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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
Analysis on Wave Absorbing Performance of a Pile Breakwater
Cho, Il-Hyoung ; Koh, Hyeok-Jun ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 21, issue 4, 2007, Pages 1~7
Based on the eigenfunction expansion method, the wave-absorbing performance of a square or circular pile breakwater was investigated. Flow separation resulting from sudden contraction and expansion is generated and is the main cause of significant energy loss. Therefore, evaluation of an exact energy loss coefficient is critical to enhancing the reliability of the mathematical model. To obtain the energy loss coefficient, 2-dimensional turbulent flow is analyzed using the FLUENT commercial code, and the energy loss coefficient can be obtained from the pressure difference between upstream and downstream. It was found that energy loss coefficient of circular pile is 20% that of a square pile. To validate the fitting equation for the energy loss coefficient, comparison between the analytical results and the experimental results (Kakuno and Liu, 1993) was made for square and circular piles with good agreement. The array of square piles also provides better wave-absorbing efficiency than the circular piles, and the optimal porosity value is near P=0.1.
Development of Numerical Simulation of Particle Method for Solving Incompressible Flow
Lee, Byung-Hyuk ; Ryu, Min-Cheol ; Kim, Yong-Soo ; Kim, Young-Hun ; Park, Jong-Chun ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 21, issue 4, 2007, Pages 8~14
A particle method recognized as one of gridless methods has been developed to investigate incompressible viscous flaw. The method is more feasible and effective than conventional grid methods for solving the flaw field with complicated boundary shapes or multiple bodies. The method is consists of particle interaction models representing pressure gradient, diffusion, incompressibility and the boundary conditions. In the present study, the models in case of various simulation condition were checked with the analytic solution, and applied to the two-dimensional Poiseuille flow in order to validate the developed method.
Long-Term Shoreline Change and Evaluation of Total Longshore Sediment Transport Rate on Hupo Beach
Park, Il-Heum ; Lee, Young-Kweon ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 21, issue 4, 2007, Pages 15~20
The harbor siltation by longshore sediment transports has become a serious problem on the East Coast of Korea. A reasonable prediction of the longshore sediment rate is important to approach the siltation problem effectively. In the recently developed 1-line model, the empirical constants of the sediment transport formula, which include the absolute quantity of sediment transport rate and the spatial distribution of breaking wave height by wave deformation, are treated as calibration parameters. Since these constants should be determined by the very long-term shoreline data, the longshore sediment rates are much more reasonable values. The method was applied to Hupo Beach, which has experienced heavy siltation. The authors also discuss long-term shoreline change using aerial photos and the observed wave-induced current patterns. According to the result, the SW-direction sediment transport rate was
, and the NE direction was
at Hupo Beach for the last 11 years. The siltation in Hupo Harbor might be affected by the NE-direction sediment transport from Hupo Beach.
An Experimental Study for the Falling Test and Upwelling Effect of the Artificial Upwelling Structures in Flow Field
Jeon, Yong-Ho ; Lee, Gyung-Sun ; Kang, Yoon-Koo ; Ryu, Cheong-Ro ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 21, issue 4, 2007, Pages 21~27
The multiplication equipment of marine products with artificial upwelling structures could be useful in the fishing grounds near coastal areas. Artificial upwelling structures could move the inorganic nutrients from the bottom to the surface. Artificial upwelling structures have been used to improve the productivity of fishing grounds. Until now, research on artificial upwelling structures has been related to the distribution of the upwelling region, upwelling structures, and the marine environment. However, little work on the optimum design of the rubber-mound artificial upwelling structures has been done to increase the efficiency of drawing up the inorganic nutrients. This study investigated the optimum cross-section of rubber-mound artificial upwelling structures by means of hydraulic experiments. The hydraulic experiments include the falling test of rubber. Based on the results of the falling test, the relationship between the length of the rubber mound and water velocity, and the relationship between the shape of the rubber and the stratification parameter were established. In addition, the effect of the void ratio of various artificial structures on the stratification parameter was studied. From the experiment, it was found that upwelling could be enhanced when the ratio of structure height to water depth was 0.3 and stratification parameter was 3.0. The upwelling was not improved when the void ratio exceeded 0.43. The optimum size of rubber mounds was determined when the incident velocity was influenced by the mean horizontal length rather than size of block.
Characteristics of Short-Term Creep Rupture in STS304 Steels
Kim, Seon-Jin ; Kong, Yu-Sik ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 21, issue 4, 2007, Pages 28~33
The objective of this paper is to investigate the relationship between the short-term creep rupture time and the creep rupture properties at three different elevated temperatures in STS304 stainless steel. Uniaxial constant stress creep rupture tests were performed on the steel to observe the creep rupture behaviors at the elevated temperatures of 600, 650 and 700, according to the testing matrix. It is very important to predict creep life in practical creep design problems. As one of the series of studies on the statistical modelling of probabilistic creep rupture time and the development of creep life prediction techniques, the relationship between applied stress and creep rupture behaviors, such as creep strain rate and rupture time, were investigated. In addition, the Monkman-Grant relationship was observed between the steady-state creep rate and the creep rupture time. The creep rupture surfaces observed by SEM showed up dimple phenomenon at all conditions.
