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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2005
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2005
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2005
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2005
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2005
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
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Motion Analysis of Two Floating Platforms with Mooring and Hawser Lines in Tandem Moored Operation by Combined Matrix Method and Separated Matrix Method
KOO BON-JUN ; KIM MOO-HYUN ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 5, 2005, Pages 1~15
The motion behaviors including hydrodynamic interaction and mechanical coupling effects on multiple-body floating platforms are simulated by using a time domain hull/mooring/riser coupled dynamics analysis program. The objective of this study is to evaluate off-diagonal hydrodynamic interaction effects and mechanical coupling effects on tandem moored FPSO and shuttle taker motions. In the multiple-body floating platforms interaction, hydrodynamic coupling effects with waves and mechanical coupling effects through the connectors should be considered. Thus, in this study, the multiple-body platform motions are calculated by Combined Matrix Method (CMM) as well as Separated Matrix Method (SMM). The advantage of the combined matrix method is that it can include all the 6Nx6N full hydrodynamic and mechanical interaction effects among N bodies. Whereas, due to the larger matrix size, the calculation time of Combined Matrix Method (CMM) is longer than the Separated Matrix Method (SMM). On the other hand, Separated Matrix Method (SMM) cannot include the off-diagonal 6x6 hydrodynamic interaction coefficients although it can fully include mechanical interactions among N bodies. To evaluate hydrodynamic interaction and mechanical coupling effects, tandem moored FPSO and shuttle tanker is simulated by Combined Matrix Method (CMM) and Separated Matrix Method (SMM). The calculation results give a good agreement between Combined Matrix Method (CMM) and Separated Matrix Method (SMM). The results show that the Separated Matrix Method (SMM) is more efficient for tandem moored FPSO and shuttle tanker. In the numerical calculation, the hydrodynamic coefficients are calculated from a 3D diffraction/radiation panel program WAMIT, and wind and current forces are generated by using the respective coefficients given in the OCIMF data sheet.
Evaluation of the Effect of Riser Support System on Global Spar Motion by Time-domain Nonlinear Hull/Mooring/Riser Coupled Analysis
KOO BON-JUN ; KIM MOO-HYUN ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 5, 2005, Pages 16~25
The effect of vertical riser support system on the dynamic behaviour of a classical spar platform is investigated. Spar platform generally uses buoyancy-can riser support system, but as water depth gets deeper the alternative riser support system is required due to safety and cost issues. The alternative riser support system is to hang risers off the spar platform using pneumatic cylinders rather than the buoyancy-can. The existing numerical model for hull/mooring/riser coupled dynamics analysis treats riser as an elastic rod truncated at the keel (truncated riser model), thus, in this model, the effect of riser support system can not be modeled correctly. Due to this reason, the truncated riser model tends to overestimate the spar pitch and heave motion. To evaluate more realistic global spar motion, mechanical coupling among risers, guide frames and support cylinders inside of spar moon-pool should be modeled. In the newly developed model, the risers are extended through the moon-pool by using nonlinear finite element methods with realistic boundary condition at multiple guide frames. In the simulation, the vertical tension from pneumatic cylinders is modeled by using ideal-gas equation and the vertical tension from buoyancy-cans is modeled as constant top tension. The different dynamic characteristics between buoyancy-can riser support system and pneumatic riser support system are extensively studied. The alternative riser support system tends to increase spar heave motion and needs damper system to reduce the spar heave motion.
Attenuation of Fundamental Longitudinal Cylindrical Guided Wave Propagating in Liquid-Filled Steel Pipes
NA WON-BAE ; RYU YEON-SUN ; KIM JEONG-TAE ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 5, 2005, Pages 26~33
Attenuation of fundamental longitudinal guided wave propagating liquid-filled steel pipes is numerically investigated. Several liquids such as water, diesel oil, castor oil etc. are considered for the filing materials in the pipes. Sink is considered for numerical models for abandoning standing wave modes; hence the attenuation dispersion curves become much simpler. Those attenuation calculations can be utilized for guided-wave-based nondestructive testing of pipelines when one inspects pipelines, using monitoring sensors, which are installed outside pipes.
