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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2004
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2004
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2004
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2004
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2004
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
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Development of a Wave Absorbing System Using an Inclined Punching Plate
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~6
In this paper, the performance of a wave absorbing system using an inclined punching plate, was investigated. Using the multi-domain boundary element method (BEM), the reflection coefficients of an inclined punching plate were tested with various design parameters, such as inclined angle, porosity, and wave frequencies. To confirm the numerical solutions, the systematic model test was conducted at 2-D tank and square tank. The numerical results were in good agreement with the experimental results within the entire frequency range. It was found that an inclined punching plate had an excellent wave absorbing efficiency, compared to a horizontal one. Also, the optimal range of an inclined angle had an excellent wave absorbing efficiency, compared to a horizontal one the optimal range of the inclined angle is 10°<β<20°. The developed wave absorber was installed at KRISO's square basin, and is working effectively for various model tests.
On the Evaluation of a Vortex-Related Definite Trigonometric Integral
Lee, Dong-Kee ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 7~9
Using the solution to th contour integral of the complex logarithmic function
, the following definite integral, derived from the formula to calculate the forces exerted to n circular cylinder by the discrete vortices shed from it, has been evaluated (equation omitted)
A Real Time, Internet Accessed, Monitoring System of the Ocean and Harbor Environment
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 10~15
For effective conservation of the oceans and harbors, long-term and systematic development of the ocean and harbor monitoring system is essential. A monitoring system capable of real-time and accurate data acquisition is necessary for dealing with the level of contamination by situations, such as red tide and foods. This paper introduces an effective and economical real-time harbor environmental monitoring system that utilizes PCS wireless data communication technology. The monitoring system has various functions, such as multiple communication, TCP/IP protocol for wireless internet access, system time synchronization, and bi-directional communication between the measuring device and the server. The system has been implemented at Shinseondae harbor pier in Busan to validate the system's stability and effectiveness in data acquisition. The acquired real-time ocean and harbor environmental data is expected to have a large effect, when shared with the public through the Internet.
An Experimental Study on Optimal Size of Core Material in Rubble Mould Breakwater
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 16~21
In general, core materials of rubble mound breakwater are used at a restricted range of 0.015㎥～0.03㎥. However, it is not satisfied with the standard design in over fifty percent of the cases. In this study, model tests and numerical analysis are employed to examine the range of core material that has no problem with capacity maintenance and stability of rubble mound breakwater. Model tests measure the porosities that are mixed in various ratios, to classify core materials by three parameters. The slope stability of rubble mound breakwater is investigated, using numerical analysis, with a friction angle and a unit weight. The change of unit weight, which is followed by the mixed rate of size core material, has no large affect on slope stability, and there is no problem with ensuring slope stability of the rubble mound breakwater.
A Study on Improvement of fatigue Details in Orthotropic Steel Deck Bridge with Bulkhead Plate
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 22~27
An orthotropic steel deck system is widely adapted form for a long-span bridge. It has many advantages, such as the big reduction of dead weight, the simplicity for erection, and the reduction of the construction period. However, an orthotropic steel deck system requires a lot of welding work, which may result in defects and deformation of connection. Therefore, the research for the general behavior and fatigue strength of the several details in orthotropic steel deck bridge is necessary. The fatigue failure with distortion results from secondary stress by out-of-plane deformation; these kinds of cracks are very difficult to measure, and can not be precisely calculated through finite element analysis. This stress concentration phenomenon generates the fatigue failure around the lower scallop of the transverse rib. This paper presents improved details of the intersection between the longitudinal rib and the transverse rib of an orthotropic steel deck bridge by the third dimensional hit size test, and the finite element method, which can minimize local stress through parametric study.
Analysis of fatigue Crack Growth Behavior in the Integrally Stiffened Panels Subjected to Single Overload
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 28~34
It is well known that tensile peak overloads may significantly delay suubsequent constant amplitude fatigue crack growth in many materials. Since real structures are usually subjected to complex load histories, the ability to predict accurate crack growth under realistic service conditions is of major engineering interest. This paper describes experiments on fatigue track growth in the integrally stiffened panel of 7075-T6 aluminum alloy. The effect of shape parameters and overload position on the fatigue crack growth behavior of integrally stiffened panels are discussed. Based on the experimental results, the following conclusions have been drawn: the overall fatigue crack growth retardation resulting from single overload in the stiffened panels was generally larger in the larger thickness ratio, although the retardation trends, according to the change in overload positions, were similar to those exhibited in the non-stiffened panels.
A Study on the Accuracy Control of Panel Blocks
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 35~40
This paper is concerned with the simulator's ability to estimate deformation due to welding of panel blocks. An efficient computer program system has been developed which can be applied both to estimation of weld-induced deformation, under the given welding conditions, and to reflection of effect when methods for deformation control of are applied. This paper briefly describes the background of the present simulator and shows some results applying the simulator to the estimation of weld-induced deformation. In addition, the results when methods for deformation control are applied are also included.
An Experimental Study on the Estimation of the Plate Tearing Damage
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 41~46
This paper describes a study on the tearing damage of a ship's bottom plating, during a grounding. It is widely known that different scaling laws are applied for bodies undergoing simultaneous plastic flow and crack propagation in the deformation of plate tearing. Specifically, the basic scaling law is not followed for the fracture. In this study, in order to verify the problem, plate cutting experiments for geometrically similar models have been performed. From the experimental results, it has been observed that the cutting forces and energy for the larger models are significantly lower than those of the smaller models. A simplified analytical method for the estimation of tearing is proposed, based on the experiments. It has been observed that the results of the present formula are highly correlated with the experiments.
