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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing
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Journal DOI :
The Korean GNSS Society
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 2, Issue 2 - Oct 2013
Volume 2, Issue 1 - Apr 2013
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eLoran Signal Strength and Atmospheric Noise Simulation over Korea
Rhee, Joon Hyo ; Seo, Jiwon ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 101~108
DOI : 10.11003/JKGS.2013.2.2.101
GPS is the most widely-used Positioning, Navigation, and Timing (PNT) system. Since GPS is an important PNT infrastructure, the vulnerability of GPS to signal jamming has received significant attention. Especially, South Korea has experienced intentional high-power jamming from North Korea for the past three years, and thus realized the necessity of a complementary PNT system. South Korea recently decided to deploy a high-power terrestrial navigation system, eLoran, as a complementary PNT system. According to the plan, the initial operational capability of the Korean eLoran system is expected by 2016, and the full operational capability is expected by 2018. As a necessary research tool to support the Korean eLoran program, an eLoran performance simulation tool for Korea is under development. In this paper, the received signal strength, which is necessary to simulate eLoran performance, from the suggested Korean eLoran transmitters is simulated with the consideration of effective ground conductivities over Korea. Then, eLoran signal-to-noise ratios are also simulated based on atmospheric noise data over Korea. This basic simulation tool will be expanded to estimate the navigation performance (e.g., accuracy, integrity, continuity, and availability) of the Korean eLoran system.
A Study on the ASF Correction Age and Error for Effective eLORAN Data Channel Utilization in Korea
Choi, Yun Sub ; Hwang, Sang-Wook ; Yeo, Sang-Rae ; Park, Chansik ; Yang, Sung-Hoon ; Lee, Sang Jeong ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 109~114
DOI : 10.11003/JKGS.2013.2.2.109
The vulnerability of GPS to interference signals was reported in the early 2000s, and an eLORAN system has been suggested as a backup navigation system for replacing the existing GPS. Thus, relevant studies have been carried out in the United States, Europe, Korea, etc., and especially, in Korea, the research and development is being conducted for the FOC of the eLORAN system by 2018. The required performance of the eLORAN system is to meet the HEA performance, and to achieve this, it is essential to perform ASF correction based on a dLORAN system. ASF can be divided into temporal ASF, nominal ASF, and spatial ASF. Spatial ASF is the variation due to spatial characteristics, and is stored in an eLORAN receiver in the form of a premeasured map. Temporal ASF is the variations due to temporal characteristics, and are transmitted from a dLORAN site to a receiver via LDC. Unlike nominal ASF that is obtained by long-term measurement (over 1 year), temporal ASF changes in a short period of time, and ideally, real-time correction needs to be performed. However, it is difficult to perform real-time correction due to the limit of the transmission rate of the LDC for transmitting correction values. In this paper, to determine temporal ASF correction frequency that shows satisfactory performance within the range of the limit of data transmission rates, relative variations of temporal ASF in summer and winter were measured, and the stability of correction values was analyzed using the average of temporal ASF for a certain period.
A Study on the Longitudinal and Lateral Errors of Air Vehicle Heading for Auto-landing
Park, Ji Hee ; Park, Hong Sick ; Shin, Chul Su ; Jo, Young-Wo ; Shin, Dong-Ho ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 115~121
DOI : 10.11003/JKGS.2013.2.2.115
For the auto-landing operation of an air vehicle, the possibility of auto-landing operation should be first evaluated by testing the navigation performance through a flight test. In general, navigation performance is tested by analyzing north/east/down (NED) errors relative to reference equipment whose precision is about 8~10 times higher than that of a navigation system. However, to evaluate the auto-landing operation of an air vehicle, whether the air vehicle approaches a glide path aligned with the runway, within a specific error, needs to be examined rather than examining the north/east errors of the navigation system. Therefore, the longitudinal/lateral errors of air vehicle heading need to be analyzed. In this study, a method for analyzing the longitudinal/lateral errors of a navigation system was proposed as the navigation performance test method for evaluating the safety during the auto-landing of an air vehicle. Also, flight tests were performed six times, and the safety of auto-landing was examined by analyzing the performance using the proposed method.
Steering Characteristics of an Autonomous Tractor with Variable Distances to the Waypoint
Kim, Sang Cheol ; Hong, Yeong Gi ; Kim, Kook Hwan ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 123~130
DOI : 10.11003/JKGS.2013.2.2.123
Autonomous agricultural machines that are operated in small-scale farmland frequently experience turning and changes in direction. Thus, unlike when they are operated in large-scale farmland, the steering control systems need to be controlled precisely so that travel errors can be minimized. This study aims to develop a control algorithm for improving the path tracking performance of a steering system by analyzing the effect of the setting of the waypoint, which serves as the reference point for steering when an autonomous agricultural machine moves along a path or a coordinate, on control errors. A simulation was performed by modeling a 26-hp tractor steering system and by applying the equations of motion of a tractor, with the use of a computer. Path tracking errors could be reduced using an algorithm which sets the waypoint for steering on a travel path depending on the radius of curvature of the path and which then controls the speed and steering angle of the vehicle, rather than by changing the steering speed or steering ratio which are dependent on mechanical performance.
Analysis of the Combined Positioning Accuracy using GPS and GLONASS Navigation Satellites
Choi, Byung-Kyu ; Roh, Kyoung-Min ; Lee, Sang Jeong ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 2, issue 2, 2013, Pages 131~137
DOI : 10.11003/JKGS.2013.2.2.131
In this study, positioning results that combined the code observation information of GPS and GLONASS navigation satellites were analyzed. Especially, the distribution of GLONASS satellites observed in Korea and the combined GPS/GLONASS positioning results were presented. The GNSS data received at two reference stations (GRAS in Europe and KOHG in Goheung, Korea) during a day were processed, and the mean value and root mean square (RMS) value of the position error were calculated. The analysis results indicated that the combined GPS/GLONASS positioning did not show significantly improved performance compared to the GPS-only positioning. This could be due to the inter-system hardware bias for GPS/GLONASS receivers, the selection of transformation parameters between reference coordinate systems, the selection of a confidence level for error analysis, or the number of visible satellites at a specific time.