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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
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Improvement of Tidal Circulation in a Closed Bay using Variation of Bottom Roughness
BOO SUNG YOUN ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~7
Tidal circulation in a closed bay using a variation of bottom roughness was investigated through the numerical experiments based on a finite difference multi-level model. Various distributions of bottom roughness in the bay were implemented to determine their effects. It hadbeen determined that residual currents can be generated from the differences of the bottom roughness between streaming and reverse flow directions. The magnitude of residual currents and volume flow rate increase when the relative ratio of bottom roughness between streaming and reverse flow directions increase. Circulation in the closed bay is also improved by the employment of the change of bottom roughness.
Flow Characteristics Study around Two Vertical Cylinders
SHIN YOUNG S. ; JO CHUL-HEE ; KIM IN-HO ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 8~13
In a multiple array of vertical cylinders, flaw patterns are very complex and very interactive between cylinders. The patterns are turbulent and non-linear depending on various factors. The gap and flow incoming velocity of upstream can affect on the downstream cylinder. In this study, the flaw characteristics around two vertical cylinders are investigated numerically and experimentally. As the gap between cylinders is changed at fixed coming velocity, the pressure distributions around cylinders are observed and compared by experimental and numerical approaches. The F.D.M and multi-block method are applied in the study. The pressures at 12 points around the cylinder are measured in the experiment. The results can be applied in the understanding and design of multiple pile array structures.
Analysis of Pollutant Loads and Physical Oceanographic Status at the Developing Region of Deep Sea Water in the East Sea
LEE IN-CHEOL ; YOON BAN-SAM ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 14~19
As a basic study for establishing the input conditions of a forecasting/estimating model, used for deep-sea water drainage to the ocean, this study was carried out as follows: 1) estimating the amount of river discharge and pollutant loads into the developing region of deep sea water in the East Sea, Korea, 2) a field observation of tidal current, vertical water temperature, and salinity distribution, 3) 3-D numerical experiment of tidal current to analyze the physical oceanographic status. The amount of river discharge flowing into this study area was estimated at about
of daily mean in 2002. Annual mean pollutant load of COD, TN, and TP were estimated at 7.02 ton-COD/day, 4.06 ton-TN/day, and 0.39 ton/day, respectively. Field observation of tidal current normally shows 20-40cm/sec of current velocity at the surface layer, and it decreases under 20cm/sec as the water depth increases. We also found a stratification condition at around 30m water depth in the observation area. The differences in water temperature and salinity, between the surface layer and the bottom layer, were about 18 C and 0.8 psu, respectively. On the other hand, we found a definite trend of 34 psu salinity water mass in the deep sea region.
A Study of Structure-Fluid Interaction Technique for Submarine LOX Tank under Impact Load of Underwater Explosion
KIM JAE-HYUN ; PARK MYUNG-KYU ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 20~25
The authors performed the underwater explosion analysis for the liquified oxygen tank - a kind of fuel tank of a mid-size submarine, and tried to verify the structural safety for this structure. First, the authors reviewed the theory and application of underwater explosion analysis, using a Structure-Fluid Interaction technique and its finite element modeling scheme. Next, the authors modeled the explosive and sea water as fluid elements, the LOX tank as structural elements, and the interface between the two regions as the ALE scheme. The effect on shock pressure and impulse of fluid mesh size and shape are also investigated. Upon analysis, it was found that the shock pressure due to explosion propagated into the water region, and hit the structure region. The plastic deformation and the equivalent stress were apparent at the web frame and the shock mount of LOX structure, but these values were acceptable for the design criteria.
Probabilistic Seismic Hazard Analysis of Caisson-Type Breakwaters
KIM SANG-HOON ; KIM DOO-KIE ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 26~32
Recent earthquakes, measuring over a magnitude of 5.0, on the eastern coast of Korea, have aroused interest in earthquake analyses and the seismic design of caisson-type breakwaters. Most earthquake analysis methods, such as equivalent static analysis, response spectrum analysis, nonlinear analysis, and capacity analysis, are deterministic and have been used for seismic design and performance evaluation of coastal structures. However, deterministic methods are difficult for reflecting on one of the most important characteristics of earthquakes, i.e. the uncertainty of earthquakes. This paper presents results of probabilistic seismic hazard assessment(PSHA) of an actual caisson-type breakwater, considering uncertainties of earthquake occurrences and soil properties. First, the seismic vulnerability of a structure and the seismic hazard of the site are evaluated, using earthquake sets and a seismic hazard map; then, the seismic risk of the structure is assessed.
