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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Marine Environment and safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Dec 2005
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jun 2005
Volume 11, Issue 1 - 00 2005
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A Study on Proposal of the Improved Marine Traffic System in the Mokpo Harbor
Jong Jae-Yong ; Kim Chol-Seong ; Park Sung-Hyeon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 11, issue 2, 2005, Pages 1~8
In the present maritime traffic conditions of Mokpo harbor, there exist many hazardous factors which may lead to huge accidents including marine oil pollution We analyze marine traffic environments including traffic congestion, natural conditions, maritime traffic accidents in the last 10 years, the fishery status, operation of traffic routes and management of navigational aids and regulations relating ships' routeing both in and out of the country. Consequently, this work is to propose improved marine traffic system in future.
A Study on Proposal of the Ship's Routing on Gwangyang Harbor
Jeong Jung-Shic ; Jong Jae-Yong ; Kim Chol-Seong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 11, issue 2, 2005, Pages 9~17
In the present maritime traffic conditions of Gwangyang harbor, there exists many hazardous factors which may lead to huge accidents including marine oil pollution. To mitigate the danger to vessels in Gwangyang harbor and to secure the safety of maritime environment, we established one way traffic between No.3 Route and No.4 Route, Designed of deep water line on No.3 route, Extended one-way route for Myo-Do Passage etc.
A Study on the Maneuvering Area of Ship in Moving at Single Point Mooring
Kim Jin-Soo ; Jong Jae-Yong ; Kim Kyung-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 11, issue 2, 2005, Pages 19~25
The work of VLCC SPM mainly is accomplished on the open sea. On the open sea as a result of meteorological condition and the ocean wave influence, When the weather condition is get bed, peremptorily moving to the safety place, bemuse of the gale and the billow, almost happened frequently, the pilot is unable to go on board and the tug is also unable to be used Now bemuse of the bad weather the VLCC SPM moving to the other safety place frequently happened in the ulsan port. the construction of new harbor, it constructed many break water around SPM. So that it is necessary to propose the new standard about how to maneuvering area actually. Now our country is at the blank stage about the establishment of SPM research Most of the situations refer to overseas standards. But these standards lack consistency and clarity. So when moving to the another safe place from SPM, we must Carry through the research and study on the ships using sailing through AIS Data We must put forward a new standard about maneuvering area of ships moving at SPM.
Evaluation of Risk Level for Damage of Marine Accidents in SRRs using Fuzzy AHP
Jang Woon-Jae ; Keum Jong-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 11, issue 2, 2005, Pages 27~32
This paper suggests an evaluation of risk level for damage of marine accidents in SRRs. This paper intoduces a concept of fuzzy logic with the plenty of related literature riview, fuzzy measure t-seminormed fuzzy integral and in the Korean SRRs of RCC and RSC. The methodology of this paper is max. min composition of fuzzy extensive principle, defuzzifiation is centroid of gravity methods. And final evaluation value using t-seminormed fuzzy integral. At the result, the evaluation of risk level is especially over serious for marine accident of Mokpo, Tongyoung, Yeosu SRRs.. This paper recommends that many rescue vessels and equipments need to the reduction of risk level about those.
A Study on the Design of Ergonomic Bridge Conning Display
Yang Young-Hoon ; Lee Bong-Wang ; Lew Jae-Moon ; Lee Chang-Min ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 11, issue 2, 2005, Pages 33~40
According to the development of technology of the navigational equipments, many bridge equipments have been improved, however, marine accidents by human error have not been reduced. Therefore, a matter of primary concern is focused on whether bridge equipments of ships are ergonomically arranged to reduce errors due to human factors. As part of a design of IBS(Integrated Bridge System) standard, rules of the conning display to save time and additional movements to obtain important informations of a ship should be established as soon as possible. In the present study, ergonomic design factors for the conning display are studied through the survey of related works, heuristic evaluations, sketch method tests as well as questionnaires. Using these factors, new conning display was designed and the ergonomic indices were evaluated by comparing tests of the existing conning displays. It is found that the designed conning display obtained high ergonomic index showed better performance, therefore, the ergonomic index studied in the present paper can be used as a useful design standard in the conning display design procedures.
