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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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The Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Development Direction Against Marine Disasters and Ship Communication
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 477~484
With the development of electronic communication techniques, maritime communication system has been much changed. Since the maritime communications by the radio telegraph have been initiated, the GMDSS came into internationally effect for the life and safety at the sea from 1992, new maritime communication system has been constructed. The new systems have being implemented and applied to merchant ships over 300G/T (or safety of the life. But the annual reports show that most of casualties last 10 years happened to small ships, have been gradually increased. For the improvement of those circumstances, more effective SAR system and administrative plans should be executed. In this paper, we analyzed the maritime casualties last 10 years, maritime communication system, and SAR facilities in domestic. Through the result from the analysis, we discussed the current situations, summarized several conclusions for the developmental proposals.
Auction Design Strategies for Radio Spectrum Rights : Theory and Experience
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 485~499
Auctions are appealing market-type mechanisms because they can be deployed to solve the twin problems of resources pricing and allocation. Nonetheless the effectiveness of an auction mechanism in radio spectrum property rights should not be taken for granted. Policymakers need to be aware of the complexity of introducing market discipline in an area where none existed before. Auction design is critical to the success of the allocation process. However, a poorly designed auction mechanism can have detrimental effects on the spectrum rights allocation process. This study discusses some of the key elements and issues of auction design of radio spectrum rights for its efficient allocation. Particularly this study discusses, based on the existing auction theory and other countries' experiences, such issues as bidding rule, value interdependency and sequence of auction, information structure and asymmetric bidder, and wealth constraints and imperfect capital market.
Performance Characteristics of Subband Adaptive Array Antenna using Kalman Algorithm
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 501~507
At the mobile unit for adaptation the propagation environment, it is necessity to adapt very fast the weight coefficient vector of adaptive array antenna In this paper, for the BPSK and BFSK signals with S/I=2, S/N=10 subband adaptive array signal processing method to the linear array antenna using the LMS & the Kalman filter algorithm is proposed. For the 4 elements equidistance linear array antenna systems LMS and Kalman algorithms with subband adaptive instruction principles using the subband signal processing method are adopted and the computer simulation results to the constant amplitude envelope signals such as BPSK or BFSK can be seen that the convergence characteristics of directional patterns and the signal following characteristics are more fast and stable.
A Design of Microstrip U-slotted Patch Antenna
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 509~516
In this paper, it is designed a microstrip U-slotted patch antenna with double resonances to enhance the bandwidth. In the design of an U-slotted patch antenna, there are considered the input impedance, the width of patch, the total length of the slot, the height of foam, the position of the probe and the radius of feed pin. The broadband behavior of antenna can be obtained by adjusting the length and width of the slot. The radiation from the antenna is linear polarized with the E-paine parallel to the vertical slots and the H plane parallel to horizontal slot. The radiation pattern, impedance locus, and VSWR of the antenna are calculated using "ENSEMBLE" software, and compared with the experimental results. Experimental results show that the bandwidth for VSWR
2:1 is about 28.6%, a directivity 14.18dBi at 6.040GHz. 6.040GHz.
A Study on Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of Wideband 2-Mode HPA for the Satellite Mobile Communications System
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 517~531
This paper presents the development of the 2-mode variable gain high power amplifier for a transmitter of INMARSAT-M operating at L-band(1626.5-1646.5 MHz). This SSPA(Solid State Power Amplifier) is amplified 42 dBm in high power mode and 36 dBm in low power mode for INMARSAT-M. The allowable error sets +1 dBm of an upper limit and -2 dBm of a lower limit, respectively. To simplify the fabrication process, the whole system is designed by two parts composed of a driving amplifier and a high power amplifier, The HP's MGA-64135 and Motorola's MRF-6401 are used for driving amplifier, and the ERICSSON's PTE-10114 and PTF-10021 are used the high power amplifier. The SSPA was fabricated by the circuits of RF, temperature compensation and 2-mode gain control circuit in aluminum housing. The gain control method was proposed by controlling the voltage for the 2-mode. In addition, It has been experimentally verified that the gain is controlled for single tone signal as well as two tone signals. The realized SSPA has 42 dB and 36 dB for small signal gain within 20 MHz bandwidth, and the VSWR of input and output port is less than 1.5:1 The minimum value of the 1 dB compression point gets 5 dBm for 2-mode variable gain high power amplifier. A typical two tone intermodulation point has 32.5 dBc maximum which is single carrier backed off 3 dB from 1 dB compression point. The maximum output power of 43 dBm was achieved at the 1636.5 MHz. These results reveal a high power of 20 Watt, which was the design target.the design target.
