Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Marine Environment and safety
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2009
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2009
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2009
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
Selecting the target year
Distribution Characteristcs of Organophosphorous Pesticides in Asan Bay, Korea in Summer 2006
Choi, Jin-Young ; Lee, Sung-Gyu ; Yang, Dong-Beom ; Hong, Gi-Hoon ; Shin, Kyoung-Hoon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 1~9
Distribution characteristics of organophosphorous pesticides (OPs) were studied over the period from May to September, 2006 in Asan Bay, Korea. During the study period, 28 kinds of organophosphorous pesticides dissolved in surface water and adsorbed on suspended particle were measured. In the surface water, the dominant OPs were IBP and DDVP, and the concentration were in the ranges from not detected to 2014.4 ng/L for IBP and 3.2 to 696.3 ng/L for DDVP. The highest concentrations of OPs in the surface waters in Asan Bay appeared in July and August showing that seasonal distributions of OPs depend on application time and precipitation. The concentrations of OPs generally decreased with the increase of distance from the mouth of Asan Bay, implying progressive dilution of pesticides in the estuarine system. OPs residue in Asan Bay was relatively higher than in other area of Korea. The concentrations of the observed OPs concentrations did not exceed the seawater quality standard of Korea. DDVP, IBP, Diazinon, Phorate, Azinphos ethyl and Chlorfenvinfos had higher adsorption capacity onto suspended particle than the other OPs. In the study area, adsorption coefficients
of OPs were closely related to the Log
of each compound.
Acute Toxic Responses of Octopus vulgaris to
Lee, Kyoung-Seon ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 11~15
The proposal of the
ocean sequestration necessitates a thorough understanding of its consequences to aquatic organisms. This paper describes acute toxic responses to high
environment of a cephalopod, Octopus vulgaris. O. vulgaris was chronically cannulated in the abdominal aorta and recovered in a restrained chamber. Acid base variables as well as ion concentrations were estimated in samples of the blood collected from recovered O. vulgaris. 100% mortality occurred within 72h during exposure to 3%-
environment. Hemolymph pH significantly decreased after 30 min during exposure to 1%-
environment without any compensation thereafter.
significantly increased from 2.2 mM at 0h to 7.8 mM at 8h, but gradually decreased thereafter. Hemolymph ions
showed no significant changes. O. vulgaris may be more sensitive than teleost, yellowtail, flounder and dogfish.
Relationship between Ocean-Meteorological Factors and Snowfall in the Western Coastal Region of Korea in Winter
Go, Woo-Jin ; Kim, Sang-Woo ; Jang, Lee-Hyun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 17~24
This study was conducted to find out the effects of relationship between ocean-meteorological factors and snowfall at Incheon, Gunsan and Mokpo when cold and dry continental air mass passed through the West Sea of Korea in winter. Mean snowfall from December to February showed the order of Gunsan (12.7 cm), Mokpo (9.0 cm) and Incheon (7.8 cm). In particular, the snowfall in the three regions showed the regional difference in December and February. It was well consistent with the extension of continental high. Extension of continental high can cause effect on snowfall at the west regions (Inchoen, Gunsan, Mokpo) of the Korean Peninsula. The continental high extended from the southern China to western coastal region of the Korean Peninsula in December, it extended from the northern China to central area of the Korean Peninsula in January. It also extended from the north side of China through Bohai Sea and Yodong Peninsula to central area of the Korean Peninsula in February. Therefore, more snowfall recorded in Incheon is higher in February than December whereas Gunsan and Mokpo is the opposite. The heavy snowfall at the three regions was caused by loss of the heat from the ocean to air when the heat loss was higher than 100
. The heavy snowfall was also observed when the arrangement of continental high atmospheric pressure and low pressure was high at the west and low at the east, which formed a front in West and when the wind blow from the North or North West at the speed of 4
Submarine Cable Installation and Protection Methods according as Characteristics of Ocean Environment
Ahn, Seung-Hwan ; Kim, Dong-Sun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 25~32
The burial method has been generally used for the protection methods of submarine cable. Especially in Korea, various types of protection methods have been used according to fisheries and fishing implements. In these days, all the protection methods - burial, continuous concrete mattress, cast iron pipes, U-duct, concrete bags, rock berm, mortar bags and FCM(Flexible Concrete Mattress) are applied to the submarine cable, but these methods just focus not on the characteristics of ocean environment and the protection of environment but on the safety of submarine cable against the external damages. This research presents the protection methods of submarine cable according as the characteristics of ocean environment - external damages, depth of water, seabed condition and the protection of environment.
A Study on the Effective Safety Management Measures for the Prevention of Marine Accidents
Chang, In-Shik ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 33~39
The 21st century is often referred to as maritime age. The sea is a rich repository of natural resources, comfort shelters and the hopes and dreams of human being. But there is always possibility of disaster as well as hopes and dreams. Although there have been many advances in the ship building technology, the risk of accidents is on the increase due to the increase of maritime traffic and the revitalization of marine leisure. I like to refer to the systematic search and rescue system for the rapid response by analyzing recent marine accidents. For the safe navigation, it is necessary to establish institutional systems such as ship technology, navigation equipments, excellent human resources, traffic control, etc. and navigation components also have to be well organized each other. It is also necessary to build a prompt accident management system. The search and rescue system for the rapid response and the way of reducing the incidence of marine accidents were reviewed through the analysis of recent marine accidents.
A Basic Study on the Standard Service Model of Korea Coast Guard in Fishing Port
Park, Seong-Ryong ; Lee, Eun-Bang ; Ju, Jong-Kwang ; Jin, Sung-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 41~48
In order to develop the standard service model of Korea Coast Guard at fishing port, which responses to the demand of users and provides them with the high quality service of maritime administration, the services performed by a branch of KCG are analyzed and the level of familiarity with them are investigated. The degree of affair achievement is quantitatively standardized by assessing the workload of branch office. The standard model of affairs is formatted and the programs of organization, resource operation and education are proposed.
A Study on the Development of Anchoring Manual for T.S. HANBADA
Jung, Chang-Hyun ; Kong, Gil-Yong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 49~55
Typhoons are usually influencing at least 3 or 4 times per year in Korean peninsula and they accompanied with strong winds and heavy rains and then brought tremendous loss of properties and lives. Especially typhoon "MAEMI" resulted in a lot of marine accidents of vessels such as sinking, stranding, collision etc. at anchoring or on berthing in pier. If the typhoon comes up to expected area influencing the incidents, the vessel tries to escape from the route of typhoon or anchor in sheltering anchorage. However, consideration of the anchoring or judgement of ship's safety against strong winds is decided only by the experience of operators without detail evaluation of the safety. Therefore, this paper evaluated the safety of T.S. HANBADA by comparing the external forces with the holding powers. Furthermore, based on this evaluation, the anchoring manual was produced for the maximum endurable wind velocity, the general precautions and the actions taken on the ship with steps.
Characteristics of Hydrodynamic Interaction on Tug-Barge Using Ship Handling Simulator
Lee, Sang-Min ; Jo, Sang-Hui ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 57~62
In order to investigate the hydrodynamic interaction between the tug-barge and bank or ship which is crossing to the opposite direction, the towing simulations of tug-barge transportation were performed. Heading of barge, yaw moment and lateral force of tug boat were obtained by this simulation. The characteristics of results were analyzed and the safety towing method for tug-barge operation was proposed. In order to reduce the slewing motion of barge for safe towing operation, the speed of tug boat should be kept slow ahead state with shortened towing line as length of barge within the limits of the possible.
A Theoretical Analysis on Pressure Loss and Gas Volumetric Fraction of Gas-Liquid Two-Phase Flow
Choi, Bu-Hong ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 63~69
Gas volumetric fractions and pressure loss are very important parameters in understanding and predicting gas-liquid two-phase flows. They are also essential to design large heat exchanging system in many industries, boiler and refrigerating systems mounted at ships. This paper therefore presents a theoretical method of predicting the pressure loss and gas volumetric fractions in gas-liquid two-phase flows for the whole range of pipe inclinations. The theoretical analysis is based on the two-fluid stratified flow model. It also provides the results of the comparisons between this theoretical analysis results and previous experimental results.
A Case Study on the Development of New Process for Treatment of Waste Waters from Ships
Choi, Sang-Mo ; Heo, In-Seok ; Yang, Seok-Jun ;
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 15, issue 1, 2009, Pages 71~78
Korea Marine Environment Management Corporation (KOEM) has waste oil facilities in 13 ports to collect and treat waste oil, bilge, etc. from ships based upon the Marine Environment Management Act of Korea and MARPOL 73/78 convention. Those facilities were designed and have been operated simply to discharge water under the level 15 ppm of oil contents. However, bad smells occurred from rotten organic matters in waste water and direct discharge of harmful substances to receiving water caused civil appeals. Therefore, KOEM tried to develop new process for treatment of oily waste water from ships, which could mitigate harmful substances, save cost, calm down civil appeals and contribute to marine environment preservation. This process consists of 3 steps to remove oil contents via gravity variation at first,
input to contact water and organism deposition by inputting condensate deposits. Then finally upper water will be discharged, and the deposited substances in the bottom will be compressed through spinning machine to transfer to the designated contractors for treatment of wastes. This is very effective and innovative in that it could reduce 3 or 4 steps compared with existing process and mitigate not only waste oil concentration but also hard resolving materials such as colloid, ABS, phosphorus, nitrogen and bad smells. This method is expected to minimize bad smells and harmful gases, to save more than 10% of maintenance cost, and to arrange the good base for garbage treatment business dealing with waste water and bad smell.