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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 20, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
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Parametric Studies for Measurements of Dynamic Properties of Soils Using Inhole type CPTu
Jang, In-Sung ; Kwon, O-Soon ; Kim, Byoung-Il ; Lee, Seung-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 523~531
In hole type CPTu equipment which combines the concepts of inhole test method and piezocone test method was newly developed in order to evaluate the dynamic properties of marine soils. It is possible to perform inhole type CPTu without any additional source device because the source and receiver are contained inside the cone rod, which is different from the conventional seismic cone system. In this study, laboratory tests using kaolinite as soft soil and numerical simulations using finite element method were carried out to investigate the effects of several parameters including test methods and soil conditions on the test results from inhole type CPTu and to find out the optimum test method. It was found that it is necessary to maintain the length of swing arm as well as the distance between source and receiver consistently to obtain the rigorous test results. The laboratory test and numerical results also reveal that contrary to the input wave frequency, the water content of soil layer and the disturbance due to the installation of swing arm apparently affect the shear wave velocity.
Numerical Experiment for the Estimation of Equivalent Resistance Coefficient for the Simulation of Inundation over Densely Populated Structures
Kim, Hyeong-Seok ; Choi, Jun-Woo ; Ko, Kwang-Oh ; Yoon, Sung-Bum ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 532~539
Kwon et al.(2008) carried out a hydraulic experiment in order to evaluate Manning coefficient, which implicates flow resistance due to bottom friction as well as drag caused by the squared piers higher than water depth and arranged with equal intervals, under the flow condition with a constant drag coefficient,
. And, based on the equation of equilibrium, they proposed a formula for the equivalent resistant coefficient including empirical drag interaction coefficient obtained by using the experimental results. In this study, the hydraulic experiment was simulated using FLOW-3D, a 3-dimensional computational fluid dynamic code. The computations were compared with the experiment results as well as the semi-theoretical formula, and the comparisons show a good agreement. From the agreement, it was confirmed that when flow resistance bodies were higher than water depth, Manning n value increases with 2/3 power of water depth as shown in the theoretical formula and that drag interaction coefficient was dominated by their intervals.
Analysis of Sediment Transport Pathway using the STA Method in Nakdong Estuary
Yoon, Eun-Chan ; Lee, Jong-Sup ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 540~552
We predicted to seasonal sediment transport pathway of the estuary area of the Nakdong river using the STA method. The eCSedtrend model was used to flexible application of the previous STA methods. The analysis of the seasonal interpretation of sediment transport pathway showed that the most dominant trend in the Nakdong estuary was CB+ and CB-. In case of CB+, it was identified around the area where the mud sediment was distributed and formed transport vector toward the north. Also, in case of CB-, it was identified mostly around the sand bar where the sand sediment was distributed and generally showed transport vector toward the north even though there was seasonal difference.
Computation of Wave Propagation by Scatter Method Associated with Variational Approximation
Seo, Seung-Nam ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 553~563
If an arbitrary topography is approximated to a number of vertical steps, both variational approximation and eigenfunction expansion method can be used to compute linear wave transformation over the bottom. In this study a scatterer method associated with variational approximation is proposed to calculate reflection and transmission coefficients. Present method may be shown to be more simple and direct than the successive-application-matrix method by O'Hare and Davies. And Several numerical examples are given which are in good agreement with existing results.
A Study on the Long-Term Variations of Annual Maximum Surge Heights at Sokcho and Mukho Harbors
Kwon, Seok-Jae ; Moon, Il-Ju ; Lee, Eun-Il ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 564~574
This study investigates a long-term variation of annual maximum surge heights(AMSH) and main characteristics of high surge events, which is influenced by the global warming and intensifying typhoons, using sea level data at Sokcho and Mukho tidal stations over 34 years (
). It is found that the there is a longterm uptrend of the AMSH at Sokcho (8.3 cm/34yrs) and at Mukho (8.7 cm/34yrs), which is significant within 95% confidence level based on the linear regression. The statistical analysis reveals that 53% of the AMSH occurs during typhoon's event in both tidal stations and the highest surge records are mostly produced by the typhoon. It is concluded that the uptrend in the AMSH is attributed by the increasing typhoon activities globally as well as locally in Korea due to the increased sea surface temperature in tropical oceans. The continuous efforts monitering and predicting the extreme surge events in the future warm environments are required to prevent the growing storm surge damage by the intensified typhoon.
Analysis of Carbonation for Harbor Concrete Structure
Han, Sang-Hun ; Park, Woo-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 575~582
Carbonation is one of major factors influencing on the durability of concrete structure. This paper investigates the effect of carbonation on the soundness of harbor concrete structure and quantifies the influence of carbonation based on in-situation data tested at 369 points in 69 harbor facilities. The relationships between carbonation depth and cover depth, and between carbonation depth and compressive strength are studied and the failure probability of durability, that is the initiation probability of steel corrosion, is evaluated on the basis of reliability concept. The in-situation test results showed that the ratio of carbonation depth to cover depth was less than 0.2, and the carbonation depth increased with age. In most cases, the failure probability of durability by carbonation was less than 10%. Therefore, it can be concluded that the influence of carbonation on the durability of harbor concrete structure is smaller than other factors deteriorating the durability of harbor concrete structure.
