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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering
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The Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Engineering
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 8 - Dec 2002
Volume 6, Issue 7 - Nov 2002
Volume 6, Issue 6 - Oct 2002
Volume 6, Issue 5 - Aug 2002
Volume 6, Issue 4 - Jun 2002
Volume 6, Issue 3 - May 2002
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
The Digital Controller Design using Multirate Discretization
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~5
A common way to design a digital control system is to design an analog controller first and discretize it for digital implemention. In this paper, optimal digital controller design is studied within the framework of sampled -data control theory. In particular, multirate discretization of analog controller is considered using an Η
optimality criterion. Solutions are obtained via multirate H2 optimization with a causality constraint due to the multirate structure. In design example, the comparison of the proposed methods is made with the conventional discretization methods, and demonstrate the superiority of the multirate design method.
LMI Design of Multi-Objective
Controllers for an Inverted Pendulum on the Cart Using Polytope Models
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 6~13
This paper deals with the linear matrix inequality (LMI) design procedures for multi-objective Η
controllers with pole-placement constraints for an inverted pendulum system modeled as convex polytopes to ensure the stabilizing regulator and tracking performances. Polytopic models with multiple linear time-invariant models linearized at some operating points are derived to design controllers overcoming the conservativeness such as a controller may have when it is designed for a model linearized at a single operating point. Multi-objective controllers are designed for polytopic models by the LMT design technique with convex algorithms. It is observed that the inverted pendulum controlled by any controller designed for each polytopic model is stabilizingly restored to the vertical angle position for initial values of larger tilt anlges.
A Neural Network Design using Pulsewidth-Modulation (PWM) Technique
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 14~24
In this paper, a design of the pulsewidth-modulation(PWM) neural network with both retrieving and learning function is proposed. In the designed PWM neural system, the input and output signals of the neural network are represented by PWM signals. In neural network, the multiplication is one of the most commonly used operations. The multiplication and summation functions are realized by using the PWM technique and simple mixed-mode circuits. Thus, the designed neural network only occupies the small chip area. By applying some circuit design techniques to reduce the nonideal effects, the designed circuits have good linearity and large dynamic range. Moreover, the delta learning rule can easily be realized. To demonstrate the learning capability of the realized PWM neural network, the delta learning nile is realized. The circuit with one neuron, three synapses, and the associated learning circuits has been designed. The HSPICE simulation results on the two learning examples on AND function and OR function have successfully verified the function correctness and performance of the designed neural network.
A High Frequency Op-amp for High Speed Signal Processing
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 25~29
There is an increasing interest in high-speed signal processing in modern telecommunication and SC circuit, HDTV, ISDN. There are many methods of high-speed signal processing. This paper describes a design approach for the realization of high-frequency Op-amp in CMOS technology. A limiting factor in Op-amp based analog integrated circuits is the limited useful frequency range. this thesis will develop a CMOS op-amp architecture with improved gainband width product with this technique an op-amp will achieve up to 170MHz (CL=2pF) unity-gain frequency with a 1.2-micron design rule. This CMOS op-amp is particularly suitable for achieving wide and stable closed-loop band widths, such as required in high-frequency SC filters, high-speed analog circuits.
A study on link-efficiency and Traffic analysis for Packet-switching using the link state algorithm
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 30~35
Dynamic routing uses routing protocols to select the best routes and to update the routing table. RP (Routing Information Protocol)using a distance-vector algorithm becomes generally known a routing protocol on the network. RIP selects the route with the lowest "hop count" (metric) as the best route. but RIP has a serious shortcoming. a mP router cannot maintain a complete routing table for a network that has destinations more than 15 hops away. To overcome this defect, It uses the OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) of link -state protocols developed for TCP/IP. It is suitable for very large networks and provides several advantages over RIP. This paper analyzes the traffic and the link efficiency between two protocols such as message delivery and delay, link utilization, message counts on the same network.e network.
A study on the traffic analysis of RIP and EIGRP for the most suitable routing
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 36~40
Routing algorithm uses metric to choose the route of Least cost to destination network, the best suited routing investigates all routes to the shortest destination among networks and is decided on the route given the minimum metric. This paper analyzed packet flow for setting up the best fitted path on the same network using RIP and EIGRP as the distance vector algorithm and measured the Link-efficiency
Backup path Setup Algorithm based on the Bandwidth Sharing in Mesh Networks
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 41~47
Path setup considering QoS is one of the main problems to solve in Internet traffic engineering. In network restoration that is one of the traffic engineering components, to establish a backup path or backup path for a working path to be protected is the main task. The backup path should have enough bandwidth to guarantee the working paths. Thus this work requires the QoS routing solution that is to set up a backup path as well as a working path at the same time provisioning enough bandwidth. In this paper, we propose an algorithm to setup a backup path that shares the bandwidth of other backup paths whose working path does not pass along the same link with the working path we are considering. In this way we can reduce much bandwidth consumption caused by setting up backup paths. We also analyze the disjoint path computation algorithms. Finally we show simulation results how the algorithm can reduce the bandwidth consumption and how it will affect blocking when we setup paths.