Ultimate Strength Analysis of Stiffened Plate with Minor Collision Damage
Lee, Tak-Kee ; Rim, Chae-Whan ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 21, issue 4, 2007, Pages 34~37
The safety of ships is one of the most important concerns in terms of the environment and human life. A ship in bad condition is likely to be subject to accidents, such as collision and grounding. When a ship has minor collision damages in the form of circle or ellipse, its ultimate strength will be reduced. It is important to evaluate the reduction ratio of a ship's ultimate strength that results from damages. The strength reduction of a plate with a cutout in the form of hole has been treated by many researchers. A closed-form formula for the reduction of ultimate strength of a plate, considering the effect of several forms of cutout, has been suggested. However, the structure of ships is composed of plates and stiffeners so-called stiffened plates and it is likely that plates and stiffeners will be damaged together in collisions. This paper investigates the effect of minor collision damages on the ultimate strength of a stiffened plate by using numerical analysis. For this study, the deformed shape of minor collision damages on a stiffened plate was made by using a contact algorithm and was used as the initial shape for ultimate stress analysis. Then, a series of nonlinear FE analyses was conducted to investigate the reduction effects on the ultimate strength of the stiffened plate. The boundary conditions were simply supported at all boundaries, and the tripping of stiffener was neglected. The results are presented in the form of reduction ratio between the ultimate strength of an original, intact stiffened plate and that of a damaged stiffened plate.
Effects of the Flexibility on the Structural Responses of a Tension Leg Platform
Lee, Chang-Ho ; Lee, Soo-Lyong ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 21, issue 4, 2007, Pages 38~44
The structural response characteristics of Tension leg platforms(TLPs) in waves are examined for presenting the basic data for structural design of TLPs. The numerical approach is based on a combination of the three dimensional source distribution method and the structural response analysis method, in which the superstructure of TLP is assumed to be flexible instead of rigid. Hydrodynamic and hydrostatic forces on the submerged surface of a TLP have been accurately calculated by excluding the assumption of the slender body theory. The hydrodynamic interactions among TLP members, such as columns and pontoons, and the structural damping are included in structural analysis. The mooring forces are estimated as the sum of pretension of tendons and variational tension due to longitudinal displacements. Stiffness matrices of elastic beam elements connecting nodes are formulated by ordinary method of three dimensional frame analysis. The equation of motion about the whole structure is obtained by the sum of forces and moments acting on each nodes.
Position Detection Algorithm for Auto-Landing Containers by Laser-Sensor, Part I: 3-D Measurement
Hong, Keum-Shik ; Lim, Sung-Jin ; Hong, Kyung-Tae ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 21, issue 4, 2007, Pages 45~54
In the context of auto-landing containers from a container ship to a truck or automatic guided vehicle and vice versa, this research investigates three schemes, one in Part I and two in Part II, for measuring the absolute position of a container. Coordinate transformations between the reference-coordinate, sensor-coordinate, and body-coordinate systems are briefly discussed. The scheme explored in Part I aims the use of three laser-slit sensors, which are relatively inexpensive. In this case, nine nonlinear equations are formulated for six unknown variables (three for orientation and three for position), so a closed-form solution is not available. Instead, an approximate solution through linearization was derived. An advantage of the method in Part I is its ability to measure an absolute position in 3D space, while a disadvantage is the computation time required to obtain pseudo-inverses and the approximate nature of the obtained solution. Numerical examples are provided.
Position Detection Algorithm for Auto-Landing Containers by Laser-Sensor, Part II: 2-D Measurement
Hong, Keum-Shik ; Lim, Sung-Jin ; Kang, Min-Woo ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 21, issue 4, 2007, Pages 55~60
In contrast to the method in Part I, which is considered to be the general approach, Part II pursues a closed-form solution. However, this closed-form solution is available only in the 2D situation under the assumption that the moving object is restricted to a 2D space, and also requires the use of only two laser-slit sensors. Since the motion of the container loaded on top of an AGV is restricted to a plane parallel to the ground, it can be considered a 2D motion. As a simple method, but with a high cost, the use of a laser scanner is also discussed. Since the approach in Part I already uses three laser-slit sensors, it is desirable to use the schemes presented in Part II for supplementary purposes.
Manufacturing Process and Component Analysis of Seawater Salt Using Seaweeds
Lee, Seung-Won ; Kim, Hyeon-Ju ; Moon, Deok-Soo ; Jung, Dong-Ho ; Choi, Hark-Sun ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 21, issue 4, 2007, Pages 61~65
In this research, we have developed a manufacturing process for seawater salt by horizontal spray drying technique using the deep ocean water and seaweed(sea tangle). Deep ocean water, strong acidic electrolyzed water and strong alkaline electrolyzed water were used as extraction solvent of seaweed. Sodium content in seaweed extract solution by strong alkaline electrolyzed water was 1.63(mg/g), which was 3.5 times lower than of seaweed extract by strong acidic electrolyzed water. Major mineral content(Na, K, Ca) in seawater salt by deep ocean water were higher than strong acidic electrolyzed water and strong alkaline electrolyzed water. On the contrary, Mg contents in seawater salt by deep ocean water were lower than strong acidic electrolyzed water and strong alkaline electrolyzed water. Based on the results of seawater salt production using seaweed, it is possible to make law-salt efficiently.