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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
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Surface Gravity Waves with Strong Frequency Modulation
Lee Kwi-Joo ; Shugan Igor V. ; An Jung-Sun ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 20, issue 3, 2006, Pages 1~6
Modulation theory describes propagation of surface waves with deep wave number and frequency modulation. Locally spectrally narrow wave packet can have accumulated large scale frequency shift of carrier wave during propagation. Some important nonlinear modulation effects, such as negative frequencies, phase kinks, crest pairing, etc., often observed experimentally at long fetch propagation of finite amplitude surface wave trains, are reproduced by the proposed theory. The presented model permits also to analyze the appropriately short surface wave packets and modulation periods. Solutions show the wave phase kinks to arise on areas' of relatively small free surface displacement in complete accordance with the experiments.
A Study on the Structural Design and Analysis of a Deep-sea Unmanned Underwater Vehicle
Joung Tae-Hwan ; Lee Jae-Hwan ; Nho In-Sik ; Lee Jong-Moo ; Lee Pan-Mook ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 20, issue 3, 2006, Pages 7~14
This paper discusses the structural design and analysis of a 6,000 meters depth-rated capable deep-sea unmanned underwater vehicle (UUV) system. The UUV system is currently under development by Maritime and Ocean Engineering Research Institute(MOERI), Korea Ocean Research and Development Institute (KORDI). The UUV system is composed of three vehicles - a Remotely Operated Vehicle (ROV), an Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) and a Launcher - which include underwater equipment. The dry weight of the system exceeds 3 tons hence it is necessary to carry out the optimal design of structural system to ensure the minimum weight and sufficient space within the frame for the convenient use of the embedded equipments. In this paper, therefore, the structural design and analysis of the ROV and launcher frame system were carried out, using the optimizing process. The cylindrical pressure vessels for the ROV were designed to resist the extreme pressure of 600 bars, based on the finite element analysis. The collapse pressure for the cylindrical pressure vessels was also checked through a theoretical analysis.
Coastline Extraction Using RTK GPS/GLONASS Combination Method
Seo Dong-Ju ; Kim Ga-Ya ; Lee Yong-Hee ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 20, issue 3, 2006, Pages 15~23
On this study, realtime GPS technique and combination of GPS/GLONASS technique are used to extracting coastline. Th￡ object of coastline is Gwanganri beach located in Busan. The coastline is observed along the traces of coastline when high wave of scar by using digital map of 1:1,000 and at random time zone, coastline is surveyed along the boundary line that is contacting with sea water level. When the coastline of random time zone is converted by height of tide table, the coastline when high wave of scar and converted coastline are shown as coincident approximately.
Wave Load Analysis of Flooded Ship Considering Size of Damage Opening
Kim Byoung-Wan ; Hong Do-Chun ; Hong Sa-Young ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 20, issue 3, 2006, Pages 24~36
This paper investigates wave loads of ships that suffer sinkage due to flood in a compartment caused by damage on the side of the hull. By analyzing ships with various sizesof damage opening, the influence of opening size on ship response is investigated. The motion of the damaged ship is analyzed by using the boundary element method, based on three-dimensional potential theory, considering hydrodynamic pressure in the flooded compartments. The shear forces, bending moments and torsional moments are calculated by the direct integration of the three dimensional hydrodynamic pressure on the outer and inner hulls. A RORO passenger ship with length of 174.8 m is considered in the numerical example, and results for wave loads are discussed.
Estimation of Storm Surges on the Coast of Busan
Hur Dong-Soo ; Yeom Gyeong-Seon ; Kim Ji-Min ; Kim Do-Sam ; Bae Ki-Sung ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 20, issue 3, 2006, Pages 37~44
Each year, the coast of Busan is badly damaged, due to storm surge. The damages are greatly dependent upon the local peculiarities of the region in which the storm surge occurs. So, in order to prevent/reduce recurrence of the disaster due to the storm surge, it is very important to investigate the fluctuation characteristics of the storm surge height, related to the local peculiarities at each coastal area in which the occurrence of the disaster is expected. In this paper, using the numerical model, the storm surge was simulated to examine its fluctuation characteristics at the coast of Busan Typhoons of Sarah (5914), Thelma (8705) and Maemi (0314), which caused terrible damage to the coastal areas alongthe coast of Busan in the past, were taken as an object of the storm surge simulations. Moreover, the storm surge due to virtual typhoons, which were combined with the characteristics of each proposed typhoon (Maemi, Sarah, Thelma), compared to the travel routes of other typhoons, was predicted. As expected, the results revealed that the storm surge heights are enhanced at the coastal region with the concavity like a long-shaped bay. Also, the storm surge heights, due to each typhoon, were compared and discussed at major points along the coast of Busan, related to the local peculiarities, as well as the characteristics and the travel route of the typhoon.
