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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Marine Environment and safety
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
The Distribution of Heavy Metals in the Surface Waters and Sediments of Gaduk Channel in Jinhae Bay, Korea
Kim, Kyung-Tae ; Kim, Eun-Soo ; Cho, Sung-Rok ; Kahng, Sung-Hyun ; Kim, Jong-Kun ; Park, Jun-Kun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 95~103
Heavy metals in the surface seawaters and sediments were measured in Gaduk channel of jinhae Bay. The high concentrations of heavy metals in the seawaters were found at the stations near the islands. In the seawaters, the mean concentrations of dissolved heavy metals except for Pb were not higher than previous data in this bay. Higher heavy metal contents in the surface sediments were observed at the stations adjacent to the Geojedo or Gadukdo of the Gaduk channel. The contents of Co,Ni,Zn,Cu,As and Cd in the surface sediments showed relatively high correlation coefficients with IL and COD. The order of enrichment factors(EFs) of heavy metals in the sediments on the basis of average shale values was As>Cd>Pb>Zn>Co>Cu>Hg>Ni, and the EFs of As,Cd,Pb and Zn at whole stations were higher than 1. EFs of Ni and Zn on the basis of natural background concentration in Korean coastal sediments were lower than EFs by average shale.
A Study on the Use of Oyster Shells for Phosphorus Removal
Lee, Jong-Il ; Kim, Woo-Hang ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 105~109
In our country, limiting nutrient is known as phosphorus in the most lakes. Therefore, the removal of phosphorus is a very important process in sewage treatment. However, many of the sewage treatment plants employ the conventional activated sludge process, known to remove
of phosphorus. Thus, additional phosphorous removal process will be needed. Oyster shells have been known to remove phosphorus in water. The removal efficiency of phosphorus was highest at smallest size of oyster shells and at the highest pH for batch test. The phosphorous removal rate with various calcium concentrations was increased by increasing calcium concentration. At the 20 mg/l of calcium, more than 90% of phosphorous was removed in two hours. The removal efficiency of phosphorous was increased greatly at 300% of recirculation rate. With 300% of recirculation rate, the removal efficiency reached 80% at pH 11. The negative effects of bicarbonate on crystallization were observed in oyster shells. The effects of bicarbonate on rate constant were also investigated by applying these results to experimental equation. The rate constant was decreased at the inverse logarithm bicarbonate concentration.
Correlation between Meteorological Factors and Water Discharge from the Nakdong River Barrage, Korea
Park, San ; Yaan, Han-Sam ; Lee, In-Cheal ; Kim, Hean-Tae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 111~117
We estirmted the yearly and monthly variation in discharge from the Nakdong River Barrage. We studied the total monthly discharge, the mean daily discharge, and the maximum daily discharge based on the observational discharge data for the 11-year period 1996-2006. We also examined the correlation between the discharge and the meteorologiml factors that influence the river inflow. The results from this study are as follows. (1) The total monthly discharge for 11 years at the Nakdong River Barrage was
: The daily maximum was in 2003, with
. The largest daily mean release discharges occurred in August with
(23.4% of the year), followed by July and September in that order with 23.1 and 17%, respectively. (2) The monthly pattern of discharge could be divided into the flood season for the period July-September (discharge =
/day), the normal season from April to June and October (discharge=
/day), and the drought season from December to March (discharge <
/day). (3) Periods of high temperature, low evaporation loss, and short sunshine duration produced a much higher discharge in general. Conditions of low rainfall and high evaporation loss, as was the rose in 2003, tended to reduce the discharge, but high rainfall and low evaporation loss tended to increase the discharge as it did in 200l. (4) The dominant wind directions during periods of high discharge were NNE (15.5%), SW and SSW (13.1%), S(12.1%), and NE (10.8%) This results show that it run bring on accumulation of fresh water when northern winds are dominant, and it run flow out fresh water toward offslwre when southern winds are dominant.
Correlation between Spring Weather Factors and Local Wind Waves in the Nakdong River Estuary, Korea
Yoo, Chang-Il ; Yoon, Han-Sam ; Park, Hyo-Bong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 119~125
The aim of this study was to determine the characteristics of wave transformation in the shallow water of the Nakdong River estuary due to variations in air pressure, air temperature, wind speed, and wind direction. We analyzed the correlation between weather factors and wind waves in offshore regions near Geoje Island and the Nakdong River estuary in April and May 2007. The weather and wind wave data were obtained from the automatic ocean observation buoy near Geoje Island operated by the Korean Meteorological Administration (KMA). For the estuary region, the wind wave information was the result of field observations, and weather data were obtained from the Busan Meteorological Station. Field observations of water waves in April and May showed that the maximum wave height decreased by about 2.2 m. M oreover, wave height decreased significantly by about 1.3 m due to the reduction in wave energy caused by the water waves propagating from Geoje buoy to the Nakdong River estuary. We conclude that offshore or wind waves coming into the Nakdong River estuary showed considerable height variation due to the prevailing weather conditions, especially wind speed and direction. In particular, headwinds tended to decrease the wave size in inverse proportion to the wind speed.
Assessment of Coastal Landscape in Jeju City and Busan City
Cho, Eun-Il ; Lee, Byung-Gul ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 127~133
We assessed the coastal landscape of Jeju and Busan cities, respectively. In the study, we tried to estimate the coastal landscape based on the micro-scale and visualization landscape concepts. According to the estimation, the seawater pumping line causes the serious problem of coastal landscape. It means that water management treatment system of coastal region has been an important problem in Jeju city and Busan city since the slight problem was not corrected such as the distributions of pipeline of the pumping system making a bad view in coastal region. To solve the problem, we observed the pipeline distributions that were on the surface around the coastal region. we proposed two methods, that is, one is a short time treatment, the other is a long time one. The short is based on the colour treatment, which is pipeline colour changing into surround natural one. The long time is the construction design method which needs construction management method. Although the later method was very useful in Jeju island and Busan city. However, it takes a lot of time and money. Therefore, in the situation, the short time plan is more useful method than the long time one.
