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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
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A Study on the Wave-height Distribution of Multidirectional Random Waves at the Concave Corner by Refracted Breakwater Systems
Lee, Hong-Sik ; Kim, Sung-Duk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 5, 2008, Pages 429~438
The present study is to predict the multidiretional random wave height at the front face and concave corner of a refracted breakwater which is not straight. The numerical simulation on wave height at the front face of an insular breakwater is performed by using the boundary element method, and obtained results have been compared with those of exact- and analytical solutions of the eigenfunction presented by Goda et al. (1971) and the other existing numerical solution. Also, the results of wave-height distribution due to the refracted breakwater have been validated through comparisons with previous results of analytical solution. Based on the validation through these comparisons, several wave-height distributions at the interested region have been illustrated for various conditions related with concave corner angles and the wave incidence, and then the prediction of wave height are simulated at the front face and concave corner of a refracted breakwater under construction currently. Excellent agreements have been obtained in all cases, and this study can effectively be utilized for predicting random waves for various breakwater system.
Computation of Wave Transformation over a Multi-Step Topography by a Scatterer Method
Seo, Seung-Nam ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 5, 2008, Pages 439~451
Based on reflected and transmitted waves by a single step bottom, a new model of scatterer method is constructed which can be used to calculate wave transformation over a multi-step topography. The approximate results are tested by comparison with the more accurate results obtained from EFEM presented by Kirby and Dalrymple(1983). In the case of plane-wave approximation, solutions of the scatterer method and the EFEM are the same. Results obtained by the scatterer method with non-propagating modes are much better, in terms of phase for the calculated reflection and transmission coefficients, than those by plane-wave approximation. As the effect of non-propagating modes decreases, solutions of the scatterer method become closer to those of the EFEM.
Design of the Submerged Outlet Structure for Reducing Foam at a Power Plant using a Numerical Model Simulating Air Entrainment
Kim, Ji-Young ; Kang, Keum-Seok ; Oh, Young-Min ; Oh, Sang-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 5, 2008, Pages 452~460
Anti-foaming agents and foam fences have been used to remove the foam at the outfall of power plants, but there are some problems as consumption of maintenance costs and insufficiency of effect. Therefore, development of the methods how to remove the foam by stable coastal structure has been required. In this study, numerical simulation of air entrainment was carried out to design the submerged outlet structure for reducing foam using curtain walls. The air entrainment rate and the discharge of entrained air change according to the shape of weir and curtain wall. Hence, it is necessary to design the optimum section through comparison of each case. The optimum section which has the maximum rate of foam reduction was determined by the simulation results. In addition, it was found that the flow velocity at the submerged outlet is to be smaller than 1 m/s and the submerged depth of curtain wall is to be taller than height of the submerged outlet section.
An Analytical Solution of One Dimensional Mild Slope Equation by the WKB method
Seo, Seung-Nam ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 5, 2008, Pages 461~471
An analytical solution of one dimensional mild slope equation is derived by use of the WKB method, which has a form similar to Porter's solution(2003). The present solution is so general in the sense of application that it is comparable to the corresponding numerical solutions. In the derivation we also presented the solution of refraction equation in terms of surface displacement. Some numerical results of the present solution by use of Bremmer's method are presented which agree with existing numerical solutions.
Experimental Investigation on the Efficiency of Reducing Air Bubble Formation by Installing Horizontal Porous Plate in the Submerged Outlet Structure of Power Plant
Oh, Sang-Ho ; Oh, Young-Min ; Kang, Keum-Seok ; Kim, Ji-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 5, 2008, Pages 472~481
In this study hydraulic experiment was carried out to investigate the flow characteristics in the submerged outlet structure of Boryeong power plant and the efficiency of bubble reduction by installing horizontal porous plate in the outlet structure. The cross-sectional mean velocity in the submerged outlet structure was smaller than 1 m/s, the target value at the design stage to prevent bubble outflow to the open sea area. In addition, it was found that the maximum depth of bubble penetration is reduced 30 to 50% by installing the horizontal porous plate at the second falling location in the submerged outlet structure. It is expected that the total bubble amount entrained in the water will be most efficiently reduced by installing square-hole-shape porous plate of 20 cm hole size and making its central section as non-porous structure to dissipate the energy of falling water.
