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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
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Experimental Study on Nonlinearity Characteristics Near the Free Surface in the Regular Wave Condition
Choi, Hae-Jin ; Jung, Kwang-Hyo ; Suh, Sung-Bu ; Jo, Hyo-Jae ; Choi, Han-Suk ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~9
A series of experiments employing particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique was conducted to produce benchmark wave kinematics data for regular waves having four different wave slopes in 2-D wave tank. Water velocities and accelerations near the free surface of regular waves were computed from image pair obtained by PIV systems. With the measured wave velocity field, the wave accelerations were computed using a centered finite difference scheme. Both local and convective components of the total accelerations are obtained from experimental data. With increasing the wave slope, the horizontal velocity and the vertical accelerations near the wave crest obtained by PIV technique became larger than theoretical results, which are well-known phenomena of the wave nonlinearity. It is noted that the relative magnitude of convective acceleration to the local acceleration became larger with increasing wave slope.
FSI Analysis of TLP Tether System for Floating Wind Turbine
Chen, Zheng-Shou ; Kim, Wu-Joan ; Yoo, Jae-Hoon ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 10~19
ANSYS multi-physics software was applied to solve the coupled dynamic problem related to a full-scale TLP foundation for floating wind turbines. In this coupled dynamics simulation, the forced oscillation imposed on the tethers' top resulting from the sway of the wind turbine platform and the self-excited vortex-induced vibration (VIV) along the tether span have been taken into account. The stability of this tensioned tether system has been validated in the form of separate static and dynamic analyses. The dynamic characteristics of the tensioned tether linked to the floating wind turbine were analyzed by the resultant modal form and its corresponding vortex shedding pattern. The calculated result shows that even a slight forced oscillation imposed on the tethers' top leads to the VIV amplification and enhances the risk of instability in the case of low pretension. It is also found that the "synchronization" would be aggravated when the top tension decreases and the "2P" vortex shedding mode takes place. The increased top tension imposed on the tethers contributes to the stability of the tensioned legs by diminishing the oscillation amplitude markedly.
Approximate Optimization Using Moving Least Squares Response Surface Methods: Application to FPSO Riser Support Design
Song, Chang-Yong ; Lee, Jong-Soo ; Choung, Joon-Mo ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 20~33
The paper deals with strength design of a riser support installed on floating production storage and offloading (FPSO) vessel under various loading conditions - operation, extreme, damaged, one line failure case (OLFC) and installation. The design problem is formulated such that thickness sizing variables are determined by minimizing the weight of a riser support structure subject to stresses constraints. The initial design model is generated based on an actual FPSO riser support specification. The finite element analysis (FEA) is conducted using MSC/NASTRAN, and optimal solutions are obtained via moving least squares method (MLSM) in the context of response surface based approximate optimization. For the meta-modeling of inequality constraint functions of stresses, a constraint-feasible moving least squares method (CF-MLSM) is used in the present study. The method of CF-MLSM, compared to a conventional MLSM, has been shown to ensure the constraint feasibility in a case where the approximate optimization process is employed. The optimization results present improved design performances under various riser operating conditions.
An Asymptotic Solution and the Green's Function for the Transverse Vibration of Beams with Variable Properties
Kim, Yong-Chul ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 34~38
An analytical solution procedure for the dynamic response of beams with variable properties is developed by using an asymptotic solution and the Green's function. This asymptotic closed form solution is derived for the transverse vibration of beams under the assumption of slowly varying properties, such as mass, cross-section, tension etc., along the beam length. However, this solution is still found to be very accurate even in the case of large variation, such as step change in cross-section, mass, and tension. Therefore, this derived asymptotic closed form solution and the Green's function can be easily applied to find dynamic responses for various kind of beam vibration problems.
An Analysis of Wave Height Distribution in the Vicinity of Samcheon New-Harbor
Jang, Dae-Jeong ; Ham, Gye-Un ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 39~46
The calmness inside a harbor plays an important role in the appropriate disposition of harbor structures. However, it is not easy to acquire accurate computational results because these are affected by many factors concerned with wave transformation. Recently, numerical model tests, which are quicker and more economical than hydraulic model experiments, were carried out for the purpose of analyzing wave height distributions in harbors. This paper presents a numerical model that is able to calculate wave heights inside a harbor. It is based on a time-dependent mild slope involving wave refraction, diffraction, shoaling effect, and reflection. In particular, arbitrary reflectivity is used at the boundary in order to simulate the real harbor reflection condition. The proposed numerical model is applied to Samcheon new-harbor in order to investigate harbor calmness.