Thermal Deformation of Curved Plates by Line Heating
LEE JOO-SUNG ; LIM DONG-YONG ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 33~38
It has been well documented that plate forming is one of the most important processes in shipbuilding. In the most shipyards, the line heating method is primarily used for plate forming. Since the heating process is carried out for the curved plate and not for the flat plate, a curvature effect on the final deformation must be considered in deriving the simplified prediction models for deformation. This paper investigates the effect of curvature along the heating line on the deformation of the plate. First of all, results of numerical analysis are compared with these of a line-heating test, to justify the elasto-plastic analysis procedure for the present study, which shows good agreement. Then, the present numerical procedure is applied to flat and curved plate models, to investigate the curvature effect on the heat transfer characteristics and deformation by line heating.
Damage of Composite Laminates by Low-Velocity Impact
AHN SEOK-HWAN ; KIM JIN-WOOK ; DO JAE-YOON ; KIM HYUN-SOO ; NAM KI-WOO ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 39~43
The study investigated the nondestructive characteristics of damage, caused by law-velocity impact, on symmetric cross-ply laminates, composed of [0o/90o]16s, 24s, 32s, 48s. The thickness of the laminates was 2, 3, 4 and 6 mm, respectively. The impact machine used, Model 8250 Dynatup Instron, was a drop-weight type that employed gravity. The impact velocities used in this experiment were 0.75, 0.90, 1.05, 1.20 and 1.35 m/sec, respectively. Both the load and the deformation increased when the impact velocity was increased. Further, when the load increased with the laminate thickness in the same impact velocity, the deformation still decreased. The extensional velocity was quick, as the laminate thickness increased in the same impact velocity and the impact velocity increased in the same laminate thickness. In the ultrasonic scans, the damaged area represented a dimmed zone. This is due to the fact that the wave, after the partial reflection by the deflects, does not have enough energy to touch the opposite side or to come back from it. The damaged laminate areas differed, according to the laminate thickness and the impact velocity. The extensional velocities are lower in the 0o direction and higher in the 90o direction, when the size of the defect increases. However, it was difficult to draw any conclusion for the extensional velocities in the 45o direction.
Dissimilar Friction Welding for Marine Shock Absorber Steels and its Evaluation by Acoustic Emission
LEE BAE-SUB ; KONG YU-SIK ; KIM SEON-JIN ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 44~48
The shock absorbers for marine vehicles are very important components to absorbing the shock resulting from driving. Depending on the kinds of vehicles, these essential components, piston and piston rod, must be made of S25C, S45C, and SCM440, must be precisely machined, and assembled by the bolts. Other materials used have been difficult to weld, and could be unstable in quality, by the conventional arc welding. Also, they have been associated with a lot of technical problems in manufacturing. However, using the friction welding technique, such problems will be avoided. These factors have necessitated the domestic development of the marine shock absorber using a friction welding, as well as stimulating a new approach to the study of real-time weld quality evaluation by AE techniques.
A Study on the Characteristic Change of 2.25Cr-1Mo Steel Welds for Various Welding Processes
BANG HAN-SUR ; OH CHONG-IN ; BANG HEE-SUN ; KIM HYUNG ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 49~56
In spite of the merits of laser welding being able to obtain the high welding quality such as smaller width of melting and heat affected zone, smaller welding deformation and fine grains of weldment compared to arc welding, laser welding is mainly used in joining of thin steel parts of electronics industry. Laser welding is getting widely used in joining thick plate and special kinds of steel due to its high power. While the arc welding is still applied for 2.25Cr-1Mo steel which is the essential material of atomic power generation equipment, the laser welding is not yet applied despite its high quality. So it has a trial to a special case demanding high welding quality such as atomic power plant. Accordingly, in this research, the mechanical properties of weldments by arc and laser welding were investigated using FEM to confirm the applicability of laser welding to 2.25Cr-1Mo steel. The Charphy test was carried out to understand the effect on the fracture toughness of weldments. The results of examination and test of the mechanical properties showed the validity of this research.
Mechanical Characteristics of Hybrid Fiber Reinforced Composite Rebar
HAW GIL-YOUNG ; AHN DONG-GUE ; LEE DONG-GI ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 57~63
The objective of this research is to investigate the mechanical characteristics of the hybrid fiber reinforced composite rebar, which is manufactured from a braidtrusion process. Braidtrusion is a direct composite fabrication technique, utilizing in-line brading and the pultrusion process. hz order to obtain the mechanical behavior of the glass fiber, carbon fiber, and kevlar fiber, the tensile tests are carried out. The results of the fibers are compared with that of steel. Hybrid rebar specimens with various diameters, ranging from model size (3 mm) to full-scale size (9.5 mm), and various cross sections, such as solid and hollow shape, have been manufactured from the braidtrusion process. The tensile and bending tests for the case of the hybrid rebar, the conventional GFRP rebar, and the steel bar have been carried out. The results of the experiments show that the hybrid rebar is superior to the conventional GFRP rebar and the steel bar, from the viewpoint of tensile and bending characteristics.