A traffic analysis of Gigabit Ethernet high-speed network design
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 48~54
Gigabit Ethernet was advented as Internet's activation from owing to Internet user and the development of its various application and as inevitability the high-speed network as its demand for more and more the bandwidth by much application using the network. This Gigabit Ethernet makes an alternative plan to solve the request traffic by Internet user, because it holds several merits as providing great capacity with the network in the existing Ethernet environment and as displaying highly efficient ability This paper researches into a concept and characters about Gigabit Ethernet technology and raises the stability and efficiency of Gigabit Ethernet with regard of competing against FDDI technology and using Traffic analysis.
IP Multicasting Mechanism using RSVP over MARS Architecture based on Multiple MCSs
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 55~61
Real-time Internet multi-media services requires fast data transmission, QoS and IP multicast. MARS is proposed to support IP multicast in the ATM Networks based on Internet, and RSVP is proposed to guarantee QoS in the Internet which is originally based on only best-effort service. In this paper, we propose two mechanisms to support IP multicast service involving QoS support over the ATM networks with MARS architecture based on multiple MCSs. In the first mechanism, when an ATM host requests joining into a specific multicast group, the MARS selects a proper MCS among the multiple MCSs to minimize the average time of transfer delay between the sender and the group members. In the second mechanism, when the RSVP reservation message from group member arrive at the MARS, the MARS which can process the RSVP reservation message select again the MCS with using the MCS management table. Finally, we recommend the mechanism to keep the QoS of Internet service and to reduce the processing-overhead between MARS and MCS.
A Study on the Design and the Implementation of an Authoring Tool for XML Structurization of Graphical Information
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 62~69
As Graphic Information is a intuitive, simple and definite media to transfer information to human, It is widely used and deserved as a information exchange and store media. But the graphic information is so abstract that a human may misunderstand that's real meaning. So In order to transfer a Exact information to a human, a additional picture and description is needed. So, in this paper, A authoring system is suggested that it can be able to give a additional information at each region in graphic information, and to structurize relations between each region and to give linking information between each region using XML Linking Notation. In this paper, An suggested authoring system is implemented to support a authoring facility which is to display graphical information of CGM(Computer Graphic Metafile) and BMP, and to define structural information by selecting each region of graphics image on screen directly, and to save that structural information and linking information with XML Linking notation, and to support a browsing facility which to find hot spot using a structurized graphic information and then to show a proper graph.
Image Cryptography for Secure Video Conference System
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 70~75
Video conference system has guided swiftness of information transmission and business processing taking away time and manufacturing drug of space that is happened that long-distance people gather and talk. But, leakage of important meeting contents, peculation etc.. in that execute video -conferences can happen. Therefore, research about video conference system of safety is progressing under secure superhigh speed information communication fetters. This treatise studied about techniques to encipher videotex to prevent variation and outward flow of burn information, peculation etc.. except general encryption notation such as user certification to have drawn problem about stability of general video conference system, and is used present as countermeasure about here. Used improved Vernam's encryption techniques to encrypt videotex.
Implementation on the Classifier for Differential Diagnosis of Laryngeal Disease using Hierarchical Neural Network
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 76~82
In this paper, we implemented on the classifier for differential diagnosis of laryngeals disease which is normal, polyp, nodule, palsy, and each step of glottic cancer using hierarchical neural network. We conducted on classifier of various vowels as /a/, /e/, /i/, /o/, /u/ from normal group, laryngeal disease group, each step of cancer group. The experimental result on classification of each vowels as follows. A /a/ vowel shows excellent classification result to the other vowels in regard to each Input parameters. Thus we implemented the hierarchical neural network for differential diagnosis of laryngeals disease using only /a/ vowel. A implemented hierarchical neural network is composed of each other laryngeals disease apply to each other parameter in each hierarchical layer. We take the voice signals from patient who get the laryngeal disease and glottic cancer, and then use the APQ, PPQ, vAm, Jitter, Shimmer, RAP as input parameter of neural networks.
Digit Recognition using Speech and Image Information
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 83~88
In the majority of case, speech recognition method tried recognition using only speech information In order to highten the recognition rate, we proposed recognition system that recognige digit using speech and image information. Through an experiment, this paper compared the recognition rate performed by existent speech recognition method and speech recognition method that includes image information. When we added the image information to the speech information, the speech recognition rate was increased about 6%. This paper shows that adding image information to speech information is more effective than using only speech information In digit recognition.