A Study on Seaman's Criminal Responsibility of Marine Accidents
Song Yong-Seop ; Suh Geo-Suk ; Park Yong-Uk ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 11, issue 2, 2005, Pages 41~49
In general, the criminal responsibility of seaman should always be directly assumed by the seamen, according to the principle of self-incrimination. Therefore, the only possible countermeasures for the criminal responsibility of seamen may be to reduce the responsibility by using criminal procedures (ex. the warrant substance examination system, the review system of legality for confinement as much as possible. Another possibility is to reduce the penalty through the revision of the law. In detail, concerning the problem of fine, the maximum fine for oil spill accidents by criminal negligence is KRW 30,000,000 under the current Ocean Pollution Prevention Act, and when an oil spill occurs, the maximum fine tends to be levied regardless of the amount of the spilled oil; thus, it is judged that grading the fine according to the amount of spilled oil may be worth considering. Regarding P & I's payment of fine, contrary to general belief, it is only possible to make up the loss when P & I takes up the legal responsibility or acknowledges its payment. In order to solve the problem, it is possible to consider the option of introducing new collective insurance program or mutual aid system. Also, as seamen are not specialists in legal issues, the ship owners' association or the marine afficers' association need to develop some program through which they can receive systematic assistance from legal specialists including lawyers when they encounter any legal problems (ex. free legal aid programs for farmers and fishermen). Finally, it may be possible to establish enact new laws or revise the existing Act on Special cases Concerning the Settlement of Traffic Accidents to insert a new section on marine accidents.
Improvement Policy about Inspection systems of Small fishing Vessels
Lee Kwang-Nam ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 11, issue 2, 2005, Pages 51~63
In relation with inspection systems of small fishing vessels, Government is drawing up revision of the law about ships safety act(Article 3) on the basis of supporting safe fishing activities to expand the application range of ships safety act for vessels under 2 tons(small fishing vessels) that are exempted from inspection systems. There are two opinions about inspection of small fishing vessels. Government's opinion is that inspection of small fishing vessels must be enforced to confirm small fishing vessels' safety but fishermen's opinion is that inspection systems keep on existing law because inspection systems spends a lot of time and money to the poor and the old. The alternatives for countered opinions is that the poor fishermen's vessels' for living or small vessels' inspection must be operated by themselves in principle and minimizing the limitation through policies is recommended. In addition, Government needs to develop various programs for inspection systems of small fishing vessels like the main fisheries countries. Particularly, in case of operating inspection systems of small fishing vessels, Government needs to consider some solutions for example supporting inspection fee, minimum inspection for confirming vessels' safety, inspecting when a vessel is building, expanding an inspection period.
The Maritime Education & Training at CMA
Choi Min-Seon ; Park Jin-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 11, issue 2, 2005, Pages 65~71
This paper presents the maritime education and training at CMA. There are two kinds of Federal Maritime Academies, i.e. U. S. Merchant Marine Academy (USMMA) and U. S. Coast Guard Academy, which are supported by federal government and six State Maritime Academies operated by each state. CMA is a unique campus of the California State University(CSU). A specialized education combining classroom instruction, hands-on experience and professional development prepare students for a successful career in international business and logistics, maritime policy, engineering, technology or in the maritime and transportation industries. All students of CMA, under licensed faculty supervision, learn and train aboard the Training Ship Golden Bear during a two-month training cruise in their first year at CMA. Second-year students participate in a land-based cooperative, or sail on a commercial cruise or the Training Ship GOLDEN BEAR depending on their major. Third-year maritime licensing option students take a final cruise on the training ship, while other students participate in an additional land-based cooperative. In their senior year, students take license exams to complete graduation requirements.
A Study on the User's Satisfaction Level for Remote Island Services
Noh Chang-Kyun ; Ki Hoe-Won ; Chung Kun-Myung ; Kim Hyung-Geun ; Jung Jae-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 11, issue 2, 2005, Pages 73~76
Current operating system and passenger satisfaction level of remote island route are examined in this study. A large quantity of survey was conducted among remote island route passengers and the result was examined in depth The survey result slightly exceeded average effectiveness rating; 2.8 based on a five-point scale was obtained. The survey shows that the service satisfaction level is not very high When long term remote island route development plan is established, a support from the government is expected for survey result to reflect on the development plan.
Estimation about Local Strength using FE-Analysis for Steel Yacht
Park Joo-Shin ; Ko Jae-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 11, issue 2, 2005, Pages 77~82
Previously sailing yachts or leisure yachts were mainly made from FRP(Fiber glass reinforced plastic) in the small shipbuilding, but recently there is a trend to replace it for steel or aluminum to substitute FRP for environmental friendly materials. Although It have to need a many checked item in case of hull girder strength and transverse strength normally evaluate base on calculation of class guideline so called direct calculation method. Otherwise. this method of initial structural design considered enough for safety margin on the structure. But, case of small craft must consider for evaluating local strength through rational method. In this paper, check the bow structure members for satisfying results base on allowable stress criterion of damaged bow structure by dynamic load due to slamming and bottom impact load due to pitching motion through finite element analysis. and investigate engine bed structure considering engine weight load and transverse wave load.