Numerical Modeling and Experimental Verification for Target Strength of Submerged Objects
CHOI YOUNG-HO ; SHIN KEE-CHUL ; YOU JIN-SU ; KIM JEA-SOO ; JOO WON-HO ; KIM YOUNG-HYUN ; PARK JONG-HYUN ; CHOI SANG-MUN ; KIM WOO-SHIK ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 64~70
Target Strength(TS) is an important factor for the detection of the target in an active sonar system: thus the numerical model for the prediction of TS is widely being developed. For the frequency range of several kHz, the most important scattering mechanism is known to be specular reflection, which is largely affected by the geometrical shape of the target. In this paper, a numerical algorithm to predict TS is developed based on the Kirchhoff approximation which is computationally efficient. The developed algorithm is applied to the canonical targets of simple shapes, for which the analytical solutions exist. The numerical results show good agreement with the analytical solutions. Also, the algorithm is applied to more complex scatterers, and is compared with the experimental data obtained in the water tank experiment for the purpose of verifying the developed numerical model. Discussions on the effect of spatial sampling and other aspects of numerical m odeling are presented.
A Basic Structural Design for Large Floating Crane
PARK CHAN-HU ; KIM BYUNG-WOO ; HA MUN-KEUN ; CHUN MIN-SUNG ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 71~76
This paper describes basic structural design for the large floating crane barge of fixed undulation type. Structural analysis was performed separately after dividing the floating crane into two parts, The crane part was composed of jib boom, back stay and back tower and the barge part supported the crane part. The structural strength for jib boom structural members are in compliance with JIS B 8821 and scantling of all barge structural members are in compliance with the requirement of KR (Korean Register of Shipping) Steel Barges and Rules for Classification of Steel Ships. For the structural analysis of large floating crane, MSC/NASTRAN and MSC/PATRAN software were used.
Effects of Fleet-Angle on Sway Motions of a Cargo: Design Force Calculation
SHIN JANG-RYONG ; PARK YONG-HYUN ; GOH SUNG-HEE ; HONG KEUM-SHIK ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 77~86
Over the last 10 years, significant changes have taken place in the world of container shipping. The size and the speed of the quay-side crane have been increased considerably. As a result, the stiffness of a crane is decreased and the sway oscillation of cargo may become violent. The purpose of this paper is to determine the design force caused by the sway oscillation of the cargo, lifted by four ropes, with an initial fleet angle, and the governing equations of the lifting system for an anti-sway control system design.
Anti-Sway Control of a Jib Crane Using Time Optimal Control
KANG MIN-WOO ; HONG KEUM-SHIK ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 87~94
This paper investigates the constant-level luffing and time optimal control of jib cranes. The constant-level luffing, which is the sustainment of the load at a constant height during luffing, is achieved by analyzing the kinematic relationship between the angular displacement of a boom and that of the main hoist motor of a jib crane. Under the assumption that the main body of the crane does not rotate, the equations of motion of the boom are derived using Newton's Second Law. The dynamic equations for the crane system are highly nonlinear; therefore, they are linearized under the small angular motion of the load to apply linear control theory. This paper investigates the time optimal control from the perspective of no-sway at a target point. A stepped velocity pattern is used to design the moving path of the jib crane. Simulation results demonstrate the effectiveness of the time optimal control, in terms of anti-sway motion of the load, while luffing the crane.
Design Optimization of Pressure Vessel of Small Autonomous Underwater Vehicle
CHUNG TAE-HWAN ; HO IN-SIKN ; LEE PAN-MOOK ; LEE CHONGMOO ; LIM YONGGON ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 95~99
This paper presents the optimum design of cylindrical shell under external pressure loading. Two kinds of material, Al7075-T6, Ti-6Al-4V, are considered. For each material, the design variable is a thickness of the unstiffened parallel middle body shell, and the state variable, constraint, is hoop stress and the object .function is total weight of the cylindrical shell. Optimization is performed by conventional FE Program, ANSYS. In addition, buckling analysis is performed for the middle body of the cylindrical shell. Finally, we calculates the payload of the cylindrical shell to keep neutral buoyancy with optimized thickness in deep-sea applications.