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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 21, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Development of Offshore Piles with Enlarged Upper Section
Kwon, O-Soon ; Jang, In-Sung ; Kwon, Young-Ho ; Ki, Min-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 427~436
In this study, new type of pile foundation was introduced for the better performance of lateral resistance than conventional piles by adopting enlarged upper section, because offshore structure design is subjected to the lateral loading. The numerical simulations were peformed in order to find out the lateral behaviour of the proposed pile. The economical efficiency of new pile system was also analyzed by considering the construction characteristics and material costs as well as the real field condition of harbor sites in Korea. From the study, it was revealed that the lateral resistance of piles with enlarged upper section is increased compared to conventional steel pile, and the construction costs would be reduced to about 62~80% of previous methods.
Analysis of Dynamic and Static Elastic Modulus of In-situ Marine Concrete
Han, Sang-Hun ; Park, Woo-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 437~443
Impact echo method estimating the soundness of concrete measures the dynamic elastic modulus of specimens which are different with static elastic modulus tested by uni-axial compression test. Thus, this paper investigates the relationships between dynamic and static elastic modulus based on in-situ concrete cores. Also, dynamic elastic modulus was compared with compressive strength. Concrete cores were obtained from about 20 to 70 years concrete structures at three different harbors which were Incheon, Wando, and Masan in Korea. In order to investigate the influence of exposure condition on the relationship, air zone, splash zone, and tidal zone were selected. Different harbors showed the different relationships between dynamic and static elastic modulus, but exposure conditions have no influence on the relationship between dynamic and static elastic modulus. Also, the relationship between dynamic elastic modulus and compressive strength has the same tendency as the relationship between dynamic and static elastic modulus. The relationship equations were proposed to estimate the relationships properly.
Variation of the textural parameters of surface sediments between spring and fall season on the Jinu-do beach, Nakdong River estuary
Khim, Boo-Keun ; Kim, Baeck-Oon ; Lee, Sang-Ryong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 444~452
Textural parameters were calculated from the surface sediments collected from Jinu-do beach in Nov. 2005 and May 2006. In Nov. 2005 and May, 2006, the grain size distribution of surface sediments shows that the mode of
(i.e., 0.125 mm) dominated the west beach of Jinu-do, but in the east beach the mode of
(i.e., 0.125 mm) decreased and the mode of
(i.e., 0.177 mm) was apparently distinct, resulting in the more coarsening trend. Mean grain size of surface sediments also indicates little difference in the west beach between two investigations, but the increasing difference between mean grain sizes in the east beach, showing more coarsening pattern. Such seasonal pattern corresponds to the positive skewness in the east beach in May, 2006. As a result, after the winter in 2005, the surface sediments in the west beach of Jinu-do experienced a little variation, whereas the apparent coarsening of surface sediments occurred in the east beach by removal of
(i.e., 0.125 mm) fine-grained sand particles. The observed seasonal change may be attributed to the different hydrographic condition and sediment delivery/removal on the surface sediments between the west beach and the east beach of Jinu-do through the increased precipitation and more freshwater discharge from the Nakdong River during the summer and the intensified wave and tide during the winter in the Nakdong River estuary.
Camera Monitoring of Topographical Changes of Daehang-ri Intertidal Flat Outside Semangeum Sea Dike No.1.
Kim, Tae-Rim ; Park, Seoc-Kwang ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 453~461
Camera monitoring of topographical changes of intertidal flat was performed at Daehang-ri mud flat outside Semangeum sea dike No. 1, where creation of mud flat was reported after sea dike construction. Ground survey on the mud flat is often limited only to points or few line surveys because of difficulty of walking and limitation of working hours by flood/ebb. This study uses natures of tide that the water lines moving on the intertidal flat during a flood indicate depth contours between low and high tide. Ground coordinates for the water lines extracted from the consecutive images of intertidal flat are calculated and information of topography is acquired by integrating all the water line data. Analysis of 6 camera monitoring data between September 2005 and September 2009 shows 0.127 m deposition per year on the average and variation of deposition/erosion in space and time.
A General Formula of Total Sediment Transport Rate for Waves and Currents
Kim, Hyo-Seob ; Jang, Chang-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 462~469
This study suggests a general formula of non-cohesive sediment transport rates for waves and currents which is also valid for wave only or current only condition. On-offshore sediment transport rates with the second order Stokes wave in the shallow water are calculated as the pickup rate times the distance. The formula depicts reasonably that high waves move material offshore, and low waves move material onshore. Also the formula, as is the case the waves with long period tend to move material onshore, shows good results.
