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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Dec 1992
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Jun 1992
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Design and Experimental Evaluation of Sliding Mode Controller Nonlinear Autonomous Underwater Vehicle
Sur, J.N. ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 6, issue 1, 1992, Pages 11~18
Motion of a Cylindrical Object due to Seabed Soil Friction
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 6, issue 1, 1992, Pages 19~28
The motion of a cylindrical object resting on shallow seabed due to wave forces and soil friction is studied. Given environmental conditions such as wave characteristics and seabed soil properties, the equations of motion are derived and the corresponding reponses of the cylinder in two dimensional plane, i.e., translational and rotational displacements, accelerations, are calculated. The motion is substantially restrained by the penetration of a cylinder into seabed and the parametric study focuses on finding out a minimum penetration depth which makes the cylinder motionless.
A Numerical Simulation of a Viscous Flow behind a Sea-botton Isolated Ridge in Shallow Water
Lee, young-Gill ; Headeki Miyata ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 6, issue 1, 1992, Pages 29~42
Study on Performance of a Floating-Type OWC Chamber in Regular Waves
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 6, issue 1, 1992, Pages 43~51
The hydrodynamic performance of a floating-type OWC (Oscillating Water Column) chamber is studied numerically and experimentally in this study. The numerical approach based on two-dimensional linear theory of floating wave absorber was attempted to design an efficient wave energy absorber, while model test was performed in a wave basin to test a performance of designed model and validate the reliability of developed numerical code. The focus of study is placed mainly on the experimental study to evaluate the principal characteristics of the designed OWC chamber in regular waves. The effects of the variation of wave height on OWC device and of air pressure inside chamber are also presented. Finally, the measured results were compared with computed ones, and it was shown that the designed chamber works with high efficiency $(\eta_H>1$ over most of wave lengths covered by present study. It is therefore concluded that the developed code is capable of being successfully employed to design OWC chambers at various ocean environments, even though there exist some minor discrepancies between measured and computed results.
Mixed Convection Heat Transfer from Vertically Misaligned Isothermal plates
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 6, issue 1, 1992, Pages 52~61
The steady laminar mixed convection from vertically misaligned, isothermal plastes has been studied by numerical procedure. The governing equations are solved by the finite difference method using successive using successive over relaxation scheme at Re=100-800,
, Pr=0.71 and dimensionless plate spacings b/L=0.1-1.0. The plume interaction caused by the thermal interference of twoplates is observed. As Reynolds numbers increase, the optimum plate spacings are moved to narrow spacings at the same Grashof number and as Grashof numbers increase, to wide spacings at the same Reynolds number.
A Study of Stability Analysis on Nonlinear Dynamic Vibration Absorber Acting on Damped Main Vibration Systems
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 6, issue 1, 1992, Pages 62~68
In this study, a system coupled with the nonlinear dynamic vibration absorber was modelled, and its equation of motion was analized by the harmonic balance method to obtain the amplitude ratio. And also, the stability analysis was done by the Routh Hurwitz method. In the vibration systems coupled with the nonlinear dynamic vibration absorber, the unstable region and the jump phenomenon can be ramarkably affected by the damping ratio. The stable and unstable region that obtained to differential method excellently agreed to the result of the stability analysis of Routh Hurwitz.
Natural Frequencies of a Beam on Inhomogeneous Foundation
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 6, issue 1, 1992, Pages 69~77
The natural frequencies of a beam on elastic foundation are investigated in the present paper. The inhomogeneous elastic foundation can be modelled as a combination of distributed translational spring, rotational spring, intermediate supports and dampers. The natural frequencies and mode shapes of the system are obtained by using the Galerkin's method, and also compared with the results in the literature. Furthermore, the natural frequencies of the beam with elastically mounted masses, which can be used as vibration absorbers, are obtained by an efficient numerical scheme suggested in the present paper.
A Study on the Effect of Initial Strain on Cyclic Creep Properties of Steam Turbine Rotor Steel
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 6, issue 1, 1992, Pages 78~86
The creep behaviors of 1%Cr-Mo-V and 12%Cr steam turbine rotor steels under static or cyclic load were examined at 600 and
. The relationship between these two kinds of phenomena was studied and the experimental results were summarized as follows: 1) It is confirmed that the cyclic creep strain dependent on time is more available for creep, behavior analysis according to frequency change than that dependent on number of cycles, and the static creep, the special case of cyclic creep with stress ratio of 1 can be also more effectively analyzed by time-dependence. 2) The steady cyclic creep rate vs. the steady static creep rate, increases according to the increase of stress ratio, and this phenomena may occur on occasion of the decrease of the internal stress. 3) The initial strain affects on all the creep properties of the transient region, the steady state region and the rupture time in cyclic creep as well as static creep, and the quantitative relationships among them exist.
A Study on Cyclic Deformation and Fatigue Phenomenon of Shape Memory Alloy
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 6, issue 1, 1992, Pages 87~95
Recently, the robot actuator worked by the driving recovery-force of the thermo elastic martensitic transformation of shape memory alloys(SMA) has been studied. In general, such a SMA actuator necessitates a number of cyclic repeated motion, so that the investigation of gradual decrease of recovery force with repeated motion cycle as well as the prevention of such a degradation of shape memory effect(SME) are very important for the actual use of a robot actuator. However, such research and discussions about the degradation of SME are very few up to the present. Therefore, in this study, the characteristics of the cyclic deformation and degradation of SME of Ti-Ni alloy would be investigated and discussed in detail by current heat type fatigue tester, which is a newly designed fatigue tester by author. In addition, we will establish a new design concept for robot actuator from these result.