Design and Analysis of Circular Polarization Characteristics of Microstrip Patch Antenna for GPS using FDTD Method
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 533~540
In this paper, a microstrip antenna is designed using a rectangular patch. To find characteristics of the antenna, computer simulations of the rectangular single microstrip patch antenna are performed with changing width and feed line. And we found characteristics of RHCP using axial ratio. Through the results, we found that the Finite Difference Time Domain(FDTD) method is an effective method for designing microstrip patch antenna. According to simulation the resonant point has been found it in the frequency received from GPS satellite. And these results were in relatively good accordance with the measured values.
Enhancement of Sound Image Localization on Vertical Plane for Three-Dimensional Acoustic Synthesis
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 541~546
The head-related transfer function (HRTF), which expresses the acoustic process from the sound source to the human ears in the free field, contains critical informations which the location of the source can be traced. It also makes it possible to realize multi-dimensional acoustic system that can approximately generate non-existing sound source. The use of non-individual, common HRTF brings performance degradation in localization ability such as front-back judgment error, elevation judgment error. In this paper, we have reduced the error on vertical plane by increasing the spectral notch level. The performance of the proposed method was Proved through subjective test that it is Possible to improve the ability to locate stationary/moving source.
A study on the properties of ETBF using subwindow filters
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 547~552
In , it is shown that a subclass of ETBFs, which are self-dual ETBFs can be expressed as a weighted average of median subfiltered outputs. In this paper, the ETBF is extended for real-valued input. Using this result, the scale-preservation and translation-invariance properties of the ETBFs are investigated. In particular, it is shown that the ETBFs are scale-preserving if and only if it is extended self-dual.
Noise Filtering of ECG signal using RBF Neural Networks
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 553~558
The ECG signal is very important information for diagnosis of patient and a cardiac disorder That signal is hard to filter the noise because that is mixed with a lot of noise, and the error of the filtering will distort the ECG signal. The existing method for the filtering of the ECG signal has structure that has many steps for filtering, so that structure is complex and the processing speed is slow. For the improvement of that problem, we propose the method of filtering that has simple structure using the RBF neural networks and have good results.
Comparison of piezoelectric flextentional sonar transducer simulations between a coupled FE-BEM and ATILA code
Soon-Suck Jarng ;
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 559~567
A piezoelectric flextentional sonar transducer has been simulated using a coupled FE-BEM. The dynamics of the sonar transducer is modelled in three dimensions and is analyzed with external electrical excitation conditions. Different results are available such as steady-state displacement modes, underwater directivity patterns, resonant frequencies, bandwidths, quality factors, output acoustic powers and transmitting voltage responses. It is shown that the present barrel-stave sonar transducer of the piezoelectric material produces flextentional displacements which could be related with higher output power, lower quality factor and more omnidirectional beam pattern than other types of sonar transducers. The results of the present sonar transducer modelling are also compared with those of a commercial package such as ATILA.
A Study on Fabrication and Performance Evaluation of Wideband Receiver using Bias Stabilized Resistor for the Satellite Mobile Communications System
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 569~577
A wideband RF receiver for satellite mobile communications system was fabricated and evaluated of performance in low noise amplifier and high gain amplifier. The low noise amplifier used to the resistive decoupling and self-bias circuits. The low noise amplifier is fabricated with both the RF circuits and the self-bias circuits. Using a INA-03184, the high gain amplifier consists of matched amplifier type. The active bias circuitry can be used to provide temperature stability without requiring the large voltage drop or relatively high-dissipated power needed with a bias stabilized resistor. The bandpass filter was used to reduce a spurious level. As a result, the characteristics of the receiver implemented here show more than 55 dB in gain, 50.83 dBc in a spurious level and less than 1.8 : 1 in input and output voltage standing wave ratio(VSWR), especially the carrier to noise ratio is a 43.15 dB/Hz at a 1 KHz from 1537.5 MHz.
