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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing
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Journal DOI :
The Korean GNSS Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
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Quality Assessment of Tropospheric Delay Estimated by Precise Point Positioning in the Korean Peninsula
Park, Han-Earl ; Roh, Kyoung Min ; Yoo, Sung-Moon ; Choi, Byung-Kyu ; Chung, Jong-Kyun ; Cho, Jungho ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 3, issue 4, 2014, Pages 131~141
DOI : 10.11003/JPNT.2014.3.4.131
Over the last decade, the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) has been increasingly utilized as a meteorological research tool. The Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) has also been developing a near real-time GNSS precipitable water vapor (PWV) information management system that can produce a precise PWV for the Korean Peninsula region using GNSS data processing and meteorological measurements. The goal of this paper is to evaluate whether the precise point positioning (PPP) strategy will be used as the new data processing strategy of the GNSS-PWV information management system. For this purpose, quality assessment has been performed by means of a comparative analysis of the troposphere zenith total delay (ZTD) estimates from KASI PPP solutions (KPS), KASI network solutions (KNS), and International GNSS Service (IGS) final troposphere products (IFTP) for ten permanent GNSS stations in the Korean Peninsula. The assessment consists largely of two steps: First, the troposphere ZTD of the KNS are compared to those of the IFTP for only DAEJ and SUWN, in which the IFTP are used as the reference. Second, the KPS are compared to the KNS for all ten GNSS stations. In this step, the KNS are used as a new reference rather than the IFTP, because it was proved in the previous step that the KNS can be a suitable reference. As a result, it was found that the ZTD values from both the KPS and the KNS followed the same overall pattern, with an RMS of 5.36 mm. When the average RMS was converted into an error of GNSS-PWV by considering the typical ratio of zenith wet delay and PWV, the GNSS-PWV error met the requirement for PWV accuracy in this application. Therefore, the PPP strategy can be used as a new data processing strategy in the near real-time GNSS-PWV information management system.
Development of Time-dependent mean Temperature Equations for GPS Meteorology
Ha, Jihyun ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 3, issue 4, 2014, Pages 143~147
DOI : 10.11003/JPNT.2014.3.4.143
The mean temperature is one of the key parameters in computing Precipitable Water Vapor (PWV) from Global Positioning System (GPS) measurements and is usually derived as a function of surface temperature through the use of a mean temperature equation (MTE). In this study, two new types of MTEs were developed as functions solely of the observation time so that the mean temperature can be obtained without surface temperature measurements. To validate the new models, we created one-year time series of GPS-derived PWV using the new MTEs and compared them with the radiosonde-observed PWV. The bias and root-mean-square error were on the other of ~1 mm and ~2 mm, respectively.
Combined GPS/BeiDou Positioning Performance in South Korea
Choi, Byung-Kyu ; Cho, Chang-Hyun ; Lee, Sang Jeong ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 3, issue 4, 2014, Pages 149~154
DOI : 10.11003/JPNT.2014.3.4.149
The BeiDou is a satellite-based positioning and navigation system, which is under construction by the China Satellite Navigation Office. Until the June of 2014, the constellation of BeiDou navigation satellite system consists of 14 satellites including five geostationary earth orbit (GEO), five inclined geosynchronous earth orbit (IGSO) and four medium earth orbit (MEO). In this paper, we present the positioning results using BeiDou B1 code measurements obtained from three GNSS reference stations (BHAO, SKMA, MKPO). Combined Beidou/GPS positioning results are also compared to BeiDou and GPS only. BeiDou-only positioning errors for the east-west and north-south direction had less than 2 meter with root mean square (RMS) value. However, the positioning error for the up-down direction had larger than 10 meter at a 95% confidence level. Our results also suggest that the position precision is improved by combined BeiDou/GPS compared to BeiDou-only.
Development and Positioning Accuracy Assessment of Precise Point Positioning Algorithms Based on GLONASS Code-Pseudorange Measurements
Kim, Mi-So ; Park, Kwan-Dong ; Won, Jihye ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 3, issue 4, 2014, Pages 155~161
DOI : 10.11003/JPNT.2014.3.4.155
The purpose of this study is to develop precise point positioning (PPP) algorithms based on GLONASS code-pseudorange, verify their performance and present their utility. As the basic correction models of PPP, we applied Inter Frequency Bias (IFB), relativistic effect, satellite antenna phase center offset, and satellite orbit and satellite clock errors, ionospheric errors, and tropospheric errors that must be provided on a real-time basis. The satellite orbit and satellite clock errors provided by Information-Analytical Centre (IAC) are interpolated at each observation epoch by applying the Lagrange polynomial method and linear interpolation method. We applied Global Ionosphere Maps (GIM) provided by International GNSS Service (IGS) for ionospheric errors, and increased the positioning accuracy by applying the true value calculated with GIPSY for tropospheric errors. As a result of testing the developed GLONASS PPP algorithms for four days, the horizontal error was approximately 1.4 ~ 1.5 m and the vertical error was approximately 2.5 ~ 2.8 m, showing that the accuracy is similar to that of GPS PPP.
Software-based Performance Analysis of a Pseudolite Time Synchronization Method Depending on the Clock Source
Lee, Ju Hyun ; Hwang, Soyoung ; Yu, Dong-Hui ; Park, Chansik ; Lee, Sang Jeong ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 3, issue 4, 2014, Pages 163~170
DOI : 10.11003/JPNT.2014.3.4.163
A pseudolite is used as a GPS backup system, and is also used for the purpose of indoor navigation and correction information transmission. It is installed on the ground, and transmits signals that are similar to those of a GPS satellite. In addition, in recent years, studies on the improvement of positioning accuracy using the pseudorange measurement of a pseudolite have been performed. As for the effect of the time synchronization error between a pseudolite and a GPS satellite, a time synchronization error of 1 us generally induces a pseudorange error of 300 m; and to achieve meter-level positioning, ns-level time synchronization between a pseudolite and a GPS satellite is required. Therefore, for the operation of a pseudolite, a time synchronization algorithm between a GPS satellite and a pseudolite is essential. In this study, for the time synchronization of a pseudolite, "a pseudolite time synchronization method using the time source of UTC (KRIS)" and "a time synchronization method using a GPS timing receiver" were introduced; and the time synchronization performance depending on the pseudolite time source and reference time source was evaluated by designing a software-based pseudolite time synchronization performance evaluation simulation platform.