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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 1991
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Jun 1991
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Reliagility Analysis of Tension Leg Platforms for Severe Storm Waves
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 5, issue 1, 1991, Pages 16~24
This paper presents a method of the reliability analysis for a tension leg platform(TLP)in severe storm waves by using the first passage concept of the random tensile stress in the tendons. In the present method, two failure conditions are considered ;i.e., the exceedance of the ultimate tensile capacity and the occurrence of the negative tension. In order to consider the correlation effects between the failure events for each corner resulted from the rupture of all tencons at one corner, a new system limit state for a rectangular shaped TLP is developed, which is defined in terms of the TLP motions in the vertical plane ;i.e., heave, roll, and pitch. To illustrate the validity of the present method, the numerical analysis is carried out for two TLP's with different structural dimensions. Then, the results are compared with those by other methods.
A Study on the Analysis of Water Waves and Harbor Oscillations due to the Development of Pusan Harbor
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 5, issue 1, 1991, Pages 25~34
An accurate estimation of water level variation when thewaves propagate to the coastal regionis very important for the port and harbor development plan. This study describes the application of a hybrid element model to harbor oscillation problem due to the construction of shore structure and implementation of shore boundary. The site selected is Pusan Harbor area with the third development and the Artificial Island plan. The observed water level changes at the site are compared with the result of the numerical experiment. The model gives a very important prediction of water level changes for navigation and harbor design.
A Study on the Practical Estimation Technique of a Long-term Settlement by the Observation Results in the Field
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 5, issue 1, 1991, Pages 35~44
This study was carried out for the purpose of pre-estimating long-term settlement under condition of actual field soil's property, in case of building up industrial sites on the marine deposit silty clay located at West Coast in Korea. This study analyzed Hyperbolic Method, Square Root Time Method and Exponential Function Method with utilization of measured survey values of settlement in In-Cheon Namdong Industrial Sites. In the future, for the continuos utilization, it seemed to be needed that further the survey values of fields should be accurartely measured for the analysis of more accurate pre-estimate about long-term settlement. Among the prediction methods of settlement Hyperbolic Method seemed to be the best fitting method for measured data. The settlement equations were derived from above three methods, for long-term settlements.
On the Dynamic Analysis of Cables for ROV Implementation
Yi, Woo-Sup ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 5, issue 1, 1991, Pages 45~54
A Study on the Numerical Model of Wave Induced Current around Nearshore Structure
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 5, issue 1, 1991, Pages 55~63
This study is to predict accurately the wave induced current accuring by the radiation stress which acts as the driving force around Nearshore structure. For the wave induced current, the depth integrated and time averaged governing equation of an unsteady nonlinear form is derived from the continuity and momentum equation of an incompressible fluid. Numerical solutions are obtained by a finite difference method for the governing equation. In the vicinity of a structure, computed flow patterns show good agreement with the hydraulic experimental data. The numerical results obtained by neglecting the convective term show a large change of alongshore and offshore current.
A Study on the Optimal Design of the Gate Leaf of a Dam
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 5, issue 1, 1991, Pages 64~70
The design theory of roller gate has been systematized laying more emphasis on practical formulas than theoretical ones and the design procedure of the existing gate facilites is reviewed and analyaed on economical viewpoint and safety factor. The design theory of timoshenko, the thechnical standards for hydraulic gate and penstock of Japan, and the design standards for waterworks structures of Germany are applied to the study of optimal design of a gate leaf. In this study, gate leaf which is now being operated for water control at the seadike, estuary dam and reservoir dam are adopted as a mode, and a new design method by the computer is proposed through the variation of design elements within practical ranges. As a result, safety factor and economical design can be made by using T-beams to the horizontal and vertical beam of the gate leaf instead of H-beams used in the existing seadike roller gate at Asan, and total weight of gate leaf is reduced by the present optimization.
A Study on Fatigue Behavior according to Effective Case Depth in Induction Case Hardened SM45C Steel
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 5, issue 1, 1991, Pages 71~80
This paper reveals the effect of the effective case depth(ECD) on the fatigue behavior of a high-frequency induction hardened SM45C in rotated bending fatigue test. In addition, the effects of fracture modes(surface origin type, inner origin type) on it are discussed. The fatigue limit of the induction hardened steel is remarkably increased compared with that of base metal. In addition, the fatigue limit is linearly increased as the effective casedepth grows deep in the region of this experiment (ECD/R;0.23-0.49). The S-N curve and fracture mode in the induction case hardened steel are classified into two kinds, as a result : N
;surface origin type fracture(at high stress), N
; in ner origin type fracture(at low stress). In case of inner origin type fracture; as the effective case depth(ECD) gets deep, the fatigue limit is increased by the reason that the fracture origin moves toward center; in reverse, is decreased by reason that the compressive residual stress gets low. As a result, the increasing effect of the former is much bigger than the decreasing effect of the latter, and the fatigue limit is increased as the ECD gets deep.eep.
Study on Effect of Underwater Shield Welding
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 5, issue 1, 1991, Pages 81~87
In this paper, an attempt has been taken for improving the weldability of wer welds of TMCP steel plate by shielding around weld arc surroundings. The principal results of this experimental investigation can be summarized as follows: 1) The cooling rates resulting from wet wlds with the developed electrode on TMCP steel plate could be lower than that of the non-shieled wet welds. 2) The metallurgical characteristics in umderwater wet welds of TMCP steel plate and the developed electrode could be improved by shielding around weld arc surroundings.
Retardation Behavior and Crack-Through-Thickness of a Surface-cracked Specimen under Cyclic Load
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 5, issue 1, 1991, Pages 88~96
Fatigue life and retardtion behavior after through-thickness were examined experimentally by using a CT specimen and surface-cracked specimen. The material used was 3% Ni-Cr-Mo steel. The fatigue crack shape before through-thickness is almost semicircular, and the measured aspect ratio is larger than the value obtained by calculation using the K value proposed by Newman-Raju. It is found that the crack growth behavior on the back side after through-ghickness is unique and can be divided into three stages a, b and c. A retardation parameter has been used successfully to predict the growth of cracks in specimen, and in this time, retardation factor is 4.3. By using the crack propagation rule considering on retardation state and the K value proposed by the authors, the remarkable crack growth behavior and the change in crack shape can be evaluated quantitatively.
A Study on the Effect of the Buliding Up by Welding on the Fatigue Fracture Behaviors for the Forged Steel
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 5, issue 1, 1991, Pages 97~105
In this paper, the fatigue strength and the fatigue crack propagation behaviors of the round bar specimens which were spirally built up by welding and subsequently hardened by quenching were investigated. The material used was SF60 which was whdely employed in mechanical components, especially shafts. Fatigue tests were conducted at the fully reversed condition(R=-1) and axial and load control in the room temperature ahd air environment. The experimental results were expressed by both the range of stress intensity factor (
) and the effective range of stress intensity factor (
). It was clarified that applying of quenching after the building up welding process improved the fatigue strength and the gatigue crack propagation property in the low range of
of the built up round bar specimen.