Storm Surge Characteristics According to the Local Peculiarity in Gyeongnam Coast
Hur Dong-Soo ; Yeom Gyeong-Seon ; Kim Ji-Min ; Kim Do-Sam ; Bae Ki-Sung ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 20, issue 3, 2006, Pages 45~53
Each year, the south coast of Korea is badly damaged from storm surge. The damages are greatly dependent upon the local peculiarities of the region where the storm surge occurs. So, in order to prevent/reduce recurrence of the disaster, it is very important to investigate the fluctuation characteristics of the storm surge height, related to the local peculiarities at each coastal area where occurrence of the disaster is expected. In this paper, using the numerical model, the storm surge was simulated to examine its fluctuation characteristics at the Gyeongnam coast (southeast coast of Korea). Typhoons of Sarah (5914), Thelma (8705) and Maemi (0314), which caused terrible damage to the coastal area in the southeast coast of Korea in the past, were used forstorm surge simulations. Moreover, the storm surge due to virtual typhoons, which were combined the characteristics of each proposed typhoons (Maemi, Sarah, Thelma)with the travel route of other typhoon, was predicted. As expected, the results revealed that the storm surge heights are enhanced at the coastal regions with the concavity like a long-shaped bay. Also, the storm surge heights, due to each typhoon, were compared and discussed at major points along the Gyeongnam coast, related to the local peculiarities, as well as the characteristics and the travel route of typhoon.
Statistical Analysis and Prediction for Behaviors of Tracked Vehicle Traveling on Soft Soil Using Response Surface Methodology
Lee Tae-Hee ; Jung Jae-Jun ; Hong Sup ; Km Hyung-Woo ; Choi Jong-Su ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 20, issue 3, 2006, Pages 54~60
For optimal design of a deep-sea ocean mining collector system, based on self-propelled mining vehicle, it is imperative to develop and validate the dynamic model of a tracked vehicle traveling on soft deep seabed. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the fidelity of the dynamic simulation model by means of response surface methodology. Various statistical techniques related to response surface methodology, such as outlier analysis, detection of interaction effect, analysis of variance, inference of the significance of design variables, and global sensitivity analysis, are examined. To obtain a plausible response surface model, maximum entropy sampling is adopted. From statistical analysis and prediction for dynamic responses of the tracked vehicle, conclusions will be drawn about the accuracy of the dynamic model and the performance of the response surface model.
A Study on the Topography and Current Characteristic of the Before and After Construction at Geum River Estuary Dike
Shin Moon-Seup ; Bae Ki-Seong ; Kang Shin-Jung ; Kim Jae-Hyoung ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 20, issue 3, 2006, Pages 61~66
The estuary has a very complex coastline and bottom topography. Before the close of floodgate, the Keum river estuary was deposited with sediment from the Keum river, created bythe construction of the Keum river estuary dike. So, a periodical dredging is necessary to assure water depth for boat entry and departure to Kunsan port. Theof this study is to find the change of tidal current of M2tide and the topography before and after construction at the Geum River estuary dike. The change of water depth is investigated by digitizing the sea map (No.305) of Kunsan port, which was edited by National Oceanographic Research Institute. The calculated co-range and co-tidal charts of M2tide before the dike construction are similar to the observed ones. Therefore, the amplitude and phase after construction at Geum River estuary dike increases compared to before construction at Geum River estuary dike. The scour occurred in the A-A' section.
An Analysis of Accuracy for Submarine Topographic Information by Interpolation Method
Kim Ga-Ya ; Moon Doo-Youl ; Seo Dong-Ju ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 20, issue 3, 2006, Pages 67~76
Three-dimensional information of submarine topography was acquired by assembling DGPS and Echo Sounder, which is mainly used in the marine survey. However, the features of submarine topography, derived according to mechanical data, were confirmed using human eyes. Because the dredging capacity using a submarine surveying data influences harbor public affairs, analysis and the process method of surveying data is a very special element in construction costs. In this study, information on submarine topography is acquired by assembling DGPS and Echo Sounder. Moreover, the dredging capacity in harbor public affairs has been analyzed by the interpolation method: inverse distance to a power, kriging, minimum curvature, nearest neighbor, and radial basis function. Also, utilization of DGPS and Echo Sounder method in calculation of the dredging capacity have been confirmed by comparing and analyzing the dredging capacity and the actual one, as per each interpolation. According to this comparison result, in the case of applying Radial basis function interpolation and Kriging, 3.94 % and 4.61 % of error rates have been shown, respectively. In the case of the study for application of the proper interpolation, as per characteristics of submarine topography, is preceded in calculation of the dredging capacity relevant to harbor public affairs, it is expected that more speedy and correct calculation for the dredging capacity can be made.