A Study on Radar Image Simulation for Ocean Waves Using Radar Received Power
Park, Jun-Soo ; Yang, Young-Jun ; Park, Seung-Gun ; Kwon, Sun-Hong ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 47~52
This study presents a modified scheme for the radar image simulation of sea waves. A simulated radar image was obtained by taking into account the dot product of the directed vector from the radar and the normal vector of the sea surface. Moreover, to calculate the radar image, we used the radar received power and radar cross section. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed scheme, the wave spectrum from field data was utilized to obtain the simulated sea waves. The radar image was simulated using numerically generated sea waves. The wave statistics from the simulation agrees comparatively with those of the original field data acquired by real radar measurements.
Characteristic Analysys of Songdo Beach, Busan, Shoreline Changes
Kim, Myoung-Kyu ; Yoon, Jong-Sung ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 53~59
In this study, an investigation of the shoreline changes at Song-do beach in Busan was carried out for a coastal improvement project to prevent damage from coastal disasters. From the results of the observed data, it is seen that the shoreline moves seaward under extreme wave conditions and moves leeward under normal wave conditions. The reason for this is wave run-up when wave conditions are extreme in summer. In addition, nourishment sand is moved seaward by wave run-up. Thus, the shoreline's slope is gently decreased. Therefore, the shoreline is moved seaward.
The Reflection Characteristics of a Perforated Slit Caisson with Two Chambers
Hur, Dong-Soo ; Lee, Woo-Dong ; Lee, Hyeon-Woo ; Kim, In-Chul ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 60~67
Recently, there has been an increase in the construction of various types of coastal structures for efficient wave dissipation, seawater exchange, and so on. Among these, a perforated slit caisson has been widely used to reduce the reflected wave energy and the wave pressure on the structure. Therefore, many studies on the wave force on a caisson, as well as the wave reflection from it, have been carried out with laboratory experiments and numerical analyses, considering it as a 2-D problem. However, because a structure like a perforated slit caisson has a variable 3-D shape, waves forces should be considered as a 3-D problem. Therefore, in this paper, a fully-nonlinear 3-D numerical model (LES-WASS-3D) is proposed to examine the reflection characteristics of a perforated slit caisson with two chambers. The numerical model, LES-WASS-3D, was verified in a 3-D wave field by a comparison with existing experimental data for wave reflection coefficients. Then, using the numerical results, the reflection from a perforated slit caisson with two chambers was examined in relation to wave steepness, chamber width, and the shape/porosity of perforated slit.
The Vulnerability of the Reclaimed Seashore Land Attendant Upon Storm Surge/Coastal Inundation
Kang, Tae-Soon ; Moon, Seung-Rok ; Nam, Soo-Yong ; Shim, Jae-Seol ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 68~75
Recently, the intensity and frequency of typhoons have been on the increase due to unusual weather phenomena and climate change. In particular, on September 13, 2003, typhoon MAEMI (0314) caused heavy damage in the provinces of Busan and Gyongnam, but also provided an opportunity to perform a variety of studies on storm surge. According to investigation reports on the damage resulting from typhoon MAEMI, the areas where coastal inundation occurred were located in reclaimed land under coastal development. In this study, through an image data analysis of historic and present day typhoons affecting Masan, we found that the inundation damage areas corresponded to reclaimed lands. Therefore, using the area around Busan, including the southeastern coast of Korea where typhoons lead to an increased storm surge risk, we performed a storm surge/inundation simulation, and examined the inundation effect on reclaimed land due to the intensified typhoons predicted for the future by climate change scenarios.
Seismic Response Analysis of Bridges Considering Spatial Variation of Input Ground Motion
Choi, Kwang-Gyu ; Kang, Seung-Woo ; Kook, Seung-Kyu ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 76~82
This paper presents a seismic response analysis of bridge structures considering the spatial variation of input ground motion. In earthquake analyses of structures, it is usually assumed that the input ground motion is the same at every support. However, this assumption is not justified for long structures like bridges, because observations have shown that the earthquake ground motion can vary considerably within relatively small distances. When the soil under the foundation is relatively soft and deep, an analysis of the foundation-soil interaction must always be performed. To consider the foundation-soil interaction, a soil response analysis is performed first, and after determining the material characteristics of the foundation element obtained by this foundation-soil interaction analysis, the seismic response analysis of a bridge superstructure with equivalent springs and dampers is performed. Finally, the influences of the spatial variation in the input motion, which are affected by different soil characteristics, are considered.