Parameter Estimation and Analysis of Extreme Highest Tide Level in Marginal Seas around Korea
Jeong, Shin-Taek ; Kim, Jeong-Dae ; Ko, Dong-Hui ; Yoon, Gil-Lim ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 5, 2008, Pages 482~490
For a coastal or harbor structure design, one of the most important environmental factors is the appropriate extreme highest tide level condition. Especially, the information of extreme highest tide level distribution is essential for reliability design. In this paper, 23 set of extreme highest tide level data obtained from National Oceanographic Research Institute(NORI) were analyzed for extreme highest tide levels. The probability distributions considered in this research were Generalized Extreme Value(GEV), Gumbel, and Weibull distribution. For each of these distributions, three parameter estimation methods, i.e. the method of moments, maximum likelihood and probability weighted moments, were applied. Chi-square and Kolmogorov-Smirnov goodness-offit tests were performed, and the assumed distribution was accepted at the confidence level 95%. Gumbel distribution which best fits to the 22 tidal station was selected as the most probable parent distribution, and optimally estimated parameters and extreme highest tide level with various return periods were presented. The extreme values of Incheon, Cheju, Yeosu, Pusan, and Mukho, which estimated by Shim et al.(1992) are lower than that of this result.
Numerical Simulation of Jet-like Currents Influenced by Irregular Waves
Choi, Jun-Woo ; Park, Won-Kyung ; Bae, Jae-Seok ; Yoon, Sung-Bum ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 5, 2008, Pages 491~497
The effect of wave and current interactions on jet-like current flowing against waves was investigated based on numerical simulations. The numerical simulations were conducted using a model system of REF/DIF(a wave model) and SHORECIRC(a current model). In the simulations, irregular waves refracted due to the jet-like opposing current were focused along the centerline of current, and the jet-like current was spreaded earlier when the wave heights become larger. The numerical results show that the rapid change of wave height distribution in transverse direction near current inlet plays a significant role to spread the jet-like current. In other words, the radiation stress gradients acting in transverse direction have a more significant effect on the jet-like current than its gradients acting in flowing direction which tend to accelerate the current do. In conclusion, it is indispensible to take into account the interaction between waves and current when the jet-like current such as river mouth meets opposing waves.
Reliability Analysis of Caisson Type Quaywall
Yoon, Gil-Lim ; Kim, Dong-Hywan ; Kim, Hong-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 5, 2008, Pages 498~509
Reliability analyses of Level I, II and III for bearing capacity, overturning and sliding of quaywall are carried out to investigate their safety levels depending upon its failure modes, and sensitivity analyses of each design variable are performed to find their effects on safety levels of quaywall. Reliability indices was 1.416 for both level II and III for case study I, and with 2.201 and 1.880, respectively, for the case study II at the critical loading conditions. Thus we were able to know that Level II (FORM) approach is good enough to use in practical design. Generally, it was found that probabilities of failure of quaywall were higher for sliding and bearing capacity failure modes and lower for overturning failure mode. From sensitivity analyses, the most influential design variables to reliability index of quaywall were coefficient of friction, residual water pressure and resistance moment for the sliding, overturning and bearing capacity failure modes, respectively. Especially, the sensitivity of reliability index due to inertial force and dynamic water pressures, which include a large COV when earthquake occurs, did not change greatly.
The Local Scour around Submarine Pipelines in the Interaction Region Combined with Waves and Currents
Kim, Kyoung-Ho ; Lee, Ho-Jin ; Kim, Wan-Shik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 5, 2008, Pages 510~521
In the study, experiments are performed in the interaction region combined with wave and current to investigate the characteristics of local scour around submarine pipelines. Wave generator and current generator are used for the experiments and two current directions were used; co-direction and counter direction to the wave. The local scour depths around the pipeline are obtained according to the various pipe diameters(D), wave periods(T), wave heights(H), and current velocities(V). The experiments show that the maximum equilibrium local scour depth increases with pipe diameter, wave period, wave height, and current velocity. Using the experimental results, the correlations of scour depth and parameters such as Shields parameter(
), Froude number(Fr), period parameter, Keulegan-Carpenter number(KC), Ursell number(
), modified Ursell number(
) and ratio of velocities(
) are analyzed. In the interaction region combined with waves and currents, Froude number and Shields parameter are found the main parameters to cause the local scour around the submarine pipelines and this means that current governs the scour within any limits of the currents.