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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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Korean Society of Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Dec 1994
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Jun 1994
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A Three-Dimensional Dynamic Analysis of Towed Systems Part 1. A Mathematical Formulation
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 8, issue 1, 1994, Pages 16~22
Dynamic Response Analysis of Tension Leg Platforms in Multi-directional Irregular Waves (Frequency Domain Analysis)
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 8, issue 1, 1994, Pages 23~32
A numerical procedure is described for simultaneously predicting the motion and structural responses of tension leg platforms (TLPs) in multi-directional irregular waves. The developed numerical approach is based on a combination of a three dimensional source distribution method, the finite element method for structurally treating the space frame elements and a spectral analysis technique of directional waves. The spectral description for the linear responses of a structure in the frequency domain is sufficient to completely define the responses. This is because both the wave inputs and the responses are stationary Gaussian ran dom process of which the statistical properties in the amplitude domain are well known. The hydrodynamic interactions among TLP members, such as columns and pontoons, are included in the motion and structural analysis. The effect of wave directionality has been pointed out on the first order motion, tether forces and structural responses of a TLP in multi-directional irregular waves.
The Plane-Deformation Thermal Elasto-Plastic Analysis During Welding of Plate
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 8, issue 1, 1994, Pages 33~40
Welding of structure produces welding residual stresses which influence buckling strength, brittle fracture strength and cold crack on the weld parts. Therefore, it is very important to accurately analyze the residual stress before welding in order to guarantee the safety of weldment. If the weld length is long enough compared to the thickness and the breadth of plate, thermal and mechanical behaviors in the middle portion of the plate are assumed to be uniform along the thickness direction(z-axis). Thus, the following conditions(so-called plane deformation) can be assumed for the plate except near its end;1) distributions of stress and strain are independent on the z-axis;2) plane normal to z-axis before deformation remains plane during and after deformation. In this paper, plane-deformation thermal elasto-plastic problem is formulated by being based on the finite element method. Moreover special regards and paid to the fact that material properties in elastic and plastic region are temperature-dependence. And the method to solve the plane-deformation thermal elasto-plastic problem is shown by using the incremental technique. From the results of analysis, the characterisics of distribution of welding residual stress and plastic strain with the production mechanism are clarified.
Fatigue Life and Peneration Behaviour of Material under Combined Tension and Bending Stress
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 8, issue 1, 1994, Pages 41~49
The leak-before-break(LBB) design on the large structures such as ship's hull, tank structure, pressure vessels etc. is one of the most inportant subjects for the evaluation and the assurance of safety. In these structures, various loads are acting. In some structural members, therefore, out-of-plane stress due to bending often may become with in-plane stress due to stretching. In the present report, the characteristics of fatigue life and peneration behaviour from a surface cracked plate under combined tension and bending have been studied experimentally and analytically by using eccentricity. Estimation of fatigue crack growth was done with the Newman-Raju formula before penetration, and with the stress intensity factor after penetration proposed by the author. Calculated aspect ratio showed the good agreement with the experimental result. It was also found that particular crack growth behaviour and crack shape after penetration can be satisfactorily evaluated using the K solution proposed.
A study on Development of 300m Class Underwater ROV
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 8, issue 1, 1994, Pages 50~61
A 300 meter class ROV(CROV300) is composed of three parts : a surface unit, a tether cable and an underwater vehicle. The vehicle controller is based on two processors : an Intel 8097-16-bit one chip micro-processor and a Texas Instruments TMS320E25 digital signal processor. In this paper, the surface controller, the vehicle controller and peripheral devices interfaced with the processors are described. These controllers transmit/receive measured status data and control commands through RS422 serial communication. Depth, heading, trimming, camera tilting, and leakage signals are acquired through the embedded AD converters of the 8097. On the other hand, altitude of ROV and lbstacle avoidance signals are processed by the DSP processor and periodically fetched by the 8097. The processor is interfaced with a 4-channel 12-bit D/A converter to generate control signals for DC motors an dseveral transistors to handle the relays for on/off switching of external devices.
Detection Range Estimation Algorithm for Active SONAR System and Application to the Determination of Optimal Search Depth
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 8, issue 1, 1994, Pages 62~70
In order to estimate the detection range of a active SONAR system, the SONAR equation is commonly used. In this paper, an algorithm to calculate detection range in active SONAR system as function of SONAR depth and target depth is presented. For given SONAR parameters and environment, the transmission loss and background level are found, signal excess is computed. Using log-normal distribution, signal excess is converted to detection probability at each range. Then, the detection range is obtained by integrating the detection probability as function of range for each depth. The proposed algorithm have been applied to the case of omni-directional source with center frequency 30Hz for summer and winter sound profiles. It is found that the optimal search depth is the source depth since the detection range increase at source depth where the signal excess is maximized.
A Study on the Axial and Torsional Coupled Vibration of Marine propeller shafts
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 8, issue 1, 1994, Pages 71~83
The axial and torsional coupled vibration of marine propeller shafts can be mainly caused by actual shape of the crank shaft and hydrodynamic forces and moments due to propellers : the former leads to stiffness matrix coupling and the latter leads to inertia and damping matrix coupling. In the present paper the characteristics of the coupled vibration of marine propeller shafts due to hydrodynamic coupling is investigated in details. First, the modelling procedure of the system and analysis technique are also developed. To verify the present method the numerical calculations were also performed. Finally, the results were compared with existing data in the literature and it was found to be in good agreement.