A Study on Recent Trends of Principal Particulars m Ice-Transiting Vessel Design
Choi Kyung-Sik ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 20, issue 3, 2006, Pages 77~81
In this study, design parameters of ice-transiting vessels in the world, currently in service or under construction, were collected and a database of principal particulars for each ship was established. To understand the recent design trend, ice-transiting vessels were categorized into four groups, i.e., conventional icebreakers, icebreaking tug/supply/research vessels, ice-strengthened passenger/car ferry and ice-strengthened cargo vessels. Changes in principal particulars for each group were reviewed and summarized. It was found that the most significant change in the design of ice-transiting vessels was the increment of large size commercial cargo vessels. It is believed that the recent hike of oil prices and booming of Russian economy has resulted in the need for year-round operation with bigger ships in the Baltic Sea and in the Sea of Okhotsk and also along the Northern Sea Route in Russian Arctic Sea.
Construction of NURBS Model for Preliminary High-Speed Monohull Design Based on Parametric Approach
Nam Jong-Ho ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 20, issue 3, 2006, Pages 82~87
An approach to model a high-speed monohull vessel is introduced. The high-speed monohull form belonging to the category of multihull is drawing new attention, due to the rapidly growing trend of fast passenger ships and military purpose. Multihull forms are much thinner in their overall shape, compared to those of the conventional commercial vessels. Moreover, the parent hull forms are not readily obtainable when a new design is intended, which makes it hard to perform various technical calculations in terms of hull optimization, hydrodynamic computation, structural design, and so forth. In this paper, a parametric technique is used to design a high-speed hull form. To model a hull form, NURBS (Non Uniform Rational B-Spline) representation is used. The goal of research is to provide a fast and convenient tool to design an initial hull form with fewer parameters available in the early design stage. The technique employed in this paper will be applied to the design of multihull forms, such as catamaran, trimaran, and semi-swath.
A Preliminary Study about the Stern Hull Form Design of Ship with Transom Stern
Lee Young-Gill ; Kim Kyu-Seok ; Kang Dae-Sun ; Jeong Kwang-Leol ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 20, issue 3, 2006, Pages 88~95
The resistance characteristics of a trimaran are studied, varying the bottom profile and transom stern of the main hull. The bottom profile is varied in three cases (convex, flat, concave). Using the experimental and numerical methods, the resistance performance of each hull form is compared. The experiments are carried out in ship model basin, and the numerical simulations are performed by a finite-difference method, based on the Marker and Cell scheme. Euler and continuity equationsare used for the governing equations of the flaw field around a trimaran with transom stern. The agreement of both results is good. The optimal bottom profiles for transom stern are presented for law-speed and high-speed regions, respectively.
Optimization of Butterfly Valve's Disc Using the DACE Model Based on CAE
Park Young-Chul ; Kang Jung-Ho ; Lee Jong-Moon ; Kang Jin ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 20, issue 3, 2006, Pages 96~102
The butterfly valve has been used to control the switch and flux of fluid. While research about the characteristics of butterfly valve fluid have been done, study of the optimum design, considering structural safety, must keep pace with it. Thus, a method is proposed for an optimum butterfly valve. Initially, the stability of the butterfly valve, using FEM and CFD, is evaluated, and a variable is selected using the initial analysis results. Also, the shape optimization design is accomplished using the DACE model. In terms of research results, the experiment satisfied the objective and limitation functions.
On the Deformation Control of Ship's Thin Plate Block by Applying the Tensioning Method
Lee Joo-Sung ; Kim Cheul-Ho ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 20, issue 3, 2006, Pages 103~108
It has been well appreciated that reducing weld-induced deformation as law as possible is important during fabrication for a more efficient production of blocks. The weld-induced deformation is more serious in thin plates than in thick plates because heat affect zone of thin plates is wider than that of thick plates and in addition internal and external constraints much more influence upon weld-induced deformation of thin plates. This paper deals with the application of the mechanical tensioning method to butt weld of thin plates to reduce the weld-induced deformation. In order to investigate the quantitative effect of tensioning method upon the reduction of angular deformation and shrinkage in longitudinal and transverse direction of weld line, butt welding test have been carried out for several thin plate specimens with varying plate thickness and magnitude of tensile load. From the present experimental study, it has been found that the tensioning method is very effective on reduction of weld-induced residual stress as well as weld-induced deformation.