Stability Analysis of Honeycomb Slit-Caisson under Dynamic Wave Force using Numerical Simulation
Woo, Jin-Ho ; Na, Won-Bae ; Kang, Yoon-Koo ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 83~89
This study presents a stability analysis procedure for caisson structures and a case study for a honeycomb slit-caisson. CADMAS-SURF was used to calculate the wave pressures based on an irregular wave with a 50-year period and the data for three regular waves obtained from a target site. Then, the irregular and regular wave pressures were used to obtain the dynamic responses (stresses) of the caisson structure using an explicit time integration program, ANSYS/LS-DYNA. Finally, the DNV code was used for structural and fatigue stability analyses.
Vibration-based Structural Health Monitoring of Caisson-type Breakwaters Damaged on Rubble Mound
Lee, So-Young ; Kim, Jeong-Tae ; Kim, Heon-Tae ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 90~98
In this paper, vibration-based structural health monitoring methods that are suitable for caisson-type structures are examined by an experimental evaluation. To achieve the objective, four approaches are implemented. First, vibration-based structural health monitoring methods are selected to monitor the structural condition of caisson-type breakwaters. Second, a lab-scaled caisson structure is constructed to verify the selected monitoring methods. Third, the vibration characteristics are numerically analyzed using an FE model due to the change in the rubble mound condition. Finally, experimental vibration tests of the lab-scaled caisson structure are performed to monitor the vibration responses due to changes in rubble mound conditions and the performances of the selected methods are examined from the monitoring results.
Distribution and Behaviors of In-Situ Suspended Particulate Matters of Gwangyang Bay
Lee, Byoung-Kwan ; Kim, Seok-Yun ; Cho, Hyun-Man ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 99~105
The concentration and size analysis of in-situ suspended particulate material were measured using an optical instrument, LISST-100, in the bottom layer at the three inlets of the Seomjin River Estuary, mouth of Gwangyang bay, and Gwangyang bay-side of the Namhae Bridge. In the Seomjin river estuary and mouth of Gwangyang bay-side of the Namhae Bridge, the in-situ mean grain size of the suspended material changed from a uni-modal distribution with a dominant peak at a coarse fraction to a bi-modal distribution with a secondary peak at the finer particles. Seomjin River. The interactions between suspended particulate concentration and beam attenuation coefficient of suspended particulate matters depended on the supply of finer and coarser particles in the mouth of Gwangyang Bay and Seomjin River. So, interactions reflected difference of the concentration, mean size and sorting of suspended particulate matters. The difference of interaction showed dynamic behaviors to the resuspension and deflocculation processes increased river discharge. This showed that it may be possible to use the interactions between the suspended particle concentration and beam attenuation coefficient to monitor the temporal and spatial distributions of in-situ particles.
The Stability Riprap on Scattered Submerged Breakwater due to Physical Model
Park, Sang-Kil ; Kim, Woo-Saeng ; Lee, Jae-Sung ; Kim, Sung-Hun ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 106~115
This study described the stability of riprap, which was examined by a two-dimensional physical model of a scattered riprap submarine breakwater. Artificial reef structures made of scattered riprap are used like artificial intertidal zone structures as waterfront seaside structures. To prevent topography change in such an artificial intertidal zone the energy is reduced at the scattered riprap submarine breakwater by intercepting high waves. The breaking waves are converted into flow on the front surface slope of the submarine breakwater, which follows the upper part of the artificial intertidal zone. Because of this phenomenon of resisting water flow, it is very important to calculate the required weight of the riprap to maintain its stability. The results of a physical model can be abstracted as shown below. First, distribute the wave breaking types occurring on the front surface slope of the submarine breakwater and arrange it in relation to the movement of riprap. Second, using the hydraulic phenomenon that occurs at the depth of the scattered riprap submarine breakwater, propose a calculation formula for the velocity distribution showing the influence on the stability of the riprap. Third, propose and compare values, which can be obtained by experiments and calculations for riprap stability on the front surface of the artificial intertidal zone. Fourth, calculate the required weight for riprap stability.
Wave Breaking Characteristics due to Shape and Plane Arrangement of the Submerged Breakwaters
Lee, Woo-Dong ; Hur, Dong-Soo ; Huh, Jung-Won ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 116~122
The aim of this study is to examine the effects of shape and plane arrangement of submerged breakwaters on 3-D wave breaking characteristics over them. First, the numerical model, which is able to consider the flow through a porous medium with inertial, laminar, and turbulent resistance terms, i.e. simulate directly WAve Structure Seabed/Sandy beach interaction, and can determine the eddy viscosity with a LES turbulent model in a 3-Dimensional wave field (LES-WASS-3D), has been validated by a comparison with Goda's equation for breaking wave heights. And then, using the numerical results, the wave breaking points over the crest of submerged breakwaters have been examined in relation to the shape and plane arrangement of submerged breakwaters. Moreover, the wave height distribution and upper flow around submerged breakwaters have been also discussed, as well as the distribution of the wave breaking points over the beach.