Wavelet Analysis of Swells in the East Sea
Kim, Tae-Rim ; Lee, Dong-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 583~588
Swell data observed in the East Sea in February, 2008 were analyzed using wavelet method. The wavelet analyzed results show detailed time series variation of wave group, peak frequency and spectrum. The comparison of time averaged wavelet spectrum with fourier spectrum turn out to be very similar in terms of spectrum shape and peak frequency evolution but the peak frequency wave energy and the significant wave height show discrepancies. Wavelet analysis can detect the change of spectrum in time as well as in frequency and very efficient to study transient and irregular phenomena such as freak waves and abnormal swells in the ocean. More analysis with more wave data are needed for future application.
A Study on the Variation of Groundwater Level in the Han River Estuary (The Effect of the Removing of a Weir)
Kim, Sang-Jun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 589~601
The variation of groundwater level near the Shingok weir has been analyzed. To consider the soil inhomogeneity, coefficient of effective permeability was computed to be 0.313 m/day in the horizontal direction, and 0.0423 m/day in vertical direction. Anisotropic ratio is 7.19. The river water level drawdown (caused by the removing of the weir) causes the groundwater level drawdown, and 3 months are required for the new steady condition. and groundwater flows from Han river toward Gulpo stream before the removing of the weir, but when the weir removed, the flow direction changes. The groundwater level falls maximum 30 cm in the areas under the influence of Han river, but, in the areas near Kulpo stream, groundwater level falls about 10 cm. The amount of groundwater use in the study area was investigated to be
and in this condition, groundwater level falls maximum 1m (before or after the removing of Shingok weir). therefore, the variation of groundwater level caused by the removing of Shingok weir is less than that caused by the usual use of groundwater.
Disaster Overall Prevention System for Beach Erosion and its Applications
Kim, Kyu-Han ; Yoo, Hyung-Seok ; Joung, Eui-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 602~610
A beach has such functions as disaster prevention, providing an amenity place, attracting people and maintaining the coastal ecosystem. Already well known that a beach provides an amenity place, it has also been ascertained through various examples that a sand beach performs a very important function to maintain the coastal ecosystem as well. However, Beach erosion began to occur in Korea in the 1990's and posed a social problem in the late 1990's. Nowadays, along the shorelines of Korea's many beaches, about 400 beaches have reported erosion. This study demonstrate the Disaster Overall Prevention System for Beach Erosion and it's application. The Disaster Overall Prevention System for Beach Erosion is a coastal management system established for managing the implementation of long-term countermeasures to protect eroded beaches effectively in this study. Especially, the economic feasibility test and adaptive management for sustainable mitigation included in DOPS. The coastal prevention work applied to Namae beach is carried out by Disaster Overall Prevention System. Consequently, beach nourishment is proposed as a main countermeasure. Also, submerged artificial reefs and groin integrating artificial rock are proposed as secondary countermeasures for beach erosion. This resulted to be the optimal beach erosion countermeasure from DOPS, considering the economic and environmental conditions of the study area.
The Analysis for the Causes of Beach Erosion on Jeonchon-Najung Beach on the East Coast of Korea
Yoo, Hyung-Seok ; Kim, Kyu-Han ; Joung, Eui-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 611~620
The process of sediment transport has a very complex mechanism due to waves, currents and bottom topography changes. Usually, beach erosion occurs from various causes such as non-equilibrium sediment transport condition, construction of seawall and rip currents. Therefore, when we try to reduce and develop countermeasures for beach erosion, we have to know the main mode and direction of sediment transport that causes beach erosion. In this study, the process of sediment transport on Jeonchon-Najung beach and main causes of beach erosion have been studied. Field investigation data, aerial photos and the results of numerical model test were used in the analysis. As a result, it was realized that the main causes of beach erosion at Jeonchon-Najung beach was due to the construction of fishery harbors and a seawall.
Marine Geoid around Korean Peninsula
Kim, Hyung-Ki ; Choi, Byung-Ho ; Yun, Hong-Sic ; Kim, Kyeong-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 20, issue 6, 2008, Pages 621~629
Procedures involved in the refinement of the regional geoid for the area encompassing the Korean peninsula and the East Sea are described, and the computational results are provided. A comparison between the geoid height data, the mean sea surface height and the final product of the refinement work is provided and analyzed. The regional marine geoid thus refined seems to have a better resolution, in terms of its correlation with the bathymetry, and shows the bottom features in a more detailed manner when compared with previously used procedures. The general pattern of the computed geoid profile matches reasonably well with the existing studies, where the correlations between the refined regional marine geoid and the bathymetry are (1) 0.44 for the area
and (2) 0.47 for the area
in the East Sea respectively.