Structural Analysis of a Cable Anchor System for a Cable-Stayed Bridge over the Sea
KONG BYUNG-SEUNC ; HONG NAMSEEG ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 5, 2005, Pages 34~42
The cable connection zone of the cable-stayed bridge transfers deal-load, live-load, and second-load to the cables on the structural joint zone of the cables and the main girders are the most critical parts in which big cable tensile forces are generated by those loads. Therefore, it is necessary to thoroughly check the main girder, structurally to secure the required stability. Because of the heavy tensile force of cables linked in the connection zone of the cable-stayed bridge, locally concentrated stress, as well as the dispersion of stress, occurs in the structurally contacted point of cable and main girder thus, we need to make a thorough investigation through a detailed structural analysis. Directly delivering the tensile force to the connection zone of the cable, the consequently big effect in the tensile force fluctuation caused by the live-load will make it necessary to review the fatigue strength. As the connection zone of the cable is designed to resist the tensile force of the cable, which is applied to a connecting section as a concentrated force, thick plates are used. These plates are frequently made of welded structure, thus, the investigation of the welding workability is inevitable.
Failure Analysis of Corroded Coating Materials by Acoustic Emission
KIM GUI-SHIK ; HYUN CHANG-HAE ; HONG YONG-UI ; SHON CHANG-HWAN ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 5, 2005, Pages 43~49
This paper is to investigate the effect of corrosion by acoustic emission method in tensile loading and the adhesiveness between substrate and coating layer. The powders used are Zn and Amdry625, respectively. They are coated on brass alloy substrate. AE signals of Zn and Amdry625 coating layer increase drastically in strain
. However, those of Zn specimen have more than those of Amdry625 specimen. When the specimens executed the corrosion test under
NaCl solution for 500, 1000 hours, the salt solution penetrated into the surface of the substrate through the pores of the coating layer. As a result, corrosion production formed on the surface of the substrate. The adhesiveness between coating layers is weakened by the polarization and corrosion itself. The AE event, count, and energy of corroded coating specimens decrease, compared to specimens without corrosion. The results are summarized as follows : 1. In the tensile tests, the time that it took to start and develop the cracks and exfoliations between the surface of the substrates and the plasma spray coatings were different according to the type of plasma sprayed material, which are Zn and Amdry625. These phenomena were obvious at the strain rate 1 to
, and few available data were found after that stage. 2. The specimens with Zn coating showed the characteristics of crack, according to the changes of the tensile strength applied on the substrates while those with Amdry625 showed exfoliation as a result of low adaptation to the tensile strength. 3. The anti-corrosion specimens showed that the adhesive properties between the substrate and the plasma spray coating were strong in the order of Zn, Amdry. It showed that Corroded specimens cracked or exfoliated easily, even with the small energy, because those had a comparatively weakened adhesive property, due to corrosion. 4. Zn specimen showed no corrosion phenomena on the surface of the substrates, because they had the function of sacrifice anode however, Amdry625 specimen showed the corrosion, because it did not have that function.
Assessment of Atmospheric Corrosivity at Jeju Island
KIM GUI-SHIK ; YANG KYEONG-CHO ; HU CHUL-GOO ; SONG JEONG-HWA ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 5, 2005, Pages 50~57
This study has been conducted to investigate corrosivity of carbon steel, Cu, Zn and Al for one year from Sept. 2003 to Aug. 2004. A model of ISO 9223-ISO 9226 that represents the relation between metal corrosions and environmental parameters was used for atmospheric corrosion evaluations. Environmental parameters for these evaluations are time of wetness(TOW),
and Chloride. Corrosion rates for four metals which are exposed indoors and outdoors were measured on five locations in Jeju Island; Gosan, Seogwipo, Seongsan, Chuna hill and Jeju city. The environmental factor of atmospheric corrosion of Jeju Island for
class is P0, a clean area. TOW as T3 and T4 indicates that Jeju has the characteristics of a tropical area. Chlorides class within 3 km from the coast show the features of costal area as S2 and S3 classes. Chuna hill show the features of woodland as a S1 class. In Corrosion classes of each site which was measured outdoors is higher than indoors. Gosan is the highest class as the rank of C5, and indicated that they're ranked as C3 or C4.
