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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing
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Journal DOI :
The Korean GNSS Society
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Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
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Ultra-Fast L2-CL Code Acquisition for a Dual Band GPS Receiver
Kim, Binhee ; Kong, Seung-Hyun ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 4, issue 4, 2015, Pages 151~160
DOI : 10.11003/JPNT.2015.4.4.151
GPS L2C signal is a recently added civil signal to L2 frequency and is constructed by time division multiplexing of civil moderate (L2-CM) and civil long (L2-CL) code signals. While the L2-CM code is 20 ms-periodic and modulates satellite navigation message, the L2-CL code is 1.5s-periodic with 767,250 chips long code sequence and carries no data. Therefore, the L2-CL code signal allows receivers to perform a very long coherent integration. However, due to the length of the L2-CL code, the acquisition of the L2-CL code signal may take too long or require too much hardware resources. In this paper, we propose a three-step ultra-fast L2-CL code acquisition (TSCLA) technique for dual band GPS receivers. In the proposed TSCLA technique, a dual band GPS receiver sequentially acquires the coarse/acquisition (C/A) code signal at L1 frequency, the L2-CM code signal, and the L2-CL code signal to minimize mean acquisition time (MAT). The theoretical performance analysis and numerous Monte Carlo simulations show the significant advantage of the proposed TSCLA technique over conventional techniques introduced in the literature.
Asynchronous Multilevel Search Strategy for Fast Acquisition of AltBOC Signals
Kim, Binhee ; Kong, Seung-Hyun ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 4, issue 4, 2015, Pages 161~171
DOI : 10.11003/JPNT.2015.4.4.161
Alternative binary offset carrier (AltBOC) signals can be approximated by four synchronized direct sequence spread spectrum (DSSS) signals, each pair of which is a quadrature phase shift keyed (QPSK) signal at a different frequency. Therefore, depending on the strength of an incoming AltBOC signal, an acquisition technique can reduce the mean acquisition time (MAT) by searching the four DSSS signals asynchronously; the search for each of the four DSSS signals can start at one of the evenly separated hypotheses on the two-dimensional hypothesis space. And detection sensitivity can be improved by multiple levels when different numbers of search results for the same hypothesis are combined. In this paper, we propose a fast AltBOC acquisition technique that has an asynchronous search strategy and efficiently utilizes the output of the four search results to increase the sensitivity level when sensitivity improvement is needed. We provide a complete theoretical analysis and demonstrate with numerous Monte Carlo simulations that the MAT of the proposed technique is much smaller than conventional AltBOC acquisition techniques.
Design and Performance Evaluation of GPS Spoofing Signal Detection Algorithm at RF Spoofing Simulation Environment
Lim, Soon ; Lim, Deok Won ; Chun, Sebum ; Heo, Moon Beom ; Choi, Yun Sub ; Lee, Ju Hyun ; Lee, Sang Jeong ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 4, issue 4, 2015, Pages 173~180
DOI : 10.11003/JPNT.2015.4.4.173
In this study, an algorithm that detects a spoofing signal for a GPS L1 signal was proposed, and the performance was verified through RF spoofing signal simulation. The proposed algorithm determines the reception of a spoofing signal by detecting a correlation distortion of GPS L1 C/A code caused by the spoofing signal. To detect the correlation distortion, a detection criterion of a spoofing signal was derived from the relationship among the Early, Prompt, and Late tap correlation values of a receiver correlator; and a detection threshold was calculated from the false alarm probability of spoofing signal detection. In this study, an RF spoofing environment was built using the GSS 8000 simulator (Spirent). For the RF spoofing signal generated from the simulator, the RF spoofing environment was verified using the commercial receiver DL-V3 (Novatel Inc.). To verify the performance of the proposed algorithm, the RF signal was stored as IF band data using a USRP signal collector (NI) so that the data could be processed by a CNU software receiver (software defined radio). For the performance of the proposed algorithm, results were obtained using the correlation value of the software receiver, and the performance was verified through the detection of a spoofing signal and the detection time of a spoofing signal.