Domestic Legislation for Acceptance of 'International Convention for the Control and Management of Ship's Ballast Water and Sediments'
Kim, Kwang-Soo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 11, issue 2, 2005, Pages 83~96
As recently, 'International convention for the control and management of ship's ballast water and sediments' was adopted, it is necessary to accept the international convention in Korea The movements of foreign countries for ship's ballast water control and management were investigated, and domestic environment-related laws were reviewed and compared regarding the discharge of industrial wastewater and ship's ballast water. Alternative measures of domestic legislation were suggested for acceptance of the international convention.
Seasonal and Year-to-year Variations of Water Quality in Mokpo Harbor Area by the Long-term Monitoring
Park, Joong-Hyun ; Park, Seong-Yoon ; Lee, Yong-Hwa ; Choi, Da-Mi ; Lee, Sang-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 11, issue 2, 2005, Pages 97~102
Seasonal and year-to-year variations of water quality were observed at six stations in Mokpo Harbor area between 1997 and 2004. Water quality(salinity, pH, DIN and DIP) was variable between years. Salinity was significantly low in 1998, while nutrient concentrations were significantly higher in 1998 than other years. Water temperature, salinity, DO, COD and DIP concentrations exhibited clear seasonal variations, and these seasonal trends reflected seasonal changes in fresh water discharge from Youngsan river mouth. Water temperature, COD and DIP were significantly higher in August, while salinity and DO reached minimum values in August. In the station 1(Youngsan river mouth), waters with low salinity are subject to high nutrient inputs from Youngsan river, while in the station 6 (outside from Mokpo harbor) waters are primarily oceanic Relationship between water quality parameters indicates that salinity is the primary factor influencing the COD, DO, pH, Chlorophyll a and nutrient concentrations in Mokpo harbor area.
Comparison of Oil Recovery Performance between Disk Materials of Oil Skimmer
Jang Duck-Jong ; Na Son-Cheol ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 11, issue 2, 2005, Pages 103~108
For the development of a disk type oil skimmer for a tank lorry, a basic study on comparison of oil recovery performance between disk materials of oil skimmer was conducted. The experiment results are summarized as follows: In all the disks, the volume of recovery of bunker-A oil was greater than diesel oil. In light oil, there was nearly no differences in the volume of oil recovery by disk material, but in the case of bunker A oil, recovery efficiency showed big differences depending on the disk materials. For diesel oil, the differences in the volume of oil recovery per unit of operation time from the initial time zone were hardly shown. However, the volume of recovery of bunker-A oil linearly increased from the initial operation time in all the disks and the increase showed a slew moving trend as time. went on; therefore, the volume of oil recovery per unit of operation time showed differences depending on time. This result shows that oil viscosity has an effect on the disk recovery efficiency. When comparing the mass of pure oil recovery and the volume of water recovery in the total mass of recovery by bunker-A oil, there was no difference in the volume of oil recovery between the window-aluminum material disk and the disks consisting of other materials, but the volume of water recovery of the former was relatively very small This shows the most ideal result in view of oil recovery efficiency that considers the volume of water recovery. In conclusion, it was found that aluminum is the most advantageous as the material for tank lorry oil skimmer disk.
Applicability of the Hydrocyclone for Efficiency Improvements to Sea-water Cooling Systems
Kim Bu-Gi ; Han Won-Hui ; Cho Dae-Hwan ; Choi Min-Seon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 11, issue 2, 2005, Pages 109~115
Hydrocyclone has been widely used for the solid-liquid separation in many industrial sites because of its comparatively preferable applications that can be applied to wide-range particle sizes. If seawater with impurities flows through pumps or heat exchanger, it might cause an decrease in the efficiency of cooling system In this paper, we have suggested some methods of separating impurities from seawater in the cooling system by using a Hydrocyclone. The effects of design factors as solid concentration, cyclone inlet pressure, flow rate and diameter of underflow on the separating performance of the Hydrocyclone were investigated The results from this study are summarized as follows: 1) In proportion to the decrease of solid concentration, the efficiency of solid-liquid separation is improved. 2) According as the cyclone inlet pressure increases the efficiency of separation is improved. Conclusively, this research suggested that the Hydrocyclone will be used as a pre-treatment system of cooling water in machines, and eventually prevent unexpected accidents in engine systems.