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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - 00 2003
Volume 15, Issue 3 - 00 2003
Volume 15, Issue 2 - 00 2003
Volume 15, Issue 1 - 00 2003
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The Effects of Negative Pressure and Drain Spacing in the Horizontal Method for an Early Settlement of Dredged and Filled Grounds
Kim, Soo-Sam ; Han, Sang-Jae ; Kim, Byeong-Il ; Kim, Jeong-Gi ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 15, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~10
In this paper, the laboratory test results with middle-sized soil box test in modeling the in-situ installing of horizontal drains are discussed for the estimation of the optimum negative pressure. The test was carried out in the different vacuum pressure conditions together with the measurement for the settlement and volume change of drained water by the installed drains during the consolidation process. After the test, the water content was measured to both directions of lateral distance from the drain and depth of the soil, to find out the distribution of ground improvement and strength enhancement. From the analysis on the distribution of water content, the gradual application of vacuum pressure to higher level by pre-determined stages starting from low vacuum pressure is found to be effective and desirable. In the comparison of the degrees of consolidation with elapsed time, the calculated value by the prediction method based on the Barron's conventional theory showed a good agreement with the measured value. With this, it is positively considered that the applicability of the prediction method based on Barron’s theory to the practical design of horizontal drains can be justified such as in the calculation of drain spacing and consolidation period.
On the Calculation of Irregular Wave Reflection from Perforated-Wall Caisson Breakwaters Using a Regular Wave Model
Suh, Kyung-Duck ; Son, Sang-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 15, issue 1, 2003, Pages 11~20
In this paper we examine several methods tor calculating the reflection of irregular waves from a perforated-wall caisson breakwater using a regular wave model. The first method is to approximate the irregular waves as a regular wave whose height and period are the same as the root-mean-squared wave height and significant wave period, respectively, of the irregular waves. The second is to use the regular wave model, repeatedly, for each frequency component of the irregular wave spectrum. The wave period is determined according to the frequency of the component wave, and the root-mean-squared wave height is used for all the frequencies. The third method is the same as the second one except that the wave height corresponding to the energy of each component wave is used. Comparison with experimental data from previous authors shows the second method is the most adequate, giving reasonable agreement in both frequency-averaged reflection coefficients and reflected wave spectra.
Calculation of Expected Damage to Breakwater Armor Blocks Considering Variability In Wave Direction
Seo, Gyeong-Deok ; Gwon, Hyeok-Min ; Yun, Hyeon-Deok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 15, issue 1, 2003, Pages 21~32
In this study, the reliability design method developed by Hanzawa et al. in 1996 for calculation of the expected damage to armor blocks of a horizontally composite breakwater is extended to take into account the variability in wave direction such as directional spreading of waves, obliquity of the design principal wave direction from the shore-normal direction, and its variation about the design value. To calculate the transformation of random directional waves. the model developed by Kweon et al. in 1997 is used instead of Goda''''s model, which was developed in 1975 for unidirectional random waves normally incident to a straight coast with parallel depth contours and has been used by Hanzawa et al. It was found that the variability in wave direction had great influence on the computed expected damage to armor blocks. The previous design, which disregarded wave directionality, could either overestimate or underestimate the expected damage by a factor of two depending on water depth and seabed slope, if the assumption of the present study that the stability formula for breakwater armor blocks proposed for normal incidence can be used for obliquely incident waves is valid.
Turbidity Meter Calibrations Based on Grain Size Distributionof Trapped Suspended Material
Jo, Hong-Yeon ; Kim, Baek-Un ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 15, issue 1, 2003, Pages 33~38
Turbidity meter calibrations were conducted using bottom sediment and suspended material collected with a vertical array of sediment traps at the coastal water off Gaduk Island. Compared to the bottom sediment comprising sand fraction of approximately 6％, trapped suspended material was composed entirely of silt and clay fractions and showed a tendency to get finer as elevation from the sea-bed increases. Slope parameter of linear regression due to bottom sediment was of minimum value and values of those due to suspended material increased gradually as the height of sediment trap increases (i.e., sediment size decreases). This result shows that turbidity meter calibration using bottom sediment can cause an overestimation error in the calculation of suspended sediment concentration and that the error can reach up to 25% in case of this study. Therefore, it is suggested that the use of a corrected calibration curve based on grain size distribution of suspended material instead of bottom sediment may reduce the measurement error of suspended sediment concentration.
Impacts on Water Quality to an Artificial Lake Due to Sudden Disturbance of Sediments
Seo, Seung-Won ; Kim, Jeong-Hun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 15, issue 1, 2003, Pages 39~50
This study aims to figure out water quality impacts due to sudden disturbances of sediments during dike construction in land reclamation for the northern part of the Siwhaho Lake where heavily deteriorated settlements from upstream loadings are outstanding. We exploit a 3-D water quality model CE-QUAL-ICM combined with a hydrodynamic model TIDE3D. Simulations are done accounting water-sediment interaction in a 4-
layers. Long-term simulation for 1-year shows that bottom layers around the disturbance location are only affected and marks very high concentration. Complete vertical mixing appears at least 5㎞ apart to downward due to complex effects of geometry, bathymetry and river inflows. It should be addressed that existing condition of the Siwhaho Lake stands for high concentration of COD and TP in winter and spring due to relatively high incoming loadings, however the effect of sediment disturbances yields reverse phenomena, i.e., impacts of dike construction arise greatly in summer and fall. Refined grid system consisting of 150m
150m rectangular grid, which is doubled system compared to previous study (Suh et al.,2002), gives affordable results by reducing flux differences through a cell especially in front of gate.
Investigation of Importance of Evanescent Modes in Predicting the Transformation of Water Waves by the Linear Wave Theory: 2. Numerical Experiments
Lee, Chang-Hun ; Jo, Dae-Hui ; Jo, Yong-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 15, issue 1, 2003, Pages 51~58
The magnitude of evanescent modes in terms of dynamics it investigated in case that the transformation of water waves is predicted by the linear wave theory. For the waves propagating over two steps, the eigenfunction expansion method is used to predict the amplitudes of reflected and transmitted waves by the component of evanescent modes as well as propagating modes. Then. the relative importance of evanescent modes to the propagating modes is investigated. The numerical experiments find that the evanescent modes are pronounced at the relative water depth of
and the water depth ratio of
close to zero.
Study of Beach Profile Change with a Fixed Artificial Bar Using a Numerical Model
Kim, Tae-Rim ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 15, issue 1, 2003, Pages 59~65
The changes of beach profile with a natural longshore bar and beach profile with a fixed artificial bar are studied, respectively, using a numerical model. The quasi three dimensional wave-current-sediment transport model is applied with an addition of boundary condition for sediment transport on the artificial structure under water. The study shows that the natural bar adapts itself to the change of coastal physical environment by adjusting its location but the fixed artificial bar causes the formation of a second natural bar seaward of the fixed bar and scouring at the rear of the fixed bar. This study can be applied to work on the change of beach profile with submerged breakwaters.
Comparison of Silt Protector Design Between Korea and Japan
O, Yeong-Min ; Song, Won-O ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 15, issue 1, 2003, Pages 66~70
Harbor construction works such as dredging, reclamation, riprap dumping and so on generate suspended sediment to affect ocean environment negatively so silt protector is widely used to keep construction site from deteriorating at the moment. This study has a purpose to improve our design techniques by comparing the design procedures of the silt protector between Korea and Japan.