High-degree Cubature Kalman Filtering Approach for GPS Aided In-Flight Alignment of SDINS
Shin, Hyun-choel ; Yu, Haesung ; Park, Heung-won ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 4, issue 4, 2015, Pages 181~186
DOI : 10.11003/JPNT.2015.4.4.181
A High-degree Cubature Kalman Filter (CKF) is proposed to deal with the Strapdown Inertial Navigation System (SDINS) alignment problem. In-flight Alignment (IFA) is an effective method to compensate for attitude errors of the navigation system. While providing precise attitude error compensation, however, the external source aided alignment often creates a nonlinear filtering problem caused by a large misalignment angle. Introduced recently, Cubature Kalman Filter is a suitable technique for various nonlinear problems. In this paper, a higher degree CKF is applied to this accuracy-is-everything SDINS IFA problem. The simulation results show that the proposed technique outperformed a traditional nonlinear filter in terms of precision and alignment time.
A Maritime DGPS Reference Station Configuration Proposal for Operation Improvement
Choi, Yong Kwon ; Son, Seok Bo ; Lee, Sang Jeong ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 4, issue 4, 2015, Pages 187~193
DOI : 10.11003/JPNT.2015.4.4.187
A maritime Differential Global Positioning System (DGPS) reference station broadcasts correction information to users having a DGPS receiver so that the navigation performance can be improved. A maritime DGPS reference station consists of a reference station (RS) that generates and broadcasts correction information, an integrity monitor (IM) that monitors the integrity of correction information, and a control station (CS) that controls them. A maritime DGPS reference station is continuously operated for 24 hours, and thus improvement in the ease of operation is a major element that can improve the performance of the system. In this study, a configuration of a maritime DGPS reference station that can improve the ease of operation and a relevant protocol were proposed, and an example of the implementation of the proposed system was presented.
Threshold Determination of The GPS Carrier Acceleration, Ramp, and Step on the Normal Condition
Son, Eunseong ; Kim, Koon-Tack ; Im, Sung-Hyuck ; Heo, Moon Beom ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 4, issue 4, 2015, Pages 195~203
DOI : 10.11003/JPNT.2015.4.4.195
In this study, the carrier acceleration-ramp-step test was applied to GPS carrier phase measurements, and the results were compared and analyzed. In the carrier acceleration-ramp-step test, the acceleration, ramp, and measurements are estimated using 10 consecutive carrier phase measurements for satellites observed at the same time based on the least square method. As for the characteristic of this test, if failure occurs in the measurement, the value jumps significantly compared to the previous result; but it judges that failure has occurred in all the satellites although failure has occurred in one satellite. Therefore, in this study, a method that eliminates a satellite with failure was suggested, and thresholds of the carrier acceleration, ramp, and step were suggested. The evaluation of the failure detection performance of carrier phase measurement using the suggested thresholds showed that failure could be detected when the carrier phase measurement changed abruptly by more than about 0.1 cycles.
Multi-GNSS Standard Point Positioning using GPS, GLONASS, BeiDou and QZSS Measurements Recorded at MKPO Reference Station in South Korea
Choi, Byung-Kyu ; Cho, Chang-Hyun ; Cho, Jung Ho ; Lee, Sang Jeong ;
Journal of Positioning, Navigation, and Timing, volume 4, issue 4, 2015, Pages 205~211
DOI : 10.11003/JPNT.2015.4.4.205
The Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) is undergoing dramatic changes. Nowadays, much more satellites are transmitting navigation data at more frequencies. A multi-GNSS analysis is performed to improve the positioning accuracy by processing combined observations from different GNSS. The multi-GNSS technique can improve significantly the positioning accuracy. In this paper, we present a combined Global Positioning System (GPS), the GLObal NAvigation Satellite System (GLONASS), the China Satellite Navigation System (BeiDou), and the Quasi-Zenith Satellite System (QZSS) standard point positioning (SPP) method to exploit all currently available GNSS observations at Mokpo (MKPO) station in South Korea. We also investigate the multi-GNSS data recorded at MKPO reference station. The positioning accuracy is compared with several combinations of the satellite systems. Because of the different frequencies and signal structure of the different GNSS, intersystem biases (ISB) parameters for code observations have to be estimated together with receiver clocks in multi-GNSS SPP. We also present GPS/GLONASS and GPS/BeiDou ISB values estimated by the daily average.