Feedback Linearization Control of Container Cranes
PARK HAHN ; CHWA DONG-KYUNG ; HONG KEUM-SHIK ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 5, 2005, Pages 58~64
In this paper, a feedback linearizing anti-sway control law, using a 2-D model for container cranes, is investigated. The equations of motion are first derived from Lagrange's equation. Then, by substituting the sway dynamics into the trolley dynamics, a reduction of variables from three (trolley, hoist, sway) to two (trolley, hoist) is pursued. The anti-sway control law is designed based on the Lyapunov stability theorem. The proposed control law guarantees the uniform asymptotic stability of the closed-loop system. The simulation results of the derived control law, using MATLAB/Simulink, are compared with those of the sliding mode control law, noted in previous literature. Also, experimental results using a 3-D pilot crane are provided.
Evaluation of Deformation and Strength of Wall Thinne Pipes by Finite Element Analysis
NAM KI-WOO ; AHN SEOK-HWAN ; LEE SOO-SIG ; KIM JIN-WOOK ; YOON JA-MUN ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 5, 2005, Pages 65~70
Fracture behavior and pipe strength are very important to the integrity of energy plants, ocean structures, and so forth. The pipes of energy plants and ocean structures are subject to local wall thinning, resulting from severe erosion-corrosion damage. Recently, the effects of local wall thinning on fracture strength and fracture behavior of piping systems have been the focus of many studies. In this paper, the elasto-plastic analysis is performed by FE code ANSYS on straight pipes with wall thinning. We evaluated the failure mode, fracture strength and fracture behavior, using FE analysis. Also, the effect of the axial strain on deformations and failure modes was estimated by FE analysis.
Pseudo Long Base Line (LBL) Hybrid Navigation Algorithm Based on Inertial Measurement Unit with Two Range Transducers
LEE PAN-MOOK ; JUN BONG-HUAN ; HONG SEOK-WON ; LIM YONG-KON ; YANG SEUNG-IL ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 5, 2005, Pages 71~77
This paper presents an integrated underwater navigational algorithm for unmanned underwater vehicles, using additional two-range transducers. This paper proposes a measurement model, using two range measurements, to improve the performance of an IMU-DVL (inertial measurement unit - Doppler velocity log) navigation system for long-time operation of underwater vehicles, excluding DVL measurement. Extended Kalman filter was adopted to propagate the error covariance, to update the measurement errors, and to correct the state equation when the external measurements are available. Simulation was conducted with the 6-d.o.f nonlinear numerical model of an AUV in lawn-mowing survey mode, at current flaw, where the velocity information is unavailable. Simulations illustrate the effectiveness of the integrated navigation system, assisted by the additional range measurements without DVL sensing.
Motion Characteristics for Submarine Sections m Beam Sea
LEE HO-YOUNG ; KWAK YOUNG-KI ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 19, issue 5, 2005, Pages 78~82
The motion response results of a submerged submarine section in waves are presented. The numerical method is based on Cauchy's integral and 3 degrees-of-freedom motions of submarine sections are calculated in two dimensions, in regular waves. The fully nonlinear free surface and body boundary conditions are applied to the present problem, and the viscous effects on the submarine are modeled by Morison's formulas. The motions of submarine sections in beam sea are directly simulated and the effects of wave frequency, snorkel depth, and bridge are discussed.