Model Test for the Development of Installing Manipulator of Concrete Pile Anchor
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 47~52
Greater holding force of an anchor is required for maintaining the position of a larger floating structure. According to the series of model tests of pile anchors with movable fluke, the square type pile anchor, with fluke, showed more than 6 times of the uplift pulling force, compared to the same type pile anchor, without fluke. This uplift force is 100 times its weight. When the water depth is more than 40m, It is difficult to install the pile anchor. For a convenient installation method, a type of manipulator is proposed for the separation of a weight and buoyancy controller, using TRIZ.
Optimal Mix Design Model of Recycled Aggregate Concrete for Artificial fishing Reefs
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 53~62
The Purpose of this study is to recycle the waste concrete, which is generated in huge quantities, from construction works. in order to achieve this goal, it is important to determine the compressive strength, workability, slump, and ultrasonic velocity of recycled aggregate concrete. Thus, several experiment parameters are considered, such as water-cement ratios, sand percentage, and fine aggregate composition ratios, in order to apply the recycled aggregate concrete to pre-cast artificial fishing reefs. From the results, it has been shown that the proper mix designs for reef concrete are W/C=45%, S/a=50%, SR50:SN50 in recycled sand and natural sand mix combination case, W/C=45%, S/a=50%, SC50:SN50 in crushed sand and natural sand mix combination case, W/C=45%, S/a=50%, SR50:SC50 in recycled sand and crushd sand mix combination case. Also, this study shows that the shape and surface roughness of fine aggregate particles have an effect on the strength, slump, ultrasonic velocity of tested concrete, and the compressive strength ratios of 7days' and 90days' curing ages of recycled aggregate concrete are about 70% and 110% of 28days' curing age.
Estimation of Shear Carrying Capacity on Concrete Beams, Reinforced with FRP Rods
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 63~68
The purpose of this study is to estimate the contribution of concrete and shear reinforcement, in shear carrying capacity, on concrete beams, reinforced with steel and/or FRP rods. The experimental tests for 12 concrete beams, reinforced with steel and/or FRP rods, are carried out. Experimental parameters includes the mechanical properties of reinforcements in shear and bending, and the ratio of shear reinforcement. This study compares the experimental results of shear carrying capacity in concrete beams, reinforced with steel and/or FRP rods, with the proposed equations. According to the experimental results, the effect of the concrete in concrete beams reinforced with FRP rods is decreased with decreasing Young's modulus of longitudinal tensile reinforcement. This results from the large deflection of concrete beams reinforced with decreasing Young's modulus of longitudinal tensile reinforcement. Also, the contribution of shear reinforcement is smaller than the calculated value, using the truss analogy. This results from the fact that the stress redistribution is not exhibited after the break of shear reinforcement.
Effect of Impressed Potential on the SCC of Al-Brass
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 69~74
In general, the protection method of Shell and Tube Type heat exchanger for a vessel has been applied as a sacrificial anode, which is attached at the inner side of the shell. However, this is an insufficient protection method for tube. Therefore, a more suitable method, such as the impressed current cathodic protection for tube protection, is required. Al-brass is the raw material of tubes for heat exchanger of a vessel where seawater is used for cooling the water. It has a high level of heat conductivity, excellent mechanical properties, and a high level of corrosion resistance, due to a cuprous oxide (Cu
O) layer against th seawater. However, in actuality, it has been reported that Al-brass tubes for heat exchanger of a vessel can produce local corrosion, such as stress corrosion cracking (SCC). This paper studied the effect of impressed potential on the stress corrosion cracking of Al-brass for impressed current cathodic protection in 3.5% NaCl +0.1% NH
OH solution, under flow by a constant displacement tester. Based on the test results, the latent time of SCC, stress corrosion crack propagation, and the dezincification phase of Al-brass are investigated.
Evaluation of Anticorrosive Performance of Organic Coatings Subjected to Cyclic Wet-dry Exposure
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 75~79
Organic coatings are widely used to control of the corrosion of a steel structure. The water in coatings may cause the coatings to swell, leading to the degradation of the coatings. In addition, water affects the permeation of oxygen and other corrosive agents, and consequently, the presence of such substances at coating-metal interface promotes corrosion of the metal substrate. In this study, the anticorrosive properties of 4 types of coating, such as epoxy-epoxy, epoxy-urethane, urethane-epoxy, urethane-urethane, were evaluated. The evaluation tests were conducted under cyclic water-absorption/desorption conditions, consisting of alternative exposure to diluted 0.001M-LiCl(a
≒1) and concentrated 10M-LiCl(a
≒0.15). The anticorrosive performance of coatings was found to decrease in the order of urethane-urethane > urethane-epoxy > epoxy-epoxy coating.
Hull Form Development of a Small-Size High-Speed Coastal Leisure Boat
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 80~84
The initial hull form of a 3 G/T and 30 knots class coastal leisure boat is newly developed. The performances measured, resistance, trim and sinkage, are investigated in a high-speed, circulating water channel (CWC). The effect of a fin attached on the hull side is studied together. Wave patterns are observed to clarify the relationship between the resistance performance and the wave characteristics. It can be found that the fin plays a role of increasing the resistance performance above a certain velocity.