A Performance Analysis of FFH/BFSK System Using Diversity Under Rayleigh Fading
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 579~586
In this paper, we have analyzed a performance of fast frequency hopping communication systems when a rayleigh fading caused by envelope variations of a signal received in multipath channel is, but it is not considered that intentional or unintentional jamming can be. The multipath fading channel and rayleigh fading are confirmed by theoretical analysis. In fading or non-fading, the performance of this system is studied. When the path diversity is applied to this system, the performance is shown to be superior to non-diversity systems about 20dB. For modulation methods, BFSK was compared with DPSK.
Inheritance Anomaly using Behavior Equation in Concurrent Object-Oriented Programming Languages
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 587~595
The fundamental reason why inheritance anomaly occurs is that for a concurrent object, when synchronization code is not properly separated from the method code, the extension of code to produce a derived class may force the change of both the synchronization code and the method code in the super class, and inheritance is integrated inheritance in a simple and satisfactory way within a concurrent object-oriented language. The main emphasis on how to avoid or minimize inheritance anomaly. Therefore, in this paper we propose a new model, object model, and will minimizes the problem of inheritance anomaly found in concurrent object-oriented programming languages using Behavior Equation.
Medical Image Data Compression Based on the Region Segmentation
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 597~605
In this paper, we propose a cardioangiography sequence image coding scheme which use a subtraction between initial image and current frame inserted contrast dye. Stable regions are obtained by the multithreshold and meaningful region is extracted by the images with stable region. The image with meaningful region is classified into contour and texture information. Contour information is coded by contour coding. And texture information is approximated by two-dimensional polynomial function and each coefficients is coded. Experimental results confirm that the sequence of cardioangiography are well reconstructed at the low bit rate (0.02∼0.04 bpp) and high compression ratio.
Design of Low Bit Rate VSELP Codebook for the Korean Speech
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 607~616
This paper proposed an improved 4.8kbps VSELP in order to keep the good quality in band-limited channel. In the most cases, it is difficult to keep the good quality at the low bit rate. In order to solve the problems, many methods are proposed, but they are not suitable to the Korean language structure because they are designed for being suitable to the foreign language structure. In experiment, we use the noseless Korean voice data. We show that the proposed 4.8kbps VSELP is not excellent to the 8kbps VSELP in SEGWSNR(Segmentally Weighted SNR), but it is the superior to the 8kbps VSELP in the MOS(Mean Opinion Score) test.
CSK Signal Transmission Characteristics at the Load Variation Channel
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 617~626
For the purpose of high speed and reliable data transmission through the frequency response variation channel by load fluctuation, we present CSK signal transmission characteristics by computer simulation. Also using the simple structure of Roll-off filter at the CSK receiving system, the exact synchronization tracking and data detection without error at the worst case of S/I=2 and S/N=2 were achieved.
Adaptive LVQ Intelligent System for Perimeter Condition
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 627~638
In this paper, the system with an artificial intelligent that is able itself to adjust the perimeter condition of the plant is presented. The proposed intelligent system is composed of two learning vector quantization(LVQ) networks, which are used mostly in the field of the pattern recognition and signal processing. From the external condition of the plant, the first LVQ network recognizes the pattern of the sensed signal and the second LVQ network judges synthetically user's characteristics and performs learning. The controller controls the plant using the reference value, which is the output value of the synthetic judgement part. In order to verify the usefulness of the proposed method, we simulated the two LVQs are implemented for the artificial intelligent illuminator as well as being carried out computer simulations. We implemented the proposed artificial intelligent illuminator and perform the experiment
Design of a Variable Structure Speed Controller having a Dead Zone Switching layer for the Sinusoidal type Brushless DC Motor
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 639~650
In this paper, a chattering alleviation VSS controller for the sinusoidal type BLDC motor is designed. Dead Zone function is proposed to change the chattering occurring in the transient state from high frequency to low frequency and time-varying gains are applied for the control input to eliminate the steady state excessive chattering in the conventional ISM. The proposed Dead Zone function represents the sliding layer composed of two switching surfaces and if a state vector exists in this layer, the chattering don't occur. Simulation and experimental results confirm the useful effects of the above algorithm.
