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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
A Study on Integrated OWC System within Turbine Effects
Liu, Zhen ; Hyun, Beom-Soo ; Hong, Key-Yong ; Lee, Young-Yeon ; Jin, Ji-Yuan ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 1~9
Oscillating Water Column is one of the most widely used converting systems all over the world. The operating performance is influenced by the efficiencies of the two converting stages in the OWC chamber-turbine integrated system. In order to study the effects of the pressure drop induced by the air turbine, the experiments using the impulse turbine and the orifice device are carried out in the wave simulator test rig. The numerical simulation utilizing the orifice and porous media modules is calculated and validated by the corresponding experimental data. The numerical wave tank based on the two-phase VOF model embedded with the above modules is employed to investigate the wave elevation, pressure variation inside the chamber and the air flow velocity in the duct. The effects of the air turbine on the integrated system and interaction among the wave elevation, pressure and air flow velocities variations are investigated, which demonstrates that the present numerical model are more accurate to be employed.
Optimal Control Design for Automatic Ship Berthing by Using Bow and Stern Thrusters
Bui, Van Phuoc ; Jeong, Jeong-Soon ; Kim, Young-Bok ; Kim, Dong-Wook ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 10~17
Conventionally, because it is difficult to control a ship in shallow water and because attempting to do so creates unwanted environmental effects, maneuvering ships in the harbor area for berthing is usually done with the assistance of tugboats. In this paper, we propose a new method for berthing ships automatically by using bow and stern thrusters. Specifically, a steering motion model of a ship is considered, and parameters in the equation are evaluated by the system identification technique. An optimal controller based on observations was designed from the linearization of the non-linear ship motion in the horizontal plane. It is used to reduce the uncertainty about the ship's dynamics and reduce measurement requirements. The performance of the controller was also analyzed for its robustness relative to avoiding disturbing the environment due to winds, currents, and wave-drift forces. Experiments were conducted to estimate the potential for identifying result and the design of the controller. Specifically, in this paper, the system modeling and tracking control approach are discussed based on a two-degree-of-freedom (2DOF) servo-system design.
Numerical Simulation for Deformation Characteristics of Artificial Reef
Yoon, Seong-Jin ; Park, Young-Suk ; Kim, Kyu-Han ; Pyun, Chong-Kun ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 18~24
Submerged rubble structures include artificial reef and the mound part of the rubble mound breakwater. Artificial reef is a type of the submerged wave absorbing structure installed in a coastal zone to prevent beach erosion and designed to initially reduce the energy of incoming waves so that its run-up height and overtopping quantity can be decreased. In order to ascertain the stability of such submerged rubble structures, minimum weight of the rubble has to be calculated first from the incoming wave height using Hudson's formula or Brebner-Donnelly formula. Based on the calculated minimum weight, a model is built for use in a hydraulic model test carried out to check its stability. The foregoing two formulas used to calculate the minimum weight are empirically derived formulas based on the result of the tests on the rubble mound breakwater and it is, therefore, difficult for us to apply them directly in the calculation of the minimum weight of the submerged structures. Accordingly, this study comes up with a numerical simulation method capable of deformation analysis for rubble structures. This study also tries to identify the deformation mechanism of the submerged rubble structures using the numerical simulation. The method researched through this study will be sufficient for use for usual preparations of the design guidelines for submerged rubble structures.
