prices and with quality surpassing customers' expectations. In this paper, we review various state-of-the-art information technologies for the shipbuilding industry. The successful introduction and implementation of those technologies will be the key enabler for e-transformation in the shipbuilding industry