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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Marine Environment and safety
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Dec 2003
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Jun 2003
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A Study on the Counterplan for the Reinforcement of Port State Control - Primarily on the Korean Shipping Companies -
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~15
A recent trend of global shipping industry adopting Port State Control (PSC) system is recognized as a proficient mechanism in preventing maritime accident and protecting marine environment. Disadvantages of Korean shipping companies in PSC inspection are unavoidable as Tokyo MOU imposed priority listed flag to Korea Having stated above, appropriate research and prompt preparation in compliance with current PSC requirements for the Korean shipping companies have become an immediate need The objectives of this study are: First, to review in understanding of PSC in overall and foundation of enforcement. Second, to study interaction of international treaties regarding PSC. Third, to compare practical compliance among the countries and to open up a case study on Korean shipping companies in adopting PSC Last, to suggest direction to the Korea shipping companies the most proficient way in compliance with the current Tokyo MOU requirement.
A study on Merchant Ship′s Security System for the Correspondence of Maritime Security Threats
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2003, Pages 17~23
With the terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001, the ships and their crew' safety and security have become a major issue in the maritime industries, In high-risk terrorism, not only ship owners and port authorities but also crew members on board should take precautions in the conduct of their business. In this paper, the vulnerability and essential elements in overall security of merchant ship are analyzed with a discussion in depth of the concept and principles of maritime security of merchant ship are analyzed with a discussion in depth of the concept and principles of maritime security management. And then, ship's security model and security system to reduce security rish and to minimize damage are proposed.
A Study on Requirements of ISPS Code - By Comparative Analysis of ISO 9001 and ISM Code -
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2003, Pages 25~31
In 1994, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) adopted the International Safety Management Code (ISM Code) as SOLAS convention to ensure the safe operation of ships and to protect marine environment from pollution In December 2002, the IMO adopted the International Ship and Port Facility Security Code (ISPS Code) in the Chapter XI-1 of SOLAS to ensure the security of ships, crew, cargo and port facility. With 1 July 2004 being the coming into effective date of ISPS Code, there is a sense of urgency among the shipping companies and port authorities to accomodate the ISPS Code. Although both the ISM Code and the ISPS Code are based on the management system concept introduced in the ISO 9001, two Codes pursue different objective. Accordingly, it is meaningful to compare and analyze the requirements of three standards. In this article, the backgrounds, principles and requirements of three standards are analyzed and presented to offer several suggestions on the establishment and implementation of security measures in compliance with the ISPS Code to the shipping industry in time.
A Study on the Introduction of Maritime Security System(ISPS Code)
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2003, Pages 33~40
This paper is intended as an investigation of introduction of Maritime Security System. In the last few years, several articles have been devoted to the study of ISPS Code(International Code for the Security of Ships and of Port Facilities). The Diplomatic Conference on Maritime Security held in London in December 2002 adopted new provisions in the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, 1974 and this ISPS Code to enhance maritime security. These new requirements form the international framework through which ships and port facilities can co-operate to detect and deter acts which threaten security in the maritime transport sector. Accordingly, the purpose of this paper is to suggest an introduction, if Maritime Security System and understanding of ISPS Code.
Evaluation of the Ship′s Navigational Safety Using Dangerousness on the Korean Coast
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2003, Pages 41~50
There are winds and waves in the sea, and they are changed frequently in accordance with the weather. By analyzing then which have the closest relation to the ship's safe voyage, evaluating the seakeeping performance and then taking a proper act on, navigators should carry out safe navigation on the sea A ship in seaways suffers continuous disturbances by irregular waves, and ship motions with irregular waves cannot be easily described as a system model which is adequate to a control system. But, in general, for seakeeping analysis, ship motions in irregular seas can be estimated by the superposition of the motion responses in regular wave components of the sea spectrum. After comparing and analyzing the winds and waves in major sea areas, this paper evaluates the navigational safety of ships on the Korean coast with potential dangerous seakeeping performance using the weather information provided by land The conclusion is as follows: (1) It is possible that the safety of ships could be secured more accurately by evaluating the seakeeping performance of ships. (2) When the weather is bad, the departure of ships could be controlled by evaluating the navigational safety of ships. (3) When a ship is placed in commission in any area, this evaluation could be used to decide the type and size of ship in use.