Parameter Analysis for Influence on the Scour Width around Submarine Pipelines in Waves
Oh, Hyoun-Sik ; Kim, Kyoung-Ho ; Son, Kwang-Sik ; Kim, Heung-Guk ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 470~479
The local scour in waves can be thought of as very complex synthetic processes which is influenced by geology of bed material, bed flow in the sea and hydraulics condition. The most research until now be targeted at the scour depth and therefore the local scour width in waves has not been investigated as well. The size of wave or bottom velocity at the bed is direct cause of the local scour among lots of the scour effect factors, and the scour depth and width can be estimated through interrelationship analysis with scour area to use the dimensionless parameters including these such as Keulegan-Carpenter number, Ursell number etc. In this paper, to find out closely relation with the dimensionless parameters and scour width, performed an experiment with the variations of pipe diameters, wave heights and wave periods and then analyzed it. As the result, while Reynolds number and period parameter were seen to disperse local scour width largely, Shields number, KC number and Ursell number appeared good interrelationship. Specially, Shields number doesn't much affect the scour depth but has good relation for the scour width.
Characteristics of Spread Parameter of the Extreme Wave Height Distribution around Korean Marginal Seas
Jeong, Shin-Taek ; Kim, Jeong-Dae ; Ko, Dong-Hui ; Kim, Tae-Heon ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 480~494
Long term extreme wave data are essential for planning and designing coastal structures. Since the availability of the field data for the waters around Korean peninsula is limited to provide a reliable wave statistics, the wave climate information has been generated by means of long-term wave hindcasting using available meteorological data. KORDI(2005) has proposed extreme wave data at 106 stations off the Korean coast from 1979 to 2003. In this paper, extreme data sets of wave(KORDI, 2005) have been analyzed for best-fitting distribution functions, for which the spread parameter proposed by Goda(2004) is evaluated. The calculated values of the spread parameter are in good agreement with the values based on method of moment for parameter estimation. However, the spread parameter of extreme wave data has a representative value ranging from about 1.0 to 2.8 which is larger than some foreign coastal waters, it is necessary to review deep water design wave.
Exceedance probability of allowable sliding distance of caisson breakwaters in Korea
Kim, Seung-Woo ; Suh, Kyung-Duck ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 495~507
The expected sliding distance for the lifetime of a caisson breakwater has a limitation to be used as the stability criterion of the breakwater. Since the expected sliding distance is calculated as the mean of simulated sliding distances for the lifetime, there is possibility for the actual sliding distance to exceed the expected sliding distance. To overcome this problem, the exceedance probability of the allowable sliding distance is used to assess the stability of sliding. Latin Hypercube sampling and Crude Monte Carlo simulation were used to calculate the exceedance probability. The doubly-truncated normal distribution was considered to complement the physical disadvantage of the normal distribution as the random variable distribution. In the case of using the normal distribution, the cross-sections of Okgye, Hwasun, and Donghae NI before reinforcement were found to be unstable in all the limit states. On the other hand, when applying the doubly-truncated normal distribution, the cross-sections of Hwasun and Donghae NI before reinforcement were evaluated to be unstable in the repairable limit state and all the limit states, respectively. Finally, the shortcoming of the expected sliding distance as the stability criterion was investigated, and we reasonably assessed the stability of sliding of caissons by using the exceedance probability of allowable sliding distance for the caisson breakwaters in Korea.
Analysis of Abnormal Settlement Aspect of Caisson Breakwater by Incoming Wave Action in Affected Area of Typhoon
Lee, Joong-Koo ; Kim, Hyo-Seob ; Park, Koo-Yong ; Ahn, Ik-Seong ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 21, issue 6, 2009, Pages 508~517
The real time movement of the caisson was measured when it was open to the waves during breakwater construction. As a result of measurement, no more settlement after the preloading in condition of designed loading was expected but sudden abnormal settlement took place through whole area of the breakwater when waves occurred by typhoon effect. To clarify the reason of this case, wave of the site has been reproduced and the equivalent wave pressure on the caisson was calculated. The numerical analysis of the effect of wave to the ground had been done. Site measurement data is in accordance with the result of numerical analysis.