A Study on the Topography Change of Hyeya River and Jinha Beach
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 8, issue 1, 1994, Pages 84~95
In recent years Jin-Beach and Hyeya River mouth have experienced severe erosion phenomena. The cause of erosion is examined using a 3-dimensional nunumerical sediment transport model. The model is composed of three components : wave model, wave-induced current model and 3-dimensional sediment transport model. In the wave analysis component we consider refraction, diffraction and reflection based on Maruyama and Kajima method. For the wave-induced current model we use depth-integrated continuty equation and momentum equations. For the 3-dimensional sediment transport model we consider bed load and suspended load simutaneously. Model results obtained for Jin-ha Beach and Hyeya River mouth agreed well with experimental results.
The Strength Evaluation of Reinforced Flaw by Stiffener in Woven Fiber Reinforced Composite Plates
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 8, issue 1, 1994, Pages 96~104
The use of advanced composite materials has grown in recent years in aerospace and other structures. Out of various kinds of repairing methods the one selecteh for this study is an idealized case which simulates a situation where a damaged laminate has been repaired by drilling a hole and therefter plugging the hole with reinforcement. Two typesof reinforcement are investigated ;adhesively bonged plug reinforcement or snug-fit unbonded plug in the hole. For each case of reinforcement, four different sizes of hole diameter and three types of reinforcing material(steel, aluminum, plexiglass) are employed for investigation. The experiment are mainloy forced on the evaluation of ultimate strength of laminate with reinforced hole in comparison to its counterpart with the open hole.
Experimenal Study on Unsteady Double-Diffusive Convection in a Rectangle
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 8, issue 1, 1994, Pages 105~113
Double-diffusive convection induced by simultaneously-imposed lateral temperature and concentration gradients in a rectangular enclosure with aspect retio, 2.0 has been studied experimentally for adiabatic and isothermal horizontal boundary conditions. Visual observations show two distinct flow structures depending on the buoyancy ratio. The unicell flow structure is observed for a lower buoyancy ratio while the layered flow structure appears for a higher buoyancy ratio. There exists an unstable flow regime between two buoyancy ratios.
X-ray diffraction study on fatigue fractured surface of SS41 Steel
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 8, issue 1, 1994, Pages 114~122
X-ray stress constant, K, was determined for the diffraction line of (211)plane by using Cr-K
radiation. K was -340.87 MPa/deg. Fatigue crack propagation tests of SS41 steel were conducted under stress ratios of 0.1, 0.3 and 0.5. The half-value breadth of X-ray diffraction profile was measured at and beneath the fracture surface. The half-value breadth, B, on the fracture surface was found to increase with increasing
. The value of B was influenced by stress ratio in SS41 steel. The half-value breadth took the maximum value at the borden of reversed plastic zone, while it approached to the initial (pre-fatigue) value near the boundary of monotonic plastic zone. The maximum depth of the plasticzone was evaluated on the basis of the half-value breadth distribution. The depth
is related to
by the following equation :
is the yield strength obtength obtained in tension test .alpha.is 0.136 for SS41 steel.
Non-Linear Response of a Semi-Submersible with Non-linear Restoring Forces
Jo, Hyo-Jae ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 8, issue 1, 1994, Pages 123~130
A Study on the Characteristics of CNC Deep Hole Machining for Marine Part Materias with the Single Tube System BTA Tools
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 8, issue 1, 1994, Pages 131~143
The BTA(boring and trepanning association) deep hole machining has an increasing demands because of its wide applications and its good productivity. The main feature of the BTA tools is that the tool cutting edges are unsymmetrically located on the boring head. This provides a stabilizing cutting force resultant necessary for self guidance of the boring head. The BTA tools are capable of machining for having a large length to diameter ratio in single pass. A study of the accuracy and surface finish of holes produced would reveal quite useful information regarding the process. This study deals with the experimental results obtained during BTA machining on SM55C, SM45C steel under differnt machining conditions.
Damage Detection in Jacket-Type Offshore Structures From Few Mode Shapes
Kim, Jeng-Tae ; ; Stubbs, Norris ;
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 8, issue 1, 1994, Pages 144~153
An algorithm to locate and estimate severity of damage in jacket-type offshore structures for which modal responses are availabit' for very few vibrational modes is presented. First, a theory of damage locaization and severity estimation(which yields information on the location and severity of damage directly from changes in mode shapes) is formulated. Next, the feasibility the damage detection algorithm is demonstrated by using a numerical example of an offshore jacket platform for which only three vibration modes are measured. Form the material presented here, two major results are observed. First, all damage locations in the offshore jacket platform are correctly predicted. Next, predicted damage is relatively correctly estimated.
The Effects of Heat Treatment on Cyclic Deformation of Ni-Ti Shape Memory Alloy
Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology, volume 8, issue 1, 1994, Pages 154~164
In this paper, fatigue testing was carried out under the change of aging time(0.5,1.5.10hrs) by electric heating method which is one of the useful method in the application of Robot's actuator. Fatigue degradation behaviors such as cyclic deformation property, amount of deformation, decrease in recovery and variation of transformation temperature for each specimen were examined closely, and the effect of aging time condition was studied on their fatigue degradation behaviors.