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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
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Parametric Study on the Lateral Resistance of Offshore Piles with Enlarged Upper Section
Jang, In-Sung ; Kwon, O-Soon ; Jung, Young-Hoon ; Youn, Hee-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 22, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~9
Pile reinforcement systems with enlarged upper section are newly introduced by using a mechanism that most of horizontal forces are resisted in the upper part of the pile. The new systems are expected to be effectively applicable to the marine structures including port and harbor facilities. In this study, three different reinforcement methods such as bucket pile type, top base pile type, and grouting reinforcement type were utilized in the 3-D. numerical simulations. The parametric study deals with the effects of various factors including soil types and stratigraphy, reinforcement methods, type and dimension of the pile on the lateral behaviors of the pile. The results show that the reinforcement method with bucket pile is the most efficient one compared to the top base pile type and grouting reinforcement type.
Wave Deformation and Blocking Performance by a Porous Dual Semi-Cylindrical Structure
Cho, Il-Hyoung ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 22, issue 1, 2010, Pages 10~17
The interaction of oblique incident waves with a porous dual semi-cylindrical structure is investigated under the assumption of linear potential theory. The porous dual semi-cylindrical structure consists of two concentric bottom-mounted cylindrical structures that are porous in front half and transparent in back half. By changing porosity, gap, and wave characteristics(wave frequencies, incidence angle), the wave blocking performance as well as the wave loads and the wave run-up are obtained. As a convenient measure of overall wave blocking performance, the root mean square(R.M.S.) of the wave elevation in a sheltered region is used. It is found that the porous semi-cylindrical structure may significantly reduce the wave response in a sheltered region and the wave forces decrease largely compared to the impermeable structure. The dual structure is more effective in reducing the wave response in a sheltered region than the mono type in the region of high frequencies.
Tsunami Fragility Evaluation for Offsite Transformer in Nuclear Power Plants
Kim, Min Kyu ; Choi, In-Kil ; Kang, Keum Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 22, issue 1, 2010, Pages 18~24
In this study, a tsunami fragility methodology was determined for a probabilistic safety assessment(PSA) induced tsunami event in Nuclear Power Plant(NPP) site. For this purpose, a fragility evaluation method was presented using previous external PSA method. Failure mode and failure criteria about major safety related equipments and structures were determined. Finally, a tsunami fragility assessment was performed for offsite transformer in NPP site. For the fragility evaluation, structural failure like overturning and sliding and functional failure induced by inundation. Through this study, it can be concluded that a functional failure according to inundation height was governed total probability of failure of offsite transformer in NPP.
Estimation of Friction Coefficient in Permeability Parameter of Perforated Wall with Vertical Slits
Kim, Yeul-Woo ; Suh, Kyung-Duck ; Ji, Chang-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 22, issue 1, 2010, Pages 25~33
The matching condition at a perforated wall with vertical slits involves the permeability parameter, which can be calculated by two different methods. One expresses the permeability parameter in terms of energy dissipation coefficient and jet length at the perforated wall, being advantageous in that all the related variables are known, but it gives wrong result in the limit of long waves. The other expresses the permeability parameter in terms of friction coefficient and inertia coefficient, giving correct result from short to long waves, but the friction coefficient should be determined on the basis of a best fit between measured and predicted values of such hydrodynamic coefficients as reflection and transmission coefficients. In the present study, an empirical formula for the friction coefficient is proposed in terms of known variables, i.e., the porosity and thickness of the perforated wall and the water depth. This enables direct estimation of the friction coefficient without invoking a best fit procedure. To obtain the empirical formula, hydraulic experiments are carried out, the results of which are used along with other researchers' results. The proposed formula is used to predict the reflection and transmission coefficients of a curtain-wall-pile breakwater, the upper part of which is a curtain wall and the lower part consisting of a perforated wall with vertical slits. The concurrence between the experimental data and calculated results is good, verifying the appropriateness of the proposed formula.
Wind Effect on Tidal Currents in the Neighborhood of Haeundae Beach
Lee, Moon-Ock ; Lee, Jong-Sup ; Kim, Byeong-Kuk ; Kim, Jong-Kyu ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 22, issue 1, 2010, Pages 34~46
We observed tidal currents throughout all four seasons in 2007 at a single station, located 1.6km off Haeundae Beach and compared these current data with wind data. The direction of seasonal wind represented a similarity between the winds at sea and on land but the speed of wind at sea was almost three times stronger than the wind on land. In addition, the wind at sea turned out to considerably affect on tidal currents, particularly from late summer to autumn. On the other hand, the thickness of Ekman Layer, indicating a limitation of wind influence, was estimated to be 31.8 m on average, suggesting that the entire water column is under the influence of wind. Therefore, we are required to consider the wind stress into the analysis of tidal currents for the prevention of the loss of sand from Haeundae Beach.
Wiggle-free Finite Element Model for extended Boussinesq equations
Woo, Seung-Buhm ; Choi, Young-Kwang ; Gonzalez-Ondina, Jose M. ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 22, issue 1, 2010, Pages 47~57
Subgrid scale stabilization method is applied to Woo and Liu(2004)'s extended Boussinesq FEM numerical model to eliminate the 2dx wiggles. In order to optimize the computational efficiency, Hessian operator is introduced and the matrix of velocity vector is combined to one matrix for solving matrix equations. The mass lumping technique is also applied to the matrix equations of auxiliary variables. The newly developed code is applied to simulate Vincent and Briggs(1989)' wave transformation experiments and the results show that the numerical solution is almost wiggle-free and it matches very well with experimental data. Due to improvement of computational efficiency and wiggle reduction, it is plausible to apply this model to a realistic problem such as harbor oscillation problems.
Construction of High-Resolution Topographical Map of Macro-tidal Malipo beach through Integration of Terrestrial LiDAR Measurement and MBES Survey at inter-tidal zone
Shim, Jae-Seol ; Kim, Jin-Ah ; Kim, Seon-Jeong ; Kim, Sang-Ik ;
Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers, volume 22, issue 1, 2010, Pages 58~66
In this paper, we have constructed high-resolution topographical map of macro-tidal Malipo beach through integration of terrestrial LiDAR measurement and MBES survey data at inter-tidal zone. To acquire the enough information of inter-tidal zone, we have done terrestrial LiDAR measurement mounted on the roof of vehicle with DGPS through go-stop-scan method at the ebb tide and MBES depth surveying with tide gauge and eye staff measurement for tide correction and MSL calculation at the high tide all together. To integrate two kinds of data, we have unified the vertical coordination standard to Incheon MSL. The mean error of overlapped inter-tidal zone is about 2~6 cm. To verify the accuracy of terrestrial LiDAR, RTK-DGPS measurement have done simultaneously and the difference of Z value RMSE is about 4~7 cm. The resolution of Malipo topographical map is 50 cm and it has constructed to DEM (Digital Elevation Model) based on GIS. Now it has used as an input topography information for the storm-surge inundation prediction models. Also it will be possible to use monitoring of beach process through the long-term periodic measurement and GIS-based 3D spatial analysis calculating the erosion and deposition considering with the artificial beach transition and coastal environmental parameters.