Parameters Adaptive Identification of Vector Controlled Induction Motor
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 651~659
This Paper Proposes new speed and electromagnetic torque control of an induction motor, which is robust against time varying parameters. The control is based on adaptive vector control with serial block adaptive algorithm. Motor parameters used to estimates slip frequency and electromagnetic torque. Parameters mismatch in the control system detrimentally affects slip frequency estimation and torque response. In order to compensate lot degradation of the responses, an adaptive identifier for the magnetizing inductance and the secondary time constant is introduced. adaptive vector control system consisted of two subsystems, a vector control system realized on synchronous frame and a parameter identification system on stationary frame. the effectiveness of the proposed method was verified by some digital simulations
Fabrication of Bump-type Probe Card Using Bulk Micromachining
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 661~669
A probe card is one of the most important pan of test systems as testing IC(integrated circuit) chips. This work was related to bump-type silicon vertical probe card which enabled simultaneous tests for multiple semiconductor chips. The probe consists of silicon cantilever with bump tip. In order to obtain optimum size of the cantilever, the dimensions were determined by FEM(finite element method) analysis. The probe was fabricated by RIE(reactive ion etching), isotropic etching, and bulk-micromachining using SDB(silicon direct bonding) wafer. The optimum height of the bump of the probe detemimed by FEM simulation was 30um. The optimum thickness, width, and length of the cantilever were 20
,respectively. Contact resistance of the fabricated probe card measured at contact resistance testing was less than
. It was also confirmed that its life time was more than 20,000 contacts because there was no change of contact resistance after 20,000 contacts.
Design and implementation of thermoelectric dehumidifier using pottier module
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 671~679
In this paper, humidity measurement is accomplished using humidity sensor, dehumidify is implemented using general-purpose
-processorPIC16C54 and thermoelectric module for control measured humidity and input target humidity value proportionally Pottier module product is variety kind of size and characteristic, very important drawing factor is selection necessary heat sink, which is maintain proper thermal resistance from variety kind of module also. From electronic dehumidifier is manufacture by using thermoelectric module, no sound, no vibration, low power consumption of partial space efficient dehumidify proves the validity of this system.
A Study on the Structure of Polarization Independent GaInAs/GaInAsP/InP Semiconductor Optical Amplifier
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 681~686
In this study, the gain characteristics of the strained structures for SOA were calculated numerically and the optimized strained quantum well for the polarization-insensitive SOA was obtained. The structures used in this calculation were consisted of one, two, and three GaAs Delta layers respectively in the GaInAs(160
) well. Moreover the third one was calculated by changing from one mono-layer to three mono-layers in the thichless of GaAs delta layers. This structure enhances the TM mode gain coefficient with good efficiency because the light-hole band is lifted up whereas the heavy-hole band is lowered down. Additionally, The structure of the 3 GaAs delta layers(1 mono layer thickness) shows 3dB gain bandwidth of 85nm in 1.55um wavelength system. This study is expected to be used in making a wide band and polarization-independent semiconductor optical amplifier practically.
A study on the synchronization parameter to design ADSL chip in DMT systems
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 3, issue 3, 1999, Pages 687~694
In this paper, to draw out the parameter of synchronization for ADSL(Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line) chip design, we analyze the performance of STR(Symbol Timing Recovery) and frame synchronization with computer simulation. We analyze and design PLL(Phase Lock Loop) loop for ADSL. As a result, we obtained the optimum parameter of STR to design ADSL chip. Also, when performed frame synchronization with several algorithm, we analyzed the performance of FER(Frame Error Rate) and the effect of frame offset with computer simulation.