Prestress-Loss Monitoring Technique for Prestressd Concrete Girders using Vibration-based System Identification
Ho, Duc-Duy ; Hong, Dong-Soo ; Kim, Jeong-Tae ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 123~132
This paper presents a prestress-loss monitoring technique for prestressed concrete (PSC) girder structures that uses a vibration-based system identification method. First, the theoretical backgrounds of the prestress-loss monitoring technique and the system identification technique are presented. Second, vibration tests are performed on a lab-scaled PSC girder for which the modal parameter was measured for several prestress-force cases. A numerical modal analysis is performed by using an initial finite element (FE) model from the geometric, material, and boundary conditions of the lab-scaled PSC girder. Third, a vibration-based system identification is performed to update the FE model by identifying structural parameters since the natural frequency of the FE model became identical to the experimental results. Finally, the feasibility of the prestress-loss monitoring technique is evaluated for the PSC girder model by using the experimentally measured natural frequency and numerically identified natural frequency for several prestress-force cases.
Development of the Prototype of Wave Energy Converter by a Pulley System
Jung, Hyun-Seok ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 133~139
From the ancient times, there are waves in the ocean. And all the moving body have energy. We have a kind of hope to convert the wave energy into electric one. Finally we can find out a power generator mechanism that mainly use the principle of pulleys. We have made drawings for this and completed the wave energy converter. This wave energy converter consists of several pulleys, rope, generator, buoys and anchors. The distance between an anchor and buoy is changed according to the hight of waves. Several sets of anchors, pulleys and buoys can make the movement of rope, and the ropes wind up a converter axis. In case of 1 meter movement of the buoy, the winding distance will be amplified 2 or 3 times if we use several moving and fixed pulleys. Based on this concept, we developed 2 kind of prototypes. One is for the test in the laboratory and the other is for the field test. Through the two test, we could confirm the usability of this mechanism.
Mechanically Fabricated Defects Detection on Underwater Steel Pipes using Ultrasonic Guided Waves
Woo, Dong-Woo ; Na, Won-Bae ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 140~145
This study presents a detection method for mechanically fabricated defects on underwater steel pipes, using ultrasonic guided waves. Three different diameters (60, 90, and 114 mm) of 1000-mm long steel pipes were considered, along with several experimental design factors such as incident angles, incident distances, and the degrees of defects, to investigate how these factors affected the experimental results - the detectability of the mechanical defects. From the experimental results, we determined that the amplitude and arrival time of the first received wave signals gave a promising clue for distinguishing the existence of the defects and their severities. Between the amplitude and arrival time, the arrival time gave a more promising indication since it was affected by the experimental factors in a constant manner. Therefore, it was shown that the use of ultrasonic guided waves for underwater pipe inspection is feasible.
Strength Evaluation for Adhesive Bonds of Adhesive with FRP Ship Body Structure
Ahn, Seok-Hwan ; Choi, Han-Kyu ; Nam, Ki-Woo ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 146~152
Recently, the applied frequency of composite materials was increased from the viewpoint of lightweight, high strength and low cost when a leisure boat and a fishing boatwere built. However, studies on the mechanical properties of composite material with ship are rare. Specially, a leisure boat and fishing boat with FRP had been built by hand lay-up method. However, the vacuum infusion method is rising recently for ship building. The manufactured these FRP plates were combined by using the adhesive. Therefore, in this study Cleavage peel strength, Shear strength and fatigue limit of adhesive bonds by tensileloading were estimated. From test results, the strengths of FRP specimens made by the vacuum infusion method are higher than that of the hand lay-up method.
An Application of Topology Optimization for Strength Design of FPSO Riser Support Structure
Song, Chang-Yong ; Choung, Joon-Mo ; Shim, Chun-Sik ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 153~160
This paper deals with the topology optimized design of the riser support structures for floating production storage and offloading units (FPSOs) under global and local loading conditions. For a preliminary study and validation of the numerical approach, a simplified plate under static loading is first evaluated with the representative topology optimization methods, the Homogenization Design Method (HDM) and Density Method (DM) or Simple Isotropic Material with Penalization (SIMP). In the context of the corresponding riser support structures, the design problem is formulated such that structure shapes based on design domain variables are determined by minimizing the compliance subject to a mass target, considering the stress criterion. An initial design model is generated based on an actual FPSO riser support configuration. The topology optimization results present improved design performances under various loading conditions, while staying within the allowable limit of the offshore area.