A Study on Fatigue Crack Growth Retardation Phenomena of Al 7075--T6 Alloy under Multiple overload(I)
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 6, issue 1, 1992, Pages 96~104
Aircraft structures and engineering structures are always subject to variable amplitude loads. Variable amplitude loads include some kind of loading history; for example, constant amplitude load, single peak overload and block overload etc. Crack growth under variable amplitude loading exhibits retardation effect. In this study, the 4 point bending fatigue test was performed by hydrolic servo fatigue testing machine on 7075-T6 Al-alloy. The retardation effect of overload ratio and numbers of overload cycle was quantitatively studied. 1) Change of retardation effect against increment of overload ratio is more evident when the multiple overload is applied than single overload is done. 2) The number of overload cycle is very important factor about the crack growth retardation effect when the overload ratio is more than 1.75; that is not when the overload ratio is less than 1.75. 3) Overload affected zone size increased gradually by increment of crack growth retardation effect. 4) Crack driving force is more greatly reduced when the crack tip branched off two direction than it sloped to one direction.
A Basic Study on Fatigue Fracture Model at Elevated Temperatures by the Dimensional Analysis Method
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 6, issue 1, 1992, Pages 105~112
The main purpose of this study is to derive a law of fatigue crack growth rate in the region of elastic or elasto-plastic fracture mechanics at elevated temperatures through the application of dimensional analysis. An equation of elasto-plastic fatigue crack growth rate at elevated temperatures appeared a new Arrhenius type equation containing J-integral range and absolute temperature. The elastic or elasto-plastic crack growth rate equation shows a fairly good agreement with the experimental results for Cr-Mo-V rotor steel and Hastelloy-X alloy in the comparatively wide temperature ranges.
Effect of matrix on fatigue strength of carbon fiber composite materials
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 6, issue 1, 1992, Pages 113~121
In this study, the variation of fatigue strength in CF/PEEK and CF/EPOXY, the matrix and interfacial strength of which differ from each other, has been studied from the viewpoint of microfracture behavior. The results obtained are as follows; According as the fatigue strength moves from the lower cycle range to the higher cycle range, that of CF/PEEK shows higher curve than that of CF/EPOXY does. In the early stage of fatigue life, the characteristic of fatigue crack in CF/PEEK is mainly the fracture of longitudinal fiber, while that in CF/EPOXY is the fracture of transverse fiber. The difference of fatigue strength in these materials can be explained by the fracture criteria of transverse fiber and longitudinal fiber.
A study on fatigue crack growth with loading waveform and analysis method for all loading waveform at elevated temperature in SUS 304 stainless steel
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 6, issue 1, 1992, Pages 122~130
The effect of loading waveform on elevated temperature low-cycle fatigue crack growth behavior in a SUS 304 stainless steel have been investigated under symmetrical trangular (fast-fast), trapezoidal and asymmetrical(fast-slow, slow-fast) waveforms at 650.deg. C. It was found that the crack growth rate in fast-slow loading waveform appeared to be higher a little and the crack growth rate in slow-fast loading waveform much higer than that in fast-fast loading waveform, and difference in crack growth rate between fast-show and slow-fast waveforms nearly didn't appear in the region of da/dN>10/sup -2/ The crack growth rate in the trapezoidal loading waveform with t/sub h/=500sec appeared to be faster than that in slow(500sec)-fast(1sec). In addition, parameter modified J-integral could be considered as useful parameter for fatigue crack growth rate in all waveforms. The result obtained are as follow. da/dN=4.91*10/sup -3/ (.DELTA. J/sub c/)/sup 0.565/.
The Effect of Stress Ratio on Fatigue Crack Propagation Rate and Arrest Behavior in 7075-T735 Al Alloy
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 6, issue 1, 1992, Pages 131~139
The understanding and appllication of fatigue crack propagation mechanism in variable amplitude loading is very important for life prediction of the air travel structures. Particularly, the retardation and arrest behavior of fatigue crack propagation by single tension overloading is essential to the understanding and appllication of fatigue crack propagation mechanism in variable amplitude loading. Numerous studies of the retardation behavior have been performed, however investigations of the arrest behavior have not been enough yet. As for the arrest behavior, Willenborg had reported that the overload shut-off ratio
had been the material constant, but recently several investigators have reported that the overload shut-off ratio depends upon the stress ratio. In this study, authors have investigated the effect of stress ratio on the threshold overload shut-off ratio to generate arrest of fatigue crack growth in high tensile aluminum alloy 7075-T735 which have used in material for air travel structures, It has been
till now, the region of stress ratio investigated. The threshold overload shut-off ratio has decreased as stress ratio has increased in overall region of -
and the linearity has been seen in this material. Moreover, the experimental equation between
and R has been made; The relation has been
The Effects of 3.5% NaCl Aqueous Solution Temperature on the Corrosion Fatigue Fracture of Dual phase steel
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 6, issue 1, 1992, Pages 140~147
Corrsion fatigue test was performed under rotated bending in 3.5% NaCl aqueous solution having a temperature from 278.deg.K in order to investigate the effects of aqueous solution remperature on the corrosion fatigue fracture of raw material steel(SS41) and dual phase steel that was produced from SS41 by a series of heat treatment. Corrosion fatigue life decreases remarkably with increase in solution temperature or with decrease in stress level. The corrosion fatigue life and the crack propagation rate at 303.deg.K show the similar behaviors with those at 318.deg.K, which is assumed to be caused by concentration polarization phenamena. The number and the lengths of microcracks increase with increase in solution temperature, so they lead to the decrease in corrosion fatigue life.