A Study on Optical Current Sensor and Voltage Sensor for automation of power distribution
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 89~98
Optical current sensor and optical voltage sensor modules were designed and fabricated to improve measurement error and insulation in automatic power distributor By using Faraday effect, optical current sensor with an
-iron core was designed and fabricated to minimize current induction of the other phase and was optimized to maintain linearity. Optical voltage sensor was fabricated owing to the pockets effect and adopted spatial electric field type because of small room in an automatic power distributor. To connect a distributor with an external terminal for signal processing, optical multi connector was designed, fabricated and tested for coupling loss and gas leakage. The linearity of optical current sensor for applied current maintains variation of smaller than 2.5% for applied current range from 20A to 700A. The linearity of optical voltage sensor was smaller than 1% for appling voltage from 6.6kV to 19.8kV. Since the measured characteristics are good, these devices can be considered as being applicable in practice.
Pinholes on Oxide under Polysilicon Layer after Plasma Etching
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 99~102
Pinholes on the thermally grown oxide, which is called gate oxide, on silicon substrate under polysilicon layer are found and its mechanism is analyzed in this paper. The oxide under a polysilicon layer is broken during the plasma etching process of other polysilicon layer. Both polysilicon layers are separated with 0.8
thick oxide deposited by CVD (Chemical Vapor Deposition). Since broken oxide points are found scattered around an arc occurrence point, it is assumed that an extremely high electric field generated near the arc occurrence point makes the gate oxide broken. 1'he arc occurrence point has been observed on the alignment key and is the mark of low yield. It is found that any arc occurrence can cause chips to fail by breaking the gate oxide, even if are occurrence points are found on scribeline.
Comparison on commercial simulators for nano-structure device simulation- For ISE-TCAD and Micro-tec -
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 103~108
The metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor(MOSFET) has undergone many changes in the last decade In response to the constant demand for increased speed, decreased power, and increased packing density. The state -of-the-art simulation programs are developed by engineers and scientists. This paper has compared commercial programs of Micro-tec and ISE-TCAD in device simulation. This paper investigates LDD MOSFET using two simulators. Bias condition is applied to the devices with gate lengths(Lg) 180㎚. We have presented MOSFET's characteristics such as I-V characteristic and electric field, and compared Micro-tec with ISE TCAD.
Analysis on the Threshold Voltage of Nano-Channel MOSFET
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 109~114
In this paper, we have presented the simulation results ah)ut threshold voltage for Si-based MOSFETs with channel length of nano scale. We simulated the Si-based n channel MOSFETs with gate lengths from 180 to 30 nm in accordance to the constant voltage scaling theory and the lateral scaling. These MOSFETs had the lightly doped drain(LDD) structure, which is used for the reduction of electric field magnitude and short channel effects at the drain region. The stronger electric field at this region is due to scaling down. We investigated and analyzed the threshold voltage of these devices. This analysis will provide insight into some applicable limitations at the ICs and used for basis data at VLSI.
A study on Simple and Complex Algorithm of Self Controlled Mobile Robot for the Obstacle Avoidance and Path Plan
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 115~123
In this paper, we present two types of vision algorithm that mobile robot has CCD camera. for obstacle avoidance and path plan. One is simple algorithm that compare with grey level from input images. Also, The mobile robot depend on image processing and move command from PC host. we has been studied self controlled mobile robot system with CCD camera. This system consists of TMS320F240 digital signal processor, step motor, RF module and CCD camera. we used wireless RF module for movable command transmitting between robot and host PC. This robot go straight until 95 percent filled screen from input image. And the robot recognizes obstacle about 95 percent filled something, so it could avoid the obstacle and conclude new path plan. Another is complex algorithm that image preprocessing by edge detection, converting, thresholding and image processing by labeling, segmentation, pixel density calculation.
A Study on Optical Condition and preprocessing for Input Image Improvement of Dented and Raised Characters of Rubber Tires
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 124~132
In this paper, we present a vision algorithm and method for input image improvement and preprocessing of dented and raised characters on the sidewall of tires. we define optical condition between reflect coefficient and reflectance by the physical vector calculate. On the contrary this work will recognize the engraved characters using the computer vision technique. Tire input images have all most same grey levels between the characters and backgrounds. The reflectance is little from a tire surface. therefore, it's very difficult segment the characters from the background. Moreover, one side of the character string is raised and the other is dented. So, the captured images are varied with the angle of camera and illumination. For optimum Input images, the angle between camera and illumination was found out to be with in 90
. In addition, We used complex filtering with low-pass and high-pass band filters to improve input images, for clear input images. Finally we define equation reflect coefficient and reflectance. By doing this, we obtained good images of tires for pattern recognition.
A Study on the Object Group Design and Implementation in Distributed Computing
Journal of the Korea Institute of Information and Communication Engineering, volume 6, issue 1, 2002, Pages 133~139
For efficiently providing distributed services, distributed computing environments are specified the requirements of various services and distributed object platforms applied an object-oriented technology by TINA Consortium and OMG CORBA. Because applications are becoming large and distributing, their servicing and managing interfaces among objects are being complicated. In order to solve these defects, it is necessary to suggest a new object grouping model and specify object service/management requirements can be introduced under the object groups.