Process Optimization of Thermal-sprayed STS316 Coating
Kim, Kyun-Tak ; Kim, Yeong-Sik ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 161~165
In the present study, process optimization for thermal-sprayed STS316 coating has been performed using
orthogonal array and analysis of variance (ANOVA). STS316 coatings were fabricated by flame spray process on steel substrate, and the hardness test and microstructure observation of the coatings were studied. The results of hardness test were analyzed by ANOVA. The ANOVA results showed that the spray distance had the greatest effect on hardness of the coating, on the other hands, the effects of oxygen gas flow and spray distance were ignorable. From these results, the optimal combination of the flame spray parameters could be derived, and confirmation experiment was carried out to verify these derived results. The calculated hardness of the coatings by ANOVA was found to approximately close to that of confirmation experimental result. Thus, it was considered that design of experiments using orthogonal array and ANOVA was effective for process optimization of thermal-sprayed STS316 coating.
Front-End Design for Underwater Communication System with 25 kHz Carrier Frequency and 5 kHz Symbol Rate
Kim, Seung-Geun ; Yun, Chang-Ho ; Park, Jin-Young ; Kim, Sea-Moon ; Park, Jong-Won ; Lim, Young-Kon ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 166~171
In this paper, the front-end of a digital receiver with a 25 kHz carrier frequency, 5 kHz symbol rate, and any excess-bandwidth is designed using two basic facts. The first is known as the uniform sampling theorem, which states that the sampled sequence might not suffer from aliasing even if its sampling rate is lower than the Nyquist sampling rate if the analog signal is a bandpass one. The other fact is that if the sampling rate is 4 times the center frequency of the sampled sequence, the front-end processing complexity can be dramatically reduced due to the half of the sampled sequence to be multiplied by zero in the demixing process. Furthermore, the designed front-end is simplified by introducing sub-filters and sub-sampling sequences. The designed front-end is composed of an A/D converter, which takes samples of a bandpass filtered signal at a 20 kHz rate; a serial-to-parallel converter, which converts a sampled bandpass sequence to 4 parallel sub-sample sequences; 4 sub-filter blocks, which act as a frequency shifter and lowpass filter for a complex sequence; 4 synchronized switches; and 2 adders. The designed front-end dramatically reduces the computational complexity by more than 50% for frequency shifting and lowpass filtering operations since a conventional front-end requires a frequency shifting and two lowpass filtering operations to get one lowpass complex sample, while the proposed front-end requires only four filtering operation to get four lowpass complex samples, which is equivalent to one filtering operation for one sample.
An Impact Analysis of Adhesively-Bonded Single Lap Joint
Lee, Ju-Won ; Na, Won-Bae ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 172~177
This study presents an explicit dynamic analysis of an adhesively bonded single-lap joint under an impact load. The finite element software, ANSYS LS-DYNA, was used for the analysis and Von Mises stresses were obtained from the analysis. To model the adherents, solid elements were used and a rigid body was assumed for impactor modeling. Three impact heights (1 m, 5 m, and 10 m) were applied to consider different impact conditions and infinite boundary conditions were applied to the end-area of each adherent to save computational time in the analysis. In addition to investigating the stresses in the normal state, we also investigated the stresses in a damaged state (elasticity deterioration), simulated by a change in Young's modulus for 36 of the 3600 elements in the upper layer of the adhesive. The results showed that the location of damage is critical to the stress state of each layer (upper, middle, and lower).
A Study on Knowledge Based-AR System for Pipe Maintenance Support in Offshore Structure
Kim, Chung-Hyun ; Lee, Kyung-Ho ; Lee, Jung-Min ; Kim, Dea-Seok ; Han, Eun-Jung ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 1, 2010, Pages 178~184
Today, there has been a decrease in international shipping because of the weakening in global economies. Therefore, shipowners are thinking more about Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO), which can perform functions related to the transporting, storage, and tracking of crude oil from oil wells. Given the huge expense of these special ships, shipowners require workers who can solve problems quickly and secure sustainable production functions in this age of globalization. Furthermore, it is important to design, construct, and maintain facilities so that a ship remains in operation over a long term. This paper discusses a system that uses knowledge-based AR to help workers improve their understanding and deal with pipeline equipment problems safely. In addition, it displays a 3CAD model and status information for products to improve their recognition on the FPSO that they intend to inspect. At the same time, the system works quickly and offers solutions for dangerous circumstances or malfunctions. It thus helps to maintain the functionality of the FPSO throughout its life-cycle.