Emergy Evaluation of the Estuarine Areas of Yeongsan River, Seomjin River, and Han River in Korea
Lee, Chang-Hee ; Kang, Dae-Seok ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 135~143
An emergy concept was used to evaluate the environment and economy of the estuarine areas of Yeongsan River, Seomjin River, and Han River in Korea. The emergy evaluations clearly showed ecological and socioeconomic characteristics of the estuarine areas that act as ecological and economic centers of surrounding areas. River, tide, and rain provided most of the renewable emergy inputs to the estuarine areas with their contribution to the total emergy input less than 8%. The estuarine areas mostly relied for their operation on the purchased emergy which accounted for
of the total emergy input to the systems. Emergy indices such as emergy use per unit area, population carrying capacity, environmental loading ratio, and emergy sustainability index revealed that the estuarine areas of Yeongsan River, Seomjin River, and Han River are not sustainable at the current level of economic activities in the areas. The ecological economic values of the environment of the areas were in the range of
million Em\/ha/yr. They are more than twice that for the whole country, indicating the ecological and economic importance of the eatuarine areas. It is, therefore, urgent to establish and implement estuarine management policies to protect and restore the ecological and economic potentials of the estuarine areas of Yeongsan River, Seomjin River, and Han River. Management plans for the estuarine areas should include both demand-side measures such as reduction of population and economic concentration and consideration of ecological carrying capacity in planning stages for utilization and development of the areas, and supply-side ones such as restoration of degraded ecosystems and construction of new productive ecosystems.
The Effect of Temperature on the Critical Micelle Concentration of Cationic Surfactant for Chemical Dispersants
kim, Yeoung-Chan ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 145~148
Cationic surfactant can be used as cosmetics and chemical dispersants. The variation of critical micelle concentration (CMC) with temperature over the range
for N-octadecyl pyridinium bromide was measured by drop methods. Thermodynamic quantities such as free energy, enthalpy, entropy and heat capacity for micellization of N-octadecyl pyridinium bromide in water were calculated by fourth-degree polynominal equation In the result, free energy change was decreased generally by the increment of temperature.
A Study on the Requirements for Exercise of the Right of Hot Pursuit in the UNCLOS - With Respect to the M/V Saiga Case and the Unidentified Ship Case -
Kim, Jong-Goo ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 149~156
The right of hot pursuit is an exception to the general rule that a ship on the high seas is subject to the jurisdiction of the state whose flag she flies. The right of hot pursuit is provided in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. This paper discusses the requirements for the right of hot pursuit. The use of force should be avoided during hot pursuit. When force is unavoidable, it should not be used beyond what is reasomable and necessary in the circumstances.
A Study on the Application of Variable Safe-Guard Ring for the Ship Collision Avoidance in Shallow Water
Yang, Hyoung-Seon ; Ahn, Young-Sup ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 157~162
The ship's maneuverability is the important factor to avoid ship's collisions. The ship's maneuverability is usually measured in a deep water, and the turning ability is decreased and the course stability is improved in a shallow water. The variation of the turning ability could cause the risk of collision. In this paper, we proposes application technique of Variable Safe-Guard Ring to consider the shallow water effect and to be simple to estimate the grade of collision risk simultaneously. Through the mathematical simulation, the availability of new method was varified. Therefore this method is expected enough to support a maneuver for collision avoidance.
Automatic Detection Approach of Ship using RADARSAT-1 Synthetic Aperture Radar
Yang, Chan-Su ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 163~168
Ship detection from satellite remote sensing is a crucial application for global monitoring for the purpose of protecting the marine environment and ensuring marine security. It permits to monitor sea traffic including fisheries, and to associate ships with oil discharge. An automatic ship detection approach for RADARSAT Fine Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) image is described and assessed using in situ ship validation information collected during field experiments conducted on August 6, 2004. Ship detection algorithms developed here consist of five stages: calibration, land masking, prescreening, point positioning, and discrimination. The fine image was acquired of Ulsan Port, located in southeast Korea, and during the acquisition, wind speeds between 0 m/s and 0.4 m/s were reported. The detection approach is applied to anchoring ships in the anchorage area of the port and its results are compared with validation data based on Vessel Traffic Service (VTS) radar. Our analysis for anchoring ships, above 68 m in length (LOA), indicates a 100% ship detection rate for the RADARSAT single beam mode. It is shown that the ship detection performance of SAR for smaller ships like barge could be higher than the land-based radar. The proposed method is also applied to estimate the ship's dimensions of length and breadth from SAR radar cross section(RCS), but those values were comparatively higher than the actual sizes because of layover and shadow effects of SAR.
A Study on the New Design of the Training Ship's Bridge
Lee, Hong-Hoon ; Kim, Chol-Seong ; Yang, Won-Jae ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 14, issue 2, 2008, Pages 169~175
Usually, domestic training ship's bridge was designed for safe navigation and efficient navigation training. In this paper, we grouped domestic training ship's bridge layouts into three classes such as "the front and the rear-type bridge layout", "the twin deck-type bridge layout", and "the single-type bridge layout" by layout type between main bridge and training bridge. Furthermore, we investigated how to operate navigation training according to the type of bridge layout through the questionnaire, and extracted merits and demerits of each bridge layout in combination of normal operation with navigation training at the same time. We presented new type of training ship's bridge model to improve demerits and to elevate merits.