FPSO Collision Analysis Using a Simplified Analytical Technique
Han, Sang-Min ; Ito, Hisashi ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 25~33
Collision between vessels may lead to structural damage and penetration of hulls. The structural damage of a hull may eventually bring about global collapse of the hull girder and outflow of oil, which would contaminate seawater. Therefore, various regulations require the strength of a vessel after collision to satisfy given criteria, and owners usually request collision analyses to confirm the structural safety of their vessels. In the process of designing a vessel to satisfy the collision strength criteria, the strength has been assessed mostly by conducting collision analyses using numerical techniques, such as dynamic, non-linear, finite-element analysis. Design is an inherently iterative process during which many changes are necessary due to the endless needs for reinforcement and modification. Numerical techniques are not adequate for coping with a situation in which collision analysis is frequently required to provide the revised results that reflect the repetitive changes in designs. Numerical techniques require a lot of time and money to conduct in spite of recent improvements in computing power and in the productivity of modeling tools. Therefore, in this paper, an analytical technique is introduced and a collision problem is idealized and simplified using reasonable assumptions based on appropriate background. The technique was applied to an example of an actual FPSO and verified by comparing the results with results from the numerical technique. A good correlation was apparent between the results of the analytical and numerical techniques.
A Hydroelastic Response Analysis of Barge Type Ships in Regular Waves
Lee, Seung-Chul ; Goo, Ja-Sam ; Ha, Young-Rok ; Doh, Daeog-Hee ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 34~40
When a large ship is advancing in waves, it undergoes hydroelastic response, which affects the structural stability and the fatigue destruction of the ship. Therefore, to predict an accurate hydroelastic response, it is necessary to conduct a thorough analysis of hydroelastic response, including fluid-structure interactions. In this research, the ship is divided into many hull elements, to calculate the fluid forces and wave exciting forces on each element. Using the three-dimensional source distribution method, the calculated fluid forces and wave exciting forces are assigned to nodes of the hull elements. The neighbor nodes are connected with elastic beam elements. We analyzed hydroelastic responses, using the finite elements method.
A Study of the Examination of the Freeboard of a Chemical Tanker Considering Deck Wetness
Park, Jong-Heon ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 41~46
This paper deals with the problem of developing a new decision procedure for the freeboard of a coastal chemical tanker going on the coast. The decision procedure is mainly constructed with the algorithm of estimating statistically the time period that deck wetness will last on the deck of the ship. Deck wetness is one of the most important safety factors for sailing of a coaster. It generally means the situation in which the amplitude of the relative motion between the deck and the surface of the wave exceeds the freeboard. Therefore, in this paper, we proposed that the time during which the amplitude remains above the level of the freeboard should be appraised on the basis of statistical theory. A series of numerical calculations were executed for four different coastal chemical tankers (199G/T Type II, III & 499G/T Type II, III). It was demonstrated that the present decision procedure of freeboard is practical for planning the type of coaster sailing in the sea.
Surface Pressure of the Piston Rings in the Diesel Engine of a Ship
Lee, Jae-Hwan ; Park, Byung-Jae ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 47~52
The proper surface pressure on the pistons rings in the diesel engine of a ship is very important, because the pressure controls the oil that is needed to maintain friction at acceptable levels between the pistons and the cylinders. In this paper, basic and theoretical concepts to compute the ring pressure were formulated and applied to obtain the proper surface pressures on selected sample piston rings. During the calculation of the pressure on the piston rings, the computation of the accurate free shape of the piston ring was required. Earlier, Arnold and Prescott introduced theories to compute the free shapes of piston rings, and their approach used rectangular and polar coordinates. In this paper, the free shapes of piston rings using two different theories were computed and compared. The results were quite close, representing the free shape of the piston ring. Ring pressure was computed using the Arnold's free shape that was obtained. A simple GUI was made to compute the surface pressure on the piston rings.
A Study of a Method for Detecting Marine Pollution Using X-band Radar
Park, Seung-Geun ; Yang, Young-Jun ; Park, Jun-Soo ; Kwon, Sun-Hong ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 53~56
Oil spills and red tide can be very damaging to the environment and fishery farming. These catastrophic accidents must be detected as quickly as possible. In this paper, we report the results of applying the wavelet transform to SAR or marine radar images for the detection of the boundaries of an oil spill or red tide. The application of the wavelet transform to these phenomena looks quite promising in detecting the boundaries of oil spills and red tide areas.
A Study on the Shot-Peening Effect for Fatigue Life Improvement of Laser Welding Material
Rong, HuaWei ; Lee, Hyun-Jun ; Jung, Hae-Young ; Hur, Sun-Chel ; Park, Won-Jo ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 57~61
At present, welding technology is not only emphasized in the development of manufacturing technology but its application is also expanding. In these systems, attempts have been made to use SUS as a high-temperature material for special applications, and in improvements in manufacturing technologies bear watching, together with an increase in the use rate. Specifically, three-dimensional wings are often used for fasteners with the purpose of decreasing the weight (정해용, 2007). However, due to developments in welding technology, there has been a recent tendency to replace existing assembly methods with welding. Specifically, if laser welding techniques are applied, the heat-affected zone can be minimized compared toother welding techniques. However, in the case of these special welding techniques, there is an increase in residual stress, which fatally affects the fatigue life. In order to remove the residual stress and its effect on fatigue life, shot-peening is executed. The intention of this study was to obtain the optimal conditions for shot-peening.
A Study of the Residual Stress Characteristics of FCAW Multi-Pass Butt Joint for an Ultra-Thick Plate
Bang, Hee-Seon ; Bang, Han-Sur ; Lee, Yoon-Ki ; Kim, Hyun-Su ; Lee, Kwang-Jin ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 62~66
The goal of this work is to establish the reliability of FCA welded joints for high strength EH36-TMCP ultra thick plate. For this, heat conduction and thermo elasto-plastic analyses have been conducted on a multi-pass, X-groove, butt-joint model to clarify the thermal and mechanical behavior (residual stresses, magnitude of the stresses, and their production and distribution mechanisms) of the weld joint. In addition, the results of the welding residual stress obtained from thermo elasto-plastic analysis was verified and compared with results obtained by XRD analysis.
On the Effect of Plate Curvature on Welding Deformation
Lee, Joo-Sung ; Lee, Jin-Tae ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 67~73
A simplified finite element analysis has been used to predict the weld-induced deformation to bead-on-plate welding of steel plates having curvatures in the welding direction. In this study, the equivalent loading method based on inherent strain was used to investigate the effect of longitudinal curvature on the weld-induced deformation of curved plates. Equivalent loads were derived from the inherent strain distribution around the weld line, and the loads were used for linear finite element analyses. These kinds of numerical simulations can, of course, be performed by using the rigorous thermalelastic-plastic analysis method. This approach is not, however, practical for use in weld-induced deformation analysis of large and complex structures, such as ship structures, in view of computing time and cost. The present equivalent load approach has been applied to several plate models having curvatures in the welding direction, and the results are compared with those obtained by thermal-elastic-plastic analysis and also with those obtained by the other simplified method found in reference. As far as the present results are concerned, the weld-induced deformation of curved plates can be accurately predicted by the method presented in this paper.
Development of Conformance Testing Criteria for STEP AP218 (Ship Structure)
Hwang, Ho-Jin ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 24, issue 2, 2010, Pages 74~81
Ship STEP is the international standard for the exchange of ship modeling data between heterogeneous systems. It is expected that STEP AP218 can be used for seamless data exchange between various CAD/CAM/CAE systems used in the shipbuilding design process. Although the conformance assessment for standards would maximize the performance and confidence about data exchanges, most research has been directed toward interoperability testing. ISO SC4/TC184 only provides the method for conformance testing, and it can be used with test cases on application protocols. Even though standards have been defined for conformance assessment and testing, there is no organization or association. CAD vendors have focused on interoperability testing for evaluation of the performance of their systems. In this paper, the conformance testing criteria for AP218 have been developed with abstract test cases of ship structures. The requested STEP translator was also reviewed with a developed item pool of testing criteria. The criteria methodology would be a guideline for the development of translators and interfaces. The item pool method of testing criteria for conformance assessment would increase performance and efficiency of data translators for Ship STEP and other standards.