A Study on the Risk Control Measures of Ship′s Collision
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2003, Pages 51~56
The prevention of marine accidents has been a major topic in marine society for long time and various safety policies and Countermeasures have been developed and applied to prevent those accidents. In spite of these efforts, however significant marine accidents have taken place intermittently. Ship is being operated under a highly dynamic environments and many factors are related with ship's collision and those factors are interacting. So, the analysis on ship's collision rouses are very important to prepare countermeasures which will ensure the safe navigation. This study analysed the ship's collision data over the past 10 years(1991-2000), which is compiled by Korea Marine Accidents Inquiry Agency. The analysis confirmed that ‘ship's collision’ is occurred most frequently and the cause is closely related with human factor. The main purpose if this study is to propose risk control countermeasures of ship's collision. For this, the structure of human factor is analysed by the questionnaire methodology. Marine experts were surveyed based on major elements that were extracted from the human factor affecting to ship's collision FSM has been widely adopted in modeling a dynamic system which is composed of human factors. Then, the structure analysis on the rouses of ship's collision using FSM are performed. This structure model could be used in understanding and verifying the procedure of real ship's collision. Furthermore it could be used as the model to prevent ship's collision and to reduce marine accidents.
A Study on Ship-handling Difficulty in Bend Channels
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2003, Pages 57~63
Marine traffic system is composed of ship, ship's operators and traffic environment The navigation channel is a part of traffic environment and the design of channel is a crucial factor for safe navigation This paper aims to evaluate ship-handling difficulty in straight and bend channels with an Environmental Stress model(ES-model). The ES-model is used to evaluate ship handling difficulty quantitatively on the basis of the ship operator's subjective judgement for safety in navigation The calculation of ES value was made on the basis of three factors such as channel width, ship's length and speed in straight and channels for safe navigation. The interrelation between factors was analyzed and reasonable design standards of channel width, ship's length and speed were proposed for safe navigation of ship in bend channel.
Evaluation of the Navigational Safety Level in Korean Coastal Waterway from the Viewpoint of Ship Operator′s Stress
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2003, Pages 65~72
The prevention of marine accidents has been a major topic in marine society and various policies and countermeasures have been developed, applied to the industries. In order to improve the navigational safety level in the coastal waterways, the navigational safety level must be evaluated from the mariner's perception of safety. So far as human beings are concerned, there are many types of fuzziness in the evaluation of navigational safety level. In order to reflect these fuzziness on this evaluation, this paper introduces the fuzzy integral suggested by Choquet to represent the fuzziness in the evaluation process. This paper aims to develop the method for this evaluation from the viewpoint of mariner's operational stress using the fuzzy measure and Choquet integral. In this paper, Korean coastal area is divided into 8 sectors and evaluated the priority for the needs of coastal VTS and navigational aids. The results are found in the order named Mokpo, Yosu, Pohang, Inchon, Busan, Geoje, Gunsan, Donghae coastal area.
Development of the Basic Module for Marine Environmental Database by Using ENC Data
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2003, Pages 73~77
This paper describes a method for making 3D marine environmental database of ship handling simulator by using electronic nautical chart data. While developing simulator system, we had to digitize the nautical paper chart in order to obtain the basic data including coastline, navigational aids and so on. With the proposed method, we can get easily exact data from electronic navigational chart data, which is coded according to S-57 transfer standard of IHO and necessary to make the database of visual presentation system.
A Study on the Improvement of Educational Systems for Korea National Maritime Police Agency
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2003, Pages 79~87
To improve the educational system of Korea Maritime Police Agency(KMPA), the authors investigate and evaluate the present course and curricula in details comparing with the systems of US Coast Guard and Japanese Coast Guard As a result, it is suggested that KMPA try to recruit good-quality officers through the diverse route, develop the future-oriented educational, system, adjust the course and curricula to meet KMPA's role and mission for 21st century. Besides, it requires that KMPA establishes its own institute to carry out the recruit training and re-freshening courses for both the officers and enlisted person.
A Study on the Refining Performance Improvement of Marine Sludge Fuel Oil(I) (for the temperature and pressure effects in metal filtering element)
Journal of the Korean Society of Marine Environment & Safety, volume 9, issue 1, 2003, Pages 89~94
As ship's fuel oil recently becomes viscous and the amount of sludge increases, many researches and studies are underway to process the sludge onboard the ship and to recycle it as a fuel for ship's boiler. Of many researches, especially ultrasonic emulsifier to break the particle of sludge into fine pieces is recognized as a most possible recycling device. In this regards, the author investigates the property change of sludge's temperature and pressure at the early stage of the study of ultrasonic emulsifier. This study can be used as a useful dora to determine the proper temperature and pressure to inject the processed sludge in the boiler injector and the results can also be comparable dora with the experimental data by ultrasonic emulsifier. In addition, the results will be a fundamental data to study the filtering efficiency of the sludge particle broken by temperature and pressure. It is expected that this study ultimately play a role to prevent marine oil pollution as the sludge is recycled onboard